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his creditors suffer so material a venues of the duchy of Cornwall loss. Indeed, with such feelings, during his minority. It was not it was impossible he should be at fair to make such a compromise ease till that loss were made good. with his royal highness as was now

Mr. Addington replied, as to any proposed; nor was the house dealloss that might have been incurred ing fairly with itself or its constiby a discount on the debentures, it tuents. Was it not fit that the was only that loss which attended situation of princes of Wales herea depreciation of the public funds. · after should be known and ascerThey might have sunk with the tained? What was in future to funds; but this was solely imput- become of the money during the able to the management of those minority of a prince? and was he who held them.

to understand that it should not be The speech of Mr. Fox, on this applicable to his use? occasion, was of no great length. tainly thought that the legal claim His arguments were not materially of the prince ought to be pursued. different from those employed by He saw no inconvenience whatever Mr. Sheridan. He concluded with that could arise from a petition of the following observations:-He right. He highly approved of the (the prince) should not be con- order of proceeding that had been demned to do at forty what he had followed last session; and he could done at the age of twenty, to enter not agree with the measure then upon an establishment to which his proposed. income was inadequate. The wis Sir Ralph Milbanke, lord Castledom and liberality of parliament reagh, and Mr. Fuller, spoke in fashould guard him against such dif- vour of the motion.—The resolu. ficulties. From what they had tion was agreed to without a diva. lately witnessed, they should be in- sion. duced to forget the past. It was On the 28th of February a mesevident that his royal highness had sage from his royal highness the of late redeemed his character, by prince of Wales was delivered to the most prudential regard to pecu- the house by Mr. Tyrwhitt in his niary affairs, and by a system of royal highness's name. The mesæconomy which it was scarcely sage stated that the prince of natural to expect in such a situ. Wales had felt with the liveliest ation. What, before, was reluc- sense of affection and gratitude the tantly, might now be joyfully per- kind solicitude expressed by his formed; and the house should no majesty for the situation of his aflonger hesitate in hastening the fairs, and his majesty's liberal remoment, when his royal highness commendation thereof to the conmight be restored to that state sideration of parliament; that, of splendor and magnificence, of having seen, from the note of the which the circumstances of his proceedings of the house of combirth and expectations should never mons, the liberal measures they be disrobed.

had been pleased to adopt relative Mr. Banks strongly objected to to him in consequence of his mathe resolution then before the com- jesty's messages, the prince of mittee, because it went to debar Wales felt it incumbent


him the prince of Wales from pursuing to express the deep sense of gratithat claim which he had on the re- tude which he entertained for the


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liberal and generous conduct of Mr. Calcraft rose to give notice
the house towards him, and to ass of his intention to bring forward,
sure the house their kindness had at an early day, a motion on the
made upon his mind the most last- subject of the prince of Wales's af-
ing impression. But the prince, fairs; and on the 4th of March
notwithstanding the generosity he introduced his promised mo-
evinced towards him on this occa. tion. Mr. Calcraft prefaced his
sion, felt himself bound to declare proposition by declaring that he
that he was still exposed to debts never had had any communication
for which no provision had been on the subject with the illustrious
made, but which he felt himself personage to whom it alluded, nor
bound in honour to discharge; with any other person, save one.
and therefore, notwithstanding the The motion was to the following
kind solicitude expressed by the effect :
house for the speedy resumption of “That the house, anxiously de-
the state and dignity appertaining sirous to give full effect to the im-
to his rank, he must still be ob- portant objects contained in his
liged to appropriate to the dis-majesty's most gracious message
charge of those debts a large sink- of the 16th of February, do ap-
ing fund out of his own annual in- point a 'select committee to inquire

And, however solicitous into the embarrassments of the
he may be to comply with the prince of Wales, and into the most
wishes expressed by the house for effectual means of relieving them
the speedy resumption of the dig- as soon as possible, in order to en-
nities appropriate to his station, able his royal highness to resume
yet he knew but too well, from the splendor and dignity attached to
dear-bought experience, that it his exalted station."
would be impracticable to make Mr. Erskine was desirous of re-
such resumption for some conside- moving all idea that the prince
rable time, without the risk of be- had any concern or interest in the
ing involved in new embarrass- present motion; and he assured
nients. The prince, confident of the house that he had no other
his just claims to the revenues anxiety on his mind than an ardent
arising from the duchy of Corn- wish that the public should not
wall from 1762 until he came of suppose that the prince had re-
age, and with such confidence ceived the bounty of the house
founded upon legal opinions of the and not acted according to its in-
first authority, naturally looked tentions in granting it, by immedi-
to arrears due on that ground as a'ately resuming the dignity and
source of complete extrication: splendor which were the immedi-
but, however strong were his ate intentions of the grant.
claims upon this ground, he pre-

Mr. Johnstone stated that he ferred the alternative of a firın re felt himself bound to object in the liance on the justice and generosity most decided manner to the moof parliament, and now totally re- tion ; at the same time he yielded linquished those claims for ever; to no man in respect for the to which purpose he had given the prince, whose many noble and necessary directions to his law- amiable qualities he acknowledged. officer to discontinue all further But he did not consider himself at proceedings on the subject. liberty to consult his feelings in



the disposal of the public money, liberality of the country, to renew at a period when forty millions an- the claim of right. On this, hownually were raised from the sub- ever, he was not inclined to insist ; ject, when even that enormous re- especially as, in the last year, the venue was inadequate to the ex- prince was desired to present his penditure, and when, above all, we claims to legal discussion. Why could only consider ourselves as was not that discussion brought to preparing for another great and an issue? No difference could arduous struggle, which was to de. arise between the king and the cide even on our existence as a na prince, as was stated : for, the retion. When new burthens were venues having been applied to the to be imposed upon the public, public service, the public was an he expected that it would be shown swerable, and the king had no what was the correspondent bene- more to do with the suit than with fit that the public was to derive; any other in which he was made and though he felt that to main-defendant in the way of form. tain in due splendor all the branch- But there existed another good es of the royal family was essential reason why the suit should not be to the true interests of the coun- prosecuted--that it could produce try, he must contend that no argu- nothing: for, admitting the prince ments were stated to prove the entitled to the revenues of the ducessity of revoking those arrange- chy of Cornwall from the hour of ments which parliament, after his birth, the amount was 234,0001. great deliberation, had adopted in Now during the last twelve years 1795. At that period a conside- of his minority there had been israble ferment, a considerable de- sued by regular payments 128,000l.; gree of jacobinical spirit, prevail- extra payment, 50,000!. ; half of ed; and therefore it might have 32,0001. paid jointly to the duke been argued that it would be dan- of York and himself, 16,0001. ; alġerous to abridge the people of lowing that the expenses of the any of that splendor which certain- first nine years of his minority ly had its effect on the multitude. were 5,000l. per annum (which But now the whole people were could scarcely be too much, as united in loyalty to the king, affec- 6,0001. was now allowed for the tion to the prince, and attachment princess of Wales), 45,0001., the to the constitution: and what they the whole expenditure chiefly desired to behold in the 239,0001., to be set against a reroyal family was, a sensibility of ceipt of 234,0001., during the the many burthens by which they prince's minority. But was this were oppressed. But other gen- all? There had been paid 60,0001. tlemen talked of the rights of the on his coming of age; 219,000l. prince resulting from the duchy of in 1787, and 52,0001. in 1795, beCornwall

. This question was dis- yond the fixed and regular allowcussed in 1795, when relief had ances. So that, on the whole, been solicited from parliament; there were payments to the amount and it then was the duty of the of 570,0001. to be opposed to a prince to urge his right, or re claim of 234,0001. He stated ly on the generosity of the public. these facts because he considered He had chosen the latter ; and it the people of England'insulted when was not fair, after experiencing the they were told that his royal high



ness had made a sacrifice by con. dered, it would, he contended, be descending to accept between two found that he was the least expenand three millions. If that mea. sive prince of Wales that ever exsure were adopted, it proceeded isted. If the accounts were fairly from the generosity and liberality balanced, it would, he was perof the nation; for no claim of suaded, be found that 30,0001. was right did exist. It was fit and the amount of the whole of what proper the public and the house had been advanced by the public should know the true state of this by extraordinary grants. Mr., question, and he was conscious he Tierney concluded with the follow:had discharged his duty in stating ing observation :--A proposition, these facts.

he said, had been made by miniMr. Tierney, after commenting sters for giving his royal highness at some length on what had been an establishment suitable to his said on the subject, adverted to the station ; which, from an official latter part of Mr. Johnstone's communication, the house was asspeech. He observed that the in- sured was totally inadequate to the sult which was mentioned was an end in view. A secret, therefore, insult which was very easily resent- was in the possession of ministers ed; and that was, by showing respecting the cause which renderhow the account betwixt his royal ed it impossible for his royal highhighness and the priblic actually ness to resume his dignity immedistood. When the whole account ately after the additional grant was came to be fully examined, he did conferred. This secret the house not believe that almost any one of had a right to obtain; and it was these statements would be found with this view he sat down by givto be correct. Among the articles ing his hearty assent to the mocharged on the prince to the pub- tion. lic, were the expenses of his educa The chancellor of the exchequer tion. This, however, was totally opposed the motion, on the ground, incorrect, as the expenses of his that, as the account betwixt his education were defrayed, not out royal highness and his creditors. of the consolidated fund, but paid had been prepared and submitted from the civil list. The receipts to his inspection, and the proposifrom the duchy of Cornwall were tions founded on it declared by stated at 234,0001.; and to be de- him to be according to his wishes, ducted from this sum, he allowed he was justified in concluding that the 125,0001. which had been it was a motion to which his confi. given for the payment of his royal dential friends would not be dishighness's debts. The sums ex- posed to give their support. pended on Carleton-house he could Mr. Fox supported the motion not allow to be fairly placed to his with his accustomed energy; royal highness's account.

Mr. Canning said the right hoprince of Wales were to be main- nourable the chancellor of the exchetained at all, it was proper he quer had proposed a certain sumshould be maintained in a style namely, an addition of 60,0001. or suited to his rank and prospects. 70,0001.--to the income of his royal The whole amount of the sums highness. That sum was found inwhich had been advanced for his adequate to fulfil the object for royal highness being fairly consie which it was proposed. He felt


If a

anxious to know what was the pre at being called on to enter into an cise object to be obtained, and account on a matter in which the what was the amount of the sum best informed persons were of opirequisite for its accomplishment. nion that there was a large baUntil the precise sum of that a lance against it. Mr. Sheridan rimount was ascertained, he should diculed very happily the argunot pledge himself to any particu- ments of those who objected to the lar measure.

motion on the ground of economy; Mr. Sheridan spoke in favour of and concluded by observing, that the motion. In the course of his he could hardly be suspected of speech ,he adverted to the state. having any interested view in supment of Mr. Johnstone respecting porting this motion ; but he the revenues of the duchy of Corn- thought it a weak thing, that, after wall. He observed, though the wehadvoted away 250,000,0001.for accuracy of that gentleman in the support of the thrones of Eu. figures had been complimented by rope, an object in which we failed, the chancellor of the exchequer, we should not give a 100,0001. to that accuracy had commenced in maintain the dignity of our own, miscalculation and ended in false an object which we could not fail inference. That honourable gen- to accomplish. tleman declared himself sorry that Lord Hawkesbury spoke against a compromise had taken place. the motion. Many other memHe, on the contrary, rejoiced at it, bers also spoke on this occasion. because much disagreeable conse On the question being called quence might result from the pro- for, the house divided : For the secution of the suit to the legal question, 184-Against it, 139– advisers of his royal highness, who Majority, 45. would give no advice inconsistent, It is proper to add, that the furwith his honour. The honourable ther progress of this, business was gentleman conceived it an insult to stopped by the liberality of the the public to suppose that there prince of Wales himself; who, on was any balance due to his royal the country being likely to be inhighness on the arrears.

volved in an expensive war, deas little inclined to insult the pub- sired it to be understood that at lic as the honourable gentleman; such a crisis he would not add to but he could not conceive the pub- the public burdens. lic so irritable as to fly into a rage

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CHAP. V. Causes :chich led to the Renewal of the Dispute with France.-Unjust Conduce

of the French towards British Property.---Projects of Aggrandisement.Commercial Agents.--Sebastiani's Mission.- Interference z. ith the British Government.-- Malta.-- French Preparations.--Alarm of the British Gocernment.-- His Majesty's Message to both Houses of Parliament Debates on that Subject~ In the Ilouse of Lords-- In the Commons.-Address carriei. THE treaty of Amiens, which month in operation, was now, from

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