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NEW PARLIAMENT. PARLIA M E N TARY DEB AI E S. Fring the Sixteenth Parliament of Great Britain, and the Sixth of the Present King.

FIRST SESSION. HOUSE of LORD S. Sir Thomas Egerton-now Baron Grey Tuesday, May 18.

de Wilton in the county of Hereford-in

troduced between the Marquis of CarHE

IS Majesty went is ftate to the House marthen and Lord Bagot. about half past the o'clock, and be

Sir Charles Cocks, now Lord Somners, ing feated on the throne with the usual fo- Baron of Evesham in the county of Worlemnities, the Gentleman Uther of the

cefter-introduced between Lord CamelBlack Rod was sent with a meffage to the ford and Lord Say and Sele. Commons, commanding their attendance. John Parker, Elq; now Lord BoringThe Commons being come, the Lord don, of Boringdon, in the countv of DeChancellor by his Majesty's direction, von—introduced between Lord Grantham

and Lord Sydney. « My Lords and Gentlemen,

As soon as the above ceremony was His Majesty has been pleased to com over, the House adjourned till this day, mand me to acquaint you, that he will defer declaring the causes of calling this Parliament till there shall be a Speaker of HOUSE of COMMONS. the House of Commons. And therefore it is his Majesty's pleasure that you, gentle

Tuesday, May 18. men of the House of Commons, do immedi The Duke of Chandos, Lord Stewart ately repair to the place where the Com- of the Household, came to the House of mons vfually fit, and there chuse a fit per: Commons at half past one o'clock, and fon to be your Speaker; and that you pre- according to the usual custom proceeded to fent such perfox, who shall be fo chofen, to

adıninifter the oaths to several members his Majesty' here, for his Royal approba- then present, his Grace then appointed tion, to-morrow, at two o'clock."

leveral gentlemen, who are clerks of that Then his Majesty was pleased to retire, Honourable House, as deputies to act for and the Commons withdrew.

him in future. Av soon as the Peers were uprobed, the A little after three o'clock, the Usher 27. Chancellor went to-the table, delic of the Black Rod suinmoned the Com

in his writ of summons and took mons to attend his Majesty in the House the usual oaths, after which the Lords of Peers : several Members, with Mr. present also took the oaths.

Hatfel, the principal clerk of the House The Deputy Clerk of the Crown also at their head, obeyed the summons. As delivered in at the table a certificate of the foon as they had returned, and Mr. Hat. return of the sixteen peers for Scotland.

fel had feated himself in his chair at the The following Right Honourable Per table, fons took their seats in the House of The Marquis of Graham rose, and adPeers.

dressing himself to the clerk, observed, George Lord Abergavenny Viscount that the House was then, in obedience to Nevill, now Earl of Abergavenny-intro- his Majefiy's commands, about to elect a duced between the Duke of Buccleugh Speaker. To the old Members he had and Lord Delawar.

no occasion, he said, to urge the imporRight Honourable Thomas Viscount :tance of that great officer of the House; Bulkeley, of the kingdom of Ireland they must have learnt that experience : now Lord Bulkeley Baron Beaumaris of to the new members only did he therefore the county of Anglesey-introduced be think it his duty to recommend this con{ween Lord Camelford and Lord Talbot. fideration, that it was in the House of

Ss 2

Commons

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Commons the voice of the people was con- the House would not expect him to preSticutionally to be heard, (and from the nounce the panegyric of the right honourlate elections he had reason to say that the able gentleman, whose merits and qualipeople had taken uncommon pains in the fications for the office of Speaker were al. choice of their representatives) and there- ready so well known. Herlierefore would fore they must be aware of the great im- content himfelf with saying, that he felt portance of the office which was to be filled particular pleasure in feconding the mo. by a person who was to be the voice of a tion of the noble Lord, which he hoped Houle, that ought to be the voice of the peo- would be carried without a dissentient ple: they would therefore agree with him voice. that no one was fit for that situation, who did Mr. Cornwall returned his thanks to not possess great knowledge of the confti- the noble Lord who made the motion, rution; and who was not very well versed and to the honourable General who fcin the history, and forms of Parliament. conded it: their partiality to him was To the knowledge of these ellential re- highly flattering; and he assured them to quisites ought to be added sufficient the end of his life he would remember it strength of body to enable the person to with the most lively gratitude. His abidischarge the duties of a very laborious lities, such as they were, but which had and fatiguing office. The gentleman been greatly over-raced, were at the ferwhom he intended to propose for the vice of the House. But though he was choice of the Huse, poflefled in a very willing to undergo the fatigue of the hoeminent degree those qualifications which nourable office to which the two respectwere necessary for a Speaker of the House able Members wished to call him, still it of Commons; the constitution which he would be very improper in him to take had once already carried into that office upon him an employment for which he was still unbroken; and having already knew so many other Members to be inserved the public with honour to himself, finitely better qualified; and therefore (in satisfaction to the House, and advantage the true spirit of Nolo Episcopani) he into the nation, he still posessed his strength treated the House to think of some more unimpaired, and was able to go through proper person for their Speaker. the fatigue of the office. The Houte, he Mr. Fox (who took his seat for Kirka observed, must see from this description wall, pending the Scrutiny) rofe next : that the late Speaker was the person he said he did not mean to oppose a mowhom he intended to make the subject of tion, which he trusted would meet the the motion, which he was about to submit general approbation of the Houfe; and to their confideration. On the merits of itill lefs to comply with the request of the that gentleman he could dwell with plea- right honourable Gentleman, who though Jure for a long time; but as they food fo well qualified for the chair, wanted to not in need of his panegyric, so it would excuse himself from filling it. On the be unneceifary to take up any more of the contrary, he rose to hail the happy omen, time of the Houte, in recommending to with which the new Parliament had just their choice a person, whom every one opened : for surely it was a happy omen knew to be highly qualified for the Station that the Speaker of the last Parliament, which was then to be filled : he conclud- which posterity would pronounce the most ed therefore with a motion. That the glorious that had ever met in this coun. Right Hon. Charles Wolfran Cornwall try, was, by the friends of the present adbe called to the chair of this House. ministration, called to the cliair in the Sir George Horvard seconded the mo new Parliament.

The motion did hoțion. He obferved that the name of the nour to the quarter of the House from right honourable Member carried with it which it came ; and it would do honour a panegyric: the happy evenness of Mr. to any quarter of it. He too, could dwell Cornwall's temper would prevent him with pleasure on the merits of the right from being discomposed by the irregular honourable Gentleman; but the House and disorderly rallies of Members in the was already fufficiently impressed with a heat of debate, and his firmness would fenfe of them; and therefore he would prevent him from being disconcerted by spare both their time and the modefty of the violence into which impetuosity of the right honourable Gentleman. But temper might hurry any of the Members, there was a circumstance, which he felt while his impartiality would make him to it to be his duty not to pass over unnohoid the balance even between both sides ticed, as it ought to be brought under the of the Houdc. He was of opinion that consideration of the House, with all con

venient

venient speed, after the election of a returning officer of Rye (the place for Speaker. The House he obferved in which Mr. Cornwall fits;) had acted in as its present state, was incomplete; for the unbecoming a manner as the high bailiff of very city in which he was then speaking, Westmintier, the Houte could not at this had no representative in it; the high bai- moment have it in their power to call to liff having without even a shadow of pre- the chair that gentleman iho on all sides tence to justify his conduct, refused to was with one voice acknowledged to be return the members who had been duly best qualified to fill it.-This he said was elecid. By the audacity of his beharj. not the moment for discussing this point; our he had struck at the moft ellential but he gave notice that he would take the and fundamental privileges of the Houte, earliest opportunity to bring it under their which he had treated in the most con- consideration; and as it was a business temptuous manner; for he would not he- which would involve the dearest privifrate to fay that the most audacious re- leges, nay the very exittence of Parliaturning officer that had ever been punish- ment, he would certainly move, unless ed by a House of Commons, had never fome other member should do it, that the made to daring an attack upon their pri- conduct of the High Bailiff of Westminster vileges, as that which had been made yef- ihould be taken into consideration before terday by the high baliff of Westminster; the House should proceed to vote an ad. indeed the bare reading of the ipecial re- dress in antiver to the speech, that his turn that he had made, would prove at Majesty would make from the throne toonce what little ground there was for his morrow. refusing to return the Members ; and how The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, cheap he held the privileges of that that he concurred most cordially in the Houfe. The conduct of the high baliff praise which had been so very jufily given was so very audacious, that he was con to the right honourable Gentleman, who vinced he acted under the influence of was the lubject of the motion then before some, who ought not to have any thing the House : and from the general concurto do with the elections of members to rence with which he perceived it would ferve in Parliament,--Here

be carried, he drew this happy omen, Mr. Whitebread thought proper to call that in this Parliament there would be ro Mr. Fox to order. “ Can it be order, much candour, that gentlemen would defaid he, to speak thus, when there is no bate every motion on its own merits, withSpeaker in the chair ” This question out considering by whom it was made, or raised a loud laugh. But Mr. White- from what quarter of the House it came ; bread, not difconcerted by it, faid he and that they would not withhold confihoped the right honourable member would dence from ministers without alligning any not have the assurance to proceed. Here reason for so doing. He was willing to Mr. Whitebread was called to order by admit, that if the House was incompleat, several members.

through the misconduct of any returning Mr. Fox, with a great deal of coolness, Officer, such a circumstance was fo intia said that until he should be told he was mately connected with the very existence out of order, by an authority for which of the House, that it ought to take the he entertained more refpeét than he felt lead of every other bufmets, and be made for the honourable Member, he would a subject of enquiry, without a moinent's certainly proceed.--He observed that the delay: but ftill he submitted to the right reprefentation not being complete in the honourable Gentleman, whether any proHouse, might be urged even as a reason ceeding at this moment was not preinafor pot proceeding to the election of a ture: the right honourable Gentleman Speaker: for though by law, there ought had said that the bare reading of the spe's to be 558 members, our of whom a Speak- cial return made by the High Bailiff of er might be chosen, that number had not Westminster would convince any man been returned to the House, as Welt. that there was not a shadow of ground co minster was at this moment without re- justify the conduct of the High Bailiff, in presentatives. He would not then itate to refusing to return the two candidates who gentlemen the dangers that might befai ftood highest on the poll; but gentlemen the constitution, if returning officers were would recollect, that until the House permitted with impunity to suspend re- should have elected a Speaker, the retarn turns without even a fhadow of ground could not be read; and therefore they for such contempt of their duty: he would must wait fome time for that conviction, barely luggest to the House, that if the which, it was said, would attend the bare

reading

reading of the return. On the other hand, The above ceremony being over, his he begged gentlemen would suspend their Majesty was pleased to make the follow, judgment on the Tubject, until they thould ing molt gracious speech : have heard the return read, and not suffer My Lords and Gentlemen, themselves to be hurried away inconade I have the greateft fatisfaction ist rarely to adopt the opinions and assertions meeting you in Parliament at this time, of the right honourable Gentleman, as after recurring, in so important a moment, convincing arguments on this point. to the sense of my people. I have a juft

Mr. Piet having far down, Lord Gran and confident reliance, that you are ani. tham and Sir George Howard went over mated with the same sentiments of loyalty, to Mr. Cornwall, who was sitting by the and the same attachment to our excellent side of Mr. Fox; and each taking him by conftitution, which I have had the happian arm, led him to the chair. -Mr. Corn- nefs to see so fully manifested in every part wall, ttanding on on the steps of the chair, of the kingdom. The happy effe&ts of fuck thanked the House for the high honour a disposition will, I doubt noi, appear in they had conferred upon himn. But the temper and wisdom of your deliberathough they had refused to comply with tions, and in the dispatch of the important the requeft he had made to them, to elect obje&is of public businefs which demard fome other person more qualified than he your attention. It will afford me peculiar was to fill their chair, fill he could not pleasure to find that the exercise of the powe acquiesce in their determination to fix him er, entrufied to me by the conftitution, has in the chair; and therefore he would put been productive of consequences fo benefiup his prayer to his Majesty, to relieve cial to my subjects, whose interest and wela him from the burden, so far above his fare are always neares my heart. strength, which the House had resolved to “ Genilemen of the House of Commons. impote upon him. The House endea I have ordered the eftimates for the voured to be grave, while the Speaker current year to be laid before you ; and I elect was thus, in the language of Parlia- truft to your real and af eâion to make fuck 'ment, diabling himself.

provisions for their farther supply, and for Lord Compron then moved to adjourn; the application of the fums granted in the and the Houle rose at four o'clock. laf Parliament, as may appear to be neces.

sary. HOUSE of LORDS. “ I sincerely lament every addition to Wednesday, May 17.

the burthers of my people; but they will,

I am perfuaded, feel the neceflity, after a His Majesty went again in state to the long and expensive war, of effe&ually pro, House of Peers, and being feated on the viding for the maintenance of our national Throne, the Gentleman Uher of the Black faith and our public credit, so effential to Rod went to the House of Commons, and the power and prosperity of the State. returned with the new elected Speaker and My Lords and Genılemen, Several Members, who being at the bar, The alarming progress of frauds in

The Speaker addressed his Majesty as the revenue, accompanied in so many infollows:

Stances with violence, will nai fail on eve 6" Moj Gracious Sovereign, ry account to excite your attention. I « In obedience 10 your Majesty's com- must, at the same time, recommerd to your mands, the Commons of Great Britain have most serious confideration, to frame fome proceeded to the election of one of their commercial regulations as may appear imMembers to be their Speaker, and the choice mediately necessary in the preferit moment. kas fallen upon me, whom they now prefent The affairs of the East India Company to you for your Royal approbation" form an object of deliberation deeply come

The Lord Chancellor then acquainted nected with the general interests of the the Speaker, “ That his Majesty was per- country. While you feel a juft anxiety ko fe&ly satisfied with the choice the Commons provide for the good government of our pol; had made, and doth confirm you to be their felions in that part of the world, you will, Speaker."

I fruft, never lose light of the effect which The Speaker then requested“ a grant any measure to be adopted for that purpose of all their ancient rights and privileges.may have on our own confiitution, and okr, The Chancellor then said, “ That in pur- deureft interests at home. You will find Juance of their request, his Majesty was me always de hrous to concur with you in "aljo pleased to grant and allow them all fuch measures as may be of lasting benefit their ancient rights and privileges.to my people : I have no with but lo conful

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their prosperity, by a constant attention to the addrefs which alluded to checking the every obje&t of national concern, by a uni- frauds in the revenue, and the promise of form adherence to the true principies of our immediatly framing some regulations to free conftitution, and by supporting and prevent the entire ruin of the Eaft India mo taining, in their jusl balance, the Company; the prosperity of which was rights and privileges of every branch of so intimately connected with that of the the legiflature.

kingdom at large, but he could by no Soon after his Majesty retired, the Lord means applaud that amazing ftretch of the Chancellor forst, and then the Clerk of the royal prerogative which had lately becn House, read the speech; upon which the advised and adopted; he could with this

Earl of Macclesfield rose to move an part had been omitted; however, as he address of thanks. He said he was inde- had no desire to disturb the unanimity of pendent of any set of men; and although the House, he should not propote any ahe had a good opinion of the present Mi- mendment, but, being on his legs, he nisters, he was by no means a blind par- begged to be understood that he entered his rizan. It was a principle which in this protest against it. infance induced him to stand forward, The question for the address was then and he would state his reasons in a very put and carried, and the Lords with the few words. A difference had taken place white staves ordered to attend his Majesty, in the late Houfe of Commons, by which to know when he would be waited upon the necessary business of the kingdom was therewith. totally interrupted; the parties were so nearly equal, that it was difficult to de

HOUSE of COMMONS. termine between them the contest continued, till at length the nation took the

Wednesday, May 19. alarm, and addresles poured in from every As soon as the House returned from the quarter to the Throne, praying redress, House of Peers, and Mr. Cornwall had condemning the proceedings of numbers feated himself in his chair, he rose and of their representatives, denying their addresling himself to the Houfe, in a very speaking the sentiments of their consti- able and animated speech, returned them tuents, and almoft demanding a diffolu- thanks for the very distinguished mark of tion of Parliament; to this his Majesty regard they had that day shewn him, by was moft graciously pleased to acquiesce, appointing him a second time to fill the and in the fulness of his affection had ap- great and important station of the Speaker pealed to the voice of his people. His of that House. The duties of that office Lordfhip then entered pretty largely into were great indeed, and required much the merits of the speech, and declared greater abilities than he could pretend to the royal attention was so confpicuous in poffefs, to discharge them. He however every part of it, that he trufted their Lord- hoped that to the utmost of his power he ships would feel it as a duty incumbent on tould employ every thing on his part that them to pass an address of thanks unani- should in the smallest degree tend to a mously. After dwelling fome time on faithful discharge of them. Words, he the different parts of the speech, parti- said, could not exprefs the grateful lense cularly the entering immediately on the he had of their good opinion; he should dispatch of public business, the prevent therefore use every exertion by a steady, ing frauds in the revenue, the necessity of uniform, and unremitted attention to his immediate regulations in the East-India duty, to merit a continuance of those faCompany, and the promise of supporting vourable ideas which they had then enterthe just balance of every branch of the tained of him. He trusted that a steady constitution ; his Lordlip moved an ad- perseverance in that line of conduct, and drets.

a strict adherence to those principles which Lord Falmouth, in a short speech, ex- first introduced him to the chair, would preslive of his approbation of administra- mark the whole of his conduct, while he tion, seconded the motion,

should have the honour to preside in their Earl Fitzwilliam got up and agreed deliberations. He hoped Gentlemen with the noble Lords, that there was an would make it convenient to give each day absolute neceflity to proceed on the busi- during the fitting of Parliament an early ness of the nation with the utmost dire attendance, which was the best mean; to patch, for it had beca moft ftrangely de- accelerate the dispatch of bufiness, and enayed; he likewise approved that part of able them to bring the session to a speedy

de.

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