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Carló Shilton Church, Leicestershire.



Murch 31. circulated Magazine. As it never was Scavelled tonn Leicester to Hinck TUCH of your l ders as bave in contemplation to publish a seu

cond edition of the Bibliographical ley will doubtless recollect the long Decameron, I am the more solicitous straggling village of Shilton, situate for its immediate insertion : being as about three miles from Hinckley, anxious as its highly-respectable wriand 10 from the county towo. It is ter to “gratify the feelings of the livcalled Earl's Shilton, to distinguish it ing, and do justice to the memory from another place of the same name of the dead.”

T.F.D. near Coventry

Yours, &c. Io the time of the Conqueror Shil. too was part of the large possessions Provost-house, Dublin College, of that famous Norman baron Hugo

March 2. de Grentesmainell, from whom it de “ As a second edition of your Bibscended to the antient Earls of Lei- liographical Decameron will, I doubt cester, who successively held it till not be called for, I write to request the forfeiture of Simon de Montfort that you will admit into it a few obin 1205.

servations on the account given by In 1272, Shilton was demised, inter Mr. M ́Neille (vol. III. p. 384.) of the alia, by Henry III. to his eldest son late Bishop of Dromore (Doctor Hall.) Edinund Plantagenet, Earl of Lan “ Conpected with him as I was for caster and Leicester, as a security for upwards of thirty years, I should feel 3000 marks. This inanor hath ever very, culpable indeed did I silently since been parcel of the Duchy of acquiesce in the unfounded censures Lancaster.

upon his character which are conMr. Burton says, “ The Earls of tained in Mr. M`Neille's Letter. Leicester had here a Castle, now “I shall begin by observing, that ruinated and gone; yet the place Mr. M`Neille, in stating Bishop Hallto where it stood is to this day called have been a sizar shews himself not the Castle yard. The Court-leet be- to have been very anxious about ob longing to this manor

, is of a large taining information on the subject precinct, to which the resiauncy of upon which he wrote: the College 25 towns do belong."

Registry, to which he might readily The Lordship was enclosed in 1778. have bad access, would bave informed By the Return to Parliament in him that he was a pensioner. He 1811, Earl Shilton-contained i house might have learned from the College building, 3 uninhabited, and 307 Bookseller, that his account of the houses inhabited by 309 families ; 65 difficulty thrown in the way of adof which were chiefly employed in mitting your Bibliomania into the agriculture, and 221 in trade (mostly Library is equally erroneous. stocking-makers); consisting of 758 Mercier's statement is, that, on bring, males and 775 feniales, total 1,533. ing to Dr. Hall the only copy he had

The Church or Chapel, (see Plate for sale, he looked at it for some II.) dedicated to St. Peter, is depend time, and then gave it back to him; ant on the mother-church of Kirkby saying that he would not take it, as Malory (of which you have already it ought to be in the College Library, given a View, in vol. LXXXIV. ii. for which it was, of course, immedip. 625.) It has a porch both on the ately purchased. North and South. The inside is peat; " As little founded in fact is Mr. consisting of a pave, chancel, two side M'Neille's assertion, that very few ailes, and lwo small galleries; one at books were bought for the College the West end, aod the other on the while Dr. Hall was Provost. I have North side. The font is antient and compared the sums expeuded in his circular,

N.'R. S. time with the purchases of the pre

ceding ten years, and fiod the averMr.URBAN, Kensington, March 25. age to be in his favour. It is indeed

AVING received the following probable that he preferred books of rington, Provost of Dublin College, only objects of curiosity; and, I dare I lose rio time in gratifying that gen- say, would have thought it his duty tleman's wishes by giving it publicity to purchase the Philosophical Transtbrough the channel of your widely actions, rather than the rarest speciGENT. MAG. April, 1818.




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inen of the art of Caxton : a prefer -“ Should any unforeseen circumence for which probably be will be stance delay a second edition of your censured but by few.

Decameron, you will, perhaps, think it But these are trifles. What I com- right to send this Letter to the Genplain of in Mr. M`Neille's Letter is the tleman's Magazine, or in some other character he gives of Dr. Hall as a way communicate it to the Publick. man. He has said that he was not Řev. T. F. Dibdin, &c. &c.” sincere nor open-hearted; and that, like Swift, he was sarcastic, and loved


April 2. a shilling dearly. Now, it is a noto TOUR worthy and learned Correrious fact, that Dr. Hall, from the spondent R. C. who has been sò time he became a Fellow, always good as to take some pains to convince lived in a manner suitable to, if not me that the designation of a Doctor above, his rank; and during his Pro of Civil Law ought not to be LL.D. vostship maintained his place in the appears, he will allow me respectfully first circle in a manner much more to suggest, to have overlooked the nearly allied to profusion than to ubject and nature of my remarks, parsiinony. Nor was he sarcastic, which, howsoever I might express though he might be deemed fastidi- myself, were intended not to convey ous; his quick sensibility rather prey

an idea that D.C. L. were not the aping upon himself thao venting itself propriate distinctive marks of the De in censure upon others. It was Gray gree now conferred in Protestant Uvj. that be most nearly resembled; and versities, but to inquire how it could in that comparison I shew sufficiently be reconciled with consistency and how very opposite his character was propriety, that after LL. D. had been to the gloony ferocity of Swift. permitted for two or three centuries

Equally remote from bis disposition without observation, or objection on was insincerity. His attachments the part of the University Officers, it were strong and lasting; and often has should all at once have been discoverhe 'been known to exert himself in ed that they were incorrect, and that forwarding the interests of a friend in they must be laid aside as we lay by circumstances 'under which he would an old coat when it is worn out? benot have made application for him

cause we have a new one which looks self. As to his not being open-heart- smarter or pleases us better, although ed, his character was marked with the cut or the colour may not be a the quiet seriousness of an Englishman; wbit more suitable to our shape or and be certainly was not ready to complexion. R. C. will forgive my pour out upon any one who would reminding him, that it is not long listen to him, an account of his con since the promulgation, for I believe duct; to tell the history of his life, the first time, of a decree or law of or to sketch a view of his future pro- the University of Oxford, that thencespects, and you sometimes found that forth degrees in Civil Law only would he had done you an essential service,

be conferred by that learued body. without annoying you with the anxiety I have not before me the paper allud. of expectation, or exposing you to the

ed to; but, unless I am under a very vexation of disappoiplment.

If to

great mistake, it was so worded as to have acted thus was in Mr. M`Neille's convey to every one who read it the opinion a proof of not being open

notion that, until then the Degree had hearted, I can only regret that he

been in both Laws, according to the did not explain the sense in which he expression of Pope in the Dunciad, understood words which are generally Oxford and Cambridge made Doctor of considered as conveying no slight their Laws."

For myself, Mr. Urban, I have al“ You will, Sir, I am confident, ex ways been of the opinion of my late cuse the liberty I take in thus address learned and excellent friend Ferdiing you; and take the earliest oppor. nand Smyth Stuart, who, descended tuvity of gratifying the feelings of from a long race of Kings, and carry the living, and doing justice to the ing in his veins, as Burke said on anomemory of the dead.

ther occasion, that rich and noble i bave the honour to be, Sir, blood which was formed by the united Your most obedient servzui, sources of the Julian Family aod AtTuos. ELRINGTON. tila the Hun, Inight be accredited as


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good authority on such subjects; I Cirencester, Norwich, Shrewsbury, have, I say, always agreed with him, and St. Saviour's, Southwark. There that“ rank and power ure only despi- are also in the United Kingdom about cable unless founded on honour and 50 peals of ten, 360 peals of eight, virtue ;" yet would I not, on any ac 500 peals of six, and 250 peals of count, forego those honourable dis- five bells. According to Coxe and tinctions which have been in all ages Porter, the great bell in St. Ivan's considered the meed of worth, with. Church, Moscow, weighs 288,000lbs. out knowing why or wherefore: and that which is broken weighed and I must continue to say, that 432,000lbs. The great bell in St. Pe. it is not less absurd for an Univer- ter's at Rome, re-cast in 1785, is sity thus to abrogate its own so 18,667lbs. The largest bell in this lemn acts (that is, presuming that kingdom is “ The Mighty Tom” of learned body to acquiesce in the ex- Oxford, which weighs 17,000lbs. planation of R. C. and his reasons for There is a bell of the same weight, the late innovation) than it would be hung 275 feet from the ground, in for a Sovereign Prince to declare that the tower of the Palazza Vecchio at henceforth there should be no more Floreoce. The great bell at Exeter Dukedoms created, and that those cathedral, given by its Bishop Courtewho had been heretofore elevated to nay, weighs 12,500lbs. “ Great Tom” that Dignity ought not to be entitled of Lincoln weighs 9894lbs. The “ Your Grace.”

principal bell of St. Paul's, London, lo a word, Mr. Urban, these new is estimated at 44 tons, or 9520lbs. fangled notions savour too much of Bells were formerly baptized, athe fashion and frippery of the times, nointed, exorcised, and blessed by the to please an old

LL.D. Bishop; and the favourite appellaP.S. Perhaps R. C. can inforın us tion of “ Tom” applied to several how long it is since the University dis- large bells, probably arose from their covered that M. A. [Magister Artium] having been baptized " Thomas” in is better Latio than A.M. (Artium honour of that “ Saint-Traitor" (as Magister]; for I find this alliteration Fuiler calls him) Thomas à Becket, amongst the numerous moderu iin. the murdered Abp. of Canterbury. provements which strike me as more The practice of baptizing and confanciful than scientific : indeed very secraling bells was introduced in 968 much of the same class as the change by Pope John XIII. of full - bottomed wigs for bob Their supposed uses are described scratches.

in the Monkish lines :

“ Funera plango, fulgura frango, sabRemarks on the Signs of Inns, &c.

(Continued from p. 229.) Excito lentos, dissipo ventos, paco cruVHE BELL-THERING OF BELLS.

entos.” used by the Jews, Thus traoslated by Fuller: Greeks, and Romans, but not for re

S Men's deaths I tell ligious purposes. They were made Funera plango

By doleful knell. of brass or iron, and were called Tintinnabula by the Romans, whom they

Lightning & thunder Fulgura frango

I break asunder. summoned to their baths. They were

On Sabbath all first introduced into churches in 458

To church I call. under Pope Leo I.; or, according to Excito lentos

The sleepy head some authors, in 400, by Paulinus,

I raise from bed. Bp. of Nola in Campania, whence Dissipo ventos

The winds so fierce they derive their name of Campanæ.

I do disperse.

Men's cruel rage Croyland Abbey in Lincolnshire had

Paco cruentos the first ring of bells in England ;

I do assuage. they were put up in Edgar's reigo, and

“ Laudo Deum verum,

Plebem voco, conwere six in number. There are 11 grego Clerum,

(coro, peals of twelve bells, viz. 5 in Lon- Defunctos ploro, Pestem fugo, Festa dedon, (at Christ Church, Spitalfields ; I praise the true God, call the peoSt. Michael's, Cornbill; Si. Martin's ple, convene the clergy, lament the dead, in the Fields; St. Leonard, Shore. dispel pestilence, and grace festivals.” ditch; and St. Bride's, Fleet-street); Bells were also considered as demo. and one at Birmingham, Cambridge, nifuges; and were rung, as Durand


bata pango,


Bells were

Sabbata pango


informs us,

« Ut dæmones timentes or Sebask, in Cappadocia, or, accordfugiant_Timent enim auditis tubis ing to other writers, of Sebastia, a ecclesiæ, scilicet campanis ; sicut ali- city of Armenia, and to have visited quis tyranous timet, audiens in terra England, fixing his residence at the sua tubas alicujus potentis regis ini- village, in Cornwall, thence named mici sui.”

St. Bluzey. Steevens says,

“ The bell antiently BLACKMOOR's Heav. A Negro's rung before expiration was called head is the crest of the Marquesses The passing beli, i. e. the bell that of Hertford and Drogheda, the Earls solicited prayers for the soul passing Newburgh, Apnesley, and Mountnorinto another world.” And Mr. Douce ris, Lords Grantley and Lyttelton. conjectures that it was originally It is supposed that ibe Morris used to drive away demous who were dance, or Moorish dance, was introwatching to take possession of the duced into England in the reigo of sool of the deceased.

Edward III. when the glorious Black The Curfew (from the French cou- Prince, by his victory at Najara or vre-feu) was iostituted by William the Navaretta, restored Don Pedro to the Congueror, who commanded that a throne of Castile: Pedro's two daughbell sbould be rung every night at ters were married to the Black Prince's eight o'clock, on hearing which, all brothers; Constance to John of Gaunt people were to put out their fire and Duke of Lancaster, who assumed in candle.

her right the title of King of Castile ; “ The Bell-inn at Edmonton” bas ac. and Isabel to Edmund of Lapgleya quired great celebrity from Cowper's Earl of Cambridge and afterwards tale of* Jobo Gilpin.”

Duke of York. The proverbial expression of bear Blosgoms INN - a considerable ing the bell probably originated in coach ion in London, derives its name the ornament of a bell bestowed on from its antient sign, on which was winning race-horses; wbence races dur- painted a figure of št. Lawrence in a jog the reign of James I. were styled border of blossoms or flowers. Hence Bell courses; and hence perhaps one also the lane in which the house is cause of the popularity of this sign. situate is called Lawrence-lane.

BELLE SAUVAGE. The coaches St. Lawrence was born at Osea in tbat ran to this well-known ino in Arragon, and was broiled to death on London used to have painted on their a gridirou, August 10, 258. The sides a large bell and a savage man'; foundation of the famous palace of but from Nightingale's London, I the Escurial, about 15 miles from Mafind that the Coffee-bouse exhibits, drid, was laid by Philip II. in 1563, what was supposed to have been the in honour of this patron Saint of Spain, original sigo, the representation of a aod in commemoration of the victory savage woman, derived from a ro- which, aided by the English, he ob. mantic story of a beautiful wild tained on St. Lawrence's day 1557, at French female called “ La Belle Suu- St. Quintin, when the Constable and vage.” But the real etymon, both of chief nobles of France were taken prithe ino, and yard or court of the soners by Philip's General, the Duke same name in which it is situate, ap- of Savoy. In its principal front is a pears to be in the name of Isabella statue of the patroo Saint holding a Savage, a lady who once possessed gridiron, and this instrument of marthese premises, and conveyed them to tyrdom appears in almost every orthe Cutlers' Company.

nainent in the building. This edifice, Bishop Blaze. This is a very po- considered by the Spaniards as the pular ale house sign in the cloathing eighth wonder of the world, cost s counties, as he is the patron saint of millions sterling. A Church pear it Woolcombers, and to him is geve. is dedicated to this Saint. rally, but erroneously, ascribed the The Blue Boar, as we now geinvention of their art ; his usual re- nerally see it represented on signpresentation, with a comb in his hand, boards, was one of the badges of cogbeing merely allusive to his martyr- nizance borne by the house of York, don by Agricolaus in 289, when he and is described io the antient memuwas bebeaded, after having bad his randum found by Henry Ellis, Esq. flesh lacerated by iron combs. He is and inserted in the Archäologia, vol. said to have been Bishop of Sebasta, XVII. as baving " his tuskes and his

cleis and his membrys of golde."-The


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