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they stood for conscience, and resolv'd to die, rather than change the ancient purity of that religion which their ancestors and they had prosper'd in so many years; vow'd to their gods to sacrifice their lives, and die their daughters martyrs and their wives, before they would commit so great a sin against the faith they had been bred

up

in.

TO HIS MISTRESS.
Do not unjustly blame

my guiltless breast,
for vent'ring to disclose a flame

it had so long supprest.
In it's own asbes it design'd

for ever to have lain;
but that my sighs, like blasts of wind,

made it break out again.

TO THE SAME.
Do not mine affection slight

'cause my locks with age are white: your breasts have snow without, and snow within, while flames of fire in your bright eyes are seen.

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Life of Butler,
Satire upon Gaming,
Satire upon Drunkenness,

page 1 Satire upon Marriage,

10 To his Mistress, • 13To the same,

16 20 90

SIR JOHN DENHAM was the only son of Sir John Denham, knight, of Little Horsley in Essex, some time chief Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland, and one of the Lord Justices of that kingdom, by Eleanor daughter of Sir GarretMore, Baron of Mellefont in Ireland. He was born at Dublin in 1615. But in the space two years afterwards, his father being made one of the barons of the Exchequer in England, theson was brought with hisparents to London, where he received his grammatical education. In 1631 he was entered a GentlemanCommoner in Trinity-College, Oxford. He was then 16 years of age, and according to Anthony Wood, looked upon as a slow, dreaming, young man, 'more addicted to gaming than to study. He resided here three years, passed his examinations, and was admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He next took chambers in Lincoln's-Inn, and applied, for a time, closely to the study of common law. His propensity to gaming, however, continued, and subjected him to the depredations of adepts in the art. His father chid and threatened him; he grew repentant, and wrote, an Essay on Gaming, which he presented to his father. This effected a reconciliation. His father died in 1638. He again fell to gaming, and lost several thousand pounds. In 1641 he published a tragedy called The Sophy, which was much admired. Soon after he was high-sheriff for the county of Surry, and made governor of Farnham-Castle, by king Charles 1, but not understanding military affairs, he relinquished his post, and went to the king at Oxford.

they stood for conscience, and resolv'd to die, rather than change the ancient purity of that religion which their ancestors and they had prosper'd in so many years; vow'd to their gods to sacrifice their lives, and die their daughters martyrs and their wives, before they would commit so great a sin against the faith they had been bred up in.

TO HIS MISTRESS.
Do not unjustly blame

my guiltless breast,
for vent'ring to disclose a flame

it had so long supprest.
In it's own ashes it design'd

for ever to have lain;
but that my sighs, like blasts of wind,

made it break out again.

TO THE SAME. Do not mine affection slight 'cause my locks with age are white: your breasts have snow without, and snow within, while filames of fire in your bright eyes are seen.

CONTENTS.

Life of Butler, · · · · page 11 Satire upon Marriage, .
Satire upon Gaming, ... 10 To his Mistress, . . .
Satire upon Drunkenness, • • 13 To the same, - . . .

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SIR JOHN DENHAM was the only son of Sir John Denham, knight, of Lite tle Horsley in Essex, some time chief Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland, and one of the Lord Justices of that kingdom, by Eleanor daughter of Sir GarretMore, Baron of Mellefont in Ireland. He was born at Dublin in 1615. But in the space two years afterwards, his father being made one of the barons of the Exchequerin England, theson was brought with his parents to London, where he received his grammatical education. In 1631 he was entered a GentlemanCommoner in Trinity-College, Oxford. He was then 16 years of age, and according to Anthony Wood, looked upon as a slow, dreaming, young man, 'more addicted to gaming than to study. He resided here three years, passed his examinations, and was admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He next took chambers in Lincoln's-Inn, and applied, for a time, closely to the study of common law. His propensity to gaming, however, continued, and subjected him to the depredations of adepts in the art. His father chid and threatened him; he grew repentant, and wrote, an Essay on Gaming, which he presented to his father. This effected a reconciliation. His father died in 1638. He again fell to gaming, and lost several thousand pounds. In 164 1 he published a tragedy called The Sophy, which was much admired. Soon after he was high-sheriff for the county of Surry, and made governor of Farnham-Castle, by king Charles 1, but not understanding military affairs, he relinquished his post, and went to the king at Oxford.

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In 1643 he there published his Cooper's Hill; A poem,” says Dryden, " which for majesty of style is, and ever will be, the standard of good writing." His attachment to the royal cause during the civil wars gained him the confidence of the queen. She intrusted to our author, therefore, a message to the king, then a captive in the army. He afterwards resided some time in France, in the train of exiled royalty, and occasionally diverted the melancholy of the king and his retinue by poetic effusions. He returned to England in 1652, but as his estates had been seized and sold by an order of parliament, he accepted the hospitality of the earl of Pembroke, at Wilton. At the restoration he was received into the sunshine of court favour, succeeded Inigo Jones as surveyor general to the king's buildings, and at the coronation of Charles 2, dignified with the order of K. B.: Indulged by his royal master, and publicly esteemed, there was reason to hope that Sir John might have been, securely happy, but human felicity is short and precarious, and man while deeming himself most secure, plunges unwarily into deep calamity. It was thus that our author by an injudicious marriage subjected himself to the bad dispositions of a wife. This unfortupate situation preyed so strongly upon his mind, that his understanding became disordered. This alienation of reason, was, however, only temporary, for he afterwards enjoyed his wonted faculties, so as to write some verses on Cowley's death, whom he did not long survive. He died in March, 1668, at his office near Wbite-hall, and was interred in Westminster abbey, near Chaucer, Spencer, and Cowley, the of whom was his intimate friend. Tho’his

early seem to have been unruly and agitated, yet i

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