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Civil Law having been heretofore em. thus describes what he calls “ the phatically so styled. Dr. Hallifax's breath of the wintery night.” authority on any point connected with. “While oft to eddying gusts, the fane the Roman Civil Law ought to be Echo'd, and rang its whirling vane, duly appreciated, as he was a man of And the gales, thro’crannies, told decay, great and acute abilities, a most ex And moan'd along the cloistral way; cellent civilian, and perhaps more Then upwards whistling seem’d to scale deeply versed in his appropriate The buttress, and the tower assail, branch of humau science, than any

And in murmurs swept the arras behind; contemporary or succeeding students And the dying embers in the wind in it.

Kindled up, a bright blue flame; I wish to be referred to any Notices, And priests and warriors, in the gleam, if

Crested or mitred, with menacing look, any such exist, relating to the Relief of the Poor, in the ages preced

Shook their crosiers and pikes, as the

tapestry shook. ing the promulgation of the Mosaic

-But was it the tempestuous air, Law. The fanciful pretensions of the The cold moan, or the ghastly glare?" Chinese to institutions on this sub

&c. &c. ject, by two of their Emperors, who Very similar is the following pagare said to have reigned about a

sage: thousand years before the time of “ As he heard the night-wind sighMoses, are not worthy of regard. Was it the wind thro' some hollow stone At the giving of the Mosaic Law, it Sent that soft and tender moan ? was declared, that “the


should never cease out of the land ;” and ac. Like the figures on arras that gloomily cordingly the relief and maintenance glare of the poor seem to have been pecu

Stirred by the breath of the wintery air, Jiarly attended to under the Jewish So, seen by the dying lamp's fitful light, Polity. But, possibly, prior to the age Lifeless, but lifelike and awful to sight, of Moses, the relief of the poor, the

As they seem thro' the dimness about to impotent, and the aged, was left solely. From the shadowy wall, where their

come down

[images frown, to the observance and exertions of Fearfully flitting to and fro, human feeliugs and attention amongst As the gusts on the tapestry come and go.” both the Israelites and the Gentiles.

Siege of CORINTH. And hence it seems to be admissible, Permit me to add another imitathat all the ordinances and institutions tion of “ The Fair Isabel,” which I relating to the care of the poor, &c. have just detected in Mr. Read's to be met witi in prophane bistory, “ Hill of Caves," a poem very reare to be considered as flowing froin cently published. the Law of Moses on that subject : A fine Calm discovering at the apand if this should be well founded, it proach of evening symptoms of a will afford another proof against Tempest brooding over the seas-and Spencer, De Legibus Hebræorum, the storm at length bursting, is thus that "

very many of the Jewish rites, pictured :
ceremonies, &c. were adopted from -“ Half the lovely sea-girt scene
those of the Gentiles.”

Was flush'd as with a faery sheen.
Yours, &c. GAVEN CROOM.

Far to the East the extensive seas

Were ruffled by the rising breeze, Mr. URBAN,

April 18. THAT Lord Byron, notwithstand. Tho' soft the waters fain would flow has often condescended to imitate his Nearer now, the labouring deep brother bards, and that he has bor. Arose, as one enormous wave! rowed from them a great variety of Then would another billow heave, striking images, I was fully convinced, Vast and unbroken !-without foam

It seem'd one mass of steely gloom; before I read the realarks on his Plagiarismis in a late number of your With shuddering sweep.

Till swelling to a haughtier height, Miscellany. In addition to those pla- it burst against a bellying rock: giarisms or imitations, I beg leave to

And a long ridge of white present you with a few resemblances, Rush'd o'er the sea, like furnace smoke; as follows.

Or, like the high-maned troop of horse la his “ Fair-Isabel,” Mr. Polwbele That in their headlong course,

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All iron-black, toss fiery froth

I can readily believe that to “point Amidst the sabre's wrath !".

out all that he (Lord Byron) has borFAIR ISABEL, Canto Sixth. rowed from others in his various Thus Mr. Read :

writings would be” as “ difficult” to “ O'er billows, kiss'd by morning's dies,

Mr. Dyce as it would be “ tedious"

to bis readers to follow bim in his hy. Ere eve the breeze which blew so fair,

percritical researches. Was bush's

“ Different Poets,” says Johuson, The shadow of a tempest cross'd “ describing the spring or the sea, The troubled deep.

would mention the zephyrs and the Then burst the cloud which o'er them flowers, the billows and the rocks;" hung!

neither do I think it unnatural, in a The pealing thunder rung!

description of a night-scene on the And instant rollid each eyeball sightless! banks of a fake or river, that soine And darkly now, and fiercely speeds mention should be made of the stars ; The impetuous blast ; in foamy white

nor should I esteem it so unlikely a

concurrence of resemblance, should Leap the mad waves, like battle-steeds, Whose silver manes toss high and far

their “ imag'd beams” also be intro. Amidst the sable storm of war!"

duced, as to warrant the accusation Hill of Caves.

of plagiarism; unless, indeed, the

hero should " the golden stars for Mr. Polwhele's simile of "the highmaned troop of horse, tossing fiers guineas take,” and jump into the rifroth amidst the sabre's wrath," is to

ver; in which case we might, I think, og

venture to lay the author under an me so perfectly new, that its recur. rence in Mr. Read's Poem can never

obligation to Dean Swift.

For the Irain of thought at the bepass for mere accident.

ginning of the second Capto, his LordYours, &c. VERTUMNUS.

ship certainly, for any thing that we can

say to the contrary, might have been Mr. URBAN,

March 6. indebted to Pope's Leller to Sir Ria Dwbco the excellence of a com

chard Steele; but why thus restrict

him for that which he might have position can no longer be contested, found in almost every author, anand malice is compelled to give way tient and modern ? And again, he to the unanimity of applause, there might also, though his writings leave is yet one expedient (the charge of us little room for the conjecture, plagiarism) by which the Author may have been ignorant of the common be degraded."

Jaws of chivalry, and the not un. Does your Correspondent, A. Dyce, common effect of violent passion ; p..121, mean that Lord Byron should and consequently be under the necesa stand a convicted Plagiary? If so, sity of borrowing from Mrs. Radcliffe. why do away the accusation by im That there does, however, exist a mediately subjoining " of which, no similarity between the deaths of Mar. doubt, the author was unconscious?" mion and Lara cannot be denied; but Does he wisb us to understand this as that two soldiers mortally wounded an ironical sarcasm, or does he for on the field of battle should there die, get the meaning of the word Plagia. is so much within the verge of prorism ? For, surely, if a Plagiary be, bability, that I question if his Lordas I conceive, one who endeavours ship will lay it to beart if he be dethe clandestine appropriation of a pied the nierit of originality. borrowed thought; if allowed to be Should not the difficalty of the une unconscious of its pre-existence, he dertaking deter Mr. Dyce from far. cannot with much propriety be ac ther ingenious researches should he cused of stealing it. Having thus, still persist in the laudable endeavour therefore, acquitted his Lordship of to render to every one his own, and the charge, why then bring forward expose his bordship like the daw those instances, which, he will still “furtivis nudata coloribus ;" let him bave it, must be imitations; unless it remember, for it will render his be in support of his observation, that task less tedious, that “the flowers person

in these modero days can of fiction are so widely scattered, and say any tbing which was never said so easily cropped, that it is scarcely before ?"

just to lax the use of them as an act


16 that


I am


by which any particular writer is de Nevertheless I may venture to give spoiled of his garland ; any more them on paper, as they may, perthan it is to cousider every instance haps, assist in a sinall degree towards of similitude as a proof of imitation;" exciting the attention of more philo. and, inoreover, that we stand in need sophical men than myself. of oo fartber illustrations of the as well aware of the mechanical diffi. sertion of the preacher, " that there culties that will present themselves, is no pew thing uoder lhe sun." but still do think they may be overYours, &c.

C. C.

The power of the Magnet we

koow to be both attractive and repelMr.URBAN,

Baker-street, Enfield, lent; and as this power exists inde

March 29. pendent of human agency, I have al

do we our ways looked upon it as the most thor io the farce of the “Critic,” who, anxious to remove. I therefore suphaving been discovered in a plagia posed that a wheel, simple in its con. risın, is driven to his shifts for an struction, and like to a water wheel, excuse, and at length observes, “ that might be made to move on a diamond all he has to say about it is, that or agale pivot, having its weather Shakspeare and he had the same rds (1 not if that be the ideas, but that Shakspeare used them technical term for the parts which first(or words to that effect). lu dip into the stream or not) armed some such light does a rude idea of with iron; the Magnet them to be mine stand just now.

About two applied nearly vertical, and the wheel years ago, or not quite so long, I put in motion, when it appeared lo inentioned to a philosophical friend, me that the attractive power activg who had frequently turned his atten on the extremities of the wheel, on tion towards the coostruction of a one side of each of the boards, and machine that would afford the long in an opposite power on the other, sought for desideratum of Perpetual would continue to propel the wheel Motion, my opinion as to what I con with a rotatory motion : the first im. ceived must be selected as the first petus must of course be given by principle of any such action. I con hand. Rude and untried as my plan sidered that whatever the power may is, I cannot but think it practicable, be which shall keep up an action of and trust that you will oblige me by that kind, would be found only in giving it a place in your publication nature; and that, however art may as through such a channel of sciena assist towards the attainment of the tific information it may, perhaps, as. end, it would, nevertheless, be found sist some to form new ideas, or to to be but secondary. I told him the induce others to correct the erro. power which I conceived was the nevus one (if it be such) of one required ; and he (on my wri Yours, &c.

ALPHABETICUS. ting to ask if he remembered the conversation) replies, that he per

CATHEDRAL SCHOOLS. fectly recollects ii; and that the Mag (Continued from LXXXVII. ii. 104.) net was that to which I alluded. Now,

CHICHESTER. Mr. Urban, I am very far indeed from Mr. URBAN, Crosby.square, May 12. wishing to claim any thing like disco THIS is among the most antient very ; but I can only say, that the Gentleman in whose behalf the in- having been from the earliest records terest of Parliament is about to be a Foundation for a Dean and Canons, sought,“ has had the same idea (80 its Establishment and Statutes were far as the Magnet is concerned) with confirmed by Heory VIII. me, but has used it first." Mine The component members of the being, however, but a theory, as I Choir, as in the other Cathedrals never have attempted to construct endowed by the Anglo-Saxon Mothe machine I had in my mind, I narchs, are a Dean, Precentor, Chanshould justly merit both scorn and cellor, and Treasurer, (to whom alone ridicule, could I have for a moment the title of Dignitary is correctly apthe effrontery of putting my hypo- plicable) 30 Canons, or Prebendaries, thesis in competition with the tried ap• (four of whom, including the Dean, are paratus of the Gentleman in question. Bow styled Canons Residentiary, and


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form the Chapter) the Minor Canons, Such at least have been the accounts or Vicarial Clergy, (originally officiate recently transmitted to me ; and I am ing as substitutes for the Prebendaries, sorry that I am not enabled to corwith whom they corresponded in num. rect this statement by a more satisber :) and lastly, the Novices, or child- factory communication from the first ren educating for the Choral service, authority in the Choir. It must not, who have varied in oumber accord- however, be forgotten, that the preing as the patronage of the Chap- sent Dean of Chichester has held ihat ter has been extended or withheld. dignity but a very short time; and we Stall wages are still paid to the Vicars cannot doubt that the warm interest by the Prebendaries, as from time im- manifested by him on the subject of memorial, and they have a consider- National Education * will be shared in able landed Endowment. In number an entinent degree by the School unthey are now reduced to four.

der his own immediate jurisdiction. The Singing-men were added in the The following document, though 16th century by the munificence of not immediately relating to the eduBishop Sherburn.

cation of the Choristers, is too nearly The public Documents relating to connected with their interests to be this Cathedral are far from numer uvnoticed in the present enquiry, esous; and the earliest mention of the pecially as it has been overlooked by Choristers that I have met with is in

Mr. Dallaway, in his valuable History the Will of Henry Garlaund, A.D. of the Catbedral. 1842, whence it seems that in his

Pat. 26 Hen. VI. p. 2, m. 4. A litime there were 12 boys of the Choir. cense to the Dean of Chichester to A.D. 1536, Bishop Sherburn made a hold Lands in nortnain, to augment bequest to eight Choristers. They are the maintenance of the Canons Resi. now reduced to six.

deptiary, Vicars, and Choristers of that I have not had an opportunity of Church't. reference to the Statutes by which There is no reference to the record this Foundation should be governed *; in the Printed Index to the Patent but, according to the present regula. Rolls; but it did not escape the petions of the School, if it deserves netrating rescarch of Bishop Tapper, such a name, there is no Choir in Eng- who cites it, though incorrectly, in land, with the single exception of Car- his “ Notitia.” Jisle, which promises so few advantages In your next Magazine I hope to have to the young persons educațing under the pleasure of introducing to your the auspices of the Chapter.

Readers a very different School, un. The 'Choristers have occasional der the liberal patronage of the BiLessons in Sieging from the Organist; shop of St. David's.

M. H. but it does potappear that the Rev. Pa P.S. Mr. Dallaway, in his History of trons and Guardians of the School in- Western Sussex, observes, speaking of terfere in any other branch of their vicars Choral, “ Those of St. Paul's education. The Choristers have an obtained a Warden and Common Seal acknowledged right of admission into by Patent, 18 Ric. 11:” the Prebendal Grammar School of This is not quite accurate. The this City; but, from some unexplained Minor Canons of St. Paul's, and not cause, they derive no benefit from the Vicars Choral, were incorporated this privilege.

by Richard il. I am not able to record any in At Chichester, and in some other stance of success which has attended Calhedrals, the Minor Canons and Vithe system adopted in the Choral cars Choral are synonymous. At St. School of this Cathedral; on the con Paul's they are distinct. The Minor trary, I am informed that the Choris- Canons are in Holy Orders; the Vicars ters, after the failure of their treble Choral are Laymen, and are not a corvoices has rendered them useless in porate body.

M.H. the Choir, rarely derive any advantage from their Musical talents, and, * See Dr. Bethell's Sermon at St. with few exceptions, have sunk into Paul's in June 1817, printed by the Soneglected obscurity.

ciety for promoting Christian Knowledge.

+ See also Ing. ad q. d. to wbich reter* In the Bodleian Library.

ence is made in the license.

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