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39th Congress action administration adopted affairs American Andrew Johnson appointed army assemblies authority body branches Cabinet candidate Chambrun Charles Francis Adams Charles Sumner Chief Justice chief magistrate citizens civil committee Congress considered Constitution convention decide decision declare delegates democratic dent discussion doctrine doubtless duty election electoral colleges established Executive Power exercise existence expressed favor federal government Federalist force foreign policy form of government framers functionaries gress Hamilton House of Representatives impeachment independent institutions Jackson Jefferson John Quincy Adams Johnson judges judgment judicial lative legislative Legislature liberty Lincoln Madison maintain majority manner matters measure ment nation navy neutrality nomination opinion organization Philadelphia Convention political popular prerogatives present President presidential principles proclamation provision question relations republic Republican party require resolution Senate session sions sovereignty spirit stitution Supreme Court Thaddeus Stevens thirteen colonies tion tive treaty Union United Vice-president Washington
Страница 166 - In the execution of such a plan nothing is more essential than that permanent, inveterate antipathies against particular nations and passionate attachments for others should be excluded ; and that in place of them just and amicable feelings towards all should be cultivated. The Nation, which indulges towards another an habitual hatred or an habitual fondness, is in some degree a slave.
Страница 167 - Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence, (I conjure you to believe me, fellow citizens,) the jealousy of a free people ought to be CONSTANTLY awake; since history and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government.
Страница 142 - Government. The Congress, the Executive, and the court must each for itself be guided by its own opinion of the Constitution. Each public officer who takes an oath to support the Constitution swears that he will support it as he understands it, and not as it is understood by others.
Страница 105 - It is as much the duty of the house of representatives, of the senate, and of the President, to decide upon the constitutionality of any bill or resolution which may be presented to them for passage or approval, as it is of the supreme judges, when it may be brought before them for judicial decision. The opinion of the judges has no more authority over Congress than the opinion of Congress has over the judges, and on that point the President is independent of both.
Страница 129 - The very essence of civil liberty certainly consists in the right of every individual to claim the protection of the laws, whenever he receives an injury.
Страница 167 - ... interest in cases where no real common interest exists and infusing into one the enmities of the other, betrays the former into a participation in the quarrels and wars of the latter without adequate inducement or justification.
Страница 130 - By the constitution of the United States the president is invested with certain important political powers, in the exercise of which he is to use his own discretion, and is accountable only to his country in his political character, and to his own conscience.
Страница 130 - ... States, the President is invested with certain important political powers, in the exercise of which he is to use his own discretion, and is accountable only to his country in his political character, and to his own conscience. To aid him in the performance of these duties, he is authorized to appoint certain officers, who act by his authority, and in conformity with his orders. " In such cases their acts .are his acts ; and whatever opinion may be entertained of the manner in which Executive...
Страница 146 - At the same time, the candid citizen must confess that if the policy of the Government upon vital questions affecting the whole people is to be irrevocably fixed by decisions of the Supreme Court, the instant they are in ordinary litigation between parties in personal actions the people will have ceased to be their own rulers, having to that extent practically resigned their Government into the hands of that eminent tribunal.
Страница 243 - That, on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever, free...