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at Balmoral-Felicity of the Royal rgh--The Court returned to Windsor of India-Illness of the Prince Consort

mind-Profound grief of the Nation8- The Funeral-Deep sense of the loss a of the Queen to Parliament–Tributes to Iming grief of the Queen- Address from rince Consort to the cause of social progress

interest in the working classes—The Prince -Encouragement of agricultural improvementsvenues of the Duchy of Cornwall-Last Report of the Prince Consort was President-General view of His personal appearance-His talents and temperath, and strong sense of duty, candour, and tolerance-uy with earnest workers-His abhorrence of flattery, vice, 3 anxiety to attain perfection in everything—The freshness ympathy with the young-Felicity of the Prince's marriage che Queen-Her Majesty's devotion to his memory--Notice of

51-in the earlier months of which the Queen had been stain a severe affliction through the death of her mother,

ss of Kent-was destined not to close without bringing jesty face to face with a still more terrible bereavement. 1 looked it and prosperous for a time. In the summer, Queen pait to Ireland, the third since she ascended the one. In 1

de a vonalong the eastern coast, calling Cork, Wat

lin,

T a st. In 1853, she visited the blin Exhi

ante

rince Consort, the Prince of nles, and I

1 Prince of Wales had been same mont

uties of a regimental officer

contederation into a powerful Protestant empire ; while France, crushed and conquered in a brief war, has been compelled to surrender two fair provinces to Germany. Perhaps no period of ten years in the history of Europe ever witnessed more memorable events, more extraordinary and unexpected vicissitudes. These things, in spite of our neutrality, cannot but be deeply interesting to Englishmen, and the reader will accordingly find the great wars, revolutions, and negotiations of America and the Continent described at some length in the following pages.

The differences between Great Britain and the United States arising out of the depredations of the Alabama, and other cruisers of her class—the negotiations which succeeded in adjusting those differences by a treaty referring them to international arbitration and the proceedings of the Tribunal of Arbitration appointed under that treaty, will be found narrated, in their proper sequence and connection, in the forty-fifth and forty-sixth chapters.

A narrative of the progress of English Art during the last twenty years will be found in Chapter XLI.

Her Majesty Queen Victoria still reigns, as she reigned when the last preceding Volume of this History appeared, over a loyal and united people. After the great and crushing sorrow of her life, it has pleased Providence to send her no scanty share of those alleviations which help us to bear mortal ills with resignation ; she has seen, since the death of the Prince Consort, most of her children happily and honourably married ; death has made no more encroachments on the family circle; and the young life of blooming grandchildren has come to lead her thoughts towards the joys and interests of a new generation. That a similar immunity from great afflictions may attend Her Majesty during the next decennial period of English history, must be the sincere prayer of all her subjects.

That a due proportion has invariably been observed in the narration of events so near to us, or that amidst the embarrassing abundance of materials, nothing has been omitted which ought to have been noticed, nothing related which ought to have been omitted, it would perhaps be hazardous to assert. It is hoped, however, that the moving picture of English and European life, from 1861 to 1872, has, on the whole, been transferred to these pages with fidelity and impartiality; and in this hope the Ninth Volume of CASSELL'S ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF ENGLAND is confidently commended to the indulgent judgment of the public.

The Portrait of H.R.H. the Princess of Wales (see Frontispiece) is copied, by permission, from a photograph

by Messrs. W. and D. Downey.

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS TO THE NINTH VOLUME.

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Marshal Benedek
The Battlefield of Königgrätz
Marshal von Wrangel
Verona ...
The Archduke Albrecht ...
Peschiera ...
Prague ... ...
General von Moltke.
Review of Prussian Troops...
Sir John Pakington ...
Lord Cranborne
Mr. Gathorne Hardy.
Mr. Disraeli introducing the

Bill ...
Mr. Beresford Hope ...
Lord Carvarvou
Meeting of Reformers in Hyde P

247

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Lord Naas

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313

PAGE Their Royal Highnesses the Prince and

Princess of Wales .. Frontispiece The Queen holding the First Investiture

of the Order of the Star of India
The Prince Consort ...
George Peabody ... ...
Battle of Pittsburg ...
Fight between the Monitor and

Merrima: ... ..
Earl Granville ... ...
View of the Exbibition of 1862
The Marriage of the Prince of Wales
Horticultural Gardens, South Kensingto
Lord Lyndhurst
General Jacksoa mortally wounded
Archbishop Whitely
Puebla-from the West
Puebla-from the East
Ditch of Fort Wagner after the Bom

bardment ...
Charleston Harbour, with the sunken

Ships ... ... ** *** Captain Speke ...

* William Ewart Gladstone Presentation of a Sword to Garibaldi, at

the Crystal Palace ... Planting "Shakespeare's Oak" Storming a New Zealand Pah Scene at a Belfast Riot Sir George Grey .. Count Bismark The Exchange, Copenhagen Engagement before Düppel Prince Frederick Charles ... Maximilian, Emperor of Mexico ... Arrival of the French Troops in Mexi Entrance to the Cathedral of Mexico ... 103 Hurricane at Calcutta John Stuart Mill View of tbe Matterhora Arrest of Charles O'Connell Sir Joseph Paxton ... King Leopold I. Funeral or Lord Palmerston ir

minster Abbey ...
Captain Cameron and the Abyssinian

Captives ...
Pope Pius the Ninth ...
M. Thiers
Meeting of French and English Iron-clads
General Lee

... 145 Tbe Jamaica Iasurrection : Volunteers

Firing on the Mob
General Lee taking Farewell

Soldiers
Great House, őt. Thomas-in-the-East,

Jamaica ...
Manchioneal Bay, Jamaica *** ***
Sir Alexander Cockburn, Lord Chief

Justice of England
Westminster Hall: Waiting for the Divi-

sion on the Reform Bill ...
The Right Hon. Robert Lowe
The Right Hon. Benjamin Disrae
Lord Stanley ...
The Great Eastern paying out the Atlantic
The Foandering of the London ..
Dr. Whewell ...
Mr. Bright's Vindicat
John Keble : 1812 ...
Francis Joseph I., Emperor of Austria...)
William I., King of Prussia
Biarritz ... ...
The Crown Prince of Prussia
The Prince of Augustenburg
Battle of Langensalza
Frankfort-on-the-Main
General Steinmetz ...

14

PAGE
View of Sedan ..
Marshal MacMahon ...
The Emperor Napoleon o the Road

Wilhelmshöhe
The Empress of the French embarking

in the Gazelle
St. Peter's and the Vatican...
Cardinal Antonelli ...
Departure of the Papal Zouaves :

ceiving the Pope's Blessing ...
The Assassination of Marshal Prim
Strasburg Cathedral ...
The Prince Imperial ...
Evacuation of Metz

451 View in Orleans

456
View of Rouen...
A Sortie from Paris : the Battle of Mon-

tretout ...
Houses of Parliament: Grand Eötrance
Mr. Ruskin ...
Front of the Army and Navy Club
The Albert Memorial..
Hereford Cathedral : North Transept

and Screen ... ... ... ...
Mr. W. P. Frith, R.A. .
Sir Edwin Landseer, R.A. ...
Interior View of the Manchester Exhibi-

tion ...
The Royal Academy Galleries
Mr. John Leech ... ...
Epping Forest ...
The Duke of Argyll .
The Queen and the Royal Family at the

Thanksgiving Service in St. Paul's

Cathedral ... ... ... ... *
Scarborough
The Alabama sinking after the fight with
y the Kearsarge . . *
View of Nassau...
The Melbourne Police on board the
Shenandoah ...

511

*** * View of Funchal

516 President Grant

317 View of Geneva

522 The San Juan Question: Map of the

Disputed Territory
Sir Stafford Northcote
Mr. Adams
M. Staen pfii ...
Meeting of the Arbitrators

Alabama Claims at Geneva
View of Melbourne ...

540 The New Opera House in Pa

541 View of Versailles

546 Demonstration of the Paris Preemasons 547 Colonel Rossel...

552 Jardin des Plantes , The Cemetery of Père la Chaise ... Insurgents Ravaging the Streets of Paris Mr. Childers, M.P. Mountaineers of Afg nistan Indian Fakir . Assassination of the Viceroy of India ... Mazzini ... Saltaire ... George Stephenson. St. Katherine's Docks, London Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester 88 Robert Stephenson ... .

589 Isambard K. Brunel ... . The Mont Cenis Railway . The Victoria Bridge at Montreal Opening of the Suez Canal ... Mr. Bessemer ... ... ... Baron Liebig ... Nasmyth's Steam Hammer... ... Sir W. Fairbairn

Dundee ... | Work-girls at Wigan Collieries ...

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The Emperor of R

277 Salzburg ... Naval Review at Spithead in honour

the Sultan of Turkey ...
Bird's-eye View of the International E

hibition at Paris, 1867
Marshal Bazaine
The City of Mexico
Lord Derby ...
Lord Chelmsford
Right Hon, E. Cardwell
The Emperor Theodore
The Emperor Theodore threatening a

Captive ... ... ..
Map of Abyssinia
Putting the Captives into Irons ...
Sir Robert Napier ... ...

318
The Abyssinians at the River Beshilo
King Theodore's Honse at Magdala
Interior of Magdala, with Selassyè in the
Church at Magdala, with Theodore's

Grave... ... ... ***
Magdala in Flames ... ...
The Suicide of Theodore .
Dr. Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury ...
Sir Roundell Palmer ...

337 The Right Rev. Dr. Magee, Bishop of

Peterborough ...
The Bishop of Peterborous

the House of Lords
Mr. Chichester Fortescue.
Earl Russell
M. Jules Favre...

354 Malaga ...

355 Burgos ...

360 Night Scene in the Bay of Jeddo: Fishing

by Fire The Duke of Richmond ..

300 Collision between the Bombay and the Oneida ...

367 Professor Henry Fawcett ...

372 Mr. W. E. Forster

373 Mr. Mundella ... Attack on the English Travellers

Greek Brigands ... Cathedral in Athens ...

384
M. Alexandre Dumas
Charles Dickens
Gadshill Place, the Residen

Dickens ... *** "**
M. Ollivier
Coblenz, from Ehrenbreitstein
Mitrailleuse : Back View
Mitrailleuse: Front View ...
Attack upon Weissenburg ..
General von Göben ...
View of Metz ...
Fortification of Paris : Felling the Trees

in the Bois de Boulogne
The Surprise at Beaumont... ..

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