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impetuous manners, and when at English it is true, with great concern ; but surely his harbour at Antigua, got into two or three own safety ought to have been his first confi.' disagreeable contentions.

deration. Capt. Clarke ttood high in the corps to Captain Hay, who feconded Captain Moffyn, which he belonged, and when in Africa took had embarked all his baggage for Scotland, an a&tive part in baving Capt. M'Kerzie and was just foring off for that place, when brought to Englund, on a charge for the mur. he received the fummons to attend his uptor, der committed on a lerjeant in his company,

tunate friend He was expected to have been the principale. On Monday evening February 16, the Coro. vidence againīt him, had not the above caca. ner's inquitt lat on the body of Capt. Montyn ftrophe taken place.---Captain Clarke and of the navy, who was killed in a duel on Frio the seconds are gone to the Continent.

day laft, in a field at linle Chelfra, at the After the issue of the late unfortunate duel Albemarle-Arms, io Albemarle- ftreet, when' between Captain Mortyn and Captain Clarke, after an enquiry which latted from fix in the the latter gentleman was so imprudent as to evening to four in the morning, the jury vist the New-Exchange, and the Hungerford brought in their verdia Manllaughter, againit Coffee-houses, and relate to his friends at each Jono Montague Clarke, Esq. place the fatal transaction ; he mentioned it,

Royal Society. OVE

N Thursday, February 12th, 1784, and one of the Commiffioners of Accompts,)

the question concerning the othce of se who vindicated the conduct of the Prelideot cretary, which has of late occafioned much and Council. Lord Mulgrave, Mr. Frere, party heat and debate at the Royal Society, and some other gentlemen, spoke on the same was finally concluded. In contequence of the fide of the question. They were replied to by late regulation or the Council (made with a Baron Maleres, Dr. Holley, Mr. Watson, view to prevent the ordinary and philosophical and others; and about eleven o'clock, after á business of the meeting, from being disturbed debate of three hours, the question was put to by debates) that in fuiure every motion thall the ballot, when the numbers were for the be delivered in writing to the Secreiary two question, i. e, for the restoration of Dr. Huta meetings previous to its being put to the bal. ton 47 ; again ft ic 85. lut, and figned by at least two Members, Bason Maseres, Curfitor Baron of the Exchequer, A Letter from William Herschell, Esq. F.R.S. Sir George Shuchburgh, Bart. Memberior to Sir Joseph Banki, Bart. P.R.S. Warwick hire, the Rev. Dr. Horfiey, Arch. SIR, deacon of St. Albans, and several ocher Fel “ By the observarious of the most eminent lows of the Society, did, on Thursday the astronomers in Europe it appears, that the new 29th of January, deliver a motion in writing, star, which I hai che honour of pointing out, ihe purport of which was, that " it be re to them in March 1781, is a primary planet cortimended to the Council to rescind their of our folar fyftem. A body to nearly relata resolusion respecting the refidence of Foreigned to us by its fimilar condition and fituation, Segretary in London, and to request Dr. Hut in the unbounded expanse of the starry heae ton to retume the same."-The question of rens mutt often be the subject of the convercoorse was agitated last Thursday : the busi: farion, not only of astronomers, hor of every ness was opened by Baron Maleres, and se- lover of science in general. This conlideraconded by Dr. Horney. These gentlemen en tion then makes it necessary to give it a name, deavoured to vindicate Dr. Hutton (who is whereby it may be distinguished from the rest Profeffor of Mathematics in the Royal Aca of the planets and fixed fars. demy of Woolwich) from any imputation of “ In the fabulous ages of ancient times, the neglect in the office of Secretary. Dr. Mar- appellations of Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jukelyne, the Aftronomer Royal, Mr. Macy, piter, and Saturn, were given to the planets, Mr. Poore, and oihers spoke on the same as being the names of their principal hernes fide. These gentlemen were antwered by a and divinities. In the present more philo. paper given in by Dr. Watson, one of ihe sophical æra; it would hardly be allowable Council, and which was read by the Secre to have recourse to the same method, and call fary. This paper, which contained the rea on June, Pallas, Apollo, or Minerva, for a fons which had induced the Council to come pame to our new heavenly body. The first to the resolution in question, was followed by consideration in any particular evenf, or reDr. Hutton's defence, which was likewise markable incident, seems to be its chronolo. read by the Secretary; and the Doctor him. sy; if in any future age it should asked, felf, who was present, rose to explain different when this laft-found planet was discovered parts of it. He was replied to in a very able Speech of considerable length by Mr. Anguish (Master in Chancery, Accomptant General,

* M. De La Landi's Af. 9639.


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It would be a very larisfactory answer to say, take this opportunity of exprefhng my fenfe

In the reign of King George the Third." of gratitude, by giving the name Georgiom As a philosopher then, the name of GEOR. Sidus, GIUM SIDUS presents a felf to tne, as an

" Georgium Sidus, appellation which will conveniently convey

jam nunc, ajures oncari." the information of the time and country where and when it was brought to view. But as a' to a far, which (with ref ect to as) forf be subject of the brt of Kings, who is the libe gap to shine under his auspicious reign. tal protector of every rare and science as a " By addreling this letter to you, Sor, * native of the country from whence this illor Prelident of the Royal Society, I take rüe trious family was called to the British throne mont etrectual method of communicating that as a mearbes of that fociety, which fourith. name to the Literati of Europe, which I hope cs by the diftinguithed libérality of its Royal they will receive with pleasure. I have the patron and, lant of all, as a person now more honour to be, with the greateft respect, immediately under the protection of this ex

Sir, your most humble cellent monarch, and owing every thing to

and mot obediest fervant, his unlimited bounty, I cannot but with to


PÅRLIAMENTARY DEBATE S. The Fifteenth Parliament of Great Britain; and the Fourth of the present King

FOU'R IH SESSION. WE closed the debates in laft monib's Magan Prate of the ration, and Mr. Fax moved that the

wini, 'with mentioning, ibat ibe order for Committee be adjourned to Monday the 2d of she attendance of Mr. Hamilton of Bergeny was February, which was carried svitbout a divi. djcbarged, bu: bad not room to fiate the reafon. fion. On Thursday ebe 29.5 of January, Mr. Porke A neto w it for Truro in room of Yobu lol

. rose and informed the House, thai be bad receiyo lexfen Bastard, Fjg. who had accepted the ed a letter from Mr. Hamilton, in which that Chiltern Hundreds. gentleman declared upon bis bonour, that with Brook Watson, Ejq. took the oaths and bir refpeet to obe offer said to be made by bim to his fear for the city of London. nephew Mr. Dalrympie of a place of 5o3l.a year, be bad no authority whatever from ebe Duke of Portland, or any nf bis colleagues lat: HOUSE of LORD S. in office; and ibat be had mentioned the subject so bis nephew, merely to put an end 10 a tedious

Monday, February 2. and warm converfation on political matters. The Tbe mer Lords Carteret and Eliot took the letter also contained aflurances from Mr. Hamil oats and their fears. son of bis greates readiness is obey ebe order of Ordered the thanks of the House to the abc Honse, bus prayed ibat ibe rime migb: be Bishop of Landaff, for his fermou preached enlarged one weeke more. Mr. Henry Dundas before them on Friday the zoth of January, then reminded the Holle, tbar be boi foretold, and that he be desired to print the fanse. that the matter would turn out a mere jike; and obat he had been of opinion form ebe beginning of HOUSE of COMMONS. Ebe affair, that ibe noble duke's characher did xót hand in need of ary vindication. B'hile

Monday, February 2. Mr. Dundas was spraking the Horfe by their Orded the thanks of the House to their cries of hear! bear! eroournged him to morje Chaplain for his sermon on the 30th of Jan. ibat the ordir be dischargedt. Mr. Porke le

and ibae he be defired to print the same. sonded be motion. The order was eben difsbarged. After this, the Earl af Surrey role,

THE CHAIRMAN OF THE ST. and mould, Thal ibe charge brougbe by Mr.

ALBAN'S MEETING, FOR A SIRM, ETTIYorke and Mr. Dalrympie beread; which bave CIENT, EXTENDED, AND UNITED ADMIing been done; bis bordsbip moned, ibat it is rhe opinion of this House ibat ibe faid cbarge is Mr. Grofvenor rore soon after the Chancelgroundless. An amendment was made to orbis

lor of the Exchequer came into the House, morion by inferring in it, that the member ouba and in a low tone of voice siated to the House, bad brought the charge bad reputed to the House in a summary way, an account of the part he the contents of a letter froir Mr. Hamilton, in bad taken, in concost with other gentlemen, which that gentleman absolutely denied, be had to effect an union of the contending parties in emper received any authority from tbe Duke of Parliament, and by that means to make room Portland. This bring adopted, the resolution for a fable and permanent administration. He palled without a divisor.

said, the country called for such an adminiThere was eben a foore conversation on the fration, and with a view to make room for



they he should propose a motion, which had the acquittal or condemnation of the party been fewn to a great number of gentlemen, impeached. In like manner Mr. Luttreit and approved of by them. He hoped it would reasoned upon the effects of a single refolution be approved of by the House. He said, he of the House, however strongly fated, and was not particularly interefted in it, farther endeavoured to prove that the resignation of than as he was interested in common with e. the present Ministers might be given up withvery man who heard him, and with every out degradation of the honour of the House, man who felt for and wished well to the and perhaps that it would be adviseable to do country, and with all who were defirous of so, as a means of forwarding the union of parsecuring to themselves and to their posterity ties so much to be defred. That an vnion the blenings of a free and happy conftitution. was necessary, in order to arrange a firm and The motion was,

lasting goveroment, was, he said, but too evia “ Thal it is ibe opinion of this House, sbat dent from the concurrent testimony of all ibe present arduous and critical situation of pube ranks of men, and from tbe present ftate of lic affairs, requires the exertion of a firm, efficio affairs. If the appearance of things at home ent, extended, united adminiftration, entitled to did not sufficiently evince this truth, Mr. the confidence of ihe people, and such as may Luttrell defired gentlemen to turn their eyes bave a tendency to put an end to ebé unfortunate abroad, and they would see ample and undedivisions and distractions of bis country.niable proof of its reality. The affairs of In

Captain James Luttrell rose to second the dia were said to be extremely pressing; unmotion. He said he wilhed to be considered doubtedly they were so, but he would venture as every way unconnected, and impartial; his to say, that before we attempted to govern profeffional duty had kept him from taking India, we ought to thew ourselves able to go. any part in the debates of that House for near vern England; a good government of India four years past, and nothing should have could only originate in a wise government at tempted him to step forward but the critical home. Nor Thould we perhaps have India Stuation of the country, and a motion, which long to govern if an end was not put to party while it was wholly divelled of party spleen feuds and diffentions. The French had al. and invective, seemed to be every way so well ready sent out a number of troops thither. adapted to that fituarion. Mr. Luttrell took The Dutch also, who doubtless had not yet a view of the fate of parties, and discussed forgotten or forgiven our capture of St. Eustathe subje&t at some length He said, such 'tius, had not figned their definitive treaty of was the height to which diffention had been peace with us; we had little reason, therea carried, that it was evident the House was fore, to expect favour there. Again, let gendivided into two parties, so powerful, that tlemen look at the fifter kingdom, and see the each were too strong for the other. It was gloomy and unsettled state of its affairs. In not therefore in the power of any one man to short, turn their eyes which way they would, offect an vnion; it required the authority of there was cause of alarm, of anxious expectathat Hoose to effect to falutary a measure. tion, and of probable danger. Let us, thereHad it lain within the reach of an individual, fore, said Mr. Luttrell, beware that we do not he was persuaded the first subject in the kingo become contemptible in the eyes of all Europe, dom would have effected it. Having said and afford our natural enemies cause to regard this, Mr. Luttrell went into a nice disquifi- us as a nation of Geese instead of Foxes. tion of the difficulties in the way of union, Sir George Cornwall desired to caution the and argued that the refignation of the present House againt considering the speech of the Ministry was neither necessary as a sacrifice honourable gentleman who had seconded the to the honour of the House, 'nor was a grati- motion, as containing the sentiments of the fication of party vengeance. In order to meeting where the motion had been firft promaintain this position, Mr. Luttrell laid it posed and thought expedient to be made in the down as an undeniable principle, that the ap- House. That meeting had not argued in the pointment and dismission of Minifters was one manner in which the honourable gentleman of the indisputable prerogatives of the Crown, had delivered himself. The honourable genend that any attempt reading to invade that tleman, Sir George observed, had declared prerogative was at once unconftitutional and himself to be a fair, independent, and impars dangerous. In the present case the House had țial man. He did not doube in the leaft, ihac come to a resolution, declaring their opinion he was the character he declared he was, bor of the Ministry, and upon that resolution was he could not help saying, he wilhed his speech grounded all the argument infifted upon fo had been as fair and impartial as the honourArenuously, that Ministers ought to relign. able gentlemen had profelfed himself. A resolution of the House, he nblerved, was Capiain James Lurrrell rose again and faid, Rot law, nor had it abstractedly a legal ope. he certainly had not spoken the sentiments of ration. Oiher process must be grounded upon the respectable meeting alluded to, nor affe&ta it, before it could have effect. Thus for in-' ed to have spoken those femciments. It might dance that House impeaches a Minister ; the be very proper for the chairman of that meetimpeachment neither convids nor punishes, ing to have declared, what the sentiments of The Minfter goes to trial, and upon the issue the mecting were, but it would have not only of that trial depends the guilt or innocence, been improper, but highly indecent for him, VOL. VI. Feb. 1784.


& prou


a private individual, to lave taken such a lie heads of the two great parties in ibat House, bits.

and ibere:ore the most materially concerned in Sir Filzad Aply Caid, the Captain of the the mution, had yet offered:hemselves to the Mccator bid preved herself as wic in the Speaker, iv say any thing agaia ft it. This Catine", as hava hnuwn t be brave ardexa was a proof that they afsented to the prorfpertai lia. Si Edward declared le had torne tion laid down in it, viz. “ that the protet ed the tare of atairs liberatebat in his miod, arduous and critical fituation of affairs requirand that lie hiari lv dil:pi rowd the mesfurts ed the exertions of a firm, eflicieni, exienged', po ng for wait. In his opinion, they wuld united adminifiration." Could either orixe nake bad worfe, and what inoy were about, honourable baronets, or the honourable sermg he lead to todleis ditinations. He had tleman who had spoken against the most a teen one coalition already, and defied io hear deny that fimple propofition! Wiih regard a of no more. The coniequences of that roali-, what an honourabie baronce below bim bad Lon were 100 recent for him io with for ano. faid of ihere being no distractions in the cour:ther. Sir Edward reprobated the inaction of try--Were there not ditra&t.ons and disinie the noble lurd in the blue ribbun and the right ons? Perhaps the right hongorable gentleman honourable gesitleman, and declared, though bad the conficknce of ine mapitis of bepere he had voice for the decrease of the irtivence ple, but were there oot divifions in that H101? of the Crown, he did not with to see it oneon. The right honourable gentleman could a titutionally reduced, or the royal pregative and 35 à Miniter, without the support ut ivadled. lle mention d a {peech of his on a thar House. Those therefore, wl.o oppoud unes occafion, which the newf apers had the motion, would be the means of continemitie, resented, and made him praze Lord ing a weak and inefficient government, a Noith. He concluded with repeating b s ob Siester curfe ihan which could get befaline

Erions to an unioni, and confiquepily declar country, inder its efeut circumftance. ! ed his disent to the mution.

Sir Pater Burrell exprefied his amazi m115. Mariin raid, le concurred entirely at the prefint Ministers continuing in oifice woth h's honourable friend in dilihing the after the refolutive of that Houle on the 16:a idea of another coalii o. Mr. Martin war. of January. Sir Perer rrasoned on the occia ed Mr. Pirt against fullying his character by fly for thar House's coming to lone means of fu imprecei a fer, deetans, he " sc enforcing that refolution; or else, be conttadpever to see him juiced with ihe risht ho. ed, it ought to be refcioded, and renged fros nourable g ofl. man over the way. As lang th-ir journals. While it remained on her, as he remained in otce, he should hue his and was without effet, it was a monument of fupport; but he had salbirreh a rede in their disgrace. If not foon followed up, it full porteifion of his reputation, than continue would bring them into contem "tant dirilir, ja office without it.

and create the rght hon viable Genil Sir Cecil II'ray did not c. derfand ihr drift forher the may) Peptual Dilar. of the motion : if it means in any was in en Commodoro Jubntine faid, the peach of ind croach on the King's prerogative, in his mind honourable Baronit who had fobia lat, it did wrorg, for that ought to be held sacred. secmed to have breo prepared for a motion ter He de Gred the motion might be read. Sir an addrels to remove Ministers, rathas otra Cecil afterwards said, he ko w of no difrac for the present motion, The Commodor: reo tions in the country. On the contrary, he probated the idea of leading in H sie on 8 9 saw addrefis dails font up to the Crown, all by step, without their knowing wl.at they thanking his Majesty for dismitting his jare were abovi, or how far they were Minitters. Every body without do rs seemned This praélice of making one idle erdearsui to be of one opinion. In that loete, indeed, after another, to maintain its ou n imaginary there were divitions, owing to an inordinate dignity, had always evided in radioace. Just of power in individuals. He did not ad. He could thew iwo or three indiances, il mire coalitions; the lait had bought in men, whin, hy not forping at the first prior, le that in confcience he thought ougheraber to Hve had rerderid felf perhériy riotü. have been brought to the scamuld. Sir Cecil tous: the firit was in the Middle lesrletties; declared, he wished there had been a di Bolu. when they had obftinately perfilled in the von ; he was convinced then, it would have whole nation took umbra e at their corded, been fep who had and who had ret the con. and they were at length obligd to the motio fidence of the people. He was preifunded, ile fication of having their riflotions res inded present liinifters piratified it complex. from their journals. Another initance 135

Mi:. Pcrwys was forry the motion was not the idle artempt to tax America; a piece of concurred in by those whom he had been hap- madness ibat had cost the countre millions of py to call his friends. He had not brought troner, may itoufinds of brave lubjects, ar.de himseli in approve the late coalition, any more the whole of th-thirieen Colonies. The Rethao the honourable baronet overthe way i Sir folutions on the subject of the prirent, Ministry Idward Africa;, bet the critical situatinn of were he would contend, in like manner illo a fairs made the union now aimed at neceffary. founded and frivloes, and the beft way to And he was glad to see that neither of the Save the honour of iné Lofe would be to reTvorishi borourable geatkmen, the supposed fcind them.

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Mr. Fix rose 3s (oon as Governor Joinfo.c and t.is Piezogatives on trast and confidence, In dere, and made one of the abicit and avoit ano Millerslici putter and places. When billiant lieeches evt'i head from him. Не the dinny mis viid, of there a truit ard d.clured the morica had his cordial, and most Conhus.se

in the wildelin Givin tiers? biary ni, bicause he contidered it as Tenine rey w35 voti', war not there a dicieć co sbit of the Resolution already truit and antidence requind to a greater extent? opln their journals, and as am uiting in an lomat ihico mas an Adm mittracoll, willout espres d:claration, that the present Miniay the trail and contidence of that timele? Coud muft resis" lo mahe roca torine tiir, etini itibiv carry on choponic botinet. ? ent, extended, unted Administration, the ex houbedly in couldn', in experience of the ertions of wnich it declared to be o ceilasy. Dati ai poved in nicihabis! Tihe very ref-etable and independe

allem der Min fars, then tout", mult go out, they bers of that iluule, from whom the motion mjit net land again the honour and dignity caine, very acknowledgement was due for 0! UaILU Whatsaid he, is in th way 02 ir dulanerid and laudibie cudeavouro 10 ojlerietiennion! The pride of an indiviefret a union of parties, and thus etiablith dual. The junctilio of the righe honoureble inn fort of Adminita in the country to d (nurorin oppiled in the puncilio of ile is fi rauch nur auf. Io endeavours of Luch Houte of Connous! li had been said by a a diration he would give up all personal wonly croika gue rof bois, pat the fenicotine confiderarions, and every cortideration short peole will dinin11.01. Tuoti who of the dignity of this Houte. Punculis uf. confidered that Houfe as rot a true repicfintahis friends, or punetilios of any kind ought tive of the people, inigtit, when the queitinn to give way: Every thing, io short, but hic of a parlimentary ictim was the topio vie punetilis of that House, which must be adher. that arg"ucoi; but to us that argument on ed in, or the Confitution was gone. With any literquestion would not only be moi una tie Rut lution u' on their journals, the pre

ful, but in ungarnos, That represents. fene M:9:firy must go out. That punendio, tion of the pole, tuh as it wę, while we fintled, he had no objections to any ni gotia. + 45, muli be considered as freaking 11. ihe Gentlemen, from whom ihe motion The time of the people, and ilin ante of the cuma, mahihink proper. Till that punc Hotle mos best by bicolore from the cliw was ieleles, no friend of his could enter voice of the 10 a justiy. Tue aruan sit ciherinco any trialy; and that he mida no fcru, le wife would go mihelicet of draving che in av, was a liuottilio from which he cold people to bave any voisco, and thus indlead if rot de pari, without betraving that Hule ja enabling them tolpeak their tirte mure audio 2 mater the most hameful. It was, he alla bly, would throw the stole potrofine cormitted, indifpu:ably, the Preroga:ive of the Biitu'on dio the hands of the two other Crun, to appoint and diiniis Miniters. But “ branches of the legature. With regard to then thy must have the confidence of that the address, Mii Fox said the olacons of Houte after :hey were ap, o mied; ay, and the the people, 12 kuu okviurd, Lailala confidence of the Houte, befuse they were so way: thcir weighs w.tinum, but in my had naappointed, or there could be no good governa turaly and neiettir li mora uright, wen munt, or rather no government at all. The their opinions were fairly collected This had Preresatives of the Crown wire', he oblirved, not been the case with insit of the aureis uc all held in trutt for she prople, and liable to had heard of Edserie binili. There had the check and controul of Parliament. Thus bien an audrels vored in the wary of Midlo ihe King by his Pieroga ive can make war cilefer, in which he lived, that i oke verv dita when he pleates, but can he, or ought ie fir

ferent secteurs. Ancher að freis, indeed, that reifon, mailly and idly to make war with of a nature fai other wifi, had been carried a. all the world? li the presi Miniliry did boutin Wellminiter. It was enough for b in not religin, they would force matters to ex to know the manner in which that addreti, trem s, and to do so, w 15 at all times im, olio called the Adriads of ina Ded' and Burneties, ric and unw fe : fuppofe for inftance the king bad been obia ned. Aferditating the fura chule 10 make war, when that Hotte dita jept of addresies very copiant);, 11. For la de prored of luch war. If matters were urged he had no vinjection to uning provided the in their extremes, the Cown wou'd say, I punétilin of the House wis laisfird, and the make this war, birininfo is in D:Yanto bei Pree Admin Araiian out of olicaTaplace, hebe. guide foto do.” What would shat Hute vir wold negotiie wiih them. With regard du in such a case! If thus obliged to act mp Folie qu-ttion Do properly luegrated in a lare 011 the extreme of its right, it would fiy, drbate by an honourable Guernr, it certa'n"We will grant no fappir, because it is uur wo Ty was incumbot upon him in lav something da bridniglie to refuse any supply if we cbuj? 14. to that point. With rigard thin to the India This ihe prerogative of the Crown, andise bil, he had the hanpiners to declare, that the privilege of that Houre would buih be excited wbude of the pairouage could be given ? in countention of each other, molt mischievo The more he enquired, the more he found oully and most absurdly. All power in that himself warranted to say lo. Hiih refpcét to Country, Mr. Fox obferved, depended on trust the principle of the bill, to that, to far as reand confidence. The King held his Ciowa' garded a permanency of government, indepen



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