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the study of history. History gives us the event itfelf, chronology the time when this event happened, and geography where and how the place is situated, with its fize. The history of our own country should carefully be read, then we may descend to the history of Rome, Greece, and ancient history in general, not omitting sacred history, where we find the first origin of time. Of the modern historians of our own country, It shall fuffice to mention a few of the principal ones, viz. Rapin, Henry, Hume, Kimber, and Goldsmith, all of whom have exercised their pens in an elegant and instructive manner. We might next proceed to those who, in the compilation of larger histories, have had the more laborious task of selecting from all the scattered remains of antiquity. But I shall now conclude by just reminding the reader of the utility of history, in the words which constitute my motto : “ As it is the office of an orator to persuade, it is that of an historian to record truth for the instruction of mankind."
ON FILIAL AFFECTION.
A doating parent lives
ercised by a child towards his parents. It is the most refined and natural of our sensacions. When a child of any feeling or sensibility reflects what his parents have done for him in his early years, how they bore with his frailties, cherished him in sickness, and stored his mind with useful knowledge, he must find his heart glowing with gratitude towards them.
It is certainly the constant ambition of good parents to infil virtue into the minds of their children, as well as to grant them every indulgence that may not prove prejudicial to them. Is it not therefore reasonable, that after having conferred so many favours on their offspring, they should in return expect their love and obedience ? Yes; and the person who is destitute of love towards his parents, is unworthy of being called a human being. His conscience will probably soon render him despicable in his own eyes; he is indeed to be pitied, for he has not had the pleasure of experiencing one of the finest sensations that ever rose in the human breaft.
You should honour your parents, and as much as porfible hide their weaknesses. When they grow old remember what they did for you in your youth. In return lighten their sorrows, sooth their cares, support their infirmities, and pay great deference to their authority and advice. When you have done all this, and all that is in your power to do, you will not even then have paid the debt you owe them.
Your parents, if they have it in their power, will certainly give you a liberal education. In that case it is your duty to pay great attention to your different studies. Pursue them with alacrity, that you may put them to as little expence as possible. For be assured, that nothing can give your parents greater joy than to see you a vir. tuous, wise, and useful member of society.
Should you live to become parents yourselves, you will, by acting respectfully towards your own parents, set your children an useful example. They in their turn will prove virtuous and have a veneration for you. On the contrary, if you be not virtuous, they probably will not be virtuous; if you do not respect your parents, your own offspring will not respect you. So great is the force of example on the minds of youth. But whether they imitate your obedience or not, a virtuous character cannot be miserable. Having done your duty by the exercise of filial affection, you will be secure of your reward, though the best of parents must forely feel the ingratitude or disobedience of their children.
I shall conclude in the expressive language of an ancient fage :
“ The piety of a.child is sweeter than the incense of Perfia offered to the fun ; yea, more delicious than odours wafted from a field of Arabian spices by the western gales.
“ Be grateful then to thy father, for he gave thee life ; and to thy mother for the sustained thee.
“ Hear the words of his mouth, for they are spoken for thy good; give ear to his admonition for it proceedeth from love,
“ He hath watched for thy welfare, he hath toiled for thy ease; do honour therefore to his age, and let not his grey
hairs be treated with irreverence. Forget not thy hielpless infancy, nor the frowardness of thy youth, and indulge the infirmities of thy aged parents, aslist and support them in the decline of life.
“ So shall their hoary heads go down to the grave in peace, and thine own children in reverence of thine example, lhali repay thy piety with filial love." June 12,
A. W. 1798.
LATE MARY WOOLLSTONCRAFT GODWIN,
Author of “ A Vindication of the Rights of Women."
FROM HER VARIOUS PUBLICATIONS, For the Entertainment and Instruction of the rifing Generation,
(Continued from page 43.)
(From MARY, a Fiction:)
HAPPINESS. "HERE are some subjects that are so enveloped in
clouds, as you dissipate one, another overspreads it. Of this kind are our reasonings concerning happiness, till we are obliged to cry out with the apostle, Thai it hath not entered into the heart of man to conceive in what it could confift, cr how satiety could be prevented. Man seems formed for action, though the passions are feldom properly managed ; they are either fo languid as not to serve as a spur, or else so violent, as to overleap all bounds.
Every individual has its own peculiar trials; and anguish, in one shape or other, visits every heart. Senfibility produces flights of virtue ; and not curbed by reafon, is on the brink of vice talking, and even thinking of virtue.
Christianity can only afford just principles to govern the wayward feelings and impulses of the heart: every good disposition runs wild, if not transplanted into this foil; but how hard is it to keep the heart diligently, though convinced that the issues of life depend on it.
It is very difficult to discipline the mind of a thinker, or reconcile him to the weakness, the inconsistency of bis understanding; and a ftill more laborious task for him to conquer his passions, and learn to seek content, instead of happiness. Good difpofitions, and virtuous propenfities, without the light of the Gospel, produce eccentric characters : come
met-like, they are always in extremes; while revelation resembles the laws of attraction, and produces uniformity ; but too often is the attraction feeble ; and the light lo obscured by passion, as to force the bewildered foul to fly into void space, and wander into confufion.
THE DEATH OF HENRY.
Mary found Henry very ill. The physician had some weeks before declared he never knew a person with a fimilar pulse recover. Henry was certain he could not live long, all the rest he could obtain, was procured by opiates. Mary now enjoyed the melancholy pleasure of nurhng him, and softened by her tenderness the pains she could not remove. Every figh did she stifle, every tear restrain, when he could fee or hear them. She would boast of her refignation—yet catch eagerly at the least ray of hope. While he slept she would support his pillow, and rest her head where ihe could feel his breath. She loved him better than herself—she could not pray for his recovery ; she could only say, The will of hraven be done.
While she was in this state, the laboured to acquire fortitude; but one tender lock destroyed it all--ihe rather laboured, indeed, to make him believe the was re. figned, than really to be fo.
She withed to receive the sacrament with him, as a bond of union which was to extend beyond the grave, She did so, and received comfort from it; she rose above her misery.
His end was now approaching, Mary sat on th fide of the bed. His eyes appeared fixed-rno lon