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HE late stupendous revolution in France still continues to occupy the historians of that country. They seem yet to be

hunting after causes for so marvel

lous an event, as though every one that has hitherto been brought forwards was inadequate to the birth of such a catastrophe. Among the publications upon this subject which have chiefly excited our attention, we may enumerate M. Soulavie’s “History of the Civil War in France,” in three volumes 8vo., commencing with the formation of the States-general in 1789, and reaching down to the 18th Brumaire (year 8th) 1799. “Essays, Introductory to a History of the French Revolution, by a Member of the Parliament of Paris,” in one volume 8vo; in which the anonymous author maintains, that few or no great men were produced by the revolution; the character of Bonaparte, of whose exploits a glowing picture is presented, not having been formed till after its completion; and “Historical Essays on the Causes and Effects of the French Revolution, by M. Beaulieu.” These Essays are the most voluminous work on the subject which has yet occurred to us. They have been published in separate volumes, and are now just

concluded, , making six octavos in the whole, and bringing down the events of the variable government of France to the close of 1798. The author is often unnecessarily diffuse, and extremely deficient in arrangement and method; but he has collected together a considerable portion of valuable infor. mation, and has appreciated the chief characters of the political drama with judgement, ability, and impartiality. Upon the subject of the French. colonies, we have received an extensive and useful work in M. Malouet's “Collection of Memoirs,” occupying five volumes octavo. The memoirs consist of an official correspondence relative to the administration of the colonies in general, but particularly of French and Dutch Guiana, and the island of St. Domingo. M. Malouet, from his late situation as minister of the colonies and of the navy, and more especially from his having been an eye-witness to the earlier part of the transactions which he describes, may be regarded as an authentic historian, and his opinions must be entitled to respect even by those who differ from him in system. He is a favourer of the slave-trade; but admits, that, in every place, and especially in St. Domingo, it reY 4 quired

quired regulations which never have been, and we are afraid will not soon be, carried into effect. He is also for allowing advantages to slaves,by which they may eventually be enabled to purchase their own freedom. In St. Domingo they have not waited for this slow process: they have been precipitated into a state of independence; and differing, as we do, from the present author, in the tardy steps he advises, we cannot be blind to the greater mischief which has resulted, and must, in every instance, result from a hasty and general suppression of

the yoke. The line of propriety seems to lie between the two schemes. M. Malouet represents

the late colonisation of French Guiana as the worst in the world; and he has not unduly depreciated it. That part of Guiana, on the contrary, which appertains to the Dutch, was, in his estimation, at the time of his visiting it, the best regulated, and the happiest of any colony he had ever . The “Voyage à la Louisiane,” noticedin our last year's review, as an anonymous production, has since been acknowledged by M. Baudry des Lozieres, who has added a second volume, or, as he entitles it, a “Second Voyage” to the general work. We can no more, however, discover a voyage in this second volume, than we were able to do in the first: it is a book filled up with such reports, anecdotes, and remarks, as almost any man might amass together, if he were determined to write on the subject, who had never quitted London or Paris; and which most men, in such situations, would have composed in a more methodic and intelligible manner, Yet M. Baudry tells us, that the vast demand for his first volume was the sole motive for his

publishing this second; and he threatens the world—perhaps from the same resources, the books in his library—with new tours or travels through Italy. “Histoire des Swisses ou Heivetiens, &c.;” “History of the Swiss or Helvetians from the most remote Period to the present Time, by H. P. Mallet, Professor in the Universities at Upsal, Cassel, & four volumes Svo. Geneva. This is an able, entertaining, and instructive work: the author had nearly finished it when Switzerland was free; and the ardour with which he describes the patriotic exertions of the ancient heroes of this celebrated country, shows us that his heart is not insensible to the charms of liberty. Towards the close of the history, however, we perceive his pen restrained; he composes with tin-idity and reserve: he still appears to be warmed with the same enthusiastic fire; but he labours to stifle its flames, as they flow foni his heart. The fear of Bonaparte is evidently before his eyes. Yet the work has great merit, and M. Mallet has proved himself an able historian. “ Tableau de la Grand Bretagne, &c.;” “Picture of Great Britain, Ireland, and the Possessions of the English in the four Quarters of the Globe;” four volumes 8vo. Paris. The author of this work, which bears an anonymous title-page, is M. Baert. He represents himself to have been a resident in Great Britain for two or three years, and to have traveiled several thousands of miles over it; and he certainly writes in many places, as though he had been not only an eye-witness, but an attentive spectator, of the scenes he describes. It is, however, a multifarious multifarious publication, political, statistic, and commercial, as well as geographic. Hence the fourth

volume unfolds the subjects of the

bank of England, coin, population, character, customs, and manners; together with the state of literature and science. To a foreigner, the work will be found useful; an Englishman cannot avoid discovering a variety of little errors that deteriorate its value. M. Catteau, in his “Tableau des Etats Danois;” “Picture of the Danish States,” in three volumes 8vo, has exhibited much good sense and vigilance. His pen flows rather too cursorily and superficially upon some subjects, concerning which we wish for more information, and especially of that sort which is communicated in these volumes; but had he written more, his work might have been rendered too bulky for his own purpose; since so authentic, so judicious, so excellent is he in whatever he has advanced, that we could not suffer the excision of a single page. We wish much to see this publication translated into our own tongue. “Histoire du Bas-Empire,” &c. “History of the Lower Empire, from the Reign of Constantine to the Capture of Constantinople, in 1453, by J. C. Royou,”, four volumes 8vo. Paris. This is an able abridgement of Le Bean’s more voluminous work, which extended to not less than twenty-five volumes upon its conclusion by another hand : the period it comprises, is recisely that which our own Gibi. has selected to found his immortality upon. Yet a comparison of M. Royou wirh the latter, will by no means be disadvantageous to him. We do not mean that he exhibits the same brilliancy of style or curiosity of philosophic

reflexion; but he has advanced a much larger body of facts: and in point of critical history, is hence more precise and instructive. “Voyage en Islande, &c.” “Travels in Iceland, &c. translated from the Danish, by W. de la Peyronie,” five volumes 8vo. The travels here rendered into French, were undertaken by the express order of his Danish majesty, and contain many curious and important observations on the manners and customs of the inhabitants, the lakes, rivers, glaciers, hot-springs, and volcanoes of the country; together with its stones, fossils, petrifactions, and animals; to which is added a good atlas. The author seems to have observed with judgement, and to have delineated the various appearaaces with fidelity. “Voyage en Italie,” “Travels in Italy,” by F. J. L. Meyer, LL.D.” This is a sentimental work; yet much real science, and a spirit of close and curious observation are blended with the pathos at which it perpetually aims. We have hung over it with delight, often with rapture, and we finished it with much regret. “ Briefe über Italien in den Jahren,” &c., “Letters on Italy, in the Years 1798, 1799,” though published anonymously, are agreeably written, and seem to be in general sufficiently authentic. We may pay the same compliment to M. Drysen’s “Bemerkungen auf einen Reise,” &c., “Observations during a Tour through Holland and a Part of France.” But we have been considerably more pleased with the “ Bruchstücke einen Reise durch Frankreich,” “Fragments of Travels in France,” of M. Arndt ; who writes with sweet unaffected simplicity, and thus secures our confidence as considerably by his manner, as he is entitled to do by his well-known abilities as a philosopher, and unimpeachable veracity as a moralist. M. Georgi is continuing his “Beschreibung, des Russischen Reichs,” “ Description of the Russian Empire;” and M. Storch his “ Historic and Statistic Picture” of the same country. “Du Droit natural, civil, et politique,” &c., “Dialogues on natural, civil, and political Law, by E. Lusac, LL.D. late Advocate in the Courts of Holland and West Friesland,” 3 vols. 8vo. Amsterdam. The writer of these Dialogues is now no more: they were however announced to the world by a prospectus, and prepared for ublication, prior to his decease. P. editors flatter themselves that they have been conferring a favour upon the public by complying with the author’s intention. #. llS, however, it has not been a favour, but a drudgery; for the work is intolerably tautologic, inelegant, and tedious: yet to those who are not rendered drowsy by such soporifics, it will appear abundant in moral, political, and commercial facts and reasonings. . “ Traité d’Economie Politique, ou simple oxposition,” &c., “Treatise on Political Economy, or a simple Explanation of the Manner in which Wealth is acquired, distributed, and amassed,” 2 vols. 8vo. by J. Baptiste Say. The author has formed his entire theory on the basis of Adam Smith, and, like many other ungracious scholars of the present day, endeavours to depreciate his master in order to acquire for himself the character of an original writer with the world. “ The work of Smith,” says he, “is a confisca assemblage


of the soundest principles of political economy, supported by perspicuous examples, and of the most curious notions of statistics, interspersed with instructive reflexions : yet it is not a complete treatise of either: his book is a chaos of just ideas, hustled pell-mell without positive information.” If such be the master, what arewe to expect from the pupil 3–the very book we have received. “Principes d’Economie Politique,” “Principles of Political Economy, by N. F. Canard, late Professor of Mathematics at the Central School of Moulins. Paris, 8vo.” This volume is an answer to the following prize question proposed by the National Institute: “Is it true that in an agricultural country taxes of every description fall ultimately on the proprietors of land * and M. Canard was the successful candidate on the occasion. We here - also meet with a work largely indebted to Dr. Smith, but which, with more audacity than the former, does not even allude to his name, though several chapters of it are almost literally translated from the Wealth of Nations. Smith, however, is not the only author who has been consulted upon this occasion: we give M. Canard ample credit for diligent inquiry among the best writers of most European countries; but he has not a happy o of discrimination: there is ittle curious selection, and the wheat is not sifted as is ought to be from the chaff. On the subject of general jurisprudence, Germany #. furnished us with several important publications: of these the chief are a new “Magazin für die Philosophie und §. des Rechts,” “ Magazine for the Philo, - ail


and History of Jurisprudence,” by M. Grcttman, a young but able lawyer of Giessen, and a strenuous reformer of the penal laws by a preference of prevention to punishment, in opposition to

his friend professor Feuerbach at

Kiel, a friend to the old system. The “ Beyträge zur Berichligung und Erweiterung der positiven Rechtswissenschaften,” “ Contributions towards the Improvement of positive Law, by Professor Hufeland, of Jena,” a periodical work of considerable credit, and of which the fourth number appeared at the Leipsic fair for Easter last; and the “ Allgemeines Deutsches Gesetzbuch,” &c. “General German Code of Laws, founded on the unchangeable Materials of the Common Law, by Professor Reitemeyer, of Frankfort on the Oder:” the principles of which we are afraid are rather to be admired, than to be expected to be introduced into practice. We have also to notice that M. Von Martens, of Göttingen, has added a valuable supplement to his “Recueil des principaux Traités,” “Collection of principal Treaties;” and has also published a collection of the “Gesetze und Vesordnungen,” &c. “Laws and

- Fdicts of the different States of

Lurope, relative to Trade, Naviation, and Insurances, since the siddle of the 17th Century;” a book which, upon so oscillating a subject, possesses all the value which may be supposed to appertain to 11. In America, Mr. Martin, of Newborn, in North Carolina, has translated into English M. Pothier's very excellent “ Treatise on Obligations considered in a moral and legal View.” Mr. Sullivan, the attorney-general of

Massachusetts, has published “The History of Land Tithes” in that province; a very valuable work, but chiefly of local importance. The “ Treatise of the Law relative to Merchant-Ships and Seamen,” by Mr. Abbott, the present speaker of our own house of commons, has deservedly obtained an edition in the United States; and it is rendered of more topical value by a notice of the difference subsisting between our own laws upon this subject and those of the American commonwealth. Upon the important branch of commerce, we ought also to mention a publication of the late M. Sieveking, of Hamburg. It has been edited by Von Eggers, of Copenhagen, and is entitled “Materialien zu einem voll-ständigen und Systematischen Wechselrecht, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf Hamburg,” “Materials towards a complete System of the Law of Bills of Exchange, with a particular Reference to the Custom of Hamburg.” It is a well-known treatise, and founded upon admitted principles. ‘N. can we consent to close this chapter without noticing M. Simonde's treatise “De la Richesse Commerciale,” “On Commercial Wealth, or the Principles of Political Economy applied to the Legislation of Commerce,” published in the course of the present year, in two volumes octavo, at Geneva ; which under the three heads of capital, price, and monopoly, traces the obvious course by which a great state may repair its dilapidated fortunes, revive its ancient splendour, and ultimately realise those inestimable and flattering advantages which belong to the situation of a prominent and well-regulated power. * * CHAP.

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