« ПредишнаНапред »
riod memorable for the events which it has produced, and awful for those which may be yet to come. “In granting those supplies, your majesty’s faithful commons have considered that a crisis withoutexample, demanded unexampled efforts; and by resolving to raise, annually, a large proportion of the supplies for the current year, so long as the war endures, they have given to all the world a solemn pledge of their inflexible determination to render the public credit unassailable. “They have also proceeded to revise the system of your majesty's permanent revenue. By consolidating the duties in each of its principal branches, they have simplified its operations, and, at the same time, they have endeavoured to render its pressure less burthensome by regulating its mode of collection. “ The commercial interests of this country, to which our attention was called by your majesty's gracious commands at the commencement of the present session, have been maturely considered; and measures have been taken for affording material accommodations and facilities to mercantile transactions, by rendering our principal ports free for all nations to import, deposit, and re-export their merchandise, without toll or tax, unless voluntarily brought into our own market for home consumption. . “Nor have we forgotten to bestow ourr earnest and serious thoughts upon the safety and ef. ficacy of our church establishment in every part of the united kingdom. Upon this subject, as comprehending all that consecrates our rational hopes, morals, and policy,
we have deliberated with peculiar care and anxiety; and we presume to believe, that the important laws which have been passed in aid of our church establishment, will materially strengthen and gradually extend its influence through succeeding ages. “ But, sire, these were cares and objects belonging to times of peace. Wise, politic, and desirable, as they might be, nevertheless, called upon now by your majesty’s commands, we have without hesitation turned all our thoughts and efforts to meet the renewal of war, persuaded that your majesty’s paternal care preserved to us the blessings of peace so long as they could be retained with safety and honour, and confident that since they have been openly attacked, and the justice of our cause has been made manifest to the world, our appeal to arms will not be in vain. “ This war we see and know to be a war of no ordinary character. We feel that our religion, laws, and liberties, and existence as a nation, are put to the issue, and we have or. for the contest accordingy. Besides the supplies of money, we have augmented, beyond all former example, every species of military force known in this country—we have met rebellion with prompt and mecessary laws: and, for the defence of a sovereign endeared to us by long experience of his royal virtues, and commanding not an allegiance alone, but our hearts and affections—the whole nation has risen in arms. “May then the God of our fathers go forth with us to battle.
Whereas the circumstances that have lately occurred might excite in the breasts of the ill-disposed part of the community opinions and designs prejudicial to the public welfare and repose; and whereas any attempts originating from such opinions and designs to interrupt the public peace, can have no other effect than to produce disorder and confusion; misery and ruin, the destruction of families, and a general desolation in the country: in order to prevent, as far as possible, such direful consequences, I do hereby prohibit, in the most positive manner, on pain of prompt execution of military law, which, by virtue of the powers in me vested, I do hereby proclaim, all assemblages of armed Peasants, or other inhabitants, of any description whatsoever, unless by my authority and commands, conveyed in the usual manner to the landrosts or other officers properly qualified to issue the same. And all the inhabitants of this settlement, bound by the oath of alle
giance they have taken to his Britannic majesty, are hereby warned of the fatal consequences that must inevitably ensue to themselves, their families, and property, by any deviation from this public order, it being my positive resolution to enforce a strict and literal obedience to the same. And whereas it is expedient, during the present state of the settlement, that the inhabitants in general, both of Cape Town and the country districts, should not be rmitted to quit their habitations, do further forbid all persons residing in this town from leavin the same with their families for the purpose of changing their places of abode, without my special leave and authority; and those of the country districts, without the knowledge and approbation of the ows landrosts and heemraaen. Given under my hand and seal, at the castle of Good Hope, this 2d day ef January, 1803. (Signed) FRAxcis DuNDAs.
By command of his honour the lieutenant and acting governor,
(Signed) A. BARNARD, Sec.
Articles of Agreement concluded this 21st Day of December 1802, between Colonel Hamilton, Deputy 2uarter-Master-General, and John Pringle, Esq. Commissary-General, duly authorised for that Purpose by their Excellencies LieutenantGeneral Dundas, and Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Curtis, Baronet, on the Part of his Britannic Majesty: and Rear-Admiral S. Dekker, Commander-in-Chief of the Batavian Fleet for the East Indies, and Colonel Henry, Commander of the the Cape Garrison, also duly authorised by his Excellency the Commissary-General De Mist, on the Part of the Batavian Republic.
Art. I. Every thing shall be
considered as remaining on the same footing that was stipulated by mutual assent this morning before the arrival of the orders of his Britannic majesty. II. The commissary-general de Mist shall be at liberty to encamp or canton the Batavian troops in the neighbourhood of Cape Town, and to select for that purpose the most convenient position for the health, safety, and accommodation of these troops. III. Their excellencies shall not hinder the free transport of baggage, arms, and every thing else necessary for encamping or cantoning the troops. IV. A free communication shall be allowed with the Batavian ships, whether of war or transport, now in the bay, or which may arrive hereafter; and no impediment shall be made to the disembarkation of any troops that may still arrive, or to their arms, ammunition, and baggage. . All Batavian ships, whether cf war, transport, or commerce, shall have permission to prosecute their voyages, or to return to Europe, according to the orders ; may have on this subject, and whic the commissary-general shall deem necessary to give them. VI. In case his excellency lieut.general Dundas should receive any orders from Europe relative to the present state of affairs, he shall
communicate them to the com
inissary-general ; and in the event of these orders leading to acts of hostility, he engages to give the commissary-generalcight days’ pre
vious notice, in order that he may take such measures, either for remaining in, or leaving this colony with every person and thing under his present orders, as may be ne- . cessary, engaging himself to act reciprocally in this respect towards his excellency. VII. The only object of the present agreement being the maintenance of good order, the commissary-general of the Batavian republic promises to do every thing that depends on him to prevent disturbances, or any act which might disturb the public peace in the district where the troops may be stationed. . VIII. To ensure the subsistence of the troops of the two nations, the lieutenant-governor shall in no manner hinder the supply of the Batavian troops, as the commissary-general of the Batavian republic on his part will in no way interfere or prevent supplies from the interior going into Cape Town. * IX. None of these arrangements shall be interpreted at any time against the Batavian republic, or against the commissary-general, as abandoning in any shape the clear rightthat the peace of Amiens has given them to the cession of this colony. X. Sending detachments to hinder any disturbances in the neighbourhood of the camp, or to constrain the Hottentots, as well as for the escort of provisions, either to the Batavian camp, or to Cape Town, shall not be considered as moving the troops from the position fixed upon. The Batavian troops shall not return to Cape Town during this . neither shall the Ene glish troops take up any position out of the castle or forts which Carl
can molest the Batavian camp in any Inanner. I. In case of any doubts or difficulties arising concerning the true meaning of the present agreement, they shall be explained in the most advantageous manner for carrying into effect the salutary motives which have induced their excellencies and the commissarygeneral of the Batavian republic to enter into it; and more especially for ensuring to the commissary- l, the governor, and ge: neral in chief, and the officers civil and military, the greatest security, liberty, and independence; the whole in order to cement more strongly the good intelligence so ; established between their excellencies and the commissarygeneral of the Batavian republic. (Signed) J. Dekker, Schout by Nagt. In dienst der Bataafsche Repub. John PRINGLE, Com.-Gen. Ratified 3d Jan. 1803. (Signed) F. DuNDAs, Lieutenant-Gen. J. A. Mist, Com.-Gen. Signed) J. Hamilton, Col. (Signe 'no. Quar.-Mast.-Gen. P. G. Henry, Col. Com. les Troupes Bataves au Cap. Ratified. Signed Roc Ex Curtis, (Signed) Vice-Admiral, &c.
Official Letter of the Commander M. Busy, to the Minister qf England at Malta.
Sir, I had the honour this morning to explain to your excellency the object of the mission which his bighness the grand master of the
order of St. John of Jerusalem commissioned me to execute at Malta. To this explanation your excellency answered that no orders had been received for the evacuation of the island by the English garrison, and you gave me to understand that the grand master would do well not to take up his residence there for some time. After reflecting on the answer of your excellency, I have thought that it is not only unsatisfactory, but that it required some further explanation. As the answer of your excellency seemed to involve a refusal to give up the island of Malta to the order of St. John of Jerusalem, conformably to the tenth article of the treaty of Amiens, and as such a violation of that treaty of peace might be attended with the most important consequences —consequences fatal indeed to the repose of Europe—I cannot rest contented with the verbal answer which your excellency has thought proper to give me; and I should be deficient in confidence to the grand master, as well as in the
dignity and duty suited to the cha
racter with which he has invested me, if I did not invite you, minister plenipotentiary, clearly to explain, in distinct form, the motives of so unexpected a refusal. I have therefore the honour to remind your excellency, that, conformably to the fourth paragraph of the tenth article of the treaty of Amiens, the forces of his Britannic majesty were to evacuate the island and its dependencies within the space of three months after the ratifications were exchanged, or earlier, if possible. That period has long since expired. The treaty adds, that the island shall be given up to the order
order in its present state, provided that the grand master or his commissaries, fully authorised according to the statutes of the order, should be in the said island to take possession of it, and the troops to be furnished by his Sicilian majesty should have arriced. These troops have long since arrived; there remained only one condition to be fulfilled, which was the presence of the grand master, or his commissaries, to take possession. I have the honour to observe to your excellency that by my arrival in the island that condition is fulfilled. His august eminence the grand master has been pleased to appoint me his ambassador and minister plenipotentiary extraordinary, in his name to treat of, follow up, finish, accomplish, and concert with the English and French ministers plenipotentiary, and with the eristing English governwient of the island, all the articles relative to the restoration of religion at Malta, and particularly whatever relates to the return of the order to the island, and the evacuation of the place, &c. Such are the terms of the full powers with which I am invested, and of which I have the honour to subjoin a copy for the perusal of your excellency. Agreeably to the tenor of these full powers, and the fulfilment cf the different conditions stipulated by the treaty of Amiens, for the surrender of the island of Malta to the order of St. John of Jerusalem, I formally demand of your excellency the execution of the fourth paragraph of the tenth article of the said treaty; and I call upon you to give me, on this point, a categorical an wer. I request yeu to accept the assurance of my high consideration. (Signed) . Buzy.
Answer of the English Minister to
I have just received the letter which your excellency did me the honour of writing to me yesterday; in which letter your excellency expresses how §: you are from being satisfied with the verbal communication, respecting the object of your mission. Your exlo, likewise calls upon me to set down, in writing, the reasons which induce me to refuse surrendering the government of those islands, on the arrival of his eminence the grand master of the order of St. John of Jerusalem. In answer, I beg leave to observe, that, as some of the powers invited by the tenth article of the treaty of Amiens, to guarantee the independence of Malta, have not as yet acceded to that measure, I do not hold myself authorised to give up the dominion of his Britannic majesty over these islands, until I shall have received from my court special instructions to that effect. Your excellency observes, that I am anxious to dissuade the grand master from coming to reside here: your excellency may recollect my conversation on that subject was to the following purport: On your excellency having observed that the grand master expected the immediate possession of the government palace in Fort Valette, I replied, that, under the present circumstances, I could not comply with the wishes of his eminence; for it is absolutely necessary that his excellency general Villette and myself continue to occupy that palace, for the disPitch of the official business belonging