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by their discourse appeared not sent a letter to the commodore,
quite free from hostile designs. thanking him for appointing such
When they were reminded of sub- an officer to negociate with them,
sisting treaties, they replied, that and desiring that the same person
the emperor of Morocco's engage. might return with the promised
ments were not binding to them. presents for the emperor."
They however, after much argu-
ment, consented to abandon their “ February 16th, 1758, was an
intentions of cruising against the auspicious day indeed in our hero's
English, if the captain would fur- calendar. Being allotted a cessa-
nish them with a few materials for tion for a few months, amidst the
their ship. This he judiciously career of his glorious actions, he
contrived to evade, by observing, married Mary, one of the two
that the stores aboard the Dolphin daughters and co-heiresses to Chi-
were the property of the king his verton Hartop, esq. of Welby, in
master, and not his to give away; the county of Leicester. This mar-
but that if the bashaw and alcaide riage was productive of no living
would honour him with a visit, child for the first four years ; but
they should be welcome to any afterwards amply compensated for
thing on board that was at his own the delay, by giving the world the
disposal. This invitation was ac two noble ladies, to whom this pub-
cepted, and they went on board lication is inscribed, and an interme-
next day with near two hundred of diate one, whose untimely decease
their fóllowers; so that it was will be recorded in the sequel*.
thought necessary to arm a mum “ Being thoroughly sensible of
ber of seamen, as sentinels, in the the skill and activity of captain
gang ways, and other parts of the Howe (the only officer of the great
ship. The principal Moors were armament in 1757, who had per-
at first a little alarmed, and indeed formed any service), Mr. secretary
affrented, at this circumstance; but Pitt contrived to have an interview
on the captain's informing them, with him, for the purpose of dis-
thiat it was only a proper compli- coursing about other attacks on the
ment to tlie dignity of his guests, French coast. At the close of the
they were perfectly satisfied, and conversation, captain Howe er-
cheerfully partook of the repast, pressed his desire to be one of the
not objecting to rum-purich, under officers employed on such service,
the title of sherbet. They accept- The minister replied, “ he could
ed of a pair of handsome pistols, not interfere in recommending cap-
and some other things; and by a tains to the commander in chief.”
promise to return with a more con Thus the matter seemingly ended:
siderable present for the emperor but Mr. Pitt had in reality deter.
(which he afterwards faithfully mined that the supreme naval com-
performed), the captain put thein mand should be entrusted to cap-
off with the gift of a hand-pump. tain Howe himself.
On the Dolphin's departure, they “ In consequence of this deter.

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u * The eldest of these three ladies (Sophia-Charlotte) was born February 19th, 1762; the second (Mary-Juliana) April 17th, 1785; the youngest (Louisa-Catherine) Decembert, 1767. The birth of their mother (late countess Howe) is not exactly known; Lut site was baptized July 20th, 1732, O. S.”


mination, at the beginning of June, naire, and landed the troops with. 1758, commodore Howe set sail in out opposition. The commodore the Essex' with his squadron of found it advisable to move thence ships of war, and above one hun- into the bay of St. Cas. On the dred transports, having on board retreat of the British forces from some thousand land forces and a St. Cas, September 7th, the comlarge train of artillery, through the modore ordered his barge to be race of Alderney-being the first rowed through the thickest of the Englishman who was bold enough enemy's fire; thus animating the to sail with a fleet of ships through sailors, who had shown some backthis dangerous pass. The commo

wardness at the tremendous aspect dore proceeded to the bay of Con- of the peril, to be firm in their calle. Here the duke of Marlbo- duty. As many of the flying sol. rough landed with the troops, and diers as his own boat could poshaving destroyed near St. Maloessibly contain, were repeatedly taken an hundred sail of shipping, and in; and, the rest of the boats fol. many magazines, re-embarked on lowing so noble an example, above June 11th. The commodore, after 700 of the army were saved, who making various movements with would otherwise have perished. his fieet, to the terror of the French “ Here let me pause a while, coast, on July 1st returned to St. and indulge myself in the feelings Helens.

of an early friendship, by express“ A second expedition in the ing my sincere regret for the loss same year (1758) being concerted of a valuable youth (then principal under the same naval commander, representative, both in lineage and prince Edward (afterwards duke fortune, of the great lord chancellor of York) went on board the Essex Somers), ensign James Cocks. It on July 21th. August 1st, com was this unfortunate defeat, thou modore Howe, with the troops un- much-lamented companion! which der lieut.-gen. Bligh, sailed from deprived thy country of a true he. St. Helens. On the 6th he came roic spirit, tempered with many soto anchor in Cherbourg road. The cial virtues, in only the twentieth town of Cherbourg was taken, the year of thine existence. basin totally destroyed, together “ Thee • Brookman's grove, † Teme's with all the forts in the neighbour glassy current thee, hood. This service performed, the Wept thee thy lucid lakes 1. fleet anchored August 19th under “ Before we take our leave of the high land of Portland.

the above-mentioned expeditions, On August 31st the commo I would just say a word or two, dore sailed again towards St. Ma- relative to prince Edward, from loes, still attended by prince Ed- what wys heard by myself many ward. He came to anchor Sep- years after in conversation with tember 3d in the bay of St. Lu- earl Howe. When his royal high

“ ' The name of his seat in Hertfordshire, now the property and residence of Samuel Robert Gausson, esq. who (as if the chancellor Somers's genius still hovered over the spot) is one of the most attentive and unbiassed magistrates in the kingdom.

“ | A river that runs by a large extent of land in Worcestershire which belonged to this valiant youth.

“ Te nemus Angitize, vitreâ te Fucinus undâ,
Te liquidi flevere lacus.--- Virg. n. V II. v. 759.

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ness first engaged in the service, did not perfectly understand his the commodore asked him what orders. « Not understand your station he would choose. The orders!' (exclaimed the secretary reply was, ' to be always where in his haughty tone): that's very you are.' This request was uni- strange indeed.' The commodore, formly complied with, till the perfectly understanding the real commodore saw it necessary to purport of this exclamation, i.). brave the most menacing front of stantly replied: "Sir, do not misdanger himself, for rescuing the take me. When I shall be tho. British troops from destruction. roughly acquainted with my er. On this occasion he told the prince rand, you may depend upon my (then in the barge with him) that executing it to the utmost of my he must desire him to go immedi- power.'

This softened at once ately back to the ship. This re the minister's features : with the quest beyond description discon- readiest complacence he condecerted prince Edward, who most scended to be expositor of his own earnestly desired to be suffered to instructions—which, but for a habit remain in his promised station. of haughtiness, he might as easily The commodore answered, he have done at first. This anecdote should be happy to have his royal is also given from the mouth of highness still at his side; but that lord Howe. the due attention to such a charge " In a few days after those gal. would unavoidably draw off his lant exertions of humanity, which thoughts from the important busi- he had shown in the bay of St. ness of the moment.' Prince Ed- Cas on September 7th, Richard, ward, demonstrating a judgement viscount Howe, of the kingdom of equal to his spirit, acquiesced, and Ireland, came home with his feet. withdrew to the ship.-Notwith. He had succeeded to this title by standing this proof of the commo- the death of his elder brother dore's vigilance over the personal George Augustus, killed July 5th, safety of his royal naval pupil, the at the siege of Ticonderoga, in tattling duke of Newcastle (then at America-as promising an officer the head of the treasury) remon in the land service, as even his bro. strated to George the Second, on ther Richard in the naval. the perils to which his grandson “ In November, 1759, the Magwas exposed by his commander. nanime, commanded by lord Howe, But the sovereign replied with in- made one of sir Edward Hawke's dignation, · how shall the boy be fleet at his memorable victory over trained to sea-service without being marquis de Conflans. The Mag. inured to its dangers?'

nanime attacked the Formidable of “ Previously to the commodore's 84 guns, which was thereby comsetting out on one of the expedi- pletely disabled, and afterwards tions already recited, being al. taken. But the Magnanime, hav. ways attentive to verbal exactness,' ing lost her fore-yard, was driven he found himself unable to com- through the enemy's feet to leeprehend one particular passage in ward,

where lord Howe bore down, his written instructions, which he and attacked the Hero so furiously, had received from the great Wil- that he soon compelled her to strike. liam Pitt. To him, therefore, he According to the foregoing acrepaired, and mentioned, that he count (from the Memoir) tiis ra:


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pid movement of the Magnanime to the Texel again. The British was involuntary ; but it was re fleet cruised on the coast of Holgarded in another light by intelli- land for about a month, and then gent officers on board the fleet: returned to Spithead. they considered it as a masterly “ It must have been within a stroke in the captain for the more very short time after his return effectual annoyance of a flying ene- from this cruise against the Dutch, my. The commanding admiral that lord Howe lost his mother, the himself was of this opinion, and viscountess dowager, who died spoke in the highest terms of so ju- June 13th, 1782, turned of eighty dicious an effort. For his beha- by a few years. Her jointure of viour in this action, when lord course devolved to him; and she Howe was presented at court by bequeathed him the chief of her sir Edward Hawke, he was ho- personal property; but whether the noured with the particular thanks latter amounted to any thing conof George the Second, for so many siderable, is more than the writer of repetitions of signal service to his this life has the least knowledge of. country. Nor did his royal master “ In July admiral lord Howe compliment him by words alone, sailed from Spithead on a cruise to but appointed him to a lucrative the westward with twenty-two sail post (colonel of the Chatham ma- of the line ; August 14th he returnrines), created on purpose, Marched to Spithead without having seen 220, 1760.

the enemy. He sailed again from “ On September 4th, of the same Spithead, September 11th, with year (1760), lord Howe, in the thirty-four sail of the line for the Magnanime, with also the Bedford relief of Gibraltar. This he effectand Prince Frederick, was dispatch- ed, October 11th, in spite of the ed by sir Edward Hawke to dis- combined Acet of France and Spain possess the French of the island of (forty-six sail of the line), and in Dumet. In the successful execu- that masterly manner which chation of these orders, the king's ships racterises all his naval exploits. A had not a single man killed or more particular account of this wounded.”

achievement may be found in captain Schomberg's work.

It was « A new turn of ministerial ar the action lord Howe always spoke rangements, in 1782, brought lord of to his dying day, as the greatest Howe again into the notice of his he had ever performed, and as the countrymen. April 8th, he was only one of which he claimed the raised to the rank of admiral of sole merit to himself. The main the blue. On the 20th of the same object of his mission being thus month he was created a viscount of accomplished, “ he offered the eneGreat Britain, by the title of Howe my battle; which they might from of Langar, in the county of Not- their situation have accepted, but tingham.

which it was not in his power to May 9th he sailed with twelve enforce. The enemy to windward line-of-battle ships, in quest of the kept up a constant fire four hours Dutch fleet that had put to sea on the English fleet, but would from he Texel ; but the never come near enough to make admiral, hearing of this, retired in- the action any way decisive *."

" British Magazine, confirmed by Naval Chronology."

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Much inclined in himself was lord lens. May 21st, news was heard of Howe to have attempted drawing the French being off Ushant. May the enemy into a real engagement 28th, captain Parker, of the Andaby a pretended flight of his own. cious (one of lord Hove's feet), But for the sake of his own repu- engaged Le Revolutionnaire, and tation with the peo?, and the ho- made her strike ; but she was res, nour of the British flag, he would cued by five other French ships not venture trying the experiment. coming up, one of which (L'AuHe knew that if his artifice had dacieux) towed her into port. May failed of its intended effect, the 29th a battle began; in which (had English admiral and his fleet would the captain, who was afterwards have been reviled, as if they had by a trial found guilty of breach of fled in reality. Some may account orders, done his duty) lord Howe: this over-cautiousness against false had got the French into such a siimputation for a weakness in our tuation, that he doubted not of hero's character. Enamoured he being able to give a good account certainly was of fair fame; and of the whole of them. The battle conscious of never deserving oblo- of that day (being thus impeded) quy, he did not always despise it was, before night, totally interas he should have done. Having, cepted by a fog. This fog wis according to his instructions, dis- not dissipated till June Ist; and it patched part of his fleet on another is remarkable, that, during its conservice, he returned home, and an tinuance, earl Howe's youngest chored at Spithead November 15th. daughter (then countess of AltaFor his skill and courage in the mont) coming with the earl her foregoing transactions he received husband from Lisbon to Ireland, the thanks of both houses of par- sailed through the midst of the liament. The corporation of Lon- French fleet, happily without see. don, in common council assembled, ing or being seen by any of them. ordered an historical picture of the During the fog, the * four other siege and relief of Gibraltar to be French ships that had accompanied executed by Mr. Copley.--Still L'Audacieux from Brest had jointthere were calumniators at the time,'ed their fleet, though lord Howe who would have placed the most knew nothing of this reinforcement laudable actions of lord Howe in a of the enemy, till after he had writ. very different light; and the pound, ten his letter of June 2d to the Ad. shilling, and pence calculator of miralty. On June 1st (the French 1779, was among the foremost of having now twenty-nine sail of the these. But since the calumnies al- line to twenty-five) the action reluded to had no other ground, than commenced ; in which six French a total mis-statement of facts, and ships were taken, a seventh sent to are now credited by nobody, it the bottom, and the rest put to would be mere waste of time to fight-most of them in a shattered enter upon a particular refutation condition.” of them.”

“ In the beginning of the year “ We will proceed to 1794.- 1798 passed an act, empowering May 21 the fleet, with the same the Bank to receive voluntary concommander, sailed from St. He- tributions for defraying the ex. « * Sans Pareil of 80 guns, Le Trajan, Le Patriot, Le Temeraire, of 74 guns each."


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