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sufficient number of justices of the peace for the county, a high and a sufficient number of petty constables in each barony, who are respectively charged with the duties now performed by these magistrateS. - 17. The county of Cork, on account of its extent, is to be divided, conformably to the boundaries for raising the militia, into the counties of North and South Cork, for each of which, a county constable, high sheriff, and all magistrates above directed are to be appointed. 18. The county committee are hereby empowered and enjoined to issue warrants to apprehend such persons as it shall appear, on sufficient evidence, perpetrated murder, torture, or other breaches of the acknowledged laws of war and morality, on the people, to the end
that they may be tried for those
offences, so soon as the competent courts of justice are established by the nation. 19. The county committee shall cause the sheriff or his officers to seize on all the personal and real property of such persons, to put seals on their effects, to appoint proper persons to preserve all such property until the national courts of justice shall have decided on the fate of the proprietors. 20. The county committee shall act in like manner, with all state and church lands, parochial estates, and all public lands and edifices. 21. The county committee shall, in the interim, receive all the rents and debts of such persons and -estates, and shall give receipts for the same ; shall transmit to the provisional government an exact account of their value, extent, and
amount, and receive the directions of the provisional government thereon. 22. They shall appoint some proper house in the county, where the sheriff is permanently to reside, and where the county committee shall assemble: they shall cause all the records and papers of the county to be there transferred, arranged, and kept, and the orders of government are there to be transmitted and received. 23. The county committee is hereby empowered to pay, out of these effects, or by assessment, reasonable salaries for themselves, the sheriff, justices, and other magistrates, whom they shall appoint. 24. They shall keep a written journal of all their proceedings, signed each day by the members of the committee, or a sufficient number of them, for the inspection of government. f 25. The county committee shall correspond with government on all the subjects with which they are charged, and transmit to the general of the district such information as they may conceive useful to the public. 26. The county committee shall take care that the state prisoners, however great their offences, shall be treated with humanity, and allow them a sufficient support, to the end that all the world may know that the Irish nation is not actuated by the spirit of revenge, but of justice. 27. The provisional government, wishing to commit, as soon as possible, the sovereign authority to the people, direct that each county and city shall elect, agreeably to the constitution of United Irishmen, representatives to meet in Dublin; to whom, the moment tkey
they assemble, the provisional government will resign its functions; and, without presuming to dic
tate to the people, they beg to
suggest, that, for the important purpose to which these electors are called, integrity of character should be the first object. 28. The number of representatives being arbitrary, the provisional government have adopted that oš the late house of commons, three hundred, and, according to the best return of the population of the cities and counties, the following numbers are to be returned from each : Antrim 13, Armagh 9, Belfast town 1, Carlow 3, Cavan 7, Clare 8, Cork county north 14, Cork county south 14, Cork city 6, Donnegal 10, Down 16, Drogheda 1, Dublin county 4, Dublin city 14, Fermanagh 5, Galway 10, Kerry 9, Kildare 4, Kilkenny 7, King's county 6, Leitrim 5, Limerick county 10, Limerick city 3, Londonderry 9, Longford 4, Louth 4, Mayo 12, Meath 9, Monaghan 9, Queen’s county 6, Roscommon 8, Sligo 6, Tipperary 13, Tyrone 14, Waterford county 6, Waterford city 2, Westmeath 5, Wexford 9, Wicklow 5. 29. In the cities the same sort of regulations as in the counties shall be adopted; the city committee shall appoint one or more sheriffs, as they think proper, and shall take possession of all the public and corporation properties in their jurisdiction, in like manner as is directed for counties. 30. The provisional government strictly exhort and enjoin all magistrates, officers civil and military, and the whole of the nation, to cause the laws of morality to be enforced and respected, and to 18O3.
execute, as far as in them lies, justice with mercy; by which alone liberty can be established, and the blessings of Divine Providence secured.
Citizens of Dublin a band of patriots, mindful of their oath, .# faithful to their engagements as United Irishmen, have determined to give freedom to their country, and a period to the long career of English oppression! In this endeavour they are now successfully engaged, and their efforts are seconded by complete and universal co-operation from the country; every part of which, from the extremity of the north to that of the south, pours forth its warriors in support of our hallowed cause. Citizens of Dublin, we require your aid. Necessary secrecy has prevented to many of you notice of our plan; but the erection of our national standard, the sacred though long-degraded reen, will be found a .#. call. To arms, and rally round it, every man in whose breast exists a spark of patriotism, or sense of duty: avail yourselves of your local advantages; in a city, each street becomes a defile, and each house a battery; impede the march of your oppressors; charge them with the arms of the brave—the pike; and from your windows and roofs hurl stones, bricks, bottles, and all other convenient implements, on the heads of the .. of your tyrant-the-mercenary, the sanguinary soldiery of England. Orangemen! add not to the catalogue of your follies and crimes; already have you been duped to the ruin of your country in the legislative union with its ; attempt not an opposition which K will will carry with it your inevitable destruction; return from the paths of delusion, return to the arms of your countrymen, who will receive and hail your repentance. Countrymen of all descriptions! let us act with union and concert; all sects—catholic, rotestant, presbyterian—are equally and indiscriminately embraced in the benevolence of our object; repress, prevent, and discourage excesses, pillage, and intoxication ; let each man do his duty, and remember that, during public agitation, inaction becomes a crime : be no other competition known than that of doing good ; remember against whom you fight—your oppressors for six hundred years; remember
for clothing and appointments, and issued for three years at once, if required; and the sum of 120l. per troop per annum, at the disposal of the commandant, to be in lieu of the pay of serjeants and trumpeters, and of every charge of whatever description, heretofore defrayed by government. 4. Constant pay, at the rate of 6s. per diem, to be allowed for an adjutant to corps of three troops and upwards. 5. Serjeants receiving constant pay, and all trumpeters (or bugle men) receiving pay either at a daily or weekly rate, to be attested and made subject to military law, until they shall be regularly discharged by the commandants. 6. If a corps, or any part thereof, shall be called upon in cases of riot or disturbance, the charge of constant pay to be made for such services must be at the rate following, being the pay of the regular cavalry, and be supported by a certificate from his majesty's lieutenant or the sheriff of the county.
Per diem. s. d. Captain - 14 7 Lieutenant - 9 O Cornet - - 8 0 Quarter-master - 5 6 Adjutant * - 10 O Serjeant-major, including §d. for a horse - 3 11 Serjeant, ditto - 2 II Corporal, ditto - 2 4; Trumpeter, ditto - 2 4 Private, ditto - 2 0
Such troops as have received the reduced clothing allowance of 21. per man for the years 1802 and 1803, may, upon the application of the commandants, receive the difference between that allowance and the augmented rate above spe
Congress, Wednesday, Dec. 13, 1802.
The following Message was delivered to each House by Mr. Lewis, Sel cretary to the President. ,
To the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States.
When we assemble together, fellow-citizens, to consider the state of our beloved country, our just attentions are first drawn" to those pleasing circumstances which mark the goodness of that Being from whose favour they flow; and the large measure of thankfulness we owe for his bounty. Another year has come around, and finds us still blessed with peace and friendship abroad; law, order, and religion, at home; good affection and harmony with our Indian neighbours; our burdens lightened, yet our income sufficient for the public wants, and the produce of the year great beyond example. These, fellow-citizens, are the circumstances under which we meet ; and we remark, with special satisfaction, - those which, under the smiles of Providence, result from the skill, industry, and order of our citizens, managing their own affairs in their own way, and for their own use, unembarrassed by too much regulation, unoppressed by fiscal exactions. On the restoration of peace in Europe, that portion of the carrying trade which had fallen to our share during the war was abridged by the returning competition of the belligerent powers. This was to be expected, and was just. But, in addition, we find, in some parts of Europe, monopolising discriminations, which, in the form of duties, tend effectually to prohibit the carrying thither our own pro
duce in our own vessels. From existing amities, and a i. cf. justice, it is hoped that friendly discussion will produce a fair and adequate reciprocity. But should false calculations of interest defeat our hope, it rests with the legislature to decide whether they will meetinequalities abroad with countervailing inequalities at home, or provide i. the evil in any other way. it is with satisfaction I lay be. fore you an act of the British parliament, anticipating this subject, so far as to authorise a mutual abolition of the duties, and countervailing duties, permitted under the treaty of 1794. It shows, on their part, a spirit of justice and friendly accommodation, which it is our duty and our interest to cultivate with all nations. Whether this would produce a due equality in the navigation between the two countries, is a subject for your consideration. Another circumstance which ckaims attention, as directly af. fecting the very source of our navigation, is the effect of the evasion of the law providing for the return of seamen, and particularly of those belonging to vessels sold abroad. Numbers of them, discharged in foreign ports, have been thrown on the hands of our consuls; who, to rescue them from the dangers into which their distresses might plunge them, and save them to their country, have found it necessary, in Sohne cases, to return them at the public charge. The cession of the Spanish province of Louisiana to France, which took place in the course of the late war, will, if carried into effect, make a change in the aspect of our foreign relations, which will doubtless have just weight in any (K2) deliberations deliberations of the legislature connected with that subject. There was reason, not long since, to apprehend that the warfare in which we were engaged with Tripoli might be taken up by some other of the Barbary powers. A reinforcement, therefore, was immediately ordered to the vessels already there. Subsequent information, however, has removed these apprehensions for the present. To secure our commerce in that sea, with the smallest force competent, we have supposed it best to watch strictly the harbour of Tripoli. Still, however, the shallowness of their coast, and the want of smaller vessels on our part, has permitted some cruisers to escape unobserved; and to one of these an American vessel unfortunately fell a prey. The captain, one American seaman, and two others of
colour, remain prisoners with them,
unless exchanged under an agreement formerly made with the bashaw, to whom, on the faith of that, some of his captive subjects had been restored. The convention with the state of Georgia has been ratified by their legislature, and a re-purchase from the Crecks has been consequently made of a part of the Tallasscee county. In this purchase has been also comprehended a part of the lands within the fork of Oconee and Oakmulgee rivers. The particulars of the contract will be laid before congress so soon as they shall be in a state for communication. In order to remove every ground cf difference possible with our Indian neighbours, I have proceeded in the work of settling with them, and marking the boundaries, between us. That with the Choctaw nation is fixed in one part,
and will be through the whole within a short time. The country, to which their title had been .#." before the revolution, is sufficient to receive a very respectable population, which congress will probably see the expediency of encouraging, so soon as the limits shall be declared. We are to view this position as an outpost of the United States, surrounded by strong neighbours, and distant from its support. And how far that monopoly, which prevents population, should here be guarded against, and actual habitation made a condition of the continuance of title, will be for your consideration. A prompt settlement too of all existing rights and claims within this territory, presents itself as a preliminary operation. . In that part of the Indian territory which includes Vincennes, the lines settled with the neighbouring tribes fix the extinction of their title at a breadth of twenty-four leagues from east to west, and about the same length parallel with and including the Wabash; They have also ceded a tratt of four miles square, including the salt springs near the mouth of that river. In the department of finance it is with pleasure I inform you that the receipts of external duties, for the last twelve months, have exceeded those of any former year, and that the ratio of increase has been also greater than usual. This has enabled us to answer all the regular exigencies of government, to pay from the treasury, within one year, upwards of eight millions of dollars, principal and interest, of the public debt, exclusive of upwards of one million paid by the sale of bank stock, and making in the whole a reduction of - a nearly