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were his courage and perseverance in harassing and overcoming an enemy!

In the year 1758, the Earl was selected by the im. mortal Lord Chatham (then Mr. Pitt), to undertake a second expedition against the French coast. He suftained the title of Commodore, and left Portsinouth with one line of battle thip, the Eflex; three fifties; seven frigates ; six floops, with fire ships, bombs, tenders, cutters, and transports. The troops were commanded by the Duke of Marlborough. They directed their course to St. Maloes, a fea-port, which has a large frequented harbour, difficult of access by means of the rocks which surround it. Upon their arrival they found the town well provided against an attack, and therefore only set fire to about an hundred fail of thips, and to se. veral magazines of naval stores. They then steered away for Cherbourg, a sea-port in Normandy. Though they did not in the first instance hazard debarkation, yet they foon returned and effected their purpose. The fortifications at this place had been raised under the skilful Vauban, and enormous sums expended in their erection. These, however, were destroyed. Having returned to Britain, and deposited his trophies, he again failed for St. Maloes, where his troops were landed in the vicinity of the town. This attempt was not attended with success. Owing to the state of the army, and to the impetuosity of the enemy, a re-embarkation was effected with great carnage. Earl Howe, however, much to his praise, eminently contributed to aslist the distressed troops. The bay was scoured by the batteries of the French. Yet he ventured in a boat, and by rendering himself conspicuous to the fleet at this awful crisis, iinpelled numbers to proceed instantly to their assistance. This redounds to the honour of his Lordship’s humanity. Amid the fortunes of war such opportunities of displaying a spirit of kindness do not unfrequently offer themfelves. Thrice happy the man who on such occasions becomes distinguished. He alleviates the horrors of war. He diminishes the extent of its evils. He, on his part, does every thing to relieve the distresses of suffering humanity.

At the time when this event happened, this act of humane heroism made an impression on several individuals. And to Earl Howe on this account the subse. quent lines were appositely applied :

So when the Grecians to their navy fled,
High o'er the trench Achilles rear'd his head,
Greece for one glance of that tremendous eye
Strait took new courage and disdain’d to fly;
Troy saw aghait the livid lightnings play,
And turn’d their eye-balls from the flashing ray.

POPE'S HOMER. During this expedition the Earl loft his elder brother, in America, by whose decease he succeeded to the family title and its appropriate honours. Previously however to this circumstance, his late majesty had ordered," his Lordship to be minuted for a Gentleman of the Bedchamber, alledging, that he loved to see brave men about his person. But this defignation not taking place in consequence of his peerage, he was appointed Colonel of Marines,

In 1759, a famous action was fought between the late Sir Edward Hawke, and M. Con Hans. The Magnanime was one of the first ships which faced the enemy. Their fire Earl Howe for some time sustained alone, Losing her fore-yard, and being in other respects crippled, his ship was driven by the wind through the enemy's fleet to leeward. Here observing the Heros of 74 guns, commanded by Viscount de Sansay, failing away, he pursued her, and after a bloody conteft the furrendered. The fails and rigging of the Magnanime were almost torn in pieces, and near one hundred of the crew killed and wounded.

We must here record an amiable trait in the charac, , ter of our hero, which deserves universal imitation from persons in similar fituations. After an action, it is said,


that he constantly went below and talked to every wounded man. He sat beside their cradles and saw that they were supplied with his own fresh stock and wines, according to the direction of the surgeon.

On the 29th of September 1760, Earl Howe undertook an expedition against a small fort on the island of Dumet, and reduced it. He was now appointed one of the Lords of the Bedchamber to the Duke of York. In 1763, he was constituted a Lord of the Admiralty, and in 1765, made Treasurer of the Navy. He was afterwards promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral of the Blue, and in 1776, became Rear Admiral of the White. His merit was now rendered more and more conspicuous. It is not therefore to be wondered that he should be distinguished by an accumulation of honour. When Sir Edward Hawke politely introduced him into the presence of the late king, his Majesty addressed the Earl in these memorable words :--- My Lord, your 6 life has been a series of continued successes to your country!"

In the year 1776, upon the commencement of the unhappy war between Britain and her Colonies, to him was asligned the American station. Though left to encounter a French fleet alarmingly fuperior, he, by an almost miraculous discernment, preserved his ihips from the impending dânger. The prefervation of his flag in 17-8, off Sandy Hook, has been a theme of applause with those who are profoundly versed in naval tactics. By the arrangement of his feet, the French Admiral d'Estaing was greatly discomfitted. Earl Howe prevented him from making any impression on his line. This must have commanded even the enemy's admiration.

Previous to this, he was determined on his resignation, occasioned by neglect and ill treatment. But he deferred it, being averse to relinquish a command when a supe.. rior enemy was expectea.

On his return to England, he demanded in the House of Commons that a scrutiny into his conduct might be



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instituted. To which demand the only reply made was, “ No person accuses you, my Lord.” His consciousness however of ill treatment was so deeply rooted, that he resolved never to serve again while the same First Lord of the Admiralty (Lord Sandwich) presided at the Board. Till the ministry therefore were changed in 1782, he remained out of employment. Then he was again appointed to the command of a squadron with which he gallantly relieved the fortress of Gibraltar, at that time affailed by the united powers of France and Spain. His fleet was inferior in point of number to that of the ene. my. But this deficiency was more than supplied by his superior talents. For his conduct in this arduous undertaking he received the thanks of both Houses of Para ļiament, and continued to command, with his accuse tomed energy, the Channel feet, until the arrival of the 'peace.

In the year 1788, he was constituted First Lord of the Admiralty, a situation for which his extensive experience had well qualified him. It affords an exquisite satisfaction to behold elevated stations thus ably filled. To tried abilities we look up with a steadier eye, and the injunctions of acknowledged discernment are obeyed with an additional alacrity. However, Earl Howe did not long retain this post, for which he appears to have been in every respect capacitated. For reasons, best known to himself, he soon resigned it. Soon after he became an Earl of Great Britain, How worthy he was of this advancement is evident from the preceding narratiye, A life spent in the service of one's country, is deserving of the honours which the has in reserve for the. meritorious subject. This just distribution of dignity merits the warmest praise. It incites in others a spirit of emulation, and to the hardy vetesan proves a satisfactory reward.

We must now draw towards the conclusion of this great man's life, by recording the memorable First of June 1794, when he obtained a most illustrious vičtory. over the enemies of Britain. The name of Howe, on this occasion, will be indelibly impressed on the hearts of his countrymen. To him are we indebted for repressing the insolence of an audacious foe. By him were atchieved on that day triumphs which are the boast and pride of Britons.

A victory so fresh in all our memories, need not be minutely detailed. It may be proper, however, to communicate to our Readers the official account which was published by Goverộment. The pen of this illustrious Commander well describes what his valour had effected. The language in which his narration is couched, is easy and impressive. The manner also in which he relates his atchievement thews how nearly modesty 'and merit are allied. It reminds us of the Commentaries of Cæsar, a work which has been juftly extolled for its perspicuity and elegance.

Admiralty-Office, June 10. Sir Roger Curtis, First Captain to the Admiral Earl Howe, arrived this evening with a dispatch from his Lordship to Mr. Stephens, of which the following is a copy :

" Queen Charlotte'at Sea, June 2, 1794,

Ujant E. Half N. 140 Leagues. “ Thinking it may not be necessary to make a more particular report of my proceedings with the fleet, for the present information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, I confine my communications chiefly, in this dispatch, to the occurrences when in presence of the enemy yesterday.

“ Finding, on my return off Brest on the 19th past, that the French fleet had, a few days before, put to sea; and receiving, on the same evening, advices from Řear-Admiral Montagu, I deemed it requisite to endeavour to form a junction with the Rear Admiral as soon as possible, and proceeded immediately for the station on which he meant to wait the return of the Venus.

" But, having gained very credible intelligence, on the 2 ost of the same month, whereby I had reason to


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