« ПредишнаНапред »
An interview was agreed on; and, in the night of Sept. 21, 1780, he was taken in a boat, which was despatched for the purpose, and carried to the beach without the posts of both armies, under a pass for John Anderson. He met General Arnold at the house of a Mr. Smith. While the conference was yet unfinished, daylight approached; and, to avoid the danger of discovery, it was proposed, that he should remain concealed till the succeeding night.
He desired that he might not be carried within the American posts, but the promise made to him by Arnold to respect this objection was not observed. He was carried within them, contrary to his wishes, and against his knowledge. He continued with Arnold the succeeding day, and when, on the following night, he proposed to return to the Vulture, the boatmen refused to carry him, because she had, during the day, shifted her station, in consequence of a gun having been moved to the shore and brought to bear upon her.
This embarrassing circumstance reduced him to the necessity of endeavoring to reach New York by land. Yielding with reluctance to the urgent representations of Arnold, he laid aside his regimentals, which he had hitherto worn under his surtout, and put on a plain suit of clothes; and, receiving a pass from the American general, authorizing him, under the feigned name of John Anderson, to proceed on the public service to the White Plains, or lower, if he thought proper, he set out on his return.
He had passed all the guards and posts on the road, without suspicion, and was proceeding to New York in perfect security, when, on the twenty-third of September, one of the three militia men, who were employed, with others, in scouting parties between the lines of the two armies, springing suddenly from his covert in the road, seized the reins of his bridle, and stopped his horse.
Instead of producing his pass, Andre, with a want of self-possession which can be attributed only to a kind of providence, asked the man hastily where he belonged; and, being answered, "to below,” replied immediately, " and so do I.” He then declared himself to be a British officer, on urgent business, and begged that he might not be detained. The other two militia men coming up at this moment, he discovered his mistake; but it was too late to repair it.
He offered a purse of gold, and a valuable watch, to which he added the most tempting promises of ample reward, and permanent provision from the government, if they would permit him to escape; but his offers were rejected without hesitation. The names of the militia men who apprehended Andre, were John Paulding, David Williams, and Isaac Vanevert; who, immediately after searching, carried him before their commander, Colonel Jamison.
On the 29th of September, 1780, General Washington appointed a board of fourteen general officers, part of whom were General Greene, the Marquis de la Fayette, and Baron de Steuben, with the assistance of the judge advocate, John Lawrence. After the most mature deliberation, they pronounced Major Andre a spy from the enemy, and that, agreeably to the laws of nations, he ought to suffer death.
When his sentence was announced to him, he remarked, that, since it was his lot to die, as there was a choice in the mode, which would make a material difference in his feelings, he would be happy, if it were possible to be indulged with a professional death: but the indulgence of being shot, rather than hanged, was not granted, because it was considered contrary to the custom of war.
When he was led out to the place of execution, he bowed familiarly to all those with whom he had been acquainted during his confinement; a smile of complacency expressed the serene fortitude of his mind.
Upon seeing the preparations at the spot, he asked, with some emotion, “ Must I die in this manner?" He was told it was unavoidable. " I am reconciled to my fate,” said he, “but not to the mode." Soon after, however, recollecting himself, he added, “It will be but a momentary pang;” and, springing upon the cart, performed the last office to himself, with a composure that excited the adıniration, and melted the hearts of all the spectators.
Being told that the fatal moment was at hand, and asked if he had any thing to say, he answered, " Nothing but to request that you will witness to the world that I die like a hrave man. Thus died Major Andre, universally esteemed and regretted.
LESSON ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-SECOND.
Or hast thou aimed to soar in skies,
Alas, for orphan hearts! that mourn
LESSON ONE FUNDRED AND TWENTY-THIRD.
Serjeant Jasper. At the commencement of the revolutionary war, Serjeant Jasper enlisted in the second South Carolina regiment of infantry, commanded by Colonel Moultrie He distinguished himself in a particular manner, at the attack which was made upon Fort Moultrie, on Sullivan's Island, on the 25th of June, 1776.
In the warmest part of the contest, the flag staff was severed by, a cannon ball, and the flag fell to the bottom of the ditch, on the outside of the works. This accident was considered, by the anxious inhabitants of Charleston, as putting an end to the contest, by striking the American flag tɔ the enemy.
The moment that Jasper made the disc very that the flag had fallen he jumied fimijo iste embrasures, and mounted the colors, which he tied to a
sponge staff, on the parapet, where he supported them until another flag was procured. The subsequent enterprise and activity of this patriot induced Colonel Moultrie to give him a sort of a roving commission, to go and come at pleasure, confident that he was always usefully employed.
He was privileged to select such men from the regiment as he should choose, to accompany him in his enterprises. His parties consisted generally of five or six, and he often returned with prisoners before Moultrie was apprised of his absence. Jasper was distinguished for his humane treatment, when an enemy fell into his power. His ambition appears to have been limited to the characteristics of bravery, humanity, and usefulness to the cause in which he was engaged.
When it was in his power to kill, but not to capture, it was his practice not to permit a single prisoner to escape. By his sagacity and enterprise, he often succeeded in the capture of those who were lying in ambush for him. In one of his excursions, an instance of bravery and humanity occurred, as recorded by the biographer of Gen. Marion, which would stagger credulity, if it were not well attested.
While he was examining the British çamp at Ebenezer, all the sympathy of his breast was awakened by the distresses of Mrs. Jones, whose husband, an American by birth, had taken the king's protection, and had been confined in irons, for deserting the royal cause after he had taken the oath of allegiance. The well founded belief was, that nothing short of the life of her husband would atone for the offence with which he was charged.
The anticipation of the awful scene of a beloved husband expiring upon a gibbet, had excited the severest emotions of grief and distraction. Jasper secretly consulted with his companion, Serjeant Newton, whose feelings for the distressed female and