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more vain attempt of bringing mankind to an uniformity of sentiment concerning the doctrines of religion. Happy would it have been for Europe if this just and striking analogy had occured to the monarch during the plenitude of his power! And happy might it now prove, if allowed to operate, against the spirit of bigotry and persecution, which still actuates many individuals, and even large communities.

LORD BOLINGBROKE. VOLTAIRE tells us, that several gentlemen in the company of Lord Bolingbroke, were speaking of the Duke of Marlborough's avarice, and they appealed to his Lordship for the truth of the instances which they produced :-" He was so great a man,” replied Lord Bolingbroke, “ that I have forgotten his vices.” A truly generous answer for a political enemy to make ! The Duke and Lord Bolingbroke were of opposite parties.

ADDISON.

ADDISON applies the following story to those critics who are more attentive to the faults, than to the beau. ties of Paradise Loft.-- A famous critic having gathered together all the faults of an eminent poet, made a prefent of them to Apollo, who received them very graciously, and resolved to make the author a suitable re. turn for the trouble he had been at in-collecting them: In order to this, he set before him a sack of wheat, as it had been just threshed out of the theaf. He then bid him pick out the chaff from among the corn, and lay it aside by itself. The critic applied himself to the talk with great industry and pleasure, and after having made the due separation, was presented by Apollo with the shaff for his pains.

SUETONIUS Relates that a young officer, to whom Vespasian bad given a commission, perfumed himself when he went to upon him,

court.

court to thank the Emperor for the 'honour conferred

I should have been lefs offended if you had smelled of garlic," said Vespasian ; who was so difgusted with his foppery, that he immediately dismissed him from his employment.

CHARACTER

OF THE LATE

DR. ADAM SMITH,
THE CELEBRATED AUTHOR OF “THE WEALTH

OF NATIONS.
BY DUGALD STEWART, F. R. S. E.
F the intellectual gifts and attainments by which

ginality and comprehensiveness of his views ; the extent, the variety, and the correctness of his information ; the inexhaustible fertility of his invention ; and the ornaments which his rich and beautiful imagination had borrowed from classical culture; he has left behind him lasting monuments. To his private worth, the most certain of all testimonies, may be found in that confidence, respect, and attachment which followed him through all the various relations of life. The ferenity i and gaiety he enjoyed under the pressure of his growing infirmities, and the warm intereit he felt to the last in every thing connected with the welfare of his friends, will be long remembered by a small circle with whom, as long as his strength permitted, he regularly spent an evening in the week, and to whom the recollection of his worth still forms a pleasing though melancholy bond of union.

The more delicate and characteristical features of his-mind it is perhaps impoflible to trace. That there were many peculiarities, both in his manners and in his intellectual habits, was manifest to the most fuperficial

obseryer.

observer. But although to those who knew him, these peculiarities detracted nothing from the respect, which his abilities commanded, and although to his intimate friends they added an inexpressible charm to his conversation, while they displayed in the most interesting light the artless fimplicity of his heart; yet it would require a very skilful pencil to present them to the public eye. He was certainly not fitted for the general commerce of the world, or for the business of active life. The comprehensive speculations with which he had been occupied from his youth, and the variety of materials which his own invention continually supplied to his thoughts, rendered him habitually inattentive to familiar objects, and to common occurrences, and he frequently exhi- 9 bited instances of absence which have scarcely been surpafsed by the fancies of La Bruyer. Even in company he was apt to be engrossed with his studies, and appeared at times by the motion of his lips, as well as by his looks and gestures, to be in the fervour of composition. I have often, however, been struck at the difu tance of years with his accurate memory of the most trifling particulars; and am inclined to believe from this, and fome other circumstances, that he possessed a power not perhaps uncommon among absent men, of recol. lecting in consequence of subsequent efforts of reflection, many occurrences, which at the time when they hap pened, did not seem to have fenfibly attracted his notice. To the defect now mentioned, it was probably ow

part, that he did not fall in easily with the common dialogue of conversation, and that he was somewhat apt to convey his own ideas in the form of a lec

When he did so, however, it never proceeded from a wish to engross the discourse, or to gratify his vanity. His own inclination disposed him so strongly to enjoy in silence the gaiety of those around him, that his. friends were often lod to concert little schemes in order to bring on the subject most likely to interest bim. Nor do I think I'Mall be accused of going too far, avhen

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I say that he was scarcely ever known to start a new topic himself, or to appear unprepared upon those topics that were introduced by others. Indeed his conversa. tion was never more amusing than when he gave a loose to his genius upon the very few branches of knowledge of which he only possessed the outlines.

The opinions he formed of men, upon a flight ac. quaintance, were frequently erroneous; but the ten. dency of his nature inclined him much more to blind partiality than to ill-founded prejudice. The enlarged views of human affairs on which his mind habitually dwelt, left him neither time nor inclination to study in detail the uninteresting peculiarities of ordinary characters; and accordingly though intimately acquainted with the capacities of the intellect and the workings of the heart, and accustomed in the theories to mark with the most delicate hand the nicest shades both of genius and of the passions ; yet in judging of individuals, it sometimes happened that his estimates were in a surprising degree wide of the truth.

The opinions too, which in the thoughtlessness and confidence of his focial hours, he was accustomed to hazard on books and on questions of speculation, were not uniformly such as might have been expected from the superiority of his understanding, and the fingular consistency of his philosophical principles. They were liable to be influenced by accidental circumstances, and by the humour of the moment; and when retailed by those who only saw him occasionally, suggested false and contradi&tory ideas of his real sentiments. On these, however, as on most other occasions, there was always much truth, as well as ingenuity, in his remarks; and if the different opinions, which at different times he pronounced upon the same subject, have been all comibined together, so as to modify and limit each other, they would probably have afforded materials for a decifion equally comprehensive and just. But in the society of his friends, he had no disposition to form those qua; lified conclusions that we admire in his writings, and he generally contented himself with a bold and masterly sketch of the object from the first point of view in which his temper or his fancy presented it. Something of the fame kind might be remarked, when he attempted, in the flow of his spirits, to delineate those characters which from long intimacy he might have been supposed to understand thoroughly. The picture was always lively and expressive, and commonly a strong and amusing resemblance to the original, when viewed under one particular aspect ; but seldom, perhaps, conveyed a just and complete conception of it in all its dimensions and proportions. In a word, it was the fault of his unpreme ditated judgments to be too systematical, and too much in extremes.

But in whatever way these trifling peculiarities in his manners may be explained, there can be no doubt that they were intimately connected with the genuine artlessness of his mind. In this amiable quality he often recalled to his friends the accounts that are given of good La Fontaine, a quality which in him derived a peculiar grace, from the fingularity of its combination with those powers of reason and of eloquence, which in his political and moral writings have long engaged the admiration of all Europe.

A JOURNEY TO THE MOON.

(Concluded from page 29.) E had spent so much time at the gaming-table

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about for a considerable time, admiring the elegance and extent of the capital, “ This day,” said the genius, “ is the day appointed for the performance of public worship by the Ibolans; we will enter the church which is now before us.' This we did; the prayers were ended; and the minister was beginning his dif

course.

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