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discretion and prudence be not Lord King said a few words ; sacrificed to false glory,

at the conclusion of which he proThe duke of Norfolk trusted posed an amendment, the object that the house would not think of which was to leave out the with a noble lord who had pre- greatest part of the address, and ceded him in the debate, that we to substitute some new paragraphs, should go to war for Malta, be- the purport of which was, that cause it was for our interest to re the house would see with satisfactain possession of that island. In tion that his majésty would listen his grace's opinion, if the 10th to any further Offer of amicable article of the treaty of Amiens settlement, consistent with the ho. could have been put under the nour and interests of the country. guarantee of the powers men Lord Ellenborough, in answer tioned in it, particularly Russia, to the question where were the we should have had as much secu causes that justified our going to rity for the peace as the circum- war, observed, it was not a war stances of Europe would permit. merely for Lampedosa, as a noble The address did not entirely meet duke (Richmond) had said, though, his ideas. He wished that it as the noble duke might have should state, that the house would looked to that object as a fruitful see with satisfaction his majesty subject of future fortification, he avail himself of any opening, ei- ought not to have held it so dether by negotiation or mediation, spicable. It was necessary to concalculated to avoid the necessity of sider whether the war was just : war.

for, unless that was sound, all the Lord Melville said, in explana- rest was hollow. But he contended tion, that the noble duke had not that for Malta alone, independent given a correct representation of of other circumstances, we had a one part of the short speech which just ground of war. The 10th he had had the honour to address to article of the treaty could not be their lordships. He had not stated carried into execution. The order that this country was to go to war was degraded by the confiscation because it was our interest to keep of their revenues; the guarantees Malta. His proposition was merely were withheld, so that it could not this that the article of the treaty beexecuted. By every principle, both of Amiens relative to Malta beof the law of nations and of coming incapable of execution, al. mon law, it was necessary to exe. though not from any fault of ours, cute the contract as nearly as posbut from the force of circum- sible in the spirit and sense, if not in stances, it consequently led to an the form intended. But it was new arrangement completely new, He cessary too that time and conference desired not to have it sent out to should be employed to that end. the couptry, that he should wish Upon taking up the treaty on the to violate the treaty because it ground of its being impracticable, was for our interest to do so, but France could not, with justice, that the treaty, as far as it respect- demand the evacuation of Malta, ed Malta, had been so materially since nothing had continued in the ultered as to render the execution same state as when the former of it impossible.

arrangement was concluded. But L4

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since it had been shown that Malta lord, which he hoped would not was of the utmost importance to be pressed, as it would violate the preservation of the interests of that unanimity which was of the this country, could it be expected last consequence to the fate of the that Malta should be given up after country, he adverted to the manSebastiani's report furnished us ner in which a noble and learned with such decisive information of judge had treated the complaints the intentions of the first consul ? of the French government, with Besides, the aggrandisement of respect to the publications in this France since the peace entitled us country, many of which; he was to new securities and compensa- ready to admit, were certainly of. tion. By the law of nature and fensive. Among these, however, nations, even an aggrandisement he did not mean to dwell so much by succession or otherwise might upon the sentiments of the English have been ground for jealousy and newspapers, as upon those which suspicion : but when that aggran- appeared in French newspapers disement had been obtained by published in London, particularly violence and injustice, it could the Courier de Londres, a paper no longer be doubted that we were understood to be, in a great deentitled to make new demands. gree, under the peculiar patronage He denied that the proposal of of his majesty's ministers. If so, accepting Lampedosa in sove. the French government had very reignty, and Malta for ten years, just reason to complain. It was was one that was to be rated by reviled in the grossest terms of the mere value of those objects. abuse, in this publication ; and The object gained would have why, he would ask, should a pa. been security that the danger which per, which could not be employed the ambition of France threatened for any purpose of amusing or would be guarded against for ten informing the people of this years ; that Europe would have country, be suffered to pursue that obtained a breathing-time ; that system of conduct which must means might, in that period, have operate to disturb the amity subbeen devised for fresh securities. sisting between the two govern

His lordship concluded by say, ments,---more particularly when ing, to the energies of the people government had power, under the parliament he trusted would sup- alien act, to send the editor out ply wisdom, counsel, and una- of the country, if it chose to disnimous resclution to withstand countenance such proceedings? the common enemy, without be. Their declining to do so, was not ing influenced by any low consi- less a justification of the remona derations of party,

strances of the French governEarl Moira acknowledged the ment upon this subject, than a justice of the picture which some ground of suspicion to this coun. noble lords had drawn of all the try as to the disposition of his calamities attendant on a state of majesty's ministers. war. It was like the pestilential

These observations he thought blast of the desert, which withered a suihcient reply to the arguments all before it. After noticing the advanced by the learned judge on amendment proposed by a noble the ministerial bench.

His

His lordship could not accede to sonable bounds; but it must be the proposition of a noble viscount, done by vigorous efforts—by a that Malta alone would have been short and decisive war. His lorda rational ground of war. The ship repeatedly urged the necessity objects for which we have to con of endeavouring to render the war tend, were of a wider and more of short duration ; and this was not important nature. Our jealousy possible, unless the minds and re. and alarm were excited by that sources of the people were vigo.' incorrigible spirit of encroachment rously and judiciously exerted. He and ambition, which not only the concluded by observing that, if the first consul, but in fact all the per- country were to be engaged in war, sons connected with the govern- it ought to receive a confident as. ment of France, had for some time surance that it did not go into it manifested; and even if Malta were merely for colonial purposes, for actually in our hands in perpetuity, petty contests, but for great nawe should not sit down contented tional interests. Such ought to be until some further security should the general feeling; and the house be obtained : of this the nation should bear in mind this important ought to be aware. The fact was, fact—that, if the present war were that, from the present state of this misconducted, one consolation only country, there was no option; would remain, that we should either the attempt to reduce that never have another war to con. power must be made, or the nation duct. must fall down to the most abject Earl Spencer considered this and degrading submission. The country, as having not only a just main object of the war, if it be but an indispensable cause of war either popular or politic; must be against France; he should, thereto restrain the arrogance-to re- fore, give his most hearty support duce the preponderance of the to the address, rather than to the French government; and until that amendment, which, by prolonging object be attained, the war should a temporising system, would lead not be abandoned---until France to no possible advantage, but rashould not be capable of endanger- ther exhaust the means of our seing our existence, whatever might curity, and allow the French gobe the disposition of her government vernment time to gain new advana to injure us. The material point tages. was to diminish the continental pow. The earl of Rosslyn stated, that er of France, where, he contended, the French complained of a 'blishe was vulnerable: for, whatever cation called “ L'Ambigue,' of noble Jords might say of her ex- which there were but three numtent, he would beg the house to bers published. The first nrımber consider the nature of the strange had nothing offensive in it; the sesombination of particles which cond, very little ; the third they formed that extent, and it would complained of—and the paper was cease to be thought an object of such noticed, and instantly stopped by terrific magnitude. It was, in fact, legal prosecution. But France was quite competent to Great Britain, dissatisfied with this legal course, with the resources, population, and and observed, that the author was spirit she possessed, to bring this subject to the alien law, and thereovergrown authority within rea- fore they expected that he should

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be sent out of the kingdom im- tection was not to be obtained by mediately, to oblige the govern- such means, against any project ment of France. Did they know that France might have in contem, 80 little of the constitution of En. plation against our Indian empire, gland, and the course of the ad- or elsewhere. Being convinced ministration of its laws, as not to that war alone was the remedy left know that none of its ministers for the country, he would strongly made use of the power they had, exhort to every possible exertion. except upon information given them Lord Clifton (earl Darnley) re. for the purpose of putting the law marked that lord Hawkesbury, in in motion; and that, when a law his last dispatch to lord Whitworth, was made for one purpose, it was con plained that “ until the very never in England applied to an moinent when his excellency was ather? The remainder of the noble about to leave Paris, the French earl's speech was decidedly in fa- government avoided making any vour of war.

distinct proposition for the settleLord Grenville, after descanting ment of the differences between the for some time on the justice and two countries," &c. Could any necessity of the war, proceeded to thing prove more strongly, than observe, that it was stated in his ma- this avowal of the secretary of stats jesty's declaration, that the French himself, that nothing had been government had actually proposed gained by procrastination and deto other governments the partition lay? and that the French govern, of the Turkish territories, and her ment never believed, till the last share would, no doubt, compre- moment, that ours was really in hend Egypt. Without taking Sc. carnest? He concluded by voting bastiani's report at all into account, for the address. the circumstances alluded to in the After lord Gwydir had spoken declaration were quite suhcient to a few words recommendatory of warrant the inference, that the first unanimity, the question was put, consul meditated a breach of the and there appeared, treaty of Amiens. Under all those Contents 112-Non-contents 10, circumstances, he was perfectly Adjourned. convinced that peace or war was

The debate in the commons on not a matter of choice; and he the subject of the negotiation was would suggest to the noble lord who opened by lord Hawkesbury, and proposed the amendment, that as was continued to even greater temporising had already produced length than in the lords. Our li, no other effect than to torture the mits will not allow us to enter into people of this country by suspense, any further detail; nor, indeed, is and embolden the pretensions of the it necessary for the proper underfirst consul, it would hardly be ad- standing of the grounds of the visable to make any other experi- war. We content ourselves with ments in that way. In pursuance the mention of one circumstance of that system, his majesty's mi, only, which was omitted in the disa nisters had given up the Cape of cussion in the upper house, but to Good Hope, and Martinique; and which we have alluded in another if still more were to be given up, place. This was stated by Mr, the country would soon be con- Pitt, and furnishes a strong addivinced, notwithstanding, that pro. tional argument, if any such were

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wanting, to prove the deter- themselves with merely applying to mined and unremitting hostility of the French government to with, France to this country. The cir- draw those persons, and had not cumstance alluded to is the follow- at once advised his majesty, by his ing :-Mr. Pitt observed, that the own authority, to order them to French government had made a depart the kingdom within twentyformal proposition to send persons, four hours, reserving it to him, in the capacity of commercial self afterwards to require from agents, who had never been found France the reparation due for so necessary, even when a commer- gross an insult. This pretension, cial treaty subsisted, at a time when he said, in respect of the commernot only there was no such treaty, cial agents, manifested an avowed but when, as appeared from the determination to introduce, in dem papers on the table, the commer. fiance of our formal refusal, au, cial intercourse of his majesty's thorised emissaries into our arsenals - subjects with France was suffering and ports, in order to prepare, in every degree of violence and op- time of peace, the most effectual pression. This proposition had na means for our annoyance and der turally and wisely been refused. 'struction in time of war. This The French government then pro- was nothing less than to insist on ceeded clandestinely to send these our surrendering before-hand the agents in the train of their ambas- right and the means of national desador; and, not content with this fence; and if the former claim (of breach of the law of nations, they restraint upon the press) had struck afterwards addressed to them in- at the liberty, this struck as directly structions, under the official cha- at the actual safety of the country. Facter in which they had received It was time, he believed and hoped, admittance: and the object of these that the commercial agents had at instructions was, to direct them to length been withdrawn, upon the take measures, in time of peace, representation of his majesty's mifor ascertaining the soundings of nisters, though it did not appear ports, and for obtaining military that any disavowal had been obinformation of districts—acts for tained of the principle on which which they would have been hanged they had been sent. as spies in time of war, Under stion being called for, there apsuch circumstances, he could not peared but lament to find, that his ma For the address 398_Against it jesty's ministers had contented 67.

On the que

CH A P. VII.

Defence of the Kingdom.-- Militia embodied.---Message from the King.

Debate on the Message in the House of Lords.- Army of Reserre. Bill for additional Military Force. "HE first object with ministers, of the nation, was to prepare for in the existing circumstances the defence of the country; and the

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