« ПредишнаНапред »
basted with sour cream, cold roast meat and, familiarity, every condition, every professsion: cucumber, salt meat, roast lanıb, ham, and he despised no one; but he loved to mix old cheese. After dinner he slept for two among his subjects, aud observe every station hours in his night gowu. When he awoke, he of life : be made every body frel at their ease; received the reports of such business as bad they might speak to him and converse with been expedited in the morning; he took 10 him free from all restraint, while he knew supper, and retired early to rest. In his regular how to render to himself what was his due ; way of living, setting aside what he gave up to and he could always easily distinguish insodrioking, and those orgies where he appeared | lence and blame-worthy boldness, from uato abandon himself, he took no otber bever-taught vulgarity, or a defective education. As age than kisleschtchi quasse, and sometimes a it was of the utmost importance to him to little brandy. At leugth be quitted this kind give the greatest encourgement to maritime of driek to accustom hinself to wine; at first affairs, which increased under his dominion, be drauk uoue other than that of Medoe; but like every thing else he undertook, he was par. latierly he preferred Hermitage wine.
ticularly gratified when he was in company Wben be beld Court festivals, or gave them with merchants or dralers, whom he animated himself to m re sipall and select society, he to industry; he loved to improve bimself, wished every one to be gay and jovial; he through their means, and very often he was rightly judged that wine was a proper stimu their instructor ; for his vast genius, prompt Jus to produce tbis effect, and he was not dis at conception, had already acquired the most pleased to see his company rather inebriated, enlarged and well connected ideas on na. provided that decency was observed; when vigation and commerce : be often went to dine they swerved from that in the least d-gree,
with these merchants of Petersburgh, at his method was to deprive them from con. wbose houses he knew he should meet seafare tinuing it, by plunging them, by repeated ing men, sailors, or masters of vessels. draughts, into the most stupid intoxieation. He chanced one day to meet at the house
of one of those merchants, a Captain of a trado PETER THE GREAT, AND A DUTCH MAS ing vessel, a true Dutcbman, of the pame of
Schipper, * who was there, with some of his Peter had a clerk of bis kitchen, named Peter had just dined; he desired that Johu Velten; he was a German, and his mas the Captain might sit down to table, and that ter loved him for his fidelity. It is well his peopie should also remaio
the apart. knowo, and for what reason, Peter was so very ment and enjoy his presence : he bad them sparing of his money; he did not, therefore, served with drink, and he amused himself shower pecuniary benefits upon Velten ; but with their sea phrases, as coarsa as they were bis manner of recompeusing him was indirect : artless. I find it almirable, and I must confess I should One of these sailors, emboldened by the infeel an ill opiuion of any one who could dis. dulgence of the monarch, thought proper to cover any thing in it either little or deserving drink the health of the Empress, with all the of ridicule.
zeal of gratitude. After a moment's pause, It often happened that the monarch went,
he took up the jug, bent his head in advance, accompanied by his Generals and very parti scraped his feet awkwardly behind him, and eular friends, to dine in pic nic at John Velten's, said, “ My Lord, the Great Peter, long live your at a ducat a head. He found in this a tbree wife, Madain, the Empress." Captain Schipper fuld pleasure; he amused himself, enjoyed in turned himself round, looked at the sailor, these pic nics that true freedom of conversa shrugged his shoulders, and to shew the Czar tion which is the charm of life; he spared the treasures of the state, and be improved the fortune of one who bad served him well, by the appellation of Skipper, given to masters of
* May we not presume to believe that the means of the mau's situation in life. He loved, trading vessels, is derived from this circunthonoured, encouraged by his presence and his stance ?-Noie by the English Translator,
TER OF A VESSEL.
that he, for his part, understood the usages, of his projects, his affairs, and the care of his politeness, and style of the Court, rose up, | empire ; he shut himself up, would see uo jogged the sailor with his elbow, took the jug, one, and obstinately refused admittance to advanced towards Peter, bent bis body very any body. Alone, in his apartment, he abanlow, and thus correcting the phrase of the doued bimself to grief, and even Catharine mariner :
:-"Sir, the Great Peter, long live her herself, durst not approach him. This situaExcellency, Madam, the Empress, your spouse.” | tion lasted several days; Catharine was in the The Czar smiling, replied, “Schipper, that is most trying inquietude, for she had not only very well, indeed; I thauk you."
to support her own sorrow, but also the
terrible state to wbich the saw the Czar reMIRACULOUS IMAGE OF THE VIRGIN
duced : she addressed herself to the senator MARY.
Dolgowrouki, a steady, sensible, and worthy Peter the Great being cnce at a town in man, of great abilities, and much attached Poland, heard much of a wonderful image of to the Czar and his country, and who posthe Holy Virgin, which had been seen to shed sessed well. merited influence over the mind tears during the celebration of mass, and he of his Prince. resolved to examine this extraordinary mi Dolgowrouki promised to put every thing racle.
The image being highly elevated, he in practice to draw the Czar out of this asked for a ladder, ascended it, and ap- solitary grief, and he meditated the following proached close to the image : he discovered plan :-He assembled the Senate, put himself two little hules near the eyes ; he put his hand at their head, made them follow him, and to the head-dress, and lifted up with the hair went to the door of the Czar's chamber: they a portion of the skull. The monks, who stood knocked, no answer; they knocked again, reat the foot of the ladder, quietly regarded the peated it, and cried out, with evident terror.Czar, for they did not imagine be could so
Peter, struck by these cries, and feeling unsoon discover the fraud; but when he even
easy, presented himself, asked who dared put his finger upon it, they shuddered to be
trouble bis repose, and infringe upon the hold their miraculous Virgin thus dishonour
order he had given of being left alone? Doled. The Emperor discovered, within the head, gowrouki cried out, that his empire was lost a basin, whose bottom was even with the
if he did not slew himself; that all business eyes ; it contained a few very small fish, the
was at a stand, and that of the utmost importmotions of which agitated the water, and ance; everything was in an unsettled state, and caused it to issue slowly, and by small quan if he did not come and regulate his affairs, tities, from the two overtures at the corner they were proceeding to the election of a new of each eye. He descended the ladder, with. sovereign, since the state could not stand out seeking to undeceive the devotees, or any without a head. one; but addressing himself to the monks, he The (zar, struck with the firmness of Dol. said coldly to them, “ That is a very curious gowrouki, and with a language so new to him, image, indeed .!"
conquered his obstinacy, and suffered himself
to be dragged from the abode of grief; he folPETER'S GRIEF FOR THE DEATH OF HIS lowed Dolgowrouki tó the Senate, and soon
the multiplicity of business, and the af. Peter, after the death of his first son, had fairs he had to examine and regulate, made another son by Catharine, Peter Petrowitch; him forget his grievous loss, and he thought without any hopes of having more. On him only of occupying himself in the cares of go. all his hopes now rested; and if be perished, || vernment. no one remained to perpetuate his memory. He lost him at the age of one year and an ORIGIN OF CZARKO-CELO; OR, THE BOhalf: this was a terrible stroke to him, be ROUCH OF SARKA, IN RUSSIA. could not support it, his great soul was sunk, Peter lived a long time at a distance from be fell into a profound melancholy, lost sight | his empire, either on account of the wars le
had to sustain, or by his travels into different || pleasures ; took her by the hand, led her to the countries. It was in one of these absences table, and never did Peter make so agreeable tbat Catharine employed herself with the || and cheerful a repast. pleasure of giving him an agreeable surprise. Elizabeth afterwards built the spacious
At fifteen or sixteen Russian miles south of Castle of Czarko.Celo; which is constructed of Petersburgh, she hat, remarked at a distance brick, and is yet in fine preservation. from the high road, an elevated situation wbich would, she ibought, be very appropriate to the erecting on it a small summer resi
MISS HAMILTON. dence, making it commodious, simple, com
The Empress, wife of Peter the Great, manding a fine prospect, and surrounded with
had a maid of honour named Hamilton ; she smiling objects such as Peter was fond of. was young, pretty, and of great tenderness. She bad it constructed privately; it was
Reputation and pleasure are not always combuilt of wood, and she herself presided over
patibie with female decorum. Twice already the work : she drew the plans, and ordered had she extinguished every materual sentiment the laying out of the gardens, disposing every
in her bosom, and had, by murder, deprived tbing with that promptitude, that all was the fruit of her imprudence from being brought finished on the arrival of her husband. to light : two innocent victims bad received Peter, on his return to Petersburgh, ever
from this beauteous Hamilton life by love, active, was continually in motion; he dug and death from a sense of reputation. The canals, he formed quays, and forwarded the third pregnancy was visible; she was closely works of his new city. Catharine told him watched, and it was proved that Miss Hamilshe had made a discovery of a charming situ
ton bad, for the third time, destroyed her offtion, of wbich he was yet ignorant, where spring. The law condemned her to lose her he bad never been, though very near to Peters. || head, and the sentence was executed accordburgh.
ingly. Peter suffered bimself to be conducted there
Peter had not be held so many attractions by Catharine : they soon went out of the highuumoved; he had loved ber, and sbe bad made road, and arrived at a height, where stood a
hiin happy. Miss Hamilton, in her prison, bouse, concealed by a wood, so that Peter | given up to the most bitter reflections, could could not see it; but there a rural festival was
not yet help Aattering herself with escaping in preparation for bim; he could not, how- | death, as she reckoned the Czar amongst her ever, help admiring the place, and its situation. lovers. The day marked for her punishment Catharine informed him, she had made her- | arrived; sbe appeared upon the scaffold, baself happy by building on this spot an habita- bited in a robe of white satin, tring med with tion according to his taste; Peter applauded | black ribbands; and never had she looked so the idea, and still conversing, they walked on;
beautiful. The monarch advanced to bid ber they approach it, and he sees, at length, before farewell; he embraced her, encouraged her, his eyes, a pleasant garden, a charming house, and said to her, “ I cannot save thee; the law, the chimnies smoking, and several persons in which condemus thee, is greater than I! Trust readiness to receive bim : he enters, aud ex. in God, and suffer patiently.” And at the periences all the pleasure of surprise; while | very moment when the Czar, deeply affected, he caused Catharine to enjoy one more in. pressed ber band for the last time, and walked finitely exquisite, by the extreme satisfaction
away, that captivating bead, with one blow, he evinced at all he beheld: he praised every was separated from her beautiful body, and so thing, found all in the most perfect order, em terminated the life of the unfortunate Miss braced the lovely architect, who had so in- | Hamilton ! geniously employed herself in promoting his
(To be continued.)
Illustrations of the Graphic art; EXEMPLIFIED BY SKETCHES FROM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AT PARIS.
the satin of the doublet has a truth of effect This picture places its original in a situa- | which comes up to nature; the play of the tion which, as it is juterpreted by the Parisian lights and shades of the satin is in a perfect critic, is, we believe, contrary to historical gradation from the jutting out of the elbow truth; or at least au emblematical effort only which receives it in folds, to the right side of of the painter; for he says, there was a period the figure where it is lost in shade. In the de. in the life of Charles I. io which that monarch, tails of the dress, every thing is a true portrait. pressed by untoward circumstances, went to The Groom and the Page bave all the charac. the sea shore where, io a place agreed upon,
he ter of their offices; the horse is a fine warwas to have found a vessel in which he intend horse; be is fatigued, he hangs his head, but ed to embark. He arrived after the vessel had the chest and forehead mark his qualities.sailed, and from the height where he stood The scenery shews a retired spot on the sea he perceived her already at a great distance. | side, and is drawn with grand features, so as to In consequence of this, which is the subject of agree with the style of av historic painting. this piece, a painful expression is marked It is generally allowed by connoisseurs, that upon his countenance, and a melancholy reigns the most perfect of Van Dyk's performances over it which, however, his native dignity re as a portrait painter, is bis strains, and keeps from falling into despon. dence. The whole figure, though in a common
PRESIDENT RICHÁRDOT, dress, is full of nobleness; the attitude is
Which the French critics consider as possessoldierlike ; the whole turn of expression truly sing spirit, look, expression, dispisition of the royal; aud is, in short, evidently that of a man
parts, design, colouring, character, and in accustomed to command; and the whole short, every thing which can siamp a value on aspect of the figure sbews that all the graces
a portrait. In this the head has all the senti. of royalty may be well expressed without the
ment that bespeaks a firm and reflective mind, aid of the crown or robes of state. Norbing
an austere magi trate, much rectitude, and ne appears less favourable to the painter than deficiency of the milk of buman kindness. boots, large breeches, a buff jerkin, a sword, Here too, the black costume and the fur. and the hat of that period ; in fact, Calot with
red mantle are quite in a contrasted unison all his skill, if be had been to sketch this dress, | with the Child's head which they thus throw would have made it grotesque and ridiculous;
out suthiciently from the canvas, as tbe effect whilst Van Dyk with his, bas drawn a personage of bis delicate tints would bave been quite de. whom no one will ever suppose to be merely a stroyed by the contrast of the black alone, but simple cavalier. This picture has been well
which is avoided by the brown tint of the fur engraved by Strange. This portrait, continues coming between. This is, indeed, a master. the critic, is indeed an bistorical picture, and piece in the art. The band which holds the may be considered as a masterpiece, because | book, is extremely handsome; but that which it unites in itself all the parts of the art, and
rests upon the Child's hand is a little too fulfils all the prescribed condisjons of interest, || young for the father's head; the bead of the sentiment, correctness, and colouring. It is Child itself is luminous, brilliant, firmly pen. drawn with a firmness which shews that it was cilled, solid, free, and well determined, as if struck off at once; all the local colours are done off hand, as it were. The head too is thrown in freely, and the light is that of broad || sprightly, and bears a family likeness; the day. The bat bas an elegant and warlike air; ll very eyes speak; the white satin of its dress is