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more in keeping with the primitive than cious, by the looking out a day, and givthe luxurious age of a great nation. His ing them a ramble with me

over the tall graceful person, his dark searching hills and far away

" from the gaseous eyes, strongly defined forehead, and sin- effluvia and prison-smelling streets of Longularly expressive mouth, indicated a don ; rather than, as an essayist in the noble disposition and a refined under- New Monthly, or a bacchanalian coterie standing. The lofty sentiments of honour in Blackwood, endeavour to persuade habitual to his min), adorned by a subtle readers, that nothing short of living in the playful wit, gave him in conversation an oversized Babel, like its exclusive and reascendancy that he could well preserve pleted Aldermen and cooks, as brawny as by the decisive vigour of his actions. He their annual prize cattle, is worthy of maintained the right with a vehemence attentiou; and, that the continuity of gusbordering upon fierceness, and every im- tation kept in bachelor parties, and carportant transaction in which he was en- ried by them into the noctes ambrosiane, gaged increased his reputation for talent, is of infinite more value than the vivid and confirmed his character as a stern gusto of nature's creative loveliness and enemy to vice, a steadfast friend to merit, beautiful pictures whose colours decay a just and faithful servant of his country. not, and whose canvas is the sky in light The honest loved him, the dishonest feared and shade of fire, air, and water, and tone, him ; for while he lived, he did not shun, and illustrated by the very exquisite but scorned and spurned the base. and, abundance of animal, vegetable, and with characteristic propriety, they spurned etherial matter and motion. at him when he was dead.

Not that I am an enemy to good living ; A soldier from his earliest youth, he but, as a creature with rational existence, thirsted for the honours of his profession, it behoves me to use it temperately and to and feeling that he was worthy to lead a diffuse the same feeling far and wide ; for British army, hailed the fortune that of all seasons, to the Lover of Nature, placed him at the head of the troops des- more than the lover of gourmanderie, and tined for Spain. The stream of time pass- gold, and riotous brawls, clouded in toed rapidly, and the inspiring hopes of bacco fumes, and full of fermenting and triumph disappeared, but the austerer acetous liquors, the Summer is the most glory of suffering remained ; with a firm inviting. "The sky is in the dress of lightheart he accepted that gift of a severe ness, like that of Ladies, the ground fate, and confiding in the strength of his stocked with ripe grass and ripening corn genius, disregarded the clamours of pre- the water clear and rippling, the sycasumptuous ignorance, opposing sound more oft musical with bees '--the sun military views to the foolish projects so converging his rays every where, and insolently thrust upon him by the am. warming every nook, calling out new life bassador, he conducted a long and arduous every moment, and giving red hues to the retreat with sagacity, intelligence, and cheek as well as the rose, brightness to fortitude, No insult could disturb, no the eye as well as the star. falsehood deceive him, no remonstrance herd shake his determination; fortune frowned without subduing his constancy, death "Dreaming hears thee still, 0 singing lark, struck, and the spirit of man remained That singest like an angel in the clouds unbroken, when his shattered body And the labourers, like Time, cutting scarcely afforded it a habitation.

down the plenteous produce, the haymakers turning it on the air like smoke

from busy chimneys, but scented with RUSTICATING AND GYPSYING sickly sweetness which increases as the

evening advances, (to say nothing of a

toss in the hay, or a roll on the grass,) CIVIC REVELR-Y.

and the dell, I do not agree with several periodical writers who can see nothing in the coun

I by the mist, is fresh and delicate ;' try worth admiring, and who, while they and the waggons laden with the treasure disdain to taste a draught of water at a of hope's fruition, passing homeward to spring, extol the vinous and spirituous the yard and winter storehouse, as the repotion which is mixed with critical avidi- ward of toil by which men like ants gaty and drunk with rapture by bons vi- ther into compass and use. The farmer vants beyond measure. I would rather that rides over his meadows and hears the this were a sober essay to invite my friends scythe chime, as its edge, like hungry (and with whom am I not friendl·- ?) to death, is sharpening, must be dispossessed the true enjoyment of life which is so pre- of that kind feeling which it is his duty to

The Shep

PREFERABLE TO

. Bathed

DEMOSTHENES.

exercise, if he does not quench the thirst Sketches of Orators, No. 4. of his people and reanimate their spirits with the wholesome beverage of his pantry and cellar.

At the foot of the lane, which leads to This orator and statesman, the son of a a bridge, and over which passengers must cutler_at Athens, was born two years go, is fixed the tilt-looking camp. It catches after Philip, and 280 before Cicero. Ale the eye of every pleasure-taker, and turns though his father left him considerable the feet into a romantic scene. Not far property, yet by the dishonesty of his hence, rather branched from the open guardians, his circumstances were much roadway, are four females sitting in the reduced, and with difficulty he obtained form of a crescent, and a little old shrewd the means of instruction, being only seven gipsy woman is on her knees facing them. years old when his father died. He found She is pleading severally the prescient means, however, to be taught rhetoric by knowledge she possesses, or professes to Isocrates ; but Plato in reality contributbe gifted with, respecting with what they ed the most to form Demosthenes ; he are to blessed, and who are to claim the read his works with great application and especial indulgence of their hearts. even received lessons from him, and it is Though the secrets she imparts are in the easy to distinguish in the writings of the cauldron of fate, and disclosed by her only, disciple, the noble and sublime air of the şet as they are worth knowing, the females master, by whom he attained to such perin pleased anticipation, titter at each other's fection in ratory, that he became the only folly, and jog their sides in ecstacies which maintainer of the liberties of Greece, makthey only know and appreciate. Stretch- ing Philip odious by his orations, for his ened in a ditch beside his dog and the bray- deavouring the infringement of them. Arising ass, the masculine owner of the camp tides, Thucydides, and Demosthenes, were wastes his hours. If he sleeps it is sweet, called the three stars of rhetoric. He had a if he wakes, it is like that of his animals, weak voice, an impediment in his speech, to protect his family. The daughter, a

and a very short breath. He stammered true gypsy girl, slim, sleek and tricksome, to such a degree, that he could not proabout fifteen years of age, sits at the nounce some letters, this he overcame by mouth of the camp, and she lists her retirement and perseverance, by which tongue with her bewitching eyes, and means, he was enabled to appear effecpoints her tawny finger, indicating to the tively before the public. His declamagazer on her own fatality, that she, like tion is compared to an eloquent trumpet. her mother, can unravel the mysteries of Sallust learned by heart all his speeches palmistry and occult science, with a pret- and Nonnus read them six times. When ty behaviour, and fluent colloquy, touch- he was asked three several times, which ed with the concord of sweet sounds. quality he thought most necessary. in an Over the hedges and farther in the fields, orator, he gave no other answer than the cattle are gazing at ease, and like PRONUNCIATION. By the light of a small happy sailors, chewing the cud; and lamp, his oratiçns were composed, which the roads which are good, and the rivers were said to smell of oil.

He was an which are calm, enable Gipseying par- early riser. He copied the History by ties to attain their welcome homes, and Thucydides eight times, to acquire his make their accepted visits, journeyings, manner and perfection. His harangues and rambles, in woods and vales, the were like machines of war, and batteries, forest, Richmond eyots, punting and which overthrew all that opposed them. heart catching.

To prove that he was perfectly acquaintBut a Sunday evening is proof of cock. ed with the disposition of Philip, and was neys' pleasures. Whether they are view. very far from praising him like the geneed by the ingress or egress through sub- rality of orators.-Two colleagues with urban avenues, the spirit of Liberty is whom he had been associated in an emjoyously and generously evinced-though bassy to that great prince, were continulimbs are tired, children drowsy, pockets ally praising the King of Macedonia, at emptied, and fine clothes are tinged, yet their return, and saying, that he was a the return to labour and peace enables very eloquent and handsome Prince, and thousands to repeat their enjoyments ere a most extraordinary drinker.

" What the summer is over.

strange commendations are these !" replied Where the scenes make pictures with Demosthenes. ". The first is the accomthe materials of nature, and such as vary plishment of a Rhetorician; the second of yet are ever new, they never fail to charm a woman; and the third of a sponge, the poet, the painter, the time-taker, but none of them the qualifications of a health-seeker, health-keeper, and every king."

sermons in stones and The Athenians erected a statue of brass good in every thing."

P. to his memory, on the foot of which they

person that reads

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engraved this inscription in two elegiac enduring, even in their least divine spirit

“Demosthenes, if thy power had and most perishable form, so have the been equal to thy wisdom, the Macedo- “ Pursuits". a glimmering existence, nian Mars would never have triumphed while those others have nearly or wholly over Greece. He died by poison, B. C. ceased to be. The text is still occasion. 322.

P. ally quotable--there are things in the

notes not yet extinguished in the dark.

The eulogy on
REMARKS ON THE SATIRE OF
EMINENT ENGLISH AUTHORS. “ The self-secluded melancholy Gray."
(Continued from page 348.)

we for one have by heart; and we can
The satire of the Anti-Jacobin was often say what few can, that by working in the
fine and good. What else could it gloom and the glimmer,
be when Ellis, and Frere, and Smith, and
CANNING, were triumphing in the noble "Hunting half a day for a forgotten dream."
rage " of their youthful genius! It stung
the Whigs into the impotence of palsy — we could pierce together his affectionate
'tis wond'rous pitiful,” to think how po asks our gentle reader, was he ?) the
to drivelling death. But “ 'tis pitiful, tribute of admiration to the learning, the

wisdom, and the genius of Glynn, (who, litics do so soon all pass away! it possible to remember satires on for- mild Japus of the Cam, Poet and Physigotten fools-knaves buried in oblivion ? cian, and in both capacities not unbeloved

by Apollo. " Thelwall, and ye that lecture as ye go ; Mercy on us! we have forgotten Ju. And for your pains get pelteds-praise Le- nius-good, stupid, old, gray-headed

Taylor and Hessey’s darling pet, Sir Who was Thelwall-who Lepaux ? Philip Francis ! Ay, he was indeed a “ The one was a tailor, the other a but- satirist-spirited and splendid ever—and cher,” some reader, with a historical me- it is only wundersul how he should have mory for small facts, replies, and

been so written about by blockheads. Sic transit gloria Mundi." But his winged words were not in verse, • So fades, so flourishes, grows dim and dies, for the " Vices,” we hope, he never even All that this world was proud of."

saw-and therefore for the present we

leave him to the fondling of his last disAnd the two-guinea quarto edition of the coverer and dry-nurse, and the rest of the poetry of those true wits and true wits old women. they were-sells on the stalls at the redu- What shall we say of the Edinburgh ced price of six and eight-pence, a petti- Review ?-Least said is soonest mended. fogger's fee!

Jeffrey is at once a deep and delicate of the once famous Rolliad—the cele- cutter-up ; and nature made him, in his brated Probationary Odes—what man amiabiliiy, almost-perhaps entirely—a under fifty can recite line ? Yet they first rate satirist. He often touches you, were chiefly the work of a man of great by a seemingly careless pass, with equal talents, learning, almost genius-Law. dexterity, when you are off and on your

-assisted by the ingenious, the guard ; but prefers disabling your swordgraceful, the classical, and the romantic arm to pinking you through the body. George Ellis, from whose pen, and from When he does deal a mortal blow, it is whose tongue, and from whose eyes, always on the right side, never on the everything fell in power and beauty, for left; he seems to think it cruel to pierce he was one of England's rarest spirits- your heart, and therefore contents' himwitness the immortal Specimens, immortal self with spitting your liver. The old because true Poetry is so, and kind and Fencers were fond of the eye, as you may congenial and erudite criticism, devoted see from the pictures in that curious and to the elucidation of her darkness, shares scientific old folio on the Art, in the posin her immortality.

session of our sound-hearted, nimbleOld Mathias is not yet dead-and may wristed Signior Francalanza, whom, withhe breathe the air of Italy till he is a cen- out any disparagement to the illustrious tury old, for he is a scholar, and therefore Roland, we delight to honour as a maswe shall say no severe thing of the “Pur- ter, and as a man. Jeffrey is up to this suits of Literature.” But, our dear an- trick, and pokes his point-better for the eient sir, is it not a little feeble or som blockhead if it be of foil than of rapierdealing too much with the illustrious into the great staring goggle eye of his obscure? Yet, in as far as literature, antagonist, till, blind as a bat, the bully and poetry, and philosophy, are by their cuts and runs, in plight of Polyphemus or nature higher than politics, and more Caeus of old, and is hissed off the stage.

rence

His light play is beautiful and his own The King of Prussia, and the Emperors guard close, compact, and firm; so that of Austria and Russia, has he also roared it requires an Admirable Crichton to on to enter the lists--and indeed all the touch him on a vital part.

But he is ra. members either one after another, or all ther out of practice---rests on his former at once of that invisible, and hitherto fame--and is careless about accepting the apparently pacific body--the Holy Al. challenge of a clever Tyro. About the liance. But fretting and fuming, and year 1804, or 1805, or 1806, he won the foaming, is not fighting; and though we prize-sword, at a public exhibition, from grant that the odds would be on his head a crowd of no contemptible competitors, at Tattersall's and Brookes', if matched and whoever taught him fence, has end- against old Fred-or the Austrian-we less honour in his scholar_for, as our back Nicholas against him at six to four worthy and ingenious friend, Pierce who, we understand, has threatened to Egan, would say, “ Jack's as good as his take the shine out of him, were it only to master.

revenge the insult offered of old to his Brougham is but an indifferent and late brother Sandy, who was not a mar, awkward hand at the small-sword-the had he come to the scratch, to have let deadliest by far of all weapons and Brougham off without a bellyful. prides himself in his use of the sabre, the As for Sydney Smith, to hiin fighting broad-sword, or claymore. He is an is fun, and he cuts as many capers in the ugly customer. Nor should we at all ring as young Spring, the Conqueror. relish having our head broken by such a But he is formidable in his frolic though player at single-stick. But he has a loose rather too showy, yet a clean, straight, hanging guard--nor is it difficult, as we and even heavy hitter ; and most of his opine, for a clever and active antagonist antagonists, though heavier men than himin no long encounter, to make the blood self, and deficient in neither science nor trickle an inch down his formidable fore- bottom, have, after a few rounds, in head. He blusters and bullies too much which their gravity was most amusingly, during the set-to-is not particularly con. and to the infinite mirth of all beho!ders, scientious about a foul blow-and it is contrasted with the antics of the Parson, acknowledged on all hands, that he is too who kept hopping about like a mountemuch given to ruffianing it. It will be bank, yet all the while dealing out right in the recollection of all our sporting and left-handers like lightning, been carreaders, that he once suddenly attacked ried out of the ring deaf as a house, and George Canning, that most skilful small. blind as the pier of Leith, or the mole of swordsman,-unawares, and out of the Tyre. He has fought one or two drawn ring--and for his pains, got punished battles, especially one with the best man by a thrust in the mouth, that almost cut then in the ring, under the nomme de his tongue in two, the point coming out guerre of Peter Plymley, which was at the cheek, a rueful and ghastly wound brought to a wrangle, and ended in a that left a scar. He flies at high game. draw—but he has never yet been fairly Once on a day, when the " Great Lord” defeated ; and to accomplish that, will was in Spain, he challenged Wellington require an out-and-outer.- Blackwood's himself—but now he wears his arm in a Mag. sling, and seems in no mood for fighting.

JULY This month the seventh of the year was ordered by Marc Anthony to be so called in compliment to the Mighty Julius who reformed the old Roman calendar established by Romulus, by whom the month was termed Quintilis, and accounted the fifth of the year which begun with March. The word July is derived from the Latin Julius, the surname of Caius Ceaser the dictator, who was born this month. Our Saxon ancestors gave it the name of Heu-monat, or Hey-monat, from its being the month “ therein they usually mowed and made their hay-harvest." July by the Romans was considered as under the protection of Jupiter, and during its progress they kept the following festivals and ceremonies.

On the first day of this month the leases of the houses in Rome generally expired, and were renewed. And on the fifth or the third before the Nones was celebrated the festival of the Poplifugia, in memory of the retreat of the people to the Aventine hill, when Romulus was killed. The festival of Fortuna muliebris was held on the sixth. This holiday was established by the mother and wife of Coriolanus to commemorate their obtaining peace from him for their country. On this day also commenced the Ludi Appollinaris which lasted eight days in honour of Apollo, these games were under the direction of the prætor, and were celebrated in the great circus. The seventh or day of the Nones, a festival called Caprotinæ Nonæ was celebrated in honour of Juno, this feast was held in remembrance of a female servant or slave called Tutola, having climbed a wild-fig-tree with a burning torch which she held in her hand as a sign to the Romans to surprise the army of the Latins. On the day succeeding this feast was another rejoicing day termed Vitulatio in honour of Vitula, the goddess of rejoicing. The twelfth was kept holy from the circumstance of its being the day on which Julius Cæsar was born. The Mercuriales or feast of the Mercantile people kept in honour of Mercury, began on the fourteenth and lasted for six days. On the fifteenth or day of the Ides the Tranvectio or general muster of the Roman Knights took place, on which occasion the Knights adorned with coronets made with branches of the olive-tree rode in procession from the temple of Honour to the Capitol, the Censors being present at the ceremony. And on the same day was kept the feast of Castor and Pollux in the temple, built by the son of Aulus Posthumius in the great place of Rome, because they had fought for the Romans against the Latins, who attempted to restore Tarquinus Superbus to Rome, when solemn sports and combats took place. The seventeenth was accounted fatal from the battle of Ahia being lost thereon. On the nineteenth the games called Lucaria commenced and lasted for four days, these games derived their name from a sacred wood Lucus, situated between the Tiber and the Salarian Way, and were celebrated in this place to commemorate the Romans, having sought refuge in the sacred wood after having been defeated by the Gauls. Sports were held in honour of Neptune on the twenty-second. And on the twenty-third pregnant women offered sacrifices to the Goddess Opigena, (another name for Juno,) when they carried small wax figures to her temple, and offered up prayers to her to propitiate their deliverance. On the twenty-fourth the feasts of the Pontiffs were held. The twenty-fifth was devoted to the Furinalia and the Ambarvalia, the former feast was kept in honour of Furina, the Goddess of Robbers, sometimes called Laverna,' by some of the ancients, among whom is Cicero, she is considered as being the same with the furies, be this as it may, she had a wood consecrated to her, and a temple, with a priest of her

own. The latter was called the feast of Perambulation, when it was usual for the citizens who had lands and vineyards, without the city to go in procession crowned with oak leaves, preceeded by twelve priests three times round the ground, chanting hymns in honour of Mars, and Ceres. The intent of this ceremony was to obtain a plentiful harvest from the gods. On the twenty-eighth sacrifices of wine and honey were offered to Ceres; and at the end of the month red haired dogs was sacrificed to the dog-star to moderate the excessive heat of the season.

The month of July may be viewed as the reverse of January, for as the one is considered the coldest, the other may be looked on the hottest, for, though the direct influence of the sun diminishes after the summer solstice, yet the earth and air has been heated to such excess, that the warmth which they retain, more than compensates, for a time, the diminution of the sun's rays. Summer may be reckoned this month, as being fully with us, apparelled in her gayest attire, revelling in all the varied colours of the rainbow, for now the Woods and Groves, the Hills and Plains have put off the bright green livery of Spring; but, unlike them, they have changed it for one dyed in as many colours as a harlequin's coat. The Rye is yellow, and almost ripe for the sickle. "The Wheat and Barley are of a dull green, from their swelling ears being alone visible, as they bow before every breeze that blows on them. The Oats are ripening apace, and quivering on their fragile stems, as they hang like rain drops in the air," waiting the gathering hand of the husbandmen. Let the eye of the admirer of nature be directed which way it may, whether to the garden, the orchard, or the open field, it meets with something picturesque and beautiful, that affects the beholder with pleasure unspeakable, and fills his mind with vast and wondering ideas of his great creators munificent bounty and infinite wisdom.

This subject would admit of our being more diffuse, were we not confined by the limits of space. Therefore we must forego speaking of the feathered tenantry of the groves, and the insect tribe now in their full vigour, myriads of which haunt the air and take full possession of the leaf, the trees antique branches and their covering rind, the blossom and bud, the mossy bank made brilliant by the sun's bright beam, the bare earth, the pool, the ditch, all of which may be seen teeming with animal life, affording to the enquiring entomologist, food for his contemplative mind. Having presented our readers with a slight sketch of this glowing and beautiful month,' we shali here conclude with a brief and striking picture of this season by a poet of no common ability, though but little known :

Now glowing in full summer's heat,

The sun pours down his genial rays;
Yet rip'ning crops the traveller greet,

And cooling fruit his thirst allays,
Thus, like the sun in splendid might,
On man celestial glory shines;
Still ripening to perfection bright,

Eternal Bounty's vast designs.

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