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mote than at the first landing of the French troops. The negroes, exasperated to madness by the fate
of a leader to whom they were
powerfully attached, are resolved to perish rather than submit to the yoke of men who had, in violation of an express compact, removed him from the presence of his for. mer followers, and made him the first object of their vengeance. A spirit has been introduced which no violence can subdue, and no conciliation can soften. If the French ever expect to retain quiet possession of this fine colony, they must obtain it at the expense of extirpating the whole existing generation of blacks, and fill their places by new importations from Africa. Even then, the restoration of order, of productive labour, of any thing like commercial enterprise, must be the result
of long and painful exertion. The .
dreadful situation to which the colony is reduced, we may deplore, but it is precisely what we had reason to anticipate. The policy of the French general has been throughout most opposite to every principle of wisdom and expediency. Established as the dominion of Toussaint was at the time of his landing, and disposed as he had formerly discovered himself to cultivate a good understanding with the mother country, nothing but the most ill-judged measures could have prevented the French troops’ taking quiet possession of the island. If Toussaint had been addressed in the language of kindness, if he had been prepared for the reception of the French troops, not as coming to divest him of authority, but to co-operate with him in restoring the i. of the island; if a prospect had been held out to him that his importance among his
followers would not be destroyed by their arrival, they would then have found the negroes, if not prepared to bend to the severity of a yoke from which they had escaped, at least willing to act as useful cultivators. The adoption of an opposite system, and the prospect of a return to all the rigours of fo. at once decided their resolution. Betwixt death and slavery, the choice was easy with men who had begun to taste something of the fruits of independence. Hostility was determined on, and was succeeded by exasperation. No alternative was henceforth left, but the massacre of the whole French force in the island, or a return to the yoke, under masters from whom they could hope for nothing but the utmost severity of treatment as the punishment of the obstinacy of their rebellion. Such have been the fruits of the impolitic conduct of the French general. Such have been the causes which have involved in destruction the greater part of one of the most formidable expeditions which ever sailed from the ports of Europe. . Such are the causes which must for a long period deliver up the island to all the horrors of massacre and desolation, and which, in their consequences, may lead to the establishment of an independent black government in
this extensive and fertile colony. In Guadaloupe the same effects have resulted from the same causes. Nothing but confusion, pillage, and bloodshed prevails in that island. The blacks, driven to madness by the measures of the French, are butchering the whites, without regard to age or sex. The French are retorting with equal cruelty; and such blacks as fall into their hands areinstantly dispatched, without even the ceremony of a will, t
there is any disposition to insurrection. The island was indeed left in
a state of such complete subordination by our troops, and the plantations all over the island were brought to such a high pitch of improvement, that nothing but the grossest misconduct on the part of the French can give rise in this island to those afflicting scenes which the colonies of St. Domingo and Guadaloupe present. On account of the prevalence of the infectious distemper, all commerce betwixt Martinique and the British colonies has been strictly prohibited. -
New-York, Dec. 4.—The aspect of affairs in St. Domingo appears, by . intelligence, to grow still more gloomy: The sovereign contemptin which the French held the negroes has led to the most fatal consequences. Their subjugation
was to have been the work of a few
weeks, which was to have restored the unfortunate planters to the tranquil possession of their estates. Many respectable families, who during the late war had sought and found an asylum in the United States, allured by the flattering accounts of the French operations, have returned to St. Domingo and Guadaloupe. Their fate is truly to be commiserated. The little they had been able to save from the iformer wreck of their fortunes is likely to be totally dissipated, and themselves and families are exposed ... to be massacred by the o and unrelenting blacks. After the fate of Toussaint, these outrageous neroes will never repose confidence in any overtures or stipulations on the part of the French nation.
Nothing short of total extirpation can re-establish the colonies of St. Domingo and Guadaloupe;—a dreadful expedients which most likely will defy every effort of the French. The probability is, that these islands must, at last, be abandoned to the negroes. The force at Port Republican does not amount to more than 3000 troops, and 2000 white inhabitants; a force too inadequate to make any impression on the large body of negroes in arms in the neighbourhood, between whom frequent skirmishes take place, which have little other effect than the reduction of both parties. At St. Mark's the French, growing jealous of the black; troops in their pay, drew up 600 of them, and surrounded them with an intention of disarming them ; but the negroes refused to deliver up their arms, and fired on the surrounding troops, who returned the fire, and every negro was massacred. Cruelty seems to be the order of the day at Hispaniola. A few days before the ship sailed, a brigand
boat was taken and brought in.
All the brigands but two were killed: one of them said they had a little while before taken a schooner
...horrid indeed: confusion, pillage,
bloodshed, and murder, are the order of the day; the insurgents do actually gain ground ; and captain B. speaks .#. as his opinion, that if fresh troops do not shortly arrive, the blacks will have possession of the island. To minute the shocking transactions that daily occur would be tedious. They have extended their ravages to Point Petre; but at St. Ann's, a small town about 15 miles from there, a massacre of the inhabitants, without regard to age or sex, took place about the middle of October. , Hanging and shooting the blacks has become so common, that the spectator there is hardly actuated by emotions of astonishment at the scene: 180 of these poor
wretches were executed at one time, at Basseterre, about a week before. captain Bunting sailed. The fever is still making its ravages, not only among the French troops, but on the Americans there. Markets are tolerably good.”
Marlborouso reet,7-Yesterday an examination took place before the sitting magistrate, R. Neave, esq. in which a gentleman of the name of Pearce, and a very beautiful young lady, named Johnson, were charged with i. and firing a pistol at William Cobb, the preceding evening, in Paddingtonstreet, Mary-le-bone.
The first witness in support of the charge was Lawrence Macobey, apprentice to Mr. John Sharp, in Paddington-street, who stated that he was standing in conversation with Cobb, his fellow-servant, and the watchman, about nine o'clock; they were conversing about a sup
*r which Cobb had taken in Harey-street, when the witness said— “You stuffed your craw nicely.” At this time miss Johnson was
talking backwards and forwards; and upon hearing this reply, immediately said—“Don’t be impertinent. I’ll fetch somebody shall give you a pill.” She then went into a fishmonger’s near, and fetched Mr. Pearce out: the witmess was then going home. In a few minutes they both came into his master’s shop, and Mr. Pearce immediately collared him, miss Johnson saying—“This is the boy that insulted me.” Cobb instantly entered the shop, and said, he would not see the boy ill-used.
Miss Johnson then turned round, the other; and the watchman have ing taken them all into custody, Mr. Pearce broke loose from the watchman’s hold, and, retreating a few paces, put his hand about #. ets, and instantly presented a pistol to Cobb, and shot him under the left ear; the ball entered his jaw : he instantly went into the shop, and said to his mistress that his iaw was broke. he watchman’s testimony proved the conversation, and that no insult had been offered to miss Johnson, eitherby innuendoor otherwise. Mrs. Sharp proved, that Mr. Pearce and miss Johnson came into the shop, and the denial of the boy and Cobb of their having insulted miss Johnson. . Another watchman stated, that he had. Cobb in custody, and that
and said—“ Oh, ho! it is not the boy that insulted me, it is the man.” The watch was immediately called, and cach party charged
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Pearce fired at him. He said, that
if he had not drawn back, he must have received the contents of the pistol himself. Wm. Serjeant, a coachman, was passing at the time, and seeing a mob j round Mr. §. door, was induced to ask what was the matter, and perceived, almost instantly, Mr. Pearce break loose, and put his hand to his pockets; the witness supposing him a gentleman, and conceiving that he was afraid of having his pocket picked, from the circumstance of his putting his hand there: in a moment, however, he advanced with the pistol, levelled it at Cobb, and shot him. Another witness confirmed this testimony. Mr. Morris, the surgeon, stated that Cobb was brought into his house about half past nine. Upon examining him, he found a pistol ball had entered below his left ear, lodged in the roof of his mouth,
and splintered the jaw. He extracted one ball (which he produced), and had every reason to believe, from the nature of the fraction, that there was more than. one, but could not positively state whether or not. He would not state that the man was not in immiment danger of his life from the wound. The magistrate asked Mr. Pearce what he had to say to the charge. He replied, that he went into a fishmonger's to purchase some fish, and miss Johnson walked before the door: in a few minutes she came in and told him that she had been much insulted; on which he went out, and went to the butcher's shop to reprimand the persons who had insulted her; when Cobb came in, and wanted to fight him, and struck him several times, and that he pulled out the pistol to defend himself, and it went off. Miss Johnson stated, that the boy had crept on the ground, and seized hold of her legs in a very indecent manner, and that accordingly she went into the shop to Mr. Pearce for protection. The magistrate, under this evidence, said he was obliged to commit them for trial. ' Mr. Pearce is a very fine-look. ing man, upwards of six feet high, and is said to be an officer in the army. Miss Johnson is about 25 years of age, and of a very pleasing countenance. She was very much agitated during the examination.— Mr Pearce conducted himself in a firm manner.
INDIA. cAlcutta GAZ Ette extraorDinar Y. Fort-IVilliam, Aug. I1, 1802. On the 9th instant, his majesty's frigate
La Chiffonne, captain Stuart, ar. rived in the river from Bombay, with dispatches from that presidency to his excellency the most noble the governor, general in council, containing the afflicting intelligence of the death of his excellency Haujee Khuleel Khaun, ambassador to the British government on the part of his majesty the king of Persia. In the afternoon of the 20th ult. a dispute unfortunately arose between the Persian servants of the ambassador, and the sepoys of the corps of Bengal volunteers, composing his excellency's honorary at the house assigned for is residence near Massagong. An affray ensued, and both parties resorted to arms. At the commencement of the disturbance, his excellency the ambassador, with his nephew Aga Hoossain, and his attendants, descended into the court, for the purpose of quelling the tumult; and while his j was exerting his endeavours, with the utmost deree of humanity and firmness, for at purpose, he received a wound from a musket which instantly proved mortal. His excellency’s
nephew was severely wounded in
several places. Four of the ambassador's servants were killed, and five more wounded. Tranquillity, however, was speedily restored, and medical assistance was immediately procured for the relief of
surviving sufferers. . . . . . . . The most active, and judicious exertions were successfully employed by the acting president at Bombay, J. H. §. esq. and by the civil and military officers under his authority, for the purpose, of restoring order, and .# tranquillising the minds of the attendants and wers of the deceased am
bassador, as well as of securing the means of bringing to justice the perpetrators of this atrocious act. A court of inquiry has accordingly been instituted at Bombay, for the purpose of investigating, with due deliberation and solemnity, all the circumstances of the case. ... t.” The governor in council. has adopted measures for affording to the relations and followers of the late ambassador all the relief and consolation which can be administered to them-under the pressure of this severe calamity. *... . . * 8. As a testimony of the public: regret for the death of the late ambassador, and of a deep sense of sorrow for the calamitous event which occasioned it, and as a mark of public respect for the high station of the deceased ambassador, and for the sovereign whom he represented, his, excellency the governor general in council has been pleased to direct, that minute guns be fired on this melancholy occasion, at five o’clock this afternoon, from the ramparts of Fort William.
Extract of a Letter from an Officer of Major-General Baird's Army, dated Giza, opposite Grand Cairo, May 18, 1802.
On the 15th instant major-general Baird, preparatory to the march of the army across the Desert to Suez, paid a visit of ceremony to his highness the pacha of Egypt in Grand Cairo. The general, attended by his staff and other-officers, with an escort of the 8th light dragoons, crossed the river to the Cairo side in the morning; where a Turkish guard of honour, consisting of horse and foot, were drawn up to receive him. On landing, the general was