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Customs of Various the only one that existed in the kingdom,
for a similar one prevailed in the manor
when, in addition to the bacon awarded THB DUNMOW BACON
to the happy pair, corn was given. The following custom was observed till the dissolution of Monasteries in the time of Henry VIII. It is said to have been instituted in the time of King John by Rich Science and Art. ard Fitzwalter, a favourite of his, and a nobleman of unbounded munificence : he
PREPARATION OF BLACKING. is reported to have been at the expence of Take of plaister ground and sifted 2lbs. rebuilding the convent of Dunmow, and 4oz., lamp.black about 9oz., barley malt, was, in other respects, a great benefactor as used by brewers, 1892., olive oil 1 oz.; thereto. The custom was observed with steep the malt in water almost boiling hot great solemnity and triumph in the manner until the soluble portions are well exfollowing :-The party claiming the gam- tracied; put the solution into a basin, stir mon, or, as was sometimes given, a flitch, it into the plaister and lamp-black, and was obliged to take an oath, kneeling be, evaporate to the consistency of paste, fore the Prior of Duomow, the Friars and then add the oil, the quantiiy of which Brethren of the Convent, and an assem.
may be increased by degrees. To the blage of the town's folk, upon two pointed mixture may be added, if desired, a few stones in the church-yard ; the oath was drops of oil of lemons, or of lavender as a administered with a long process, and whilst perfume. If ground plaister bé not atit was going on, the friars accompanied it tainable, its place may be supplied with with solemn singing. As soon as this ce potter's clay:--This, which is the comremony was ended, the pilgrim for the position of a French chemist, M. Bra. bacon, as the claimant was termed, was connot, is undoubtedly the cheapest and taken up upon men's shoulders, and borne finest blacking; it spreads evenly, dries round the Priory church-yard, and then and shines quickly on the leather by a through the town, with the whole con- slight friction of the brush, and lias not course following in procession, carrying the objection of burning the leather. the bacon before him.
When this was gone through, the person departed for his
POWDER MILLS. home, bearing the bacon along with him,
Although great care is taken to exclude thereby ending the pastime.
from these, manufactories all articles of The form of the oath was as follows :
iron, and to substitute copper and other You shall strear by the custom of our con- metals in the metallic parts of the mafession,
chinery, which will not strike fire, yet it is That you never made any nuptial transgression well known that explosions, attended with Since you were married to your wife ; By household brawles, or contentious strife,
disastrous consequences, are very frequent. Or otherwise, in bed or board,
Excited by an occurrence of this nature, Offended each other in deed or word ; Col. Aubert, of the French artillery, was Or since the parish-clerk said amen,
induced, in conjuction with Capt. Tardy, Wished yourselves unmarried agen; Or, in a twelvemonth and a day,
to resume some experiments which he had Repented not in thought any way,
successfully tried to ascertain whether gunBut continued true and in desire,
powder would not explode by the shock As when you joined hands in the holy quire. If to these conditions without all fear,
of copper. The result was, that powder of your own accord you will freely swear,
would inflame by the stroke of copper A gammon of bacon you shall receive, npon copper, or upon the alloys of copper. And bear it hence with love and good leave, This gave rise to further investigation, For this is our custom in Dunmow well known, Though the sport be ours the bacon's your owo.
when it was ascertained that gunpowder
could be exploded by the stroke of iron The chair in which the successful can- upon iron, iron upon copper, copper upon didates for the bacon was seated, after copper, iron upon marble, and by using obtaining the honourable testimony of their the balistic pendulum, by lead upon lead, connubial happiness, is stili preserved in and, with suitable precautions, even by Dunmow church, and forms part of the lead upon wood. The experiments were admiranda of that place. It is of great successful both with English and French antiquity, and was once probably the powder, and clearly show that in all the official chair of the prior, or that of the manipulations of a powder manufactory, lord of the manor, in which he held the all violent shocks and percussions should annual courts, and received the suit and be carefully avoided, since they may oc. service of his tenants.
casion the disengagement of sufficient heat The above whimsical custom was not to produce the inflammation of powder.
" Well, my
ask Macklin what he thought of the dif.
ferent modes of acting Romeo, adopted ANSWER OF THE DUCHESS OF MILAN TO by Barry and himself. * Sir,” said Mack
lin, “ Barry comes into the garden strutHenry VIII, after the death of Jane ting and talking aloud like a lord about Seymour, had some difficulty to get ano
his love, that it has often made me wonther wife. His first offer was to the Duch der that the Capulets did not come forth ess Dowager of Milan ; but her answer
and loss him in a blanket.” is said to have been :-" That she had dear Mack,” exclaimed Garrick, go but one head ; if she had two, one should on !” “Now," said Macklin, " how does have been at his service."
Garrick act this ? — Why, Sir, he comes
on the stage sensibly, portraying at EPITAPH ON DR., BULLEYN.
once the existing enmity of the rival famiThe following lines were engraved on
lies: the manner he adopts is thus, he the tablet to the memory of Dr. William comes in creeping on his toes, whisperBulleyn, physician to Henry VII, who ing his love, and looking about him feardied in the year 1576, and was buried in ful of discovery, for all the world apthe church of Cripplegate.
pearing like a thief in the night !"-W. surfeyte, age, and sickuesses, are enemys to health,
The late Richard Brinsley Sheridan Medicine to mend the body, excell all worldly being in the country on a visit at the
wealth; Pisicke sball Aurishe, and in daunger will give mansion of a friend, an elderly maiden
lady who was present, and for whose soTil death unknit the lively knot, no longer ciety he had no fancy, set her heart on
being his companion in a walk. He ex.
cused himself first, on account of the Dr. Füller, the author of the Church however, the lady intercepted him in an
badness of the weather. Soon afterwards, History of England, and other valuable works, had perhaps one of the most ex
attempt to escape without her : “Well," terisive memories of any man of his day. “Why, yes," he answered, “it has
said she, “it has cleared up, I see. It is said of him that he could dictate to cleared up enough for one, but not for five several amanuensis at the same time,
W. and to each on a different subject. The following anecdote will prove that his
EPIGRAM FROM QUARLES. heart was as good as his memory. The
On the Sacraments. doctor making a visit to the committee of sequestrators sitting at Waltham in Essex, The loaves of bread were five, the fishes two,
Whereof the multitude were made partaker they soon fell into a discourse and com
Who made the fishes ? God. But tell me mendation of his great memory, to which he replied :-" Tis true, gentlemen, that Gave being to the loaves of bread ? The baker.
Bven so these Sacraments, which some call fame lias given me the report of a memorist, and if you please, I will give you an Five were ordain'd by man and two by HEA. experiment of it.” They all accepted the motion, and told him they should look upon it as an obligation, praying him to
ON TOM-A-COOMBE, begin:-“Gentlemen," said he, “I will
Alias Thin-beard. give you an instance of my memory in the particular business in which you are
Brother of John-a-Coombe, the usurer, employed. Your worships have thought upon whom the immortal Shakspeare, the fit to sequester an honest, but poor, ca. supposed author of the following, wrote valier parson, my neighbour, from his the well-known satirical epitaph :living, and committed him to prison; he
Thin in beard, and thick in purse,
Never man beloved worse, has a large family, and his circumstances
He went to the grave with many a curse, are but indifferent; if you will please to
The devil and he had both one nurse. release him out of prison, and restore him to bis living, I will never forget the kindness while I live." This good-natured What changes in this world of breath, jest wrought so effectually upon the com. Mortals are doomed to see,
Thou art reduced from death to death, mittee, that they, immediately released
Death is reduced to thee. and restored the poor clergyman.
ON A DYER.
Below this turf a man doth lie,
Hind him to
Who dyed to live, and lived to dlo!
EPITAPH ON MR. DEATH.
Diary and Chronology.
COP RESPONDING CHRONOLOGY.
Feb, 20 Wed. St. Eucherius. Feb. 20 This saint who was Archbishop of Lyons, obtained Ash Wednesday.
such a great name for his plety, as to cause him Sunris 54m aft 6
to be canonized. He died A, D. 454. set 16m alt 5
1712.-Solemnized on this day the marriage of the
Czar Peter, and the celebrated Catherine, at St. Petersburg. Their union had been before secretly performed at Jawerof, in Poland. 1716.- Anniversary of the birth of the English
Roscius, David Garrick, of immortal memory. - 21 Thurs/st. Severianus, - 21.1553.--Beheaded on this day Henry Grey, the bishop, died
Ilth Duke of Suffolk. This nobleman was hus. A. D. 452.
band to Frances, the daughter of Charles Branaigh Water,
don, and father of Lady Jane Grey ; after his 15 1 m after 5 morn
death the title laid dormant till 1603, when 115 -6 after
Thomas Lord Howard, of Walden, was created
Earl of Suffolk by James I. 1803.-On this day was executed for treason in
Southwark, Colonel Despard and six others. 22 Frid. St. Baradat.
22 By Butler we are informed that this paint lived Moon's first quar
in a trellis hut exposed to the severities of the 38m aft. 2 aft.
weather, clothed in the skins of beasts. 1806.-Expired on this day James Barry, the celebrated bistorical painter. A series of epic paintings by him, depicting the origin and progress of human nature, enrich the walls of the Society
for the Encouragement of Arts. 1804.-Died in penury, Jobn Davy, the musical
composer, on this day. Mr. D. was an able performer on the organ, violin, and violon
cello, and a very talented composer. 23 Satur. St. Serenus.
231792.-Anniversary of the death of Sir Joshua High Water,
Reynolds, the eminent painter, and president of 36m aft. 7 morn
the Royal Academy. Goldsmith, the poet, his 4m8 after,
friend, says of him, that
His manners were gentle, complying, and bland. 24 SUN. First Sunday in 24 Our saint was chosen by lot into the apostolical Lent.
office, in the place of the traitor, Judas. He is LESS for the DAY
thought to have commenced his mission in Ju. 1: c Gen to v 30 m
dæa, and was afterwards crucified by the Jews. 122
1684.-Born at Halle in Germany, the celebrated St. Matthias.
musician, George Frederick Handel: the excel. lent oratorios and other compositions of this famed master are still the admiration of all
1774.-Anniversary of the birth of the Duke of 25 Mon. st. Walburg.
Cambridge, brother of bis present Majesty.
25 This saiat was the daughter of Richard, King of Sun ris 44m aft 6
the West Saxons. After being nun for twenty -sets 16-5
seven years at Wimburn, in Dorsetshire, she went to Germany, and became abbess of a nunnery at Heidenbeim, in Suabia, and there died
in 779. 1601. - Anniversary of the beheading the Earl of
Essex, chief favourite of Queen Elizabeth, for
treasonable practices, 26 Tues. St. Alexander.
26 St. Alexander, who was bishop of Alexandria, was High Water,
a firm opponent of Arius. He died A. D, 325. 39m after 10 mor
(1723.-Expired on this day the witty and facetious 11011 even
Thomas D'Urfey, the successful author of many dramatic pieces. Tom D'Urfey as he was familiarly styled, was particularly noticed by
Charles II for his pleasantry and humour. 27 Wed. St. Leander,
27 Anniversary of the death of the great natural phibishop, died A.
losopher, John Evelyn, Esq. the author of the D. :96,
celebrated work entitled "Sylva," or a discourse Ember Week.
of forest trees, 28 Tburs. St. Prote rius.
28 The saint recorded to-day was patriarch of Alex
andria, He died A. D. 537. 1776.-Anniversary of the death of Dr. Robt. James, inventor of the fever der
bis name, Dr. Goldsmith's death was caused by taking an extravagant dose of this medicine.
ACCOUNT OF THE FUNERALS his remains till after the return of the war-
riors to the village of his tribe. The same SAVAGE TRIBES OF AMERICA. practice formerly prevailed among the
Muscovites. AMONG all the savage tribes, it is cus Not only have the Indians 'different tomary for people to ruin themselves on prayers and ceremonies, according to the account of the dead. The family distributes degree of kindred, the dignity, the age, what it possesses among the guests invited and the sex of the deceased person, but to the funeral feast; and they must eat they have also seasons of public exhumaand drink up every thing in the cabin. tion, of general commemoration. At sun-rise they set up a loud howling Why are the savages of America among over the coffin of bark on which the corpse all the nations of the earth those who pay is laid; at sun-set the howling is repeated; the greatest veneration for the dead? In this lasts three days, at the expiration of national calamities the first thing they which the deceased is interred. Å hillock is think of is to save the treasures of the thrown up over his grave; if he has tomb; they recognize no legal property been a renowned warrior, a stake painted but where the remains of ancestors have red marks the place of sepulture. been interred. When the Indians have
Among several tribes the relatives of pleaded their right of possession they have the deceased inflict wounds on their arms always employed this argument, which in and legs. For a whole month the cries of their opinion was irrefragable :-“Shall grief are continued at sun-set and sun-rise, we say to the bones of our fathers-Rise and for several years the anniversary of and follow us to a strange land?". Findthe loss sustained is greeted by the same ing that this argument was disregarded, cries.
what course did they pursue ? they carried When a savage dies in winter while along with them the bones which could hunting, his body is kept on branches of not follow. trees, and the last honours are not paid to The motives of this attachment to sacred Vol. I. I
8-SATURDAY, MARCH 1.
relics may easily be discovered. Civilized RECOLLECTIONS OF NAPOLEON.
was about five feet five inches in height; The savages have none of these things ; his head was large, his eyes of a clear their names are not inscribed on the trees 'blue; his hair dark chesnut: his eyeof their forests : their huts, built in a few lashes were lighter than his eye-brows, hours, perish in a few moments; the which were, like his hair, of a deep cheswooden spade with which they till the nut, his nose was well shaped, and the soil, has but just skimmed its surface, form of his mouth pleasing and extremely without being capable of turning up a expressive; his hands were remarkably furrow; their traditional songs are vanish- white and beautiful; his feet were'small, ing with the last memory which retains, but his shoes were not calculated to show with the last voice which repeats them. them off to advantage, because he would For the tribes of the new world, there is not endure the smallest restraint. On therefore but a single monument--the the whole, he was well roade, and wellgrave. Take from the savages the bones proportioned. I have particularly reof their fathers, and you take from them marked a habit which he had of inclitheir history, their laws, and their very ning, by a sudden movement, his head gods, you rob these people in future times and the upper part of his body to the of the proof of their existence, and of right, and of applying his arm and elbow, that of their nothingness. - Chateau- to his side, as if he wished to make himriand's Travels in America.
self taller. This mechanical movement