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which makes him cling as tenaci

On the 2d of March the king ously to his rights as he does to wrote to Monsieur, acquainting him the happiness of France, immedi- with what had passed, and instructately wrote the following answer, ed him to make known the same to which he delivered on the 28th of the princes of the blood who were February to the person who was in England, taking charge himself deputed to him.

to inform such of them respecting it who do not reside in that country. On the 22d of April, Monsieur called a meeting of the princes,

who, with equal alacrity and una“ I am far from being inclined nimity, have signed the following to confound M. Bonaparte with adhesion to the answer of the king those who have preceded him. I of the 28th February. think highly of his valour, and of his military talents. Neither do I feel ungrateful for many acts of his ADHESION OF THE PRINCES. administration ; for whatever is done for the benefit of my people, “ We, the undersigned princes, shall always be dear to my heart, the brother, nephews, and cousins He is deceived, however, if he of his majesty Louis XVIII., king imagines that he can induce me to of France and of Navarre, forego my claims, for otherwise Thoroughly impressed with he himself would confirm and esta- the same sentiments with which our blish them, could they be called in sovereign lord and king has shown question, by the very step he has himself to be so honourably aninow taken.

mated in his answer to the propo“ I cannot pretend to know what sal made to him of renouncing the may be the intention of the Al throne of France, and of requirmighty respecting my race and ing all the princes of his house in myself, but I am well aware of the like manner to renounce all the obligations imposed upon me by imprescriptible claims to the sucthe rank to which he was pleased Icession to that same throne, Deshould be born. As a Christian, I CLARE, shall continue to fulfil these obliga “ That, as our attachment to tions to my last breath. As a de- our rights, to our duty, and to our scendant of St. Louis, I shall en- honour, can never permit us to deavour to imitate his example by forego our claims, we adhere, with respecting myself—even in capti. heart and soul, to the answer made vity and chains. As successor of by our king. Francis I., I shall a: least aspire to “ That, in imitation of his er. say with him—We have lost every • ample, we shall not lend ourselves thing but our honour.

in any manner whatever to any

step or proceeding that can imply At the bottom of this answer are on our part a failing in what we written the following words: owe to ourselves, to our ancestors,

to our descendants. “ With the permission of the “ WE FINALLY DECLARE, that, king, my uncle, I adhere, with heart being fully convinced that a large and soul, to the contents of this note. majority of the French people in

(Signed) Louis ANTOINE.” wardly participate in all the senti


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ments by which we are animated, these invariable sentiments that I it is in the name of our loyal coun- remain, sire, trymen, as well as our own, that “ Your majesty's most humble, we renew upon our sword, and to most obedient, and very faithful our king, the solemn and sacred subject and servant, path to live and die faithful to our (Signed) Louis Antoine HENRY honour, and to our legitimate sove

DE BOURBON.” reign.

Ettenheim, in the Dominions (Signed)

of the Margrave of Baden, “ CHARLES PHILIPPE OF FRANCE, March 22, 1803. “ CHARLES FERDINAND OFArtois,

Duke of Berri, • Louis Philippe Of ORLEANS, Declaration of the First Consul, in a Duke of Orleans,

Message to the Senate, the Legisla« ANTOINE PHILIPPE OF ORLEANS,

tive Body, and the Tribunnte. Duke of Montpelier, “ Louis CHARLES OF ORLEANS,

Saint Cloud, May 20. Count of Beaujolois,

The ambassador of England 4 Louis JOSEPH DE BOURBON, has been recalled. Compelled by Prince of Condé,

this circumstance, the ambassador $ Louis Henry JOSEPH de Bour- of the republic has quitted a coun

BON-CONDE, Duke of Bourbon.” try where he could no longer hear Wansted House, April 23, 1803.

the language of peace. At this decisive moment, the government

submits to your view, and it will ADHESION OF THE DUKE OF EN- submit to the view of France, and

of Europe, its first relations with the British ministry, the negotia

tions which were terminated by the “ The letter of the Od March, treaty of Amiens, and the new diswith which your majesty has vouch- cussions which seem to finish by safed to honour me, reached me in an absolute rupture. The present due time. Your majesty is too well age and posterity will there see all acquainted with the blood which that it has done to put an end to flows in my veins, to have enter- the calamities of war, and with tained a moment's doubt respecting what moderation, and what pathe tenor and spirit of the answer tience it has laboured to prevent which your majesty calls for. I am their return. Nothing has been a Frenchman, sire, and a French- able to interrupt the course of the man faithful to his God, to his projects formed to rekindle discord king, and to the oaths that are between the two nations. The binding on his honour ; 'many treaty of Amiens had been negoothers may perhaps one day envy tiated amid the clamours of a party me this triple advantage. Will hostile to peace: scarcely was it your majesty therefore vouchsafe concluded, when it was the object of to permit me to annex my signature bitter censure. It was represented to that of the duke d'Angouleme, as fatal to England, because it was adhering, as I do, with him, in not disgraceful to France. Soon heart and soul, to the contents of after alarms were disseminated ; the note of my sovereign? It is in dangers were pretended, on which


« Sire,



was established the necessity of a release herself; in vain was she state of peace, such as to be a per- willing to delay taking a definitive manent signal of new hostilities. resolution, until Spain and Batavia, There were kept in reserve, and both of them contracting parties, hired, those vile miscreants who could have manifested their dispohad torn the bosom of their coun- sitron. In vain, in short, did she try, and who were intended to tear propose to request the mediation it anew. Vain calculations of ha- of the powers, who had been intred! We are no longer that France vited to guarantee, and who, in which was divided by factions, and effect, did guarantee the stipulabuffeted by storms; but France, tion required to be abrogated. restored to internal tranquillity, Every proposition was rejected, regenerated in her administration and the demands of England be and her laws, and ready to fall, came more imperious and more with her whole weight, upon whai. absolute. It is not in the princiever foreign state may dare to at- ples of our government to yield to tack her, or to unite with the ban- menace; it is not in their power to ditti whom an atrocious policy bend the majesty of the French would once more cast upon her people to laws prescribed to them shores to organise pillage and as with forms so huiughty and so new. sassination. At length an Had they done so, they would have pected message, all at once, terri- consecrated, in favour of England, ties England with imaginary ar- the right of annulling, at her sole maments in France and Batavia: pleasure, all the stipulations which she supposes the existence of im. bind her toward France. It would poriant discussions which divided have authorised her to demand the two governments, while no from France new guarantees on such discussion was known to the the slightest alarm which she might French government. Immediately have thought proper to pretend; formidable armaments take place and hence two new principles on the coasts and in the ports of would have been placed in the pubGreat Britain; the sea is covered. lic code of Great Britain, by the with her ships of war; and it is in side of that by which she has disthe midst of these preparations that inherited the other nations of the the cabinet of London demands of common sovereignty of the seas, France the abrogation of a funda- and submitted to her laws and to mental article of the treaty of her regulations the independence Amiens. They wanted, they said, of the flag. The government stopTiew guarantees; and they despised ped at the limit traced out by its the sanctity of treaties, the execu- principles and its duties. The netion of which is the first of gua-, gotiation is interrupted, and we are rantees which nations can give to ready to fight, if we are attacked. each other. In vain did France We shall, at least, fight to maininvoke that faith which had been tain the faith of treaties, and for sworn ; in vain did she appeal to the honour of the French name. the forms received among nations; Had we yielded to a vain terror, in vain did she consent to shut her we should soon have had to fight eyes to the actual non-execution of to repel new pretensions; but we the article of the treaty of Amiens, should fight dishonoured by a prefrom which England pretended to vious weakness, fallen in our own




eyes, and degraded in the eyes of article of the law, 27th Ventose, an enemy which should have once 4th year, by making, within twenmade us bend to her unjust pre- ty-four hours after the arrival of . tensions. The nation will repose


the declaration itself in the consciousness of its which that article requires, be. strength, whatever injuries the fore the commissary of the poenemy may do us in places where lice, for the division in which they we shall not have been able to reside. prevent them, or to reach them. 2. They shall, at the same time, The result of this contest will be bear to the commissary of the posuch as we have a right to expect lice, the passports of the persons from the justice of our cause, and who have so taken lodgings in their the courage of our warriors. houses. I'he First Consul,

The commissary, upon receiv(Signed) BONAPARTE. ing each passport, shall deliver,

The Secretary of State, instead of it, a billet or card, with (Signed)

MARET. which the respective strangers

shall, within three days after their arrival in Paris, appear at the office of the prefect of the police, there to receive back their pass

ports, and with them, an order to

Feb. 14. leave the city or permission to proAn Order respecting Strangers in the long their stay in it.

3. Those who shall fail to comCity of Paris who are Lodgers in

ply with this order, shall be liable private Houses.

to the necessary measures of reThe counsellor of state, who is straint, on the part of the ministers prefect of the police, in considera- of the police, and shall be further tion that persons who, under the subject to such prosecution as may character of relations or friends, be regularly instituted against them are lodgers in private houses in before the criminal courts. Paris, and that the proprietors, 4. The present order shall be immediate renters, masters, and printed, published, and communiporters of unfurnished lodging- cated fully to the public by bills houses, neglect to make the decla- stuck up in suitable places. ration enjoined by the law of the The commissaries of the police, 27th Ventose, of the 4th year of the officers of the peace, and those the existence of the republic, as who conduct the business in the of. well as by the order issued by the fice of the prefect of the police, consuls on the 12th Messidor, of shall each, so far as it shall fall the 8th year of the republic, en- within the range of his functions, joins as follows:

see that this order is vigilantly ex1. The proprietors, immediate ecuted. renters, and keepers, masters, or The general.commandant of the porters of houses, not otherwise armed force of Paris, the chefs de. occupied than by occasional lodg- legion of the select gendarmeries, ers, whenever they have strangers and of the national gendarmerie of lodging in their houses, shall be the department of the Seine, are bound to comply with the second required to give military assistance


to the civil officers, if that shall, at whenever required, produce their any time, become necessary. registers to the commissaries of the (Signed)

Dubois, police (who shall mark them with Prefect and Counsellor of State. their visa), to the officers of the By the Counsellor of State, Prefect, peace, or to those who conduct the (Signed) P115, Sec. Gen. business at the office of the prefect

of the police.


Order respecting Innkeepers, Vlasters

of furnished Hotels, and Persons ACTS OF GOVERNMENT. letting Lodgings.

The consuls of the republic, on The counsellor of state, prefect the report of the minister of the inof the police, in consideration of terior, decree as follows:the 2d and 7th articles of the order Chamber of Commerce.- Decree of of the consuls, dated 12 Messidor,

December 27. year 8, enjoins as follows:

1. Persons entering into the employment of innkceper, or master Art. I. There shall be esta a of a furnished hotel, or purposing blished chambers of commerce in to let lodgings, ate to make a de- the following towns: Lyons, Rouen, claration to that effect at the office Bordeaux, Marseilles, Brussels, of the prefect of the police; to Antwerp, Nants, Dunkirk, Lisle, open registers, in which shall be in- Mentz, Nismes, Avignon, Strasscribed, on stamped paper, bear. burg, Turin, Montpellier, Geneva, ing the mark of the commissary of Bayonne, Toulouse, Tours, Car: the police for that division, the cassonne, Amiens, and Hayre. names of all the travellers, whether II. The chambers of commerce Frenchmen or foreigners, whom shall consist of fifteen merchants in they shall receive in their houses. those towns whose population exThey shall, likewise, put up in a ceed 50,000 souls; and of nine, in conspicuous situation, over the door all those where the population is of the house, a table indicating the below that amount; not counting profession or employment which the prefect, who is always, in virthey exercise.

tue of his office, to be a member of, 2. Innkeepers, masters of fur- and to preside over it, whenever he nished hotels, and persons letting assists at its sittings. The mayor furnished lodgings, shall, every day, will officiate, in room of the prewithout blank or omission, enter, fect, in those towns where there is in the above-described register, the no resident prefecture. names, age, quality, ordinary regi III. No person shall be eligible dence, profession, arrival, and de- as a member of the chamber, unparture of every person who lodges less he has himself been engaged in with them for even a single night. commerce at least ten years.

3. They are expressly prohibited IV. The functions to be pera from harbouring vagabonds, beg- formed by the chambers of com: gars, and persons who give no account of themselves.

To draw up memorials respect4. Innkeepers, masters of hotels, ing the best means of promoting and keepers of lodging-houses shall, the prosperity of commerce.


merce are

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