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In 1 Pet. 5: 13, Mark is again mentioned ; and in a manner which shows the high regard and warm affection of the apostle Peter for him, as a person whom he had taken under his special charge. The affectionate language there used is in accordance with the statement which has been handed down from the earliest Christian writers, that Mark was associated with Peter, as an assistant in his labors. It is his intimate connection with Peter, that has been considered, from the earliest times, as stamping his Gospel with authority. Mark himself was not an apostle; but having been associated with an apostle, and having enjoyed his confidence, he may be said to have reflected the authority of an apostle. From the earliest Christian antiquity, his book has been received as a sacred document, and those portions of the Christian community, for whose special benefit it was prepared, knew that it proceeded from an authoritative


Mark wrote for persons who were not Jews, and who lived out of Palestine. For he carefully explains Jewish terms and Jewish practices, which explanations would not be needed by Jewish readers, or by persons living in Palestine. As an instance, see 7:2—4. It is according to ancient testimony, that he wrote at Rome. The very name of this writer agrees well with the circumstance of bis having become very conversant with people who were not Jews. . John was his Jewish name; Mark was his Roman name, hy which he chose to be known among the Greeks and Romans, and it became at length his most usual name.

Mark's Gospel was published a short time, probably, after Matthew's.




him all the land of Judea, and HE beginning of the gospel they of Jerusalem, and were all

of Jesus Christ, the Son of baptized of him in the river of God;

Jordan, confessing their sins. 2 As it is written in the proph 6 And John was clothed with ets, Behold, I send my messen- camel's hair, and with a girdle ger before thy face, which shall of a skin about his loins; and prepare thy way before thee; he did eat locusts and wild

3 The voice of one crying in honey ; the wilderness, Prepare ye the 7. And preached, saying, way of the Lord, make his paths There cometh one mightier than straight.

I after me, the latchet of whose 4 John did baptize in the wil- shoes I am not worthy to stoop derness, and preach the baptism down and unloose. of repentance, for the remission

8 I indeed have baptized you of sins.

with water : but he shall baptize 5 And there went out unto you with the Holy Ghost.


4. The wilderness. See on Matt. 1. The beginning of the gospel of 3:1. || Baptism of repentance for Jesus Christ. The word gospel, the remission of sins; that is, baporiginally signifying glad tidings, tism which implied an acknowledgand specifically the glad tidings con ment of repentance, and was a pledge cerning the long-promised Messiah's of repentance, and which had respect approach, had come to signify the to the forgiveness of sins as conreligious dispensation established by nected with repentance. Compare the Messiah, that is, the Christian re- Matt. 3: 6, 8. Thus Mark traces ligion, strictly so called. In giving back the gospel, the Christian rean account of the life and death of ligion, to the earliest events immeJesus Christ, Mark proposed to state diately connected with it.

John's what was the very beginning of this ministry was the beginning of the new dispensation, or religion. The gospel, as the dawn is the beginning words this is may be considered as of day. implied at the opening of this verse. 5–7. Compare Matt. 3: 4-6 ll The Son of God. See on Matt. 11. The latchet of whose shoes. San. 3: 17.

dàls were bound around the feet by a 2. In the prophets ; Malachi and leather thong, or strap, here called Isaiah. || Behold, I send, &c. Mal. 3: latchet. To loose and to bind on 1. See on Matt. 11:10.

sandals, was the business of the lowest 3. The voice, &c. Is. 40 · 3 See servants. on Matt. 3: 3.

8. Compare Matt. 3:11,12. Mark 21



9 And it came to pass in and Andrew his brother, casting those days, that Jesus came from a net into the sea : for they were Nazareth of Galilee, and was fishers. baptized of John in Jordan. 17 And Jesus said unto them,

10 And straightway coming Come ye after me, and I will up out of the water, he saw the make you to become fishers of heavens opened, and the Spirit, men. like a dove, descending upon 18 And straightway they forhim.

sook their nets, and followed 11 And there came a voice him. from heaven, saying, Thou art

19 And when he had gone my beloved Son, in whom I am a little further thence, he saw well pleased.

James the son of Zebedee, and 12 And immediately the Spir- John his brother, who also were it driveth him into the wilder- in the ship mending their nets.

20 And straightway he called 13 And he was there in the them: and they left their father wilderness forty days tempted of Zebedee in the ship with the Satan; and was with the wild hired servants, and went after beasts; and the angels minis- him. tered unto him.

21 And they went into Ca14 Now, after that John was pernaum; and straightway on put in prison, Jesus came into the Sabbath-day he entered into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the synagogue and taught. the kingdom of God,

22 And they were astonished 15 And saying, The time is at his doctrine: for he taught fulfilled, and the kingdom of them as one that had authority, God is at hand: repent ye, and and not as the scribes. believe the gospel.

23 And there was in their 16 Now as he walked by the synagogue a man with an unsea of Galilee, he saw Simon, clean spirit; and he cried out, here expresses in part, and briefly, Messiah should come. || Believe the what Matthew has' furnished in a gospel ; believe, confide in, the joyful more copious manner.

intelligence, and receive the instruc9-11. Compare Matt. 3: 13–17. tions connected with it.

12, 13. Compare Matt. 4:1-11. 16–22. Compare Matt. 4: 18–25. Driveth. The word thus rendered And they were astonished at his docdoes not always signify a forcible trine. The word doctrine here indriving, but the inducing of a person cludes both the instructions he comto go, by whatever means. The word municated and the manner of comin the original here used, is the same municating them; that is, his teachas is used in v. 43 (translated sent ing. Compare Luke 4:31, 32; also away), and in Matt. 9 : 25, 38 (trans- Matt. 7: 28, 29. lated put forth and sent forth)

23. A man with an unclean spirit. 14, 15. Compare Matt. 4: 12—16. The same idea is elsewhere expressed The time is fulfilled; the time pre- by the phrase a man possessed with a dicted by the prophets, when the devil, that is with a demon. See

24 Saying, Let us alone; they entered into the house of what have we to do with thee, Simon and Andrew, with James thou Jesus of Nazareth ? art and John. thou come to destroy us? I know 30 But Simon's wife's mother thee who thou art, the Holy One lay sick of a fever; and anon of God.

they tell him of her. 25 And Jesus rebuked him, 31 And he came and took saying, Hold thy peace, and her by the hand, and listed her come out of him.

up; and immediately the fever 26 And when the unclean left her, and she ministered unto spirit had torn him, and cried them. with a loud voice, he came out 32 And at even when the of him.

sun did set, they brought unto 27 And they were all amazed, him all that were diseased, and insomuch that they questioned them that were possessed with among themselves, saying, What devils. thing is this? what new doctrine 33 And all the city was gathis this? for with authority com- ered together at the door. mandeth he even the unclean 34 And he healed many

that spirits, and they do obey him. were sick of divers diseases, and

28 And immediately his fame cast out many devils; and sufspread abroad throughout all the fered not the devils to speak, region round about Galilee. because they knew him.

29 And forthwith, when they 35 And in the morning, rising were come out of the synagogue, up a great while before day, he Matt. 4: 24. The word unclean 29—31. Coinpare Matt. 8: 14, 15. means wicked, evil.

32. See on Matt. 8: 16. 24. Let us alone. The original 33. All the city ; Capernaum. v. 21. word may be regarded as equivalent | The expression is a general one, to our word quit, desist; or, which is meaning that large numbers of the the more probable, as an exclamation inhabitants crowded about the door. of sorrow and indignation; as, Ah! Compare 2 : 2. Alas! || What have we, &c. See 34. Compare Matt. 4: 23. Sufon Matt. 8:29. || To destroy us? to fered not the devils to speak, because consign us to misery, to perdition. they knew him. Jesus made no con. Compare Matt. 8: 29. || The Holy cealment, so far as his own testimony One of God; the Messiah, as being was concerned, of his being the Messet apart, or consecrated by God to his siah; but he might have had very official work, and as being therefore wise objections to being publicly called a most venerable person.

the Messiah by certain sorts of per26. Torn him; more properly, sons, and at certain times. Had no condulsed him, throwon him into con- caution been exercised, his appearing pulsions. Thus Mark's

as the Messiah might have been agrees with that of Luke (4:35), who greatly abused. says, the evil demon hurt him not. 35–39. Compare Luke 4: 42–44.

27. What new doctrine ; what new sort of teaching. || Even the OBSERVE, here, the devotion of unclean spirits. See on Matt. 8:16. | Jesus to his public work, and, at the


went out and departed into a Moses commanded, for a testisolitary place, and there prayed. mony unto them.

36 And Simon, and they 45 But he went out, and bethat were with him, followed gan to publish it much, and to after hin.

blaze abroad the matter,

inso37 And when they had found much that Jesus could no more him, they said unto him, All openly enter into the city, but men seek for thee.

was without in desert places; 38 And he said unto them, and they came to him from evLet us go into the next towns, ery quarter. that I may preach there also : for therefore came I forth.




Capernaum, ; lee, and cast out devils.

and it was noised that he was in 40 And there came a leper to the house. him, beseeching him, and kneel- 2 And straightway many were ing down to him, and saying gathered together, insomuch that unto him, If thou wilt, thou there was no room to receive canst make me clean.

them, no, not so much as about 41 And Jesus, moved with the door: and he preached the compassion, put forth his hand, word unto them. and touched him, and saith unto 3 And they come unto him, him, I will; be thou clean. bringing one sick of the palsy,

42 And as soon as he had which was borne of four. spoken, immediately the leprosy 4 And when they could not departed from him, and he was come nigh unto him for the cleansed.

press, they uncovered the roof 43 And he straitly charged where he was: and when they him, and forthwith sent him had broken it up, they let down away;

the bed wherein the sick of the 44 And saith unto him, See palsy lay. thou say nothing to any man;

5 When Jesus

saw their but go thy way, show thyself faith, he said unto the sick of to the priest, and offer for thy the palsy, Son, thy sins be forcleansing those things which given thee. same time, his careful observance of

CHAPTER II. secret prayer. His secret communion

The word; the doctrine, or inwith his heavenly Father must not be struction, pertaining to the new disinterrupted; even though, to enjoy pensation. it, he must take time before day, and 3–12. Compare Matt. 9: 2—8, must retire from the habitations of Borne of four ; carried by four men,

who took hold of the bed. The bed,

according to the custom of the place 40–45. Compare Matt. 8:2-4. and time, was a mere rug, or quilt, or

thin mattress. 4. For the press ; on


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