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and I could not help admiring the bold fortresses, which, if properly manned and and daring way in which the Chinese mounted, ought to be be able to blow any brought them alongside. The ship was vessel out of the water which might atdashing along before a fine steady breeze, tempt to pass perforce. As it is, there is with all sails

set-studding sails below and a formidable show of embrasures and aloft; no attempt was made to shorten sail guns, but the greater part of them are for them, yet they bore boldly down upon in such a state, that they are almost as us, just cleared nur lower boom end, dangerous to their defenders as to the sheered alongside, hooked a hook-rope on enemy. to the chain plates, and in an instant two “ The scenery, in going up the river or three fellows were scrainbling up the towards Whampoa Reach, where the ship's side with the agility of as many ships are moored, is striking to a stranger, squirrils. Before I had time to look round from the peculiarity of its features. The me, a fellow with a làng tail, and, as I low, swampy, paddy grounds, extending thought, dressed in petticoats, whisked for miles, are intersected by innumerable through the port past me, nodded fami- small branches of the river, covered in liarly to me, said chin-chin,' and bolted general with vessels of all descriptions, through the door of the cabin. Chin- which appear as if moving through fields chin ! muttered I to myself, 'what the of richest verdure, as nothing but their deuce does the man mean ?'-50, by way masts and sails are discernible. The of solving my doubts, I followed him on sameness of the scene is a little relieved deck. There I found my active friend in by the picturesque villages and mandarin company with one of the ship's officers, houses peeping out from clumps of trees, with his fists doubled and pressed together while the bleak and lofty hills in the disshaking them up and down, while his tance, form a bold and striking back. head was nodding like that of one of the ground.”Weekly Review. china-shop mandarins. I fancied, of course, that he was either asking for some

SONNET. thing, or begging pardon : but I found afterwards that he was merely saluting. And now commenced a conversation which My friends are pillowed in their grassy grave,

And calm and quietly they sleep below; for your edification, I shall endeavour to

Their race is finished, and their hour of woe commit to paper, as I thought it in my For ever swallowed in the Letheao wave,

But as for me, I stand alone to brave, ignorance, a most extraordinary one.

The thunder, and the lightning, and the Aya! my olo fleen,' said the longtailed shaven-headed man, 'how you do? I look around, but there is none to save I welly glad to see you. You hab catchee No bow of promise lifts its cheering formwifo ?

From out the thickening darkness might I glide

Into the future and be seen no more, "65 Yes.'

Oh I might I banish from the aching core Aya! I welly glad!

Of my worn heart, the canker and the tide wifu ?'

Of sorrows, that hath been increasing there

Day after day, for more I feel I cannot bear. "" Very well, I thank you.' 66. You hab catchee chilo?' " " Yes.'

How many piecie?'

Aya! he hab bull-chilo, cow-

That most ancient and respectable of chilo?' “« One piece bull-child, two piece to us distinctly several races of giants, as

all histories, the Holy Bible, establishes cow-child.' *** I welly glad. I chin-chin you very the Zonzonims, &c.

the Rephaims, the Anakims, the Enims, much.' I was astonished. Good children

The Anakims, or descendants of Anak, and bad children I had heard of before; were the inhabitants of the promised Land, but bulls and cows were appendages to It was those Anakims, who being

seen by

to which Moses would lead the Jews. a family circle which I had not any idea the spies, sent by the Hebrew General, of. A favourable breeze soon rattled us

were reported to be men of that size, that up as far as the Bocca Tigris, before pas- them. The giant Og, king of Basan,

the Hebrews were but as grashoppers to. sing which we were obliged to heave-to, overcome by Moses, was of that race, to allow time for the pilot to procure a

whose bedstead of brass measured fifte pass; and we lost nearly two hours in feet and a half*, and the Rabbins sustain, waiting the pleasure of a rascal of a mandarin. The passage through the Bocca is

* Nine cubits; the Jewish cubit was twenty very narrow, and commanded by two

cubits and a half.

storm ;

How you


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that that was not even his bed, but only persons employed in digging in the ditches his cradle, when a child.

near the Jacobins, found a stone-tomb, When Joshua entered the land of Ca- which contained a skeleton, whose skull naan, he defeated the descendants of Anak, held a bushel of corn, and whose shinwho inhabited the cities of Hebron, Da- bone reached up to the girdle of the talbir, and Anab, and only spared those of lest man there, it being about four feet Gaza, Gath, and Azoth, where, for many long, and consequently the body must ages, the tombs of these giants were seen ; have been seventeen or eighteen feet high. and where Josephus informs us, that, in Upon the tomb was a plate of copper, his time, their bones of a monstrous and whereon was engraved, “ In this tomb incredible size were yet shewn.

lies the noble and puissant lord, the CheThe Rephaims, descended from Repha, valier Ricon de Vallemont, and his and continued below the time of David; bones.” Platerus, a famous physician, Goliath of Gath, who was slain by that and who certainly knew human bones king of the Israelites, was ten feet seven from others, declares, that he saw at Luinches high, and was one of the last bran- cerne, the true human bones of a subject, ches of that family; and the scripture which must have been at least nineteen hath mentioned four others, one of which feet high. was brother to Goliah, and were slain by Valence in Dauphine, boasts of posDavid and his soldiers.

sessing the bones of the giant Bucart, Prophane Historians have not been less tyrant of the Vivarias, who was slain by fruitful on this subject. They gave seven an arrow, by the Count de Cabillon, his feet of height to Hercules their first hero, vassal. The Dominicans had a part of which is nothing surprising, as that is the the shin-bone, with the articulation of the smallest of the gigantic size; and, in our knee, and his figure painted in Fresco, days, we have seen men eight feet high. with an inscription, shewing, that this The emperor Maximin is reported to have giant was twenty two feet and a half high, been of that size.

and that his bones were found in 1705, The body of Orestes, according to the near the banks of the Merderi, a little riGreeks, was eleven feet and a half; the ver at the foot of the mountain of Crussol, giant Galbara, brought from Arabia to upon which (tradition says) the giant Rome, under Claudius Cæsar, was near dwelt. This river overflowing its banks, ten feet; and the bones of Secondilla and discovered a very long and wide brick Pusio, keepers of the gardens of Sallust, tomb, in which were these bones, and an were but six inches shorter.

arrow, which they supposed to be the Funnam, a Scotsman, who lived in the same which slew him. time of Eugine the second, king of Scot- The Canons regular of the abbey of St. land, measured eleven feet and a half; Ruff, in the same city of Valence, had in and Jacob le Maire, in his Voyage to the their possession a collar-bone of the same Streights of Magellan, reports, that the giant, which measures three feet and a 17th of December, 1615, they found at half, though above six inches are broken Port Desire several graves covered with off from one end, and also one of the stones; and, having the curiosity to re- Vertebræ of the loins, which is three feet move the stones, they discovered several eight inches in circumference, eleven human skeletons of ten and eleven feet inches high, the hole for the passage of long.

the spinal marrow being four inches in The Chevalier Scory, in his Voyage to diameter. We may conclude, that this the Peek of Teneriffe, relates, that they giant must have been taller than the infound, in one of the sepulchral caverns of scription above cited makes him, at least that mountain, the head of a Guanche, unless he had been

very ill proportioned which had eighty teeth, and that the body which is very common in men of such ex(which was in the burial-place of the traordinary size. kings of Guimar, and of whose race it The Giant Theutobochus, King of the was said to be) was not less than fifteen Teutoni, went far beyond the Tyrant feet high.

Bucart. The giant Ferragus, slain by Orlando, Florus says, that Marius conquered and nephew to Charlemagne, was eighteen took Theutobochus prisoner near the city feet high.

of Aix, and that that King was a singular Rioland, a celebrated Anatomist, who spectacle in the triumph ; for, says he, he wrote in the year 1614, says, that, some was so big that he surpassed even the tro years before, there was to be seen, in the phies. Those trophies were trunks of suburbs of St. Germaine's at Paris, near trees, either left” rough, or cut into the St. Peter's Chapel, the tomb of the giant form of a man, on which the Romans Isoret, who was twenty feet high. hung the arms and spoils of the vanquish

In the City of Rouen, in 1509, some ed. The only trophy which we have the

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dimensions of in the antiquities of father feet long ; by which it may be supposed Montfaucon, is that of the triumphal arch that that Giant did exceed a hundred and at Carpentras, which is thirteen feet four ten feet. inches high; these trophies were carried The skull of the Giant found in Mace. by men, or in chariots, either of which donia, about six leagues from Thessalowould elevate them about four feet, which nica, in September, 1691, (at the time then made it 17 feet to the top of their when M. Quainet was consul for France heads. Therefore, if Theutobochus, when in that city) held 210 pounds of corn, valking in the triumph, was taller than which is about five bushels French meahose figures, he must certainly have been sure; and whose body was ninety six an astonishing spectacle to the Romans, feet high. who were already little, if compared to Boccace tells of a Giant 300 feet high, the Gauls.

found near Trapani in Sicily, whose teeth The historians of Dauphine deny that are still hung up in the church of that Theutobochus was vanquished near Aix, town, and which the learned of that time or taken by Marius; but they say, the thought to be the skeleton of Polybattle was fought in Dauphiné, a few pheme. leagues from Valence; and that Theuto- The celebrated Sir Hans Sloane, presibochus died of his wounds, and was bu- dent of the royal society of London, ried by the care of Marius the con- treated this matter very learnedly, not queror.

doubting in the least of any of these facts, But be that as it will, on January 11, but of opinion that these bones were those in the year 1613, some masons digging in of elephants, whales, or other enormous a field near the castle of Chaumont, in animals. Dauphiné, in a sandy soil, discovered a Elephants bones may be shewn for those brick tomb, 30 feet long, 12 feet wide, of Giants; but they can never impose on and eight feet high; on which was a persons who have considered 'human grey stone, with the words Theutobochus bones ever so lightly; the difference beRex cut thereon. When the tomb was tween the two species is too striking, even opened, they found a human skeleton in those which time has somewhat defaced, entire, 25 feet and a half long, ten feet to mistake the one for the other. wide across the shoulders, and five feet Whales, which by their immense bulk, deep from the breast bone to the back. are more proper to be substituted for the

Before they moved a bone, they obser- largest giants, have neither arms, nor ved the measure of the head, which was legs; and the head of that animal hath five feet in length, and ten feet round; not the least resemblance with that of a the lower jaw was six feet round the chin man : the whale, therefore, cannot be from joint to joint; the circumference of brought to refute any of those histories, each orbit of the eye was seven inches, in each of which some of the above parts about the size of a small plate ; each of were found. the collar bones was four feet long.

But if it is true, that a great number of His teeth were about the size each of the Gigantic bones, which we have menan ox's foot, and his shin bone measured tioned, have been seen, and examined, four feet.

by the best anatomists, and have been by Near Mazarino in Sicily, in the year them reputed to be real human bones, the 1516, was found a Giant 30 feet high, his existence of Giants is proved, if there had head the size of an hogshead, and each of been but only one of that species. his teeth weighed five ounces.

Near to Palermo, in the Valley of Mazera in Sicily, a skeleton of a Giant, 30 feet long, was found, in the year 1548;

Fine Arts.
and another of 33 feet high, in 1550; and
many curious persons have preserved

several of these gigantic bones.

The Athenians found near their city The two new views we are about to two famous skeletons, one of thirty-four, notice of this highly entertaining exhibiand the other of thirty-six feet high ; also tion, present powerful claims to public a sepulchre, of one hundred and fifty-feet patronage, and we have little doubt but long, which inclosed a skeleton of a like what they will excite as lively an interest as length, with an inscription. At Totu, in those that have preceded them. The subBohemia, in 785, was found a skeleton, jects are the Cloister of the Convent of the head of which could scarce be encom- St. Wandrille, in Normandy, and the passed by the arms of two men together; Swiss Village of Unterseen, which is siand whose legs, which they still keep in tuated upon the river Aar, between the the castle of that city, were twenty six Lakes of Thoun and Brientz, in the Can

ton of Berne. We proceed to notice the which are pourtrayed with the wedges Ruins first, because generally speaking, sticking in them (such as are used in renthis part of the exhibition has been con- ding of them,) with the utmost fidelity to sidered as its most prominent feature; nature ; the street is terminated by another and we think in the present instance, that running at right angles. In front of this road it is eminently calculated to retain the is seen an extremely picturesque chalet, character. The view of the Cloister as sweetly displayed. The distance of this first seen by the spectator, has the view is bounded by the sterile tops of the appearance of being enveloped in the Gillihorn, the Hoch-Birchi, the Bellenmist of morning, which gradually dis- horhst, and Sulek mountains, some of sipates by the suns effulgence, and pre- which are topped with snow, whilst those sents to the spectator a distinct view of nearer to the spectator are robed in the this venerable pile, with its architectural verdant drapery of the fern and heathdecoration forcibly depicted : the distance broom. Beautiful as the several Landis well managed, and in good keeping; scapes have been which the proprietors in fact, this painting may be considered, of the Diorama have already exhibited, upon a whole, as near to perfection as it none of them have, in our opinion, is possible for human powers to arrive come up to the present in point of excel at. The artist (M. Bouton) has skilfully lence as a work of art.

There is one added to the effect of the scene by the little drawback upon the great merit of admirable way in which he has intro- the painting, and that is the whiteness, duced a plank in an inclined position; or an appearance similar to hoar- ost, another powerful aid has been given to which pervades the front and top of the the subject by the moving of the leaves houses on the left, although the sun is shininfluenced by the wind, which overgrowing powerfully upon them. This defect various parts of the building, causing might be easily remedied, the removing their shadows to be displayed on the ad- of which, would add materially to render joining columns as the sun appears and the illusion perfect. disappears; but the most striking feature of the picture is the passing of the clouds which is beheld by the spectator through an

xNlustrations of History. open arch of the cloister. This delusion would have been complete had the blue WILLIAM RUFUS AND THE JEWS. of the sky been a brighter nature, as it ought to be, considering that it is It is related of William Rufus, that viewed as

laced by bright sunshiny being in Roan one tyme, there came to clouds.

hym dyvers Jews, whyche inhabited that The other subject is the Village of Un- citie, complayning to him, that divers of terseen, which is pre-eminently felicitous; their nation had renounced their Jewish the view is taken from the entry of the religion and were become Christians, principle street. On the right of this pain- wherefore they besought that, for a certing you behold a spacious chalet, or taine summe of money which they offered house of great antiquity, with its sloping to gyve him, it myghte please him to and projecting root, having before it a constreyne them to abjure Christianitie and small pond of water, with the shadows of turne to the Jewish laws againe. Hee the surrounding objects beautifully repre- was contented to satisfie their desires, and sented on its glassy surface. The left of so receiving the money, called them afore the painting presents a line of chalets him, and what with threats and putting with a break or way leading to the back them otherwise in feare, he constreyned of the buildings, finely shewn, the dyvers of them to forsake Christ, and renearest building has a gallery extending turne to their old errors. There was also along the whole front of the house, about the same time, a young man, a Jew, covered by its projecting roof, which is by a vision appearing unto him (as is formed by transversal poles, covered over said) was converted to the Christian faith, with tiles, the colouring of which is true and being baptized, was named Stephen, to nature, the windows of the buildings because St. Stephen was the man that possess the charm of reality, and are re- had appeared to him in the vision, as by lieved by a variety of objects, such as the same was enformed. The father of hym clothes hanging out, &c. which give a being sore troubled that his sonne was very natural appearance to the painting, as thus become a Christian, and hearing what does the trees in one or two instances, the King had done in such like matters, which are growing against the houses; presented to him 60 markes of silver, the road, paved with flint-stones, is admi- upon condition he should compell his rably depicted, as is the body of one sonne to returne to his Jewish religion. or two fir trees laying along side the road, Hereupon was the young man brought before the king, unto whome the King Romans, as well as with us, to hold an said, Sirrah, your father here complayn- high festival attended by an Octave, at eth that without his licence ye are become the commencement of the New Year, a Christian ; if this be true, I command which festival lasted for eight days, wherethee to returne againe to the religion of of the first and last were the principal ; your nation without any more adoe. therefore the 1st of April is the Octave of Unto whom the young man answered: the 25th of March, and the close or endYour Grace, as I suppose, dothe but jest. ing, consequently of the feast, which was Wherewith the King said, What thou both the festival of the annunciation, and dunghill knave, should I jest with thee? of the beginning of the New Year. Hence Get thee hence quickly, and fulfill my it became a day of extraordinary mirth commaundement, or by St. Luke's face, I and festivity, especially amongst the shall cause thine eyes to be plucked out of lower orders, who are apt to prevent and thine head. The young man, nothing make a had use of institutions, which at abashed therewith, with constant voyce first, might be very laudable in them annswered, Truly I will not do it, but selves. know for certaine, that if you were a Another account is given as follows in good Christian man, you would never that highly interesting and amusing annual have uttered any such wordes, for it is the Time's Telescope for 1822, which says, part of a Christian to reduce them again “ On this day every body strives to make to Christ which be departed from him, as many fools as he can ; the wit chiefly and not to separate them from him, consists in sending persons on what are which are joyned to him by faith. The called sleeveless errands ; for the history King herewith confounded, commaunded of Eve's mother, for pigeon's milk, the Jew out of his sight, but his father stirrup oil: and similar ridiculous absurperceiving that the King could not per- dities. Fools in the modern or dramatic swade his sonne to forsake the Christian sense, were known in the church, and faith, hee required to have his money called also Vice. Shakspeare makes Riagaine ; But the Kyng said, he had done chard the Third say :so much as hee promised to doe, that was to perswade him so far as he might. At Thus, like the formal Vice, Iniquity, length, when he would have the King to

I moralize two meanings in one word. have dealt further in the matter, the King,

Act 3, Sc. I. to stop his mouth, returned back to him the one half of his money, and reteyned racter in the ancient Mysteries. There is

The fool Vice, or Iniquity, was a chathe other half.”.

a Fool introduced among the persons at the Crucifixion, in the great window at the east end of King's College Chapel, at

Cambridge. Thus, perhaps, All Fool's CUSTOMS OF VARIOUS

Day was set up by the common people, COUNTRIES-No. XII.

or by scoffers, in opposition to, or ridi

cule of, All Saint's Day, and All Soul's CUSTOM OF MAKING APRIL-FOOLS ON

Day, which happen on the 1st and 2nd ALL FOOL'S DAY.

of November, in the opposite season of A CORRESPONDENT to the Gentleman's

the Magazine for April, 1766, in an article

year. written on this subject, observes that it is a matter of considerable difficulty to ac- CURIOUS CEREMONY OBSERVED ON MAUNcount for the expression an April-fool,

DAY THURSDAY. and the strange custom prevalent through- The following ceremony was observed out this kingdom, of people making fools in the year a. D. 1363, by Edward the of one another on the first of April, by Third, who actually washed the feet of a trying to iinpose upon each other, and number of poor persons, in imitation of sending one another upon that day, upon the example of our Saviour's washing the frivolous, ridiculous, and absurd errands. feet of his disciples, as recorded in the seThe author of the article, after making cond lesson; and it is also on record, that some judicious remarks upon the subject, Cardinal Wolsey did the same at York, in proceeds to give the following account of the time of Henry the Eighth, the court his supposition of the origin of this strange being at the time held there'; and the and puerile custom, by observing, that same ceremony is still kept up in Catholic the usage arose from the years formerly countries. After the above ceremony had beginning, as to some purpose, and in been performed, liberal donations were some respects, on the 25th of March, made to the poor, of clothing and silver” which was supposed to be the incarnation money ; and refreshments were served to of our Lord, it being customary with the them, to mitigate the severity of the fast.

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