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“ Hall or Mansion of the family of the Basings,” which stood on the site of
Blackwell Hall. Mere,' from Meere, Who meet with disappointments, either meaning a lake or pool. Sepulchre, become quite desperate, or sink into a comes from the Saxon word • Slapigrava, state of indolence and insensibility. which meant a sleep-grave. “Rood," METAPHYSICS,
means a Cross; therefore the expression However useful to detect the subtilty of “ by the Rood,” meant by the Cross ; the arguments of others, are often very Holy-rood, the chapel of which may be detrimental to the proficients in them construed, the chapel of Holy Cross.Reason herself may be lost by refinement. Steeple," from " Stipel," a high tower. MIRIH,
“ Taberd or Tabard," a short gown, anCompared with cheerfulness, is as the ciently worn, which reached down below huzza of a mob to the sober applause of the knee; it is now applied to the Herald's a thinking people.
Coat. “ Tomboy," a romp, from the
“ Tumbe or Tumbod of the Saxons," Often complain of the fickleness of for- which word meant to dance. “Wald, tune-the error lies in their mistaking her Weald or Wold,” ineans a forest, or benefits for perpetual gifts, instead of woody part, as the Weald of Kent, which being grateful for a temporary loan. implies the forest part of the county. COUNTY RACES
“ Whitsunday,” from “ Wied-Sunday ; Are meetings where the men assemble to Wied, or Wihed,"meaning sacred : hence quarrel about horses, and the women about Whitsunday may be termed Sacred Sunprecedence.
day. “ Bury-street” by Saint Mary Axe, EDUCATION
so called from a court and gardens beShould be the mirror of former pre- longing to the Abbot of Bury in Suffolk. judices.
Giltspur-street," from the knights rid“ WHAT YOU PLEASE,"
ing through into Smithfield to jousts and Means, I expect much more than I can in tournaments, with their gilt spurs on.reason ask for.
“ Idle lane,” from its being the residence of Idol-makers and Carvers.
ditch,” according to Weever, was so DERIVATIONS OF NAMES AND called from Sir John Shoreditch and his PLACES.
family, who were lords thereof in the reign
of Edward the Third, and not from the “ ADDLE-STREET,
an alteration of fabulous story of Jane Shore. “ King Adel-street, so called from
King Athelstan or Adelstan.' dermanbury," so
so termed from the " Alderman's Court Bury" being held there. lllustrations of History. “ Aldersgate," from its being “ calder or older than Aldgate.” The “ Almonry, Westminster," from its being the “ Elee- The useful art of Printing was disco mosynary, or place where the alms of the vered at Haarlem, in Holland, by Coster, Abbey were distributed." “ Austin and the printing of the first book took Friars, the name derived from a religious place in the year 1430. It was a piece of house or monastery standing on the spot, Dutch Theology, printed only on one side dedicated to St. Austin, which monastery of the page, to resemble manuscript. was dissolved 13th Hen. VIII.", " Bar. The first attempt at printing was upon bican,” from “ Barbacan, or Beacon, a loose leaves, the printed part being acWatch Tower." ** Kingdom,” from the companied with cuts engraved upon soft Saxon “ Cyningdome, which signified wood, somewhat in the manner of the jurisdiction and dominion.” “ Clough, ballads of the present day. Coster's this word implies the side of a hill.”- method was to cut out the letters upon a “ Bourn,” a water spring, or the brook wooden block. He took an apprentice, issuing therefrom. “Doughty,"isderived John Faust, and bound him to secrecy , from the Saxon “ Dugud or Dought," but Faust ran away with the secret, and meaning strength or valour. "Gossip,” set up for himself at Mentz. He had a
Godsip or Godsib," the name servant named Peter Schoeffer, who was given to sponsors or godfathers. The the first inventor of metal types. With title of “ Lord,” is an abbreviation of these novel types Faust was so delighted the Saxon word “ Laford or Hlaford,” that he gave him his daughter in marriage which signifies one who is able . by his and made him his partner in trade. The wealth to be an afforder of bread.- first book printed by them is said to have
Basinghall-street," so termed from the been Cicero de Officiis, which bears the
THE DISCOVERY OP PRINTING.
ORIGIN OF THE LOAF CUSTOM AT
date of 1465; but other books are men- top of the handle, after whom the child tioned with earlier dates, 1457, 1442. was named. By them was printed a number of bibles The festival of the conversion of Saint in imitation of manuscript, which were Paul, whatever the reason may be, has carried by Faust to Paris for sale. The always been reckoned as particularly people of Paris to whom they were shown ominous of the future weather of the year. was literally astounded; they carefully If the day were fine and clear, there would examined and compared together the dif- be a year of plenty ; if gloomy, it presaged ferent copies, and found them such exact the death of the catile; if snow descended, counterparts of each other, that they were there would be a scarcity of produce ; if all of one opinion, and that was their blusterous and windy, it was with our being produced by some diabolical art, forefathers a sure sign of war. In Bourand accused Faust as a wicked practicer. wes's antiquities is the following :Poor Faust, upon seeing how matters
If St. Paul's day be fair and clear, stood, was compelled at once to discover It doth forebode a fruitful year. the important secret. The accusations preferred against Faust, gave rise to the story of the Devil and Dr. Faustus.
COVENTRY. After the discovery of the art of printing, This custom originated many years thus brought about at Paris, it was soon ago, from the circumstance of a poor and propagated over the whole of Europe, destitute
weaver passing through the town The first book printed in England, is said of Devizes, and being overtaken by hunto have been Rufinus on the Creed, printed ger, and in the utmost need, applied for at Oxford in 1468.
charity to a baker, who kindly relieved At first the impression was taken off with him with the gift of a penny-loaf. The li-t, coiled up, such as the card-makers
weaver thus relieved was enabled to reach use at this day. But when single types Coventry, where, after many years of came into use, they employed stronger successful industry, he became a man of paper, with vellum and parchment. At considerable wealth, and by his will, in last the press was introduced and gra- remembrance of the bounty of the Devizes" dually improved, until it arrived at its baker, he bequeathed a sum in trust for present state of perfection. The same the purpose of distributing, on the anniobservation applies to the ink : at first, versary day when he was so relieved, a the common writing ink, extracted from halfpenny loaf to every person in the town, nut-galls and other materials, was em- and to every traveller that should pass ployed; and the printing ink of lamp- through the town that day a penny-loaf. black and oil, at present used, was intro- The will is faithfully administered, and the duced by degrees. Rolling press printing, Duke of Austria, and his suite, in the year or the press for taking impressions from 1786, passing through the town on the copper-plates, was not used in England day of the Coventry loaf, in their way till the time of King James the First, and from Bath to London, a loaf was presented then it was brought over from Antwerp, to each of them, of which the Duke and by the industrious John Speed, the old Duchess were most cheerfully pleased to English historian and map publisher.
accept. The custom struck the Archduke so forcibly, as a curious anecdote in his travels, that he minuted down the circum
stance. The high personages took delight Customs of Various in breakfasting on the loaf given, conCountries.
sidering it as a tribute of gratitude for the favour seasonably conferred. It may truly
be said, that on the anniversary of this ST. PAUL'S DAY.
custom, no person is in want of the staff "This day being the first festival of an of life. apostle in the year, a curious custom was observed in the olden time, by sponsors or visitors at christenings, of presenting spoons, called apostle spoons, from their SINGULAR TENURES. having representations of the Apostles carved on the top of them. Those who At Langsett, in the parish of Peniston, were opulent presented to their god-chil. in the county of York, a farm, at Broad dren a set of these articles, amounting to House, pays yearly a snow-ball at M.dtwelve in number, others a smaller num- summer, and a red rose at Christmas'; ber, and poor persons offered the gift of the snow-ball not being easily obtained one, with the figure of the saint upon the at Midsummer, accordingly ihe fluwer
called snow-ball, a vulgar name for the the Norman Conqueror was buried, it was guelder rose, is allowed as a substitute. engraved on a brass plate in Latin. The
underwritten lines are a translation by an
old writer :One Solomon Attfield held land at
He that the sturdy Romans ruld, and over Repland and Atterton, in the county of
English reign'd, Kent, upon condition, that as often as our
And stoutly won, strongly kept, what so he Lord the King should cross the sea, the
had obtained, said Solomon and his heirs should go
And did the swords of those of Mains by force
ring under awe, along with him, to hold his head on the And made them under his command, live sub. sea, if it was needful.
ject to his law; This great King William lieth here, entombed
in a little grave, In the reign of the third Edward, one
So great a Lord, so small a house sufficeth
him to have ; John Cumpes had the manor of Finchfield When Phæbus in the virgin's lap, his circled given him, for the service of turning the
course apply'd, spit at his coronation.
And twenty-three degrees bad pust, even at
that time he died.
Oviedo, in his General History of the Anecdotiana.
Indies, observes that " Indian sculls are four times as thick as other men's, so that
coming to handy, strokes with them, it ANTIOCHUS THE GREAT,
shall be requisite not to strike them on the Monarch of Syria, after having been head with swords, for many have been conquered by Scipio Asiaticus, and de- broken on their heads with litle hurt prived of a considerable portion of his done.” Dr. Bulmer observés, from Purdominions, was often heard to acknow- chas," that blockheads and loggerheads ledge himself much obliged to the Romans are in request in Brazil, and helmets are for that privation, as for an important of little use, every one having a natural service ; since, by narrowing the boun- morion of his head; for as to the Bradaries of his kingdom, they had relieved zilians
" heads, some of them are as hard extensive an empire,
that they cannot be broken," Stowe, in his Survey of London, speaks of the
scull of a mån above three-quarters of an Will intoxicate the best hearts, as wine inch thick, found at St. Catharine's Cree
church. the strongest heads. No man is wise enough, nor good enough, 10 be trusted with unlimited power; for whatever qua- . lifications he may have evinced to entitle
BOXHORNIUS, the learned professor at him to the possession of so dangerous à Leyden, injured his health by smoking too privilege, yet, when possessed, others can
much. So addicted was he to this pracno longer answer for himself.
tice, that he wore a hat with a hole in it to support his pipe, so that he could smoke
whilst he was studying and writing. The hint given to Thales, the Milesian philosopher, was a powerful one, and This witty character, at times, spared well intended, though roughly executed. neither friend nor foe. He had little A girl of dubious character, seeing him regard for the feelings of others; if he gazing at the heavens as he walked along, thought of a witty thing that would create and perhaps piqued at his not casting an laughter, he said it. He had never availed eye at her attractions, put a stool in his himself 'of the good advice given him by path, over which he stumbled and broke Henry the Fifth to Falstaff,“ Reply not his shins. The excuse she made was,
to me with a fool-born jest ;" and of this that she meant to teach him to look at there is an example extant. If Foote home before he indulged himself in star
serious regard for any gazing
one, it was for Holland; yet at his death,
or rather indeed after his funeral, he EPITAPH ON WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. violated all decency concerning him.
This curious relic of history was found Holland was the son of a baker at Hampby the Bishop of Bayeux, in the tomb of ton, and on the stage was a close jmi. William the Conqueror, in the Abbey of tator of Garrick, who had such a respect St. Stephen, at Caen in Normandy, where for him, that he played the Ghost to his
LOOK AT HOME.
FOOTE THE MIMIC.
DR. PERCY AND MR. GARRICK.
1 HUMAN KNOWLEDGE
Hamlet merely to serve him at his benefit. BISHOP HURD AND LORD MANSFIELD. Holland died rather young, and Foote
When Bishop Hurd had been appointed attended as one of the mourners. He
preceptor to the Prince of Wales, he prewas really grieved, and although his eyes sented his coadjutor, Mr. Arnald, with were much swollen with tears, when
high encomium to Lord Mansfield, but a friend said to him
“So, his Lordship was so displeased with the
the fu. Foote, you have
flattery that was so freely offered to, and neral of our dear friend Holland ;": accepted by the Bishop, that he said in Foote instantly replied, "Yes, we have his own sarcastic manner to a nobleman just shoved the little baker into his afterwards who had been a witness to it,
“I am sorry that my friend Hurd's nose
trils should require such gross incense.” * PROOF OF INSANITY. In a cause once tried at the Derby assizes, respecting the validity of a will,
who was on intimate terms evidence was adduced to prove the testator with this great actor, wrote to him for an (an apothecary's wife,) a lunatic; and, admission to his theatre. Mr. Garrick among many other things, it was deposed had then adopted a rule, never to receive that she had swept away a quantity of either note or letter in his dressing-room, pots , phials, lotions, potions, pills,
boluses, when he was just ready to appear upon the and clyster-pipes, into the street, as rub- stage, and this slight circumstance caused bish. “ I doubt," said the learned judge, a lasting quarrel between the two former « whether sweeping physic into the street friends. Great pains were taken to effect be any proof of insanity;"True, my à reconciliation between them, but Dr. lord," replied the counsel, but sweep Percy always most indignantly replied, ing the pots and clister-pipes away, cer- : " that he had put it once into Mr. Gartainly was.
rick's power to have obliged him, but as he had chosen to neglect it, he should not
give him a second opportunity.” Is a proud pillar, but i in the midst of a desert of igne. It is
bei The following epitaph was engraved on
DR. JENNER'S EPITAPH. who have ascended the highest, gained a more extended view of the the tomb of Dr. Jenner, whose remains waste.
are interred in the chancel of the parish
church of Berkeley, in Gloucestershire. 151 [GIBBON THE HISTORIAN Lojraz, Being seated in an elegant
apartment, The great physician of the human race
Within this tomb hath found'a resting place,
Immortal Jenner! whose gigantic mind was cautioned as danger such doctrines might bring upon society.
Sir Jala lhe historian, “ the doctrines Let rescued infancy his worth proclaim, we are now
And lisp out blessings on his honour'd name ;
are not unlike the And radiant beauty drop her saddest tear, liquor we are drinking ;-safe, pleasant, For Beauty's truest, trustiest friend lies here ! and exhilarating to you and I, that know how to use, without abusing them ; but LORD NELSON'S NIGHT-CAP. dangerous, deleterious, and intoxicating, Dr. Burney, who wrote the celebrated if either were broached in the open anagram on Lord Nelson, after his victory streets, and exposed to the discretion of of the Nile, –“ Honor est à Nilo." the mob."1":- NB! TO!971vis
(Horatio Nelson,) was shortly after on a
visit to his Lordship, at his beautiful d. EPIGRAM ON A QUAKER'S TANDARD. villa at Merton - From his usual absence
Ye lie, friend Pindar! and friend Thales !..of mind, he forgot to put a night-cap into Nothing so good as water? Ale is. his portmanteau, and, consequently, bor
rowed one from his Lordship. Previously CURIOUS ADVERTISEMENT. . to his retiring to rest; he sat down to study, In the Reading Mercury of the 30th of as was his common practice, and was June, 1821, will be found the follow
shortly after alarmed by finding the cap in ing
flames. He immediately collected the burnt To Grocers.--Wanted a situation by remains, and returned them to his LordCharles Rewett, who can bear confine- ship with the following lines :ment, having been apprenticed to Mr. .". Take your night.cap again, my good Lord, Charles Child, of Reading, who would not
I would not detain it a minute; allow him to go and see his parents for the last six months, though' living within six What belongs to a Nelson, wherever there's
fire, miles of Reading
Is sure to be instantly in it."
Diary and Chronology.
Jan. 23. Wed. St. Raymond. Jan. 23.This saint was born, in 11:5, at the Castle of PegnaSun ris. 43m af. 71
fort in Catalonia: 80 fond was he of his religious - sets 17-4
profession, that he changed the edifice in wbich Moon's first quar.
he was born into a convent of the order of St. ter 45 m. af. 8,
Dominick. His death happened A.D. 1275. even,
1570.-On this day, James, Earl of Murray, Regent
of Scotland, during the minority of James VI. was deliberately shot at Linlithgow by Hamiltoa of Bothwellhaugh, in revenge, it is snpposed, for
having.debauched his wife. 24 Tburs St. Timothy.
24 St. Timothy was a disciple of St. Paul, by whom he Sun ris, 41m af. 7
was made Bishop of Ephesus, A.D. 64. This sets 19m.-4
saint was stoned to death in the year 97, by order of the Emperor Nero. 170.--Born at Rome on this day the Emperor Adrian.
This illustrious Roman, when visiting Britain, caused a wall to be built, extending from the Frith of Forth to the river Tyne. He died in his 62nd year, A.D. 139. On his death-bed he com.
posed his celebrated address to his departing soul. 23 Frid. Conversion of St.
25 This saint was bebeaded at Rome A. D. 66. by order Paul.
of his persecutor the infamous Nero. The festival of the conversion was instituted very early. Pope Innocent III. ordered it to be kept as an holiday of obligation. In England mention is made of its
being a solemn festival in the time of Henry III. 1759.-Born on this day, near Ayr, the admired poet
of nature, Robert Burns, This talented individual, like the great Sbakspeare, has rendered immortal, by his verse, the banks of the river which watered his native place, His labours have gained him posthumous renown, though during
Þis life be experienced the most chilling neglect. • 28 Satur. st. Polycarp. 26 St. Polycarp was Bishop of Smyrna ; he suffered for High Water,
his religion A, D. 166. 16m af. 9 mord
1815.-On this day the ex-Emperor Napoleon 48-9 after.
escaped from Elba, and landed in France. 27 SUN. 3rd aft. Epiph. 27 This saint was Archbishop of Constantinople A. D. LBS. for the DAY
407, at which place he died in 409. His eloquence 55 c. Isaiah mo.
obtained him the surname of Chrysostom or Gold 56 c. even
eamouth: he was one of the most strenuous deSt. Joho Chry
fenders that the Catbolic Church had in the 4th sostom.
1773.-Born on this day H. R, H. the D. of Sussex. 28 Mond. St. Margaret.
28 This saint was the daughter of Bala IV. King of Sun rises 34 af. 7
Hungary. She died A. D. 1271, her relics are sets 26 €
still preserved at Presburg. (1696 On this day died on board of his own ship,
near Nombre De Dios, Sir Francis Drake, our first circumnavigator. Fuller observes of him, that he lived by the sea, died on it, and was
buried in it." 29 Tues. St. Sulpicius Se
29 St. Sulpicius was a disciple of St. Martin ; he died
A D, 426.
1820.-This day died our greatly revered Monarch Oh, Om, morr..
Geo. III. RT. 81. The reign of this Sovereign 0_16-after,
was the longest of any that ever held sway in England, and the most pregnant with great
Accession of his present Majesty Geo. IV. 30 Wed. St. Martina.
30 This saint, who was a Roman Virgin of noble ori.
gin, was beheaded for her faith, after having Martyrd. of King
been tortured by command of the Emperor Charles I.
Alexander IV. A. D. 228.
1643,--Anniversary of the beheading of Charles I. sets 284
This Monarch's downfall is ascribed to bis sinis
ter and illiberal conduet towards his opponents. 31 Thurs. St.Peter Nolasco.
81 This saint was born at Languedoc, He died A. D.
1258. Saint Peter was the founder of the Sun ris. 29 m af. 7
order of our Lady of Mercy, the founding of -sets im af. 4
this order is stated to have been occasioned by the Virgin Mary's appearing to him in a vision. 1820.-Ou this day the proclaiming of Geo. IV
King of England took place,