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A. H.

all to Lord de Blaquiere; and now easily reconnoitered. This spot is it has been found expedient to the very remote from towns or rivers, encouragement of the Woollen Ma- and in former ages must have been nufacturers in Ireland, that they admirably situated for the chace. I should be abolished there, and the bave been told by old persons now former regulations repealed. But a living, that it is long within their reproper compensation was due to his collection the whole of this space was Lordship, who, by Letters Patent un- nearly covered with oak timber, der the Great Seal of Ireland, dated which presented to the eye one of the 11 July, 1797, was entitled to bold finest sylvan scenes in the kingdom; this office of Alnager in Ireland for still the traces of them and also large a term of 48 years. Parliament, woods remain, corroborating the fact: therefore, by Act of the last Session, alas! they are level with the ground; which passed the Royal Assent on 11 the sturdy hand of avarice, or necesJuly, 1817, granted to him, his heirs, sity, has scarcely left a root or branch executors, administrators, and as- worthy the appellation of timber. signs, an annuity of £500 British cur Lest I should be digressing, I rerency, charged upon the Consolidated turn to the further particulars of the Fund of the United Kingdom, pay- Pavement; it bas, of course, an amable quarterly, free of all deductions, biguous origin, further than being a for the residue of the above term yet Roman work, which I presume, Sir, unexpired, payable in Ireland.

we cannot doubt. The dies are vaYours, &c.

riously coloured and proportioned, ac

cording to the arrangement of the Mr. URBAN, Crewkerne, Dec. 24. parts they are to fill; these dies con1

SUBMIT you an account of a tes- sist of hard bluish granite stope, bricks,

selated pavement lately discovered red and black, and white pebble set Dear Halstock, Dorsetshire. It may in a deep bed of excellent white sand prove acceptable to your Readers ; mortar, to wbich it had adhered by a and if my humble offering is worthy firm cement that the iron tooth of insertion, I shall with much pleasure time has rendered flexible. transmit you a faithful drawing from The angles of this curious masonry the original.

are duly North, East, West, and South, I visited this Pavement yesterday, forming a diamond shape, baving a about four miles from my house, hav-wide border of the larger dies 80 ing set out with the full intention to placed to meet at right and left angles have taken a drawing for you imme- transversely. diately, when an event prevented me Within this border, that is, alterthat I should most certainly have an- nately stone and red brick on each side, ticipated; the frost setting in severely, a circular sort of fillet in fret-work deprived me of the patural animation goes round, taking off the square of necessary to complete my purpose. the corners, very nicely and mathe.

This Pavement was first found by a matically adjusted ; in each of these Jabourer, about two feet under the intermediate spaces is a small circle, surface; and it is now covered with a each containing the head of a warrior temporary building, erected at the in his helmet, the back of wbich is expense of Henry Stephen Earl of represented having a double cross in Ilchester, that Nobleman most po an oblique position from right to left, litely giving me admittance agreeably extending far over the shoulders; the to my request. It has undergone great successive parts inclining to the cendilapidation, and at present remains tre are thrown into squares, and join a very mutilated state ; the surface tersected by parallel lines of different of the Pavement is much bent, or, colours ; these are again divided into more properly said, it has an irregu, lesser squares, leaving a space at right lar plane, from the heavy pressure of and left, filling up a diamond centre earth, stone, and rubbish, having laid in each square ; the centre of the on it such a length of time. Its si- whole is the next, part connected with tuation is on an easy rising slope, a a large mathematical encircled star North-easterly direction, in the inidst on one side ; this part presents the of a flat undulated country, stretched perfect figure of a face within a circle, out between a spacious amphitheatre very like the rest, with the difference of distant hills, from whence they are only of being larger, and of a richer

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construction ; the face is ornamented trouble of explaining. It was an old with a sort of irregular ruff or crest Latin inscription, only part of which round the whole forehead as far as was legible. We assured the Priest the ears. What sort of device this is that he was mistaken in bis conjecI cannot conjecture; if it has an ana ture of its being English ; but this logy to our Lord's thorny crown on he would not believe, asseverating the cross, it is most certainly an auk with much vehemence that he uoward representation.

Yet we may

derstood Latin perfectly well. This conclude, from the figures before must have been a singular instance alluded to having the symbol of the of ignorance, and one which it must Cross, that this work may have been be difficult to parallel. Notwith-' dove during the reign of some of the standing, this learned Clerk was very Christian Emperors. If, Sir, any of good-bumoured, and very good comyour ingenious Correspondents could, pauy. After the foregoing anecdote, through the medium of your Maga- it will scarcely be wondered at, that, zine, favour us with any authentic though at less than two miles discomment on these very interesting tance, be had never heard of Pliny's Mosaic works, we should feel par- Villa. ticularly grateful and obliged.

The forest through which we passYours, &c. John BELLAMY, ed was exceedingly fine, and its sce

very magnificent. It abounded with

the noblest specimens of the llex, unWulk from Rome to Ostia, &c. der the dark shade of which sprang (Continued from Vol. LXXXVII. ij. up the greatest variety of beautiful p. 511.)

plaots. It was a rich field for the THE THE air of the morning was de botanist who should have leisure to

lightfully fresh, and the ground prosecute his enquiry. We gathered covered with a boar frost. We had several specimeos, but, at the jourvery fortunately furbished our knap- ney's end, they were unfortunately sacks with chocolate on starting from in a state altogelher unfit for accu. Rome, otherwise we should have rate examination. been greatly put to it for a break We suddenly came upon the object fast. In the course of our repast in- of our search. The remains of the deed a man did bring in a porcu- Villa are very few, consisting chiefly of pine ; but of this we were not suffered foundation walls, and excavations, to partake; and, had we been allowed, from the contemplation of which it it might have been doubtful whether is impossible to form any idea of it would satisfactorily have supplied what the house once was. the place of our less luxurious fare. ticoes and areas have long since yaWe rejoiced to be once more on our nished, and all that remains is the way.

“ litloris spatium” and “ opportuni. We shortly arrived at the wood tas loci." These are still great, which we bad contemplated from though the Villa has undergone a the tower; at the entrance to which change even in this respect ; for the is situated the Villa Chigi. Here we sea has evidently receded, leaving bargained with a servant of the behind it deserts of sand. Pieces of house, or keeper, to conduct us by the finest marble, bearing the mark the nearest route to Pliny's Villa. of the cbisel, are still scattered about The man immediately slung bis fowl- in greal abundance; and I fortunately ing-piece at his back, and appeared picked up a large portion of Rósso very happy to accompany us. Just Antico, which I shared with my felat starting, we were joined by the low-travellers as a relict of the place. Priest, a young man, who begged to We were not detained long; the

way be of the party,

But, before we to the shore was pointed out to us, and proceeded, he proposed that we should we parted with our friends the Gameturn a few steps from the road, when keeper and the Priest. We came he said he would shew us an English upon the sea suddenly. It was of a Inscription. This, as might be ex- heavenly blue; a refreshing breeze pected, excited our curiosity: He saluted us from its bosom, which poiuted to the Ioscription, which be caused us to respire anew after quitgan with the words “ Dis M." and ting the close and oven-like recesses which he begged we would take the of ihe woods. We balted some mo


The por.

ments, in order to enjoy more fully present; and adjoining were several the magoificeat and exhilarating scene remains of ancient brick-work, which before us.

had probably formed the foundations “ O mare! O littus, verum, secretum of the temple in questiou. From que regelur ! quam multa invenitis, quam amidst the ruins the most delightful multa dictatis !"

view presents itself. The finest defile The sand of the shore was rather between the hills and woods, terminatheavy; but the gale was refreshing, ed by the blue and placid ocean; ir an and we marched with much alacrily opposite direction, the far-off mounThe bird-catchers were busy, and tains, with numerous white towns and their spares or springes, which were villages, amongst which were convery numerous, bad almost all of them spicuous Frescati and Albano. The their captives. There was much neat Church on the hill, from which we Dess in their contrivance; the machine enjoyed this prospect, bears the name ery, though simple, .was sure.

of S. Petronilla. After a long and somewhat labo We had a spare but pleasant re. rious walk, we turned inland, and past at our Osteria, after which we were glad to rest ourselves on a bank, ascended the tower of an adjoining in order to sketch a house and ruins, palace, whence we had a more exnow called Torre Paterno, in older tepsive and perhaps more interesting times, Laurentum. At present it is Pauorama than that before mention. inhabited by soldiers, who bonoured ed. We were fortunate enough to us with their company and atten find excellent beds under the roof of tion whilst we were employed with a person who was anxious to oblige the pencil. The pile, as it now stands, us, and, before retiring, we held an is not particularly picturesque, but agreeable converzatione in the chimthe spot altogether is interesting, as ney-corner. The family were evihaving been the capital of Latinus. dently poor; but, what was singular

We proceeded across the fields, and in Italy, the house was extremely through very old woods, towards Pra neat. At my bed's-head was a crutica, the ancient Lavinium. Oppi cifix of some value, and a paintiog dum condunt; Æneas, ab nomine of the Virgin of considerable merih Uxoris, Lavinium appellat.” This is Close to it was a small lamp, fur. situated upon an eminence, and form- nished with oil. In the village, we ed a sketch more interesting than the had observed several altars and in. former. We secured three beds in scriptions; amongst the rest, one bearCasa particulari,” ordered some ing the name of Æneas Sylvius. macaroni at the Osteria, and, while it Yours, &c.

A LAURENTIAN. was preparing, walked to explore the beauties of the neighbourhood. These were numerous, and I thought it Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 12. one of the most delightful situations PASS

ASSING along Cornhill the other I had seen in Italy.

day,'I had a multitude of LotA temple was said to have been tery papers thrust into my hands ; erected near this village, by Æneas, the numbers of the distributors of these in honour of Anna, the sister of Dido, papers led me to reflect, lhat either and which, in after-times, had been there must be some very great adconverted into a Church. Our walk vantage to these men ; or, what apto the hill on which it appears to peared more reasonable, that the Ofhave been situated was delightful. fice-keepers found it difficult to disA winding-path conducted us through pose of their Tickets in the ordinary the most fertile of valleys, enameled way, or why take such immense paivs, with flowers, and watered by a ri- and be at such a very great expence ? vulet, partiy concealed under pictu- One is naturally led to suppose that resque and overhanging willows. On their profits must be immoderate to each side were the genilest and most allow of it. verdant slopes, from which the loftier In every well-regulated State, the and more remote hills rose abruptly, morals of the people, particularly of their tops crowned with the ilex the lower classes, are allowed by all and the pioe. A farmer very civilly Political Writers to be of the first shewed us the modera Church, of consequence. The natural propensity which little use seems to be made at of the human mind to Gambling has

in civilized society occasioned many does not Government take the maSumptuary Laws and Enactments, to nagement entirely into their own restrain and even to punish this vice. hands, and have an appropriate Office Now, although in a inoral point of for conducting the business? Such a view, Gambling is equally wrong in plan would surely increase the Rethe higher and richer classes as it is venue, in as much as they would rein the labouring orders, yet the evil ceive all the profits that are now. diis not so great among the former, nor vided amongst the Office-keepers, and so extensive; it is the example from which 'must surely be much beyond them that does the most mischief. the fifty pounds that is paid for a Li

There was a Law in this country cence ; and the Publick would be formerly, I think during the Reign much better satisfied. of Henry VIII. that only Gentlemen I remember many years ago passing should play for money at tennis, dice, through Guildhall during the drawbowls, &c. unless during the Christ- ing of a Lottery, and was surprized mas holidays. Of all species of Gam at witnessing so few people attending bling, perhaps Lotteries are the most to it; but I understand “ things are unfair ; at least the adventurer plays managed better now," and that it is with more manifest odds against him- drawn in a more private manner at self; and our luminous Writer on the one of the City Companies Halls. But Wealth of Nations has declared that a Lottery, if there must be one, should the world neither has, or ever will see, be without the least ambiguity or a perfect fair Lottery. Asthey are now deception, and as public as possible, maoaged, they are mere traps to catch as it formerly was when drawn at the the unwary: the pricking the garter, West front of St. Paul's Cathedral. It or the whirling-table at a country may be said, that a Lottery is a tax fair, are as equally, and not more re that may or may not be paid, and prebensible; yet the exhibitor of these that it is perfectly optional with every is liable to be dragged before a Ma- person, whether they will contribute gistrate, and fined or committed to to it or not. I allow of this to a prison as a vagrant, whilst the other certain extent; but what pains are is sanctioned by the Legislature. That taken to allure the unthinking and Lotteries, as they are now managed, thoughtless among the lower orders ! tend to encourage idleness, debauch- Allthis, I admit, is certainly done withery, prostitution, and theft, no rea out the concurrence of Government; sonable person will deny. Pray let but surely blame attaches somewhere me ask, who are benefited by them to allow of it. I suspect many a laexcept the Office-keepers, who all · bouring man has spent that money in make rapid fortunes? I have heard purchasing a share of a ticket, to try that ten thousand pounds have been his luck, as he says, which should asked as a premium or good-will for have been taken home to his wife and a Lottery-office! Surely there must children; and many a thoughtless wobe some great arcana about a Lottery man has pawned even her apparel for office to make it worth such a sum, the chance of a great prize. I cannot or even the twentieth part of it. If subscribe to the adaye

“ Si populus Government must have Lotteries to vult decipi, decipiatur:" if people raise a sum of money for the exigences will be cheated, let them be cheated. of the State, let them be but seldom ; No, I say no; but would endeavour and let them be conducted fairly, and to open their eyes, and point out to in a plain simple manner, intelligible them the folly of risking their little to the meanest capacity; let there be property against such fearful odds, do paltry subterfuges, wbich carry and such a remote possibiliny as their with them even the shadow of deceit, getting a twenty or even a five thousuch as great prizes being attached to sand pound prize.

Civis. particular days, or to the third or fourth Blank, or as Pipes of Wine

*** E. says, There certainly was a. upon a thousand years' credit! Well

Sir John Holman of Banbury, Knt. and informed people smile at such things, Bart. so created in June 1663 (vol. but the lower orders and the ignorant LXXXVII. ii. p. 369): but, if your ACare deceived by them. If Lotteries tor here mentioned were bis Descendbe of real consequence to raise the ant, bis Title could not be extinct while vecessary supplies for the State, why the said Actor lived.


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