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GENERAL COMPARISON OF DEBTS AND ASSETS.
Net increase of debts
1,896,651 Deduct net decrease of balance in favour at China and St. Helena
Net increase of assets
Deducted from the net increase of debts, showed the state of
the whole concern in a worse point of view than at the conclusion of the last year, in the sum of
1,272,880 Having gone through all the Means were taken to ascertain the statements with equal perspicuity value of the other more remote and patience, he observed that no- English possessions, and the same thing could be more gratifying system pervaded them all, which than the view thus exhibited of the had their courts and judges in the actual prosperity and future proa' same regularity as those of Benspects of our East-India settle- gal. Tlie Polygars were a very ments, which were now infinitely warlike and interesting people : superior to what they had ever they lived under a kind of feudal been before, or to what belonged systen, which rendered them at to any other country on the face of the same time both martial and the globe. Whether we looked to idle. This was increased by their its revenue, its commerce, the treaty to keep 23,000 men for the value of lands, its population, or service of the company ; but this its peaceful government, it must of late had been very advantagepresent an object of envy to every ously remitted for the sum of other nation in the world. The 71,0001. per annum in money.-noble marquis at the head of that The most material part was the government had an opportunity of situation of the Carnatic, which carrying into effect the system of had undergone a considerable judicature adopted by the marquis change; but as this was not a time Cornwallis; and from the reports to enter into the merits of the of the different governors, given treaty which annexed a part of the in as a statistical view of the nabob's possessions to ours, he whole country, a plan was now would confine himself to that parç effected which had been much im- of the subject which bore more proved by the exertions of sir immediately upon the question, in George Barlowe. The judicature the financial operations of the of the courts was now equal to measure. By the arrangement that of the other settlements, and made; the net revenue derived by the same system was extended to the company this year, after the most of the jaghires and circars. payment for the collection and
other expenses, was 1,091,0001., Speaking of the Mahratta emof which however one-fifth was pire, he said it must always be of paid to the nabob; which, with the greatest importance to us, as the payments
to his creditors, its superficial extent was equal to would amount to 628,0701., leav- that of the possessions of the coming to the company a clear profit pany. It had lately undergone a of 228,0001. By this the nabob very great revolution, as Halkar possessed much more than he had defeated the army of the could realise by his own imperfect paishwa, who was himself obliged
revenue; for of the im- 'to fly from his capital, and take mense sums wrenched from the refuge under the protection of the inhabitants by continued and suc- company, near Bombay, where cessive extortions, descending from he still remained. The the prince to the meanest soldier, nexion between him and the only a very small sum came into company made it expedient to afthe public coffers. By the late ford him the protection he sought treaty, the nabob, instead of pay- for ; and on that communication ing a subsidy to the company, for being made to Halkar, he apundertaking his defence and that of peared satisfied to submit the dishis territories, which relieved him pute to the English government. from keeping a standing army As this, however, could not be that was a terror to his subjects and entirely relied upon, he had furhimself, ceded a part of his terri- ther to mention, that an army, to tory as an indemnification to the support the interference of the company. This cession consisted company, was assembled and preof about half his territory, the re- pared upon the coast; but would venues of which, by the merito- not; in all probability, be driven rious exertions of Mr. Wellesley, to any military operations; and at had been improved from 1,500,0001. all events would be attended with to 2,770,0001. The nabob at the little expense, and would not afsame time was the richest sove- fect the general results of the reign in India, having a clear re peace establishment, venue of upwards of a million He then concluded, by moving sterling solely applicable to his resolutions in conformity with his own use, and to the comforts of statement, which were agreed to. his family.
CH A P. IV.
Militia Training Pill.- Militia Officers' Bill.---Irish Militia Bounty Bill.
Debates on the Increase of the Prince of Wales's Establishment.
importance which were agi- will be the subject of the succeedtated in parliament previous to the ing chapter, were some improve. breat event which we shall have ments which were adopted in the
'militia system, both in this country try was exhausted by so long and and in Ireland, and a proposal for expensive a contest, for two or enlarging the civil-list establish- three years the nilitia were suffered ment of his royal highness the to remain without any new arrangeprince of Wales
ment, and in a kind of state of On the 11th of February the uncertainty-they were not even secretary at war rose, in pursuance called out to exercise.
It was of a notice, to make a motion for then thought necessary to re-consileave to bring in a bill to alter the der the subject, and to make some time for training the militia from alteration ; but as economy was twenty-one days to twenty-eight then an object peculiarly to be des days in cach year. He thought it sired, the following alteration was necessary, upon this occasion, to then proposed: the whole of the state the reason why he proposed militia, amounting to 31,000 men, this alteration. When the nilitia were not to be called out every was first formed into a regular year, but only two-thirds of them, system, in the early part of the the other third receiving neither reign of Charles the Second, it pay nor clothing. In this situawas enacted that the militia should tion the subject remained till the be exercised four times a year in breaking out of the late war, when companies, and once in battalions; other alterations took place. On that is to say, two days each time the restoration of peace, ministers they were exercised in companies, thought it right to put it on a good and four days when they were ex- footing, and to unite the laws into ercised in battalions. As the art of one system, in order that they war was not then brought to the might be more clear and distinct. degree of perfection to which it The militia was then augmented to has since attained, this was thought 40,000 men; and it was ordered sufficient time to train the men. that they should be exercised once The militia was at that time about in the course of each year. But 60,000 men. That system was as this bill incurred a considerable continued from that time till the expense beyond that which was in latter end of the reign of his late curred before, it was thought, if majesty, when a plan was intro- they were exercised for twenty-one duced by a noble lord (the mar- days each year, it would be suffi. quis of Townshend), which was cient; and that a considerable sav. the foundation of the present mode ing would be effected by such a of managing the militia. By the reduction of the time. It had, act which was then passed, the mi- however, been thought since, by litia were crdered to be assembled persons the best enabled to form a twice in each year, to be exercised judgement on the subject, that, in for fourteen days cach time, or points of this kind, economy ought ence for twenty-eight days. This not solely to be looked to, and system was found perfectly well that it would he necessary to exers calculated to answer the purpose cise the militia for twenty-eight for which it was intended; and days. He should therefore produring the American war the mi- pose to bring in a bill to make an bitia were found ready and fit for alteration to that efect; and he service. After the conclusion of was happy to state, that it would the Ancrican wall, when the coun not be attended with
rable expense, in consequence of the cruiting service for the line was economical arrangements which most materially injured by the exhad been introduced. The ex- pectation of a militia ballot, as pense under the present plan was many of those men who would about 200,0001. a year. The ad- otherwise readily enlist in the line ditional expense which would be had kept back for the purpose
of incurred by the adoption of the offering themselves as substitutes ; alteration he then proposed, would the consequences of which were, not exceed 18,0001. a year.
the best months in the year He concluded with moving for cruiting service had passed over, leave to bring in a bid to increase as he learned from many officers the period for which the militia of experience, with very bad sucwere to be called out to exercise, cess. from twenty-one to twenty-eight The hon. gentleman concluded days each year.-Leave was given. by saying, that, if his majesty's mi
Upon the third reading of the nisters did not think proper to adbill, on the 25th of February, ge- opt some measure on this subject, neral Tarleton rose, not, he said, he should feel it his duty, on a fito oppose
the bill in that stage, nor ture day, to bring forward a queto object to the training of the mi stion upon it. litia for twenty-eight days instead The secretary at war considered of twenty-one, as had been usual ; the arguments of the honourable but to express his sentiments upon general as irrelevant and ill-timed. that which he conceived would be With respect to any of those impethe probable operation of the bill. diments which the honourable geIt was by no means his idea to un neral apprehended to the recruiting dervalue the services of the mili- service, from the ballots yet to tia ; but he begged to put it take place, he could inform him to the consideration of the secre those for Scotland and England tary at war, and of his majes- would be completed very shortly ; ty's other ministers, 'whether, cir- and in less than a month the whole, cumstanced as this country now amounting to 50,000 men, would stood, in the presence of a rival be ready to take the field, fully power, with 500,000 troops, the clothed, armed, and accoutred. best disciplined, armed, and ap- With respect to the foreign forces pointed, in all respects, of all Eu to which the honourable member rope, and possessed of every port alluded, his statement as to the on the shores opposite our coast, number rather exceeded the fact. from whence we should have most He would allow their number, cause to apprehend danger in case however, to be about 400,000. of renovated hostilities--whether The honourable member too had such a force as 10,000 militia, with talked highly of their discipline, the expectation of 20,000 more to arms, and appointments; but he be raised occasionally, and only would venture to assert, that, if drawn out for discipline one month ever our troops should meet them in a year, was the kind of force on front to front, they would show no which we could rely. There was inferiority in iheir discipline, armis, also another consideration, highly appointment, and bravery, to any worthy notice; it was, that the re. troops in the world.
General Tarleton said a few Mr. Fuller rose with much words in reply, and observed, that warmth, and said, by the acts of the situation of this country, in the last parliament the militia ser." any contemplation of conflict with vice was insulted. He was sure an eneny whose population was that there were enough of gentle. sixty millions, and which must be men of spirit and property in the allowed to be awarlike people, must country
who would' cheerfully certainlyexcite serious apprehension. come forward to officer the militia,
The bill was then read a third provided they were not to have
whom it was unfit for them to as-
denied that any act of the last
a bill for more ef- whose value and advantages his fectually providing officers for the majesty's government was highly militia service, and the house re- sensible; and though some steps solved accordingly.
were adopted in respect to the miThe secretary at war proposed litia which were in a great desome amendments, which, he said, gree contrary to the original inrather went to supply the defects stitution of that corps, they were of technical phraseology, than to resorted to from imperious necescreate any alteration in the bill as sity, and not from choice. He it now stood.
was as sensible as any gentleman of Mr. Bastard, colonel Mitford, the importance of officering the and several other members, ob- militia entirely with the young jected to that clause of the bill in gentlemen of property in the counparticular which enabled the lords- try, if it were practicable ; but he sicutenants of counties to recom- begged leave to observe, that al. mend half-pay officers, net duly though when the militia was origiqualified in point of property, to nally instituted it was extremely commissions in the militia, so high popular with the gentry, and comas the rank of captain; and their mands therein enibraced with the arguments were pretty much the greatest avidity, yet the institution same with those of lord Folkstone of late years seemed to have lost on a former night, upon this sub- its novelty, a very principal inject; namely, that such appoint- ducement; so that, from the cir. ments were subversive of the ori- cumstances which took place duginal constitution of the militia, ring the last war, government were and would deter gentlemen of obliged to resort to the measures rank and property from entering taken, or they could never have the militia service, the commands been able to officer the militia. It in which were originally intended, was extremely desirable, certainly, by the fundamental and constitu- to give preference to gentlemen of tional principle of the militin, to property; but if they would not be given to them exclusively. come forward, was the mi litia to