Freedom of Speech: Rights and Liberties Under the Law

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ABC-CLIO, 2003 - 395 страници

In a field dominated by jargon-filled texts and march-of-progress treatments, this book presents an insightful introduction to freedom of speech, skillfully blending legal analysis with accounts of how staunchly contested historical, political, and cultural issues often influenced legal reasoning.

The volume traces the origins of the freedom in English law and its development through the founding of the United States, and examines how the unique struggles of 19th century Americans over such issues as political parties, slavery, women's rights, and economic inequality transformed this traditional English right into a distinctively American one. The book outlines the ways in which the U.S. Supreme Court became the prime interpreter of the meaning of free speech and introduces readers to current court rulings on the First Amendment. It also speculates about the political and legal developments likely to emerge in the new century.

 

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Съдържание

Introduction
1
Institutional Protection for the Freedom of Speech
6
Why Free Speech? First Amendment Theory
13
ProFree Speech Arguments
16
AntiFree Speech Arguments
26
Free Speech Today
31
References and Further Reading
36
Origins and Early Development
41
Thomas Jefferson First Inaugural Address Washington DC March 4 1801
259
COMMENTARIES WITH NOTES OF REFERENCE TO THE CONSTITUTION AND L AWSOFTHE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITE...
260
Alexander Hamiltons Speech in Harry Croswells Case 1804
261
Joseph Story COMMENTARIES ON THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES 1833
262
BARRON V BALTIMORE 32 US 243 1833
263
Alexis de Tocqueville DEMOCRACY IN AMERICA 1833
264
Gag Rule US House of Representatives 1836
265
John Stuart Mill ON LIBERTY 1859
266

The Regulation of Speech under English Common Law
47
Continuity and Change in the Colonies and Early American Law
50
Founding Worries
57
Speech in the Early National Era
58
The Duel in the Early United States
70
The Main Currents of the Law of Speech in the NineteenthCentury United States
72
Robust Parties Antislavery Agitation and Speech in the United States
75
Freedom and Civil War
82
Thomas Cooleys Treatise and Free Speech
84
The Eclipse of Privacy and Rise of Obscenity
88
References and Further Reading
93
The Twentieth Century
97
Free Speech as Bohemian Fashion
99
Political Radicalism Prior to World War I
102
106 Freedom of Speech
106
The Birth Control Movement and Free Speech
109
World War I Free Speech and the Supreme Court
111
SCHENCK ABRAMS DEBS and FROHWERK
114
the Rise of the Supreme Court as the Preeminent Authority on Free Speech Rights
119
Speech and the US Worker
122
The Jehovahs Witnesses and the Development of the Public Forum Doctrine
125
The Legion of Decency and the Hays Commission
129
Welcoming Sexual Speech
131
The Threat and Fear of Communism
135
The Social Movements of the 1950s and 1960s
142
LateCentury Progressive Attacks on Free Speech
151
Doctrine and Issues at Centurys End
153
References and Further Reading
157
The Future of the Freedom of Speech
161
The Return of the Dangers of Radical Political Speech
162
Government Largesse and the Freedom of Speech
165
Bribery or Constitutionally Protected Political Speech?
169
Private Power Technology and the Freedom of Speech
171
the Continuing Progressive Political Correctness Campaign
176
Political Correctness by Other Means?
178
Conclusion
180
References and Further Reading
181
Key People Cases and Events
183
Documents
235
John Milton AREOPAGITICA 1644
236
John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon Of Freedom of Speech
238
Printers PHILADELPHIA GAZETTE June 10 1731
241
Montesquieu THE SPIRIT OF THE LAWS Book 12 Chapters 1213 1748
243
John Wilkes THE NORTH BRITON no 45 April 25 1763
244
THE LAWS OF ENGLAND Book 4 Paragraph 13 1769
245
Publius Alexander Hamilton FEDERALIST PAPER no 84 1787
246
US Constitution 1787 Article 1 Section 6 Speech and Debate Clause
253
Sedition Act 1798
254
Letter John Marshall to a Freeholder 1798
255
James Madison Report on the Virginia Resolution 1800
256
Fourteenth Amendment US Constitution Section 1 1868
272
Theodore Schroeder LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE SPEECH AND PRESS 1906
273
Its Theory and Practice MOTHER EARTH JanuaryFebruary 1913
279
Espionage Act of 1917 as Amended by the Sedition Act of 1918
283
Zechariah Chafee Jr from THE NEW REPUBLIC 1918
285
California Criminal Anarchy Statute Cal Pen Code sec 403a 1919
286
ABRAMS V UNITED STATES 250 US 616 1919
287
173185
289
GITLOW V NEW YORK 268 US 652 1925
292
WHITNEY V CALIFORNIA 274 US 357 1927
294
Association of America Motion Picture Production Code Hays Code Statement of General Principles January 1931
296
CAROLENE PRODUCTS CO V UNITED STATES 304 US 144 1938
297
LOVELL V CITY OF GRIFFIN 303 US 444 1938
298
THORNHILL V ALABAMA 310 US 88 1940
299
CANTWELL V CONNECTICUT 310 US 296 1940
300
The Alien Registration Act 1940 Smith Act
301
the Union Address Four Freedoms Speech January 6 1941
302
CHAPLINSKY V NEW HAMPSHIRE 315 US 568 1942
303
WEST VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION V BARNETTE 319 US 624 1943
304
Universal Declaration of Human Rights December 10 1948
305
KOVACS V COOPER 336 US 77 1949
306
Wheeling West Virginia February 9 1950
308
DENNIS V UNITED STATES 341 US 494 1951
310
BEAUHARNAIS V ILLINOIS 343 US 250 1952
312
YATES V UNITED STATES 354 US 298 1957
315
ROTH V UNITED STATES 354 US 476 1957
316
NAACP V ALABAMA 357 US 449 1958
317
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights December 16 1966
318
GINZBURG V UNITED STATES 383 US 463 1966
319
Herbert Marcuse Repressive Tolerance and Postscript 1969
320
TINKER V DES MOINES 393 US 503 1969
323
BRANDENBURG V OHIO 395 US 444 1969
325
COHEN V CALIFORNIA 403 US 15 1971
328
MILLER V CALIFORNIA 413 US 15 1973
329
BUCKLEY V VALEO 424 US 1 1976
330
FCC V PACIFICA FOUNDATION 438 US 726 1978
332
All Forms of Discrimination against Women December 18 1979
335
TEXAS V JOHNSON 491 US 397 1989
336
RUST V SULLIVAN 500 US 173 1991
337
RAV v St Paul 505 US 377 1992
339
515 US 819 1995
340
517 US 484 1996
342
RENO V ACLU 521 US 844 1997
344
NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS V FINLEY 524 US 569 1998
346
Chronology
349
Table of Cases
361
Bibliography
365
Index
371
About the Author
395
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Информация за автора (2003)

Ken I. Kersch is assistant professor of politics at Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.

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