Moral Order and Progress: An Analysis of Ethical Conceptions

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K. Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Company Limited, 1891 - 413 страници

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The difference of ethics and psychology
66
With the metaphysical methodThe theory of a self
73
ETHICAL METHOD
79
STATICAL MORAL ORDER
81
In conduct
87
1 Authority alone
94
Reason in moralsRationality of goodness is its propor
102
and nothing more than this equili
108
The order of functions prior to the order of structure
109
But each ones duties different
115
Secret actions are still social
122
Repulsive and attractive forces
128
Morality an intelligible kingdom
134
CHAPTER III
142
Identity of goodness and approbation
152
Its social character
158
Selflove is not the pursuit of advantage as such
172
The sacrifice is real
179
Character and conduct the supreme good
185
Practical value of the ideal of perfection
189
Perfection a pathological conception
190
Perfect and imperfect represent differences of gift
191
Hence all good action is equally goodEnergy of will
193
6 Merit Employed in two ways
194
Merit the measure of perfection
196
How far the polemic is valid
199
It gives the wrong reasons against hedonism
200
Pleasure is the tone of sensationsInadequacy of the term pleasure
203
Nature of pleasure and pain
204
Principle of distribution among elements of compounds
207
The numerical sum of pleasures useless unless characters are known
209
But pleasure is included in the standard
210
c Ethical and Pathological Pleasures Their distinc tionEthical pleasures are those of attainment
212
Pleasures of gratification and of enjoyment
213
Operation of incidental pleasures and pains
214
Pleasure of attainment pleasure of approbation 27 Ethical pleasures are effective pleasures
216
GOOD AND BEST
264
But it represents two truthsAdaptation The environ
271
The change of ideal and the rotation of duties under
282
How change affects habits and conscience
288
CHAPTER II
297
It is not the mere will of the majority but it attracts
305
Illustrated by tenderness for the weak
310
Its various forms
323
But not inflicted for vengeance
329
Facts which point to indeterminism
337
Individual progress
343
Education and the change of idealsEducation of
349
Variations in what sense due to chance
355
1 From common customs
361
a Criterion of Progress Progress and goodness iden ticalThe criterion of progress is history
369
If there were only one society its change would be always progress
370
But social ideals interfere
371
6 Degeneration Difference of degeneration and degradation
373
Degeneration is locally progress
374
Illustrations from within any one ideal 22 Death illustrates the same truth
375
c NonMoral Conditions of Progress How bad men may produce good results
377
Not so far as they are bad but so far as they supply material for goodness
378
Bad men always against progress
380
Is whatever is right?Fatalism 27 d Misconceptions Judging progress by our wishes
382
Judging a movement to be retrogressive because certain duties are relaxed
383
1 Cycles in history
384
2 Along with differentiation goes simplification
386
Conditions necessary for a law of progress
388
It represents perhaps only the law of a cycle
389
The change not merely numericalGrowth of the idea of the individual the individual
390
Democracy is part of the movement of comprehension
391
Illustrations of its operation
392
CONCLUSION
399
The consciousness of sinTwo forms of sin
405
Its affinity to the idea of piety
411

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