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accidental or a nyergy.iry qualification, I must conferis I am not able to determine,

As for the court of Honour of which I am here speaking, I intend to sit myself in it as president, wille several man of honour on my right hand, and women of virtise on my left, as my assistants. The first place on the beach I have given to an old Tangeren captain with a wooden ley. The second is a gentleman of a long twisted periwig without a curl in it, a muff with very little bair upon it, and a threadbare coat with new buttons ; being a person of great worth, and second brother to a man of quality. The third is a gentleman-t1-her, extremely well read in romances, and grandson to one of the greatest wits in Gerinany, who was some time master of the ceremo)nies to the duke of Wolfembuttel.

As for those who sit further on iny right hand, as it is usual in public courts, they are such as will fill up the mumber of faces upon the bench, and serve father for ornament than use.

The chief upon my left hand arr,

An old maiden lady, that prese107's some of the best blood of England in her veins.

A Weyb woman of a little stature, but high spirit.

An old prudo, that has cenuared every marriage for these thiriy years, and is lately wedded to a young rake.

Having thus furnished my benchi, I shall (stablish correspondencies with the Hore-guards, and the veterans of Chelsea-college; the former to furnish me with twelve men of honour as often as I shall have or. casion for a grand jury, and the latter, with as many good men and true for a petty jury. As for the women of virtue, it will not be dificult



for me to find them about midnight at crimp and basset.

Having given this public notice of my court, I must further add, that I intend to open it on this day sevennight, being Monday the twentieth instant; and do hereby invite all such as have suffered injuries and affronts, that are not to be redressed by the common laws of this land, whether they be short bows, cold salutations, supercilious looks, unreturned smiles, distant behaviour, or forced familiarity; as also all such as have been aggrieved by any ambiguous expression, accidental justle, or unkind repartee ; likewise all such as have been defrauded of their right to the wall, tricked out of the upper end of the table, or have been suffered to place themselves, in their own wrong, on the back seat of the coach: these, and all of these, I do, as I above said, invite to bring in their several cases and complaints, in which they shall be relieved with all imaginable expedition.

sensible that the office I have now taken upon me will engage me in the disquisition of many weighty points, that daily perplex the youth of the British nation, and therefore I have discussed several of them for


future use; as, how far a man may brandish his cane in telling a story, without insulting his hearer ? What degree of contradiction amounts to the lie? How a man shall resent another's staring and cocking a hat in his face? If asking pardon is an atonement for treading upon one's toes? Whether a man may put up a box on the ear, received from a stranger in the dark? Or, whether a man of honour may take a blow of his wife? with several other subtilties of the like nature.

For my direction in the duties of my office, I have VOL. I.


I am very


furnished myself with a certain astrological pair of scales, which I have contrived for this purpose. In one of them I lay the injuries, in the other the reparations. The first are represented by little weights made of a metal resembling iron, and the other of gold. These are not only lighter than the weights made use of in Avoirdupois, but also than such as are used in Troy-weight. The heaviest of those that represent the injuries amount but to a scruple, and decrease by so many sub-divisions, that there are several imperceptible weights which cannot be seen without the help of a very fine microscope. I might acquaint my reader, that these scales were made under the inHuence of the sun when he was in Libra, and describe many signatures on the weights both of injury and reparation : but as this would look rather to proceed from an ostentation of my own art than any care for the public, I shall pass it over in silence.



Extract of the Journal of the Court of Honour, 1710.

Die Lunæ vicesimo Novembris, borå nonâ antemeridianá.

The court being sat, an oath prepared by the Censor was administered to the assistants on his right hand, who were all sworn upon their honour. The women on his left hand took the same oath

upon tation. Twelve gentlemen of the horse-guards were impanelled, having unanimously chosen Mr. Alexander Truncheon, who is their right-hand man in the troop, for their foreman in the jury. Mr. Truncheon


their repuimmediately drew his sword, and, holding it with the point towards his own body, presented it to the Censor. Mr. Bickerstaff received it; and, after having surveyed the breadth of the blade, and sharpness of the point, with more than ordinary attention, returned it to the foreman in a very graceful manner. The rest of the jury, upon the delivery of the sword to their foreman, drew all of them together as one man, and saluted the bench with such an air as signified the most resigned submission to those who commanded them, and the greatest magnanimity to exccute what they should command.

Mr. Bickerstaff, after having received the compliments on his right hand, cast his eye upon the left, where the whole female jury paid their respects by a low courtesy, and by laying their hands upon their mouths. Their forewoman was a professed Platonist, that had spent much of her time in exhorting the sex to set a just value upon their persons, and to make the men know themselves.

There followed a profound silence, when at length, after some recollection, the Censor, who continued hitherto uncovered, put on his hat with great dignity; and after having composed the briins of it in a manner suitable to the gravity of his character, he gave the following charge ; which was received with silence and attention, that being the only applause which he admits of, or is ever given in his presence.

• The nature of my office, and the solemnity of this occasion, requiring that I should open my first session with a speech, I shall cast what I have to say under two principal heads.

“ Under the first; I shall endeavour to show the necessity and usefulness of this new erected court; and under the second, I shall give a word of advice and instruction to every constituent part of it.


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As for the first, it is well observed by Phædrus, a heathen poet,

Nisi utile est quod fuiimus, frustra est gloria ; which is the same, ladies, as if I should say, It would be of no reputation to me to be president of a court which is of no benefit to the public. Now the advantages that may arise to the public-weal from this institution will more plainly appear, if we consider what it suffers for the want of it. Are not our streets daily filled with wild pieces of justice, and random penalties? Are not crimes undetermined, and reparations disproportioned? How often have we seen the Tie punished by death, and the liar himself deciding his own cause? nay, not only acting the judge, but the executioner? Hlave we not known a box on the ear more severely accounted for than manslaughter? In these extrajudicial proceedings of mankind, an unmannerly jest is frequently as capital as a premeditated murder.

• But the most pernicious circumstance in this case is, that the man who suffers the injury must put himself upon the same foot of danger with him that gave it, before he can have his just revenge; so that the punishment is altogether accidental, and may fall as well upon the innocent as the guilty.

" I shall only mention a case which happens frequently among the more polite nations of the world, and which I the rather mention, because both sexes are concerned in it, and which therefore you, gentlemen, and you, lading of the jury, will the rather take notice of; I mean that great and known case of cuckol


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