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the army; of an augmentation of dragoons in Creat Britain, and to the three regiments of foot
guards. 31,000 0 95,751 ()
() for allowance to general and staff officers. 0 for the effective captains to the companies of cavalry and infantry, heretofore commanded by
colonels, lieutenant-colonels, and majors.
0 for the militia embodied in Great Britain and Ire
land, and miners of Cornwall and Bevon.
for contingencies of diuto. for clothing of ditto. for increased subsistence to inn-keepers, and allow
ance of becr to non-commissioned officers and privates of militia, &c.
416,000 0 300,000 () 58,333 0
Mr. Pole then rose to move the ordnance estimates, with respect to which, it was unnecessary for him, he said, to say much. If any explanation were required with respect to any of the items, he should be happy to give it. He should only observe, as to the outstanding claims upon the board of ordnance in Ireland, that when that board was dissolved, there were several claims of that nature upon it, and that commissioners were sent from the board of ordnance here to examine them, who, after the most minute investigation, reported, that the sum he j propose to be voted was due, and which was, by his majesty’s command, carried to the account of the board of ordnance here. He then proposed to vote the following sums, which were severally agreed to:
For the service of the ordnance of Great Britain .6.282,065 IO ! I For Ireland - 35,000 0 0 For the outstandin claims of oi of ordnance of Ire
land - 38,000 Q O
0 for supplementary militia.
On the 10th of June, in a committee of supply, to which the estimates of the barrack-board, and those of the transport-office in Ireland, were referred, sir P. Stevens moved, that an additional number of 40,000 seamen, from the 7th of June, for seven months, be granted for the service of 1803, including 8000 marines. Lord Temple asked what number of men were now on board the fleet. Sir P. Stevens said, the number that had been voted was 80,000, but not more than 70,000 were on board as yet.
The first resolution was then put, and agreed to; as were the following:
of .118,000 for paying the said 40,000 seamen. 500,000 for victualling the same. 840,000 for wear and tear of ships. 70,000 for ordnance. 100,000 for hiring transports during the year. 65,000 for charge of prisoners for the year 1803. 20,000 for a similar charge. 24,983 for charges of barrack department of Ireland. Alse Also that provision be made for payment of the clothing of the militia of Ireland. -
Upon the report of the committee on the 11th of June, the resolution for granting an additional number of seamen was agreed to
On the 13th, the chancellor of the exchequer rose to move the order of the day for going into a committee to consider further of the supply to be granted to his majesty. The right honourable gentleman said, as it would be necessary for him to trespass a considerable time on the patience and indulgence of the house, the observations he should introduce
ciencies of ways and means for 1802 - 171,431 American claims on awards, probably about 330,000
Due to the India company
To pay off exchequer bills on aids of 1801 2,781,000
Interest of exchequer bills, &c. Repayment to the bank Total separate charge
- 1,000,000 - 920,418 - 1,500,000 - - - 6,82 l ,6 79
Brought forward c.33,700,679
Deduct 2-17ths for Ireland on the joint charge, and the
proportion of Ireland for civil Hst 140,224, making
The means of providing this sum would consist of three parts:—the taxes voted annually—the growing produce of the consolidated find, and issue of exchequer bills; and
Total supply 30,398,229
tics of excise and customs, and a separate tax on property. The last he wished to be considered solely as a resource applicable to war. The ways and means would then
lastly, an augmentation of the du- be as follows :-
Lottery - -
1,500,000. 37,782. 400,000
duties, on which he intended to submit to the committee a large augmentation ; and a tax upon property. If it should be the pleasure of the committee to agree with him as to the propriety, he wished it to be distinctly understood, that he considered these duties as
He then proceeeded to the ways and means by which he proposed to raise the amount of the sum which he had stated to be necessary for the service of the year. The three great objects to which he looked as the sources of this revenue, were the excise and custom
applicable to war only ; and he intended to propose that they should cease within a certain period, probably six months after the restoration of peace. It was his inten. tion also, that there should be an increase of duty on sugar, of 4s. per cwt. or 20 per cent. on the duty now paid. He proposed also, that twelve and a half per cent, on the existing duty should be paid on all imports, with the exception of four great articles, tea, coffee, wool, and wine, which he did not reserve in the view of complete exemption, but with the view of subjecting them to the tax in a different manner. On this branch, combined with the preceding, he estimated the produce at 1,300,000l. He moreover proposed that one per cent. ad valorem should be imposed on all exports to any part of Europe, and three per cent. on exports to all other parts. This branch he estimated at 460,000l. An increased tax of one penny per pound was also to be laid on cotton wool exported, while manufactured cotton was to be exempted from tax as before. From this he expected there would be received 250,000l. During the war, he pro
posed likewise that the duty of ton
nage on shipping should be continued, as it was not probable that it would be attended with any inconvenience. Here would arise, perhaps, about 150,000l.
These different items would be On sugar and imports + 1,300,000 On export manufactures 460,000 Cotton wool exported 250,000 Navigation - 150,000
Total on customs 2,160,000
As there would be some alteration respecting drawbacks, &c. he
rated the net produce on the head of customs at two millions. The next branch was the excise. It was not his intention to propose any alteration on the great mass of exciseable articles. He intended to confine himself to some leading ones, on which a war tax should, with the approbation of parliament, be laid. #. first object then was tea—he proposed that an additional duty of 15 per cent. ad valorem should be laid on coarser teas, and 45 per cent. ad valorem on teas of a higher quality. The effect of this addition would be to raise the price of higher teas somewhat above what they were previous to the commutation act, and to leave the
coarser teas somewhat lower. This
he calculated at 1,300,000l. The next article was wine. In the year 1795, 10l. per pipe was imposed on wine; but it had been found by experience that the consumption had continued to advance, and that both the old and new duties had increased. He proposed, therefore, that 10l. per ton additional duty, should be laid on wine, the produce of which he estimated at 500,000l. The same considerations led him to propose that both soreign spirits and home spirits should be subjected to an additional tax. At present the rate was 5s. 2d. gallon on foreign and home spirits; and his intention was that there should be an increase of 5 percent. on the existing duties. The amount of the additional revenue he estimated at 1,500,000l. The next article of taxation was malt ; at present, he should propose such an augmentation of tax, as would give to the public its full amount, leaving to the brewer the whole benefit of his profits, which were understood to be large and liberal. He N 2 proproposed, therefore, that an additional duty of 2s. per bushel should be laid on malt, and this he estimated would produce 2,700,000s. Last year, the additional tax on malt was 2,500,000l.; and as far as could be collected from the receipts already made, there was every reason to believe that it would be available to the full extent of the calculation. Allowing for the operation of the tax now proposed, there would be 1.s. per barrel to be divided between the maltster, the brewer, and the consumer. The brewer might be allowed 8d. per barrel for the additional capital which the tax would oblige him to employ, and would afford him a sufficient profit on his trade.—The whole sums to be raised on the head of excise would be as follows:
respect to this species of property, there was less necessity for disclosure in applying to it any given rate of contribution. As to property arising out of salaries, trades, professions, it would be more necessary to investigate, and for that reason it would be requisite to employ the intervention of commissioners, somewhat upon the principle adopted in the assessment of the income tax. It was proposed, however, that the new commissioners should be invested with such powers, and act in such a manner, as to weaken, if not to remove, the objection as to disclosure. It was proposed that, in regard to land, the tax should be laid upon the net rent, as far as that could be ascertained; and he conceived it could be generally ascertained without any unpleasant investigation. The rate proposed was 1s. per pound, or 5l. per cent. on the proprietor, and 9d. per pound on the tenant. In England, where, almost invariably, the tenant pays the poor’s rate, that proportion of assessment would apply; but in Scotland, where the tenant does not pay any poor's rate, it was intended that the tenant should pay 6d. in the pound on his rent. He had endeavoured to find out, by various inquiries and grounds of conjecture, what estimate might be made of the amount of the different branches of revenue that did not depend upon the skill and industry of individuals; but he was aware that what he could state on this subject was extremely doubtful. At the time of the inconne tax, the whole income of this nation was estimated at eighty millions; of this, the part that could be assessed night be taken at from sixty to seventy millions. It