Графични страници
PDF файл


ly, in a third chapter, mentions a number of apperture at the bottom; under which an iron ibele secondary attempts; upon which we grave or brazier was fufpended, and pore- holes thall dwell no longer than. only to observe, opened on the intide of the gallery, towards tha: they succeeded with globes made of gold. the apperture, through which any persoa cui beaters ikin, and only twelve inches in dia robur e as tropicx cuca pelous fuerit, who meter, which being chought the leait that might veniure io ascend, might Iced the fire could be m.de to aliend, considering that the on the grate, and thus keep up the vapour, proroonate we'ght of the materials increase smoke, or as we rather apprehend, the dilataas the buik is diminithed, were called mini tion of the air, in this vatt cavity.

On the 13th of October, M. Pilaise de Ro. M. Montgolfier, junior, having arrived at zier, no doubt the moit intrepid philosopher Paris a few days before the experiment at the of the age, placed himself in the gallery, af. Champ de Mars, was delired by the Royal cended about 80 feet from the ground, and Academy of Sciences to repeat the experiment there kept the ballonn atinat for tome time, of Annonay. He accordiogly confructed, in by repeatedly throwing Araw and wool upon a garden, io the Fauxbourg St. Gewain, a the fire. To this experiment it was found, balloon of an eiliorical form, 70 feet high, that the descent of a globe (provided no exand 40 feet in diameter. It was lined, buch Traordinary accident happened to it) mult neinlide and outside, with paper. lis power of ceifarily be gradual; and that it will always ascending was found, upon calculation, to be light loftly upon the ground, li cr, in fact, about 1250lb. It was filled in ter minutes in ev ry part of its defcentit enters a dirtis by che burning of golb. of straw and joib. of medium ; whence its velocity in taliing wild chopped wool. It was loaded with a weight rather be retarded than acceleratet. On ibe of soolb. and ascended, fallened to ropes, on 191h of Otober, M. P. de R. atcended a the 12th of September, in the presence of the second time, about 250 feet. After conudeputies of the Royal Academy. But it prov. nuing Atarionary abouí eight minutes, a gust ing a very rainy day, the whole aparatos of wind carried the balloon among fome trees, was so effentially damaged, that it was not where it entangled itself to as to endanger its thought proper to set it loote.

being toro to pieces. But, on M. R. throwe We come now in the experiment made on ing fome freibttraw upon the fire, it immethe roth of September, in the presence of the diately roascended, amid the loud acclamations King and Queen, the Court, and all the Pa- of a vast multirade of people, who livele exriGans who could procure a conveyance to

pected to see 1o ludden a recovary. The balVersailles. This balloon was 57 feet high loon was then bauled down, and M. Giron de and 41 in diameter. I's power of ascending, Villette placed himielt in the gallery oprofite allowing for a wicker cage, containing a to M. R. They were once more let up; Theep, a cock, and a duck, which was fofo and, for some time, hovered over Paris, in pended. to it, was equal to 6961b. As only the fight of all its inhabitants, aç ihç height four days had been allowed for the making of 324 feet. this machine, it could not, therefore, be lined Maiters seemed now ripe for a frec aerial with paper,

M. M. had predicted, that it rivigarion. A imoke balloon, very 6milar would remain in the air about twenty mio to the one last described, was prepared to go notes; and, with a moderate wind, might off at La Multic, a royal palace in the Bois float to a distance of about 2000 toises. But, de Boulogne, where, we are informed, the befides iome imperfection in the construction, King's children now usually reside. AIL owing to the great hurry in which it had things being ready, os the 21 it of November, been made, a sudden gult of wind, while it M. Pilatre de Rozier took his post in the gal. was inflating, made iwo rents seven feet long lery, and the Marquis D'Arlandes, a major near the top, which could not bus in some of infantry, placed himself on the opposite side measure prevent the promised effect. It fwel of this gallery, as a counterpoise to preserve the led however io 11 minutes futhiciently to raise equilibrium of the machine. After repairing it about 240 toises; it foaied to the distance fomc damage done to the balloon on a firet of nearly 1700 toiles, and, astre having been eslay, it was, at 45 minutes after one, abro. in the air about eight minutes, it fubfided lutely abandoned to the element; and it af. gradually in the wood of Vaucretion. The cended with freat rapidity. animals in the cage were safely landed. The When there bold adventurers were about Theep was found feeding; the cock had re 250 feet in the a'r they waved their hats to reived some hurt on one of his wings, proba- the atonithed multitude ; but they soon after bly from a kick of the sheep: the duck was scie too high to be diftinguithed, and are perfe&tle well.

thought to have soared to an elevation of sM. Montgolfier determined now to repeat bout 3000 frer. The history of this naviga. the experiment under more favourable cir- rion (as we collect, not from this book, but cumstances, and more at his leisure. He from private information which we have rea. therefore made a new balloon, in a garden, son to think authentic) is, in fact, the hifto.. in the Fauxbourg St. Antoine, which mea ry of the alarms of the Marquis D'Arlandesa fored 70 feet in height, and 46 in diameter. When he found himself so high that he could A gallery of wicker was contrived round the no longer diftinguith the obje&s upon earth,


He thougħt both his ambition and his curiofi- below the bottom of the globe, end which ty sufficiently gratified, and desired his com was fo finely ornamented, as to deserve, in panion to cease laying Straw upon the fire, this respect, ihe name they gave it at Paris of ihat they might defcend. .M. P. de Rozier, a Triumphant Car. In order to prevent the however, deaf to these remonftrances, conti• burfing of the globe in a rarefied medium, nued his operations, and the Marquis conti an opening had been left with a valve te it, nued murmuring. At length, being at the which gave vent to the interior air, but fulhighest elevation above mentioned, the latter fered none of the exterior to enter. A long perceived lome holes burnt in the fides of the filken pipe or gut proceeded from this aperballoon, and likewise heard fome cracks near ture, the farther end of which one of the nathe top of the machine, which feemed to me. vigators beld in his hand, and thereby obtainnage infant destruction. He then became ed a conáderable command over the infiamoutrageous; quickly clapped wet sponges to mable air. The car was ballasted with fandthe burning boles; and vowed that, if his bags. By these means they hoped, and ia compan on would now delcead, he would take fact they succeeded, to guide themselves is upon himself the whole blame of baving thus point of elevation ; for, by letting Tome of thortened their navigation. M. P. de R. the air escape, they naturally descended, and at length listened to his urgent solicitations ; on discharging some of their ballaft they were bur on approaching the earth they found that fure to atcend. they were descending immediately over the

The ut of December last was fixed upon Seine ; and fearing left tbey might be carried for this pompous display. Two hundred away by the current of air that generally are thousand people assembled in and near the tends ttreams of water, the Maiquis was glad garden of the Thuilleries.

The apparatus to aflift in throwing fresh ftraw upon the fire; Hood on a scaffolding raised for the purpose, and thus they role again to a confiderable in the middle of a piece of water, to prevent height. On their next approach to the earth, its being approached by the multitude. Upon the Marquis seeing the dangere they were in this it retted, merely by the weight of ihe of bring pitted on the weather cock of the ballaft in the car. The friends of the navie invalids, hittiny threw a fieth bundle oí traw gators had stored it with plenty of provifion upon the fire, and even (pread it, in order to and cloaching ; belides which, proper infira. ruite a greaier blaze. - This carried chem ments were also embarked. A imall balloon, over a great part of Paris, where they took which had been prepared for the purp fe, was care to clear all the feeples, &c. and paffing offered 10 M. Montgolfitr, who, at the rethe Boulevard, they landed safely in a field quest of M. Charles cut the fring by which near Bicetre, without having experienced the It was held, and by this allegory tacitly re. Halt real inconveniency. The distance they ceived the tributarv brimage due to him and went was between 4 and 5000 toises. They his brother as the authors of the invention. were in the air about 25 minutes. The col At 40 m nvies after one Meffrs Charles and Sective weirht of the whole apparatus, includ- Roberi af ended the car or chariot. ing that of the two travellers, was between Tbe following is Mr. Charles's own account. r6 and 19oolb. and when they landed, they The globe and the chariot were in exa& had two thirds of their combustibles fill left equilibrium on the ground. Attiree quarin store.

iers after one, we threw out 19 pounds of bal. The book of M. Faujas de Sc. Fond, was, no last, and role in the mid of a profound fidoubt, printed, and perhaps publithed, before leore, occafioned by the emotion and attoniththe exhibition of a second aeria! navigation ment of both parties. Our first pleasing (which may more properly be termed a voy- refleciions our escape from the perage), fince the author makes no mention of fecution and calumny which had attacked it. As we will to lay before our readers a vs, were heightened by the majestic scene "contplete summary of all that has been hither which pretented itself to our view; on every to done in this extraordinary business, we fide a mort lerene skv, without a cloud, and a Thall here collect, from affidavits, and other moit charming distant prospect. As we asauthentic accounts, the most friking circum- cended by an accelerated progreffive motion,we Stances of this bold enterprize.

waved our banner in token of joy, and, in orThe globe prepared for this expedition, was der the better to insure our safety, I was made like that let off from the Champ de parricalarly attentive to the barometer. M. Mars of gores of filk, alternately red and Robert examined the cargo with which our white, and glazed with some sort of gum. It friends had ballasted our chariot, as for a long was spherical, and measured 26 feet in dia- voyage, of champaign, &c. blankets, and " meter. It was filled with infiammadle air, furs.-Having enough, and to spare, he begri the making of which alone cost 5000 livres. with throwing out one of the blankets, which * The expence of the whole apparatus amounted spread in the air, and fell near the dome of to 'no less than 10,000 livres. A net was the Assumption. The barometer then cook spread over the upper hemisphere, which sup- 66 inches, and we had ceased to ascend, of, ported a hoop that surrounded the middle; to more properly speaking, were arrived at the

this hoop was suspended, by means of several height of about 300 toises. This was the cords, a boat, that swang at a small distance height at which I had undertaken to ftop, and



from this moment, to that of our forf getting Are not you fick · What a clever thing is out of light of the obfervers at the different is! God preserve you! Farewell, my friends to ftations, our horizontal.courte" was between We continued' waving our banners, and we 26 inches and 26 inches S lines of the mercu. faw that those fignals redoubled the joy and ry, which agrees with the obiervations made security of those below. We leveral 'simus ai Paris. We took care to throw out our balo came dowo low enough to be heard : people lalt in proportion as we descended by the in- asked us whence we carne, and what time we tenlible lots of inflammable air, and we raised fet out ; and we afcended bidding them farewelt. ourselves lenlibly to the same beighi. Had As circumstances required, we threw circumit ances permitted us to regulate this out, fuccefii vely, great coars mults, clothes. ballait with more exaétness, our courle would As we failed over L'Ile Adain, we fourthed bave been ai moft abfolutely horizontal and our banners, and asked after the Prince of voluntary.

Conti ; but had the mortification to be told, Having reached the height of Moufléaux, by a speaking irun et, that he was at Panus. which we leti a luce to the left; we remained At length, re-afcending, we reached the plaiss for a moment llationary. Our chariot rurned of Nelle about half after three, when, as I in. about, and we then filed off, as the wind tended a second expedition, and wished to avail directed. We loon after passed the Seine, myself of the advantage of fituation, as well between St. Ouen and Asnieres, and leaving as of the day-light, I proposed to Mr. Robert Colombe ou the lett pafled almost over Gryo to defcend. Seeing a troop of country people nevilliers. We had croiled the river a fe- running before us over the fields) we defcended cond time ; leaving Argenteuil on the left, towards a spacious meadow, inclosed with we past at Sanois, Franconville, Eaubonne St. fome trees and bushes. Our chariot advanced Leu-Taverny, Villiers, croft L'Ille Adam, najeliically along a long inclined plane. As and afterward, Nelle, where we descended. it approached the trees, fearing it might be Such were nearly the places over' which we entangled among them, I threw out two must have palled almoft perpendicularly. pounds of ballatt, and it fprung upwards over This pallage makes about 9 Paris leagues, them. We ran over above 20 toites within which we ran over in two hours, with Icarcely one or two feet of the land, and looked like any fenfible agitation in the air. During the travellers in a Nedge. The country people whole of this delightful journey we felt not pursued us as children do a buttertly, without the least oneafness about our own fate or that being able to overtale us. At length we came of the machine. The globe suffered no other to the ground. As soon as the curate and alteration than the successive modifications syndics could be brought to the spot. I drew of dilation and compreiñon, of which we op a verbal process, which they immediately availed ourselves, to ride or descend at plea. figned. Presently galloped up the Duke de fare in any quantity. The thermometer was, Charters, the Duke de Fitz-James, Mr. Farfor above an hour, between 10 and 12 deg. rer, an Englith gentleman and a number of above o, owing to the infide of our charios hortemen, who had followed us from Paris. having been warmed by the rays of the sun. Fortunately we alighied near a hunting-fcat, Its beat foon communicated itself to our glove, of the latter, who imaediately mounted and contributed, by the dilatation of the in- his horse, and riding up to us, exclaimed flammable air within, to keep us at the same " Mr Charles, I am firit." The Prince emheight, without being obliged to lighten our braced us both in our chariot, and figned the ballaft; but we suffered a greater lofs: the proceis. So did the Duke de Pitz. James, Mr. intiam mable air dilated by the sun's heat, Farrer signed it 3 times. His tignature was escaped by the appendage to the globe, which omitted in the Journal, for he was fo tranda we held in our hands, and loosened, as cir- ported with joy, that he could not write legibcumftances required, to let out the air too iy. Of above 200 horsemen who followed us much dilated. By this easy method we from Paris, only those could overtake us ; the avoided the expanhons and explotions which relt had knocked op their hories, or given persons unacquainted with these matters appre After relating a few particulars to the hended. The inflammable air could not break Duke de Chartres, i told him I was going off its prison, lince it had always a vent, and the again, when would he bave me return? He atmospheric air could not got into the globe, replied, in half an hoor. Mr. Robert quitted foce its preffere made the appendage ferse as a the chariot, as we had agreed. Thirty peasants valve to oppofe its entrance.

held down the machine I asked for forne After 56 minutes progress we heard the earth ro ballast is, having nor above 4 or 5 gun which was the lignal of our disappearing pounds left. A spade was not at hand, from the ou servers at Paris. Not being oblig. nor were there any Hones in the meadow. ed to confine our course to an horizontal direc- The sun was near setting. I made a bafty tion, as we had till then done, we gave our calculation of the time requisite for the alfelves up to the contemplation of the varied teration of weight, and giving a hignal to the scenes in the open country beneath us. We peasanis to quit their hold, I sprung up like shouted Vive le-Roi, and heard our bouts re a bird. In 20 minutes I was 1500 toites high echoed. We heard, very diftinctly, voices out of fight of all terreftrial objects. I had ' faying,' Are nor you afraid, my friends, taken the necellary precautions against the






esplofion of the globe, and prepared to make ear and jaw, which I ascribed to the dilatation
the observations which I had promised myself. of the air in the cellular contraction of those
In order to observe the barometer and ther- orgins, as much as to that of the external
mometer placed at the ends of the chariot, aii. i was in a waistcoat, and bare headed.
without aliering the centre of gravity, I knelt I immediacely put of a woolleo cap, yet the
down in the middle, tiretching forwards my pain did not go off but as I gradually deicep
body and one frs, holding my watch and pa. ed. For 7 or 8 minutes I had cealed to
per in leit and my pen and the itring of ihe afcend'; the condensation of the corernal
valve in my righi, waiting for the event. The intammable aie rather made me defiend.
globe, which, at my setting out, I now recollected my promife to return in hali
racher Aaccid, iwelied infentibly. The air an hour, and, pulling the upper valve, I came
escaped in great quantities at the valve. I down. The globe was now so much em, tied
drew the valve from time to time, log ve it that it appeared only an ball.globe. I per.
Iwo veots; and I continued to atcend, itill ceived a fine ploughed field near the wood
loling air, which issued out hitsing, and be of Tour du Lay, and haftened my descent.
came vilivle, like a warm vapour in a cold When I was between 20 and 30 roises from
at molphere. The reason of this phænomenon the earth, I threw out hastily 2 or 3 pounds
is obvious. On earth the thermometer was 7 of ballant, and became, for a moment, fative-
degrees above the freezing point ; after 10 ary, till I descended gently on the field, above
minutes ascent was 5 degrees below. The in a league from the place whence I let out. The
fiammable air had not had time to recover the frequent deviations, and turnings about
equilibriuin of its temperature. Its elatic make ine imagine this voyage was about 3
equilibrium being quicker than that of the leagues, and I was gone about 35 minutes,
heat, there must escape a greater quantity than Such is the certainty of the combinations of
that which the exteroal d latation of the air our arroitacic machine, that I can ai pleasure
could determine by its least preffure. For complete 130 specific lightness, the preserva-
myself, though exposed to the open air, 1 par. tion of which, equally voluntary, might have
Sed, in 10 minutes, from the warmth of spring kept me in the air at lealt for 34 hours long.
to the cold of winter, a Tharp dry cold, but not When the two Dukes saw me at a dit.
too much to be boue. I declare, that in the tance coming down, they and the reft lete M.
first moment I felt nothing disagreeable in Robert to m-et me, and hattened to Paris; and
the sudden change. When the barometer the Prince himself mott kindly undertook to
ccased to rise, I marked exacy 18 inches 10 give the publick an account of us, and to quiet
lines, the mercury fuffering no tenhbie orcile their apprehentions for us."
Jacion. From this ofcillation I deduet a
height of 1524 coiles, or thereabours, till I can The French King has given the black rib-
be more exact in my calculation. In a few bon of St. Michael, together with letters of po-
minutes more my fingers were benumbed by bility and zow livres (about 160 pounds); en-
the cold, lo that I could not hold my pen. I fionio Mr. Montgolfier. On the first persons
was now Aationary, and moved only in an who went up in the machine let Inose, he has
horizontal direction. I rose up in the middle fertled rooo livres penlon, on Mr. Charles
of the chariot, to contemplate the ivene around 2000 livres, and on Mr. Robert one. He has
me. At my setting oui the fun was fer on murcover taken the expence of erecting a co-
the valleys'; the foon and rose for me alone, lumn in the Tuilleries to perpetuate the me
who was the only luminous body in the mory of the discovery upon himself, and the
horizon, and all the rest of nature in thade. moli able French artists are employed in mak-
The fun himleli presently disappeared, and I ing designs for it.
had the pleasure of leciog him fet twice in Paris, Dec 20. Wherever Meffrs. Mont-
the same day. I beheld, for a few feconds, golfier and Charles appear, the crowd fur-
the circumambient air and the vapours riting rounds and accompanies them with their ac-
from the vallies and rivers. The clouds trem. Camations. At the Academy of Sciences,
ed to rise from the earth and collect ove upon public schools, public spectacles, the people
another, full preserving their usual írom, only pay to thote men of genius and talents ibe tri-
their colour was grey and monotonous from bute of eulogiums and applaufes, res-rved to
she want of light in the atmosphere. The illustrious pertons, who have deterved well of
moon alone enlightened them, and thewed me the nation.
that I was tacking about twice, and I observed

Paris, Dec. 25. Meseurs de Montgolher
certain corrents that brought me back again and Pilatre du Ruzier set out for Lyons on the
I had several sensible deviations, and observedly 23d instant. The latter is to be one of those
with surprise, the effects of the wind, and who ale to embark in the galleries of the
saw the streamers of my banners point upper enormous arrostatic sphere.
wards. This phænomenon was not the effect
of the ascent or descent, for I then moved bo.
rizontally. At that inftant I conceived pero Extract of a letter from Lyons, Jar. 29.
haps a little too haitily, the idea of being able “ Some malicious anti-balloonifts (for there
to feer one's own course. In the midst of my are a few here as well as at Paris) have cir.
transports 1 felt a violent pain in my right culated several copies of the following epi.

[ocr errors]


gram, which, however, the event das not en sheatre. Those who are of Mr. Montgolfier's tirely fulfilled.

parly, affert, thar Mr. de Flesselles had ioVont-ils lancer au-deffus du Tonnerre,

formed the voyagers of the precise time when Et dominer sur l'horison?

they were to return to be carth, which was

twenty minutes, but that is merely a specious Je vous jure, Metfeurs, que non, Ils veat le trainer fer la Terre.

presence to difgaile the real ftate of the dir.

after." “ Thee aerial navigators, contrary to the Another account from Lyons, dated Jan. 9. advice of Mr. Pilatre du Rozier, mounted in says, “ This morning the aerial voyagers en• the gallery of the balloon on the geh, and barked on board the Fleftelles, the enormous fattered themselves that they thoold reach machine built there by way of balloon, and Paris in fix hours; but the defigns of mai named the Feflelles, in honour of the intenkind are often defeated by the wind. At dant of that province. It role in the fight of half an hour after twelve, the cords, which more than 300,000 persons, who filled ibe held the serial machine, were cul, and it im. quays of the Rhone, &c. and were adionilhed mediately rose to the height of 400 fathoms, at lo majestic an object, to the height of soul When they were at this great distance from the coifes. The thip at fiiit d'recled its course to earth, the balloon burst with an explotion, the north, but at the laft period of its eleva. and chefe humav birds defcended much quick rion, meeting with a new current of air, reer than they wished; nevertheless their fall trograded to the south. The navigators, at was not attended by any marerial accident, this height, perceiving the machine become none of them being bort but Mr. de Mont very warm, were afraid of its taking fire, and golfier, who was nignily wounded; but had. therefore descended not far from the theatre, the machine burst over the Rhone, or any where they had mounted. The noble and debuildings, they must all have inevitably perilho liberate courage of M. Pilatie du Rozier has ed. The whole scheme is, however, in all acquired him the luxóame of brave." probability, put an end to by this last coup de

American and West India Intelligence. N a Proclamation of Mr. George Clinton's, that the Americans did not thew any such

the American Governor of the State of disgust to the people in the navy way. New York, the Public were informed, that Rivington, who during the whole course of the Britilh troops were to evacuate the town the Rebellion, was extremely liberal of his a. of New York and its environs on the 22d of buse, as the ches Rebels called it, has, it. November last, as mentioned in December would appear, now, made his peace with Magazine; but the evacuation did nor take them, for he has remained in New York, and place until the 26th and 27th. Before this e is become a citizen of that State. About the vent, Connecticut thewed an example of mo time of the evacuarion be published in his deration to the other States, by inviting all Roral GAZETTE, the following notifica.. the Refugees of every description to return,

tion : and giving them affurances of meeting with " The Publisher, hitherto honoured wita every act of friendthip, and a forgetfulness of his Majesty's commission as King's Printer, afl thar had passed during the war. On this with great deference, intimates, that in fuencouragement many people from New York. ture, it will be presented under the citle of went and settled there. There was great con Rivington's New York Gazetle, and will be fufion in New York for want of veffels to car. produced on Wednesdays and Saturdays.” ry off the Refugees. Before the evacuation, Admiral Dię by arrived from New York athe infolence and cruelty of the Americans to bout the roth of January; Most of the tranf the inhabitants of New York, are said in let ports and ships of war had come in before. Sir ters from that quarter to be shocking beyond Guy Carleton arrived soon after the Admiral. defcription, and express great surprize at our The American troors upder General Wathtroops fuffering such proceedings. A man of ington who took pofleffion on the evacuation, the name of Oaks, who lived near the Fly behaved very orderly, and much better than Market, was attacked in his own huufe by a was expected. Martial Law was proclaimed Number of them, and beat and ftamped upon for fury days, and it was said to be with the until the blood gushed oor at several parts of incent ro keep the rabble in awe, and prevent his body, and was forced to embark' imme. them from exercising their accuftomed cruel. diately for England; bur, after being a fort. ries on those whom we left behind. This apa nighe ar fea, died in consequence of the inha. pears to have had the wished for effe&t, as the man treatment he had received. This cruel late letters do not mention any enormities affair cost his wife her fenfes, and she is now committed. in a mad house in London. An officer lately The other States have not followed the mild arrived says, that instances of the same na- example thewo them by Connecticut. All ture happened frequently to the Refugees who who are but suspected of any attachment to were any way connected with the army, but Britain are very barbaroully treated. The VOL. VI. Feb. 1784.



« ПредишнаНапред »