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Serm.mer Times were never so good, and the
X. present never so bad, it is none of our

Business to enquire into the Causes of
these things. 'Tis not our Business to
inspect Providence, but to submit to it.
Shall Man, who is but of yesterday,
who came a perfect Stranger into the
World, he hardly knows how or when;
no sooner come into the World, but
immediately set up for a Judge, and
claim the Dominion of it? Whatever
the World does, or however it goes
with it, we may be sure God knows
it, and permits it to go on; and con-
tinues to send his Rain on the Just
and on the Unjust : And would we
have him stop the Course of his Provi-
dence, and work Miracles for nothing
in the World but to keep us in Humour.

To conclude: Let us all endeavour to leave off this murmuring complaining Temper, , which tends to nothing but to make bad Christians and bad Subjects. 'Tis an Argument of a weak Mind, a Mind not accustom'd to thinking, and is a Disgrace to Human Na


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ture, as well as to Religion. 'Tis high Serm, Time now to exert the Dominion of

X. Reason over Fancy and Opinion. However it goes with the World without us, let us remember that we are Men and Christians. Let us not be such Cheats to ourselves

to make · imaginary Evils real ones, but consider that we have a Mind to look after, which will determine our Happiness or Misery, according as we accustom it to a right or a wrong way of thinking. In a word, As long as we live in this World, let us endeavour to make ourselves and others as happy as we can. We have


Vices and Infirmities, as well as other People, and therefore we ought to bear with one another, and not conclude a Peace with our own Follies, and at the same time proclaim War against those of other People. In short, let us furnish our Minds with true Religion, which will

ive us such a chearful and eafy Deportment in every Condition of Life, as will make us truly happy; for her Ways are Ways of Pleasantness, and all her Paths aré Peace.


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G E N. iv.


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And He said, What bast thou

done? The Voice of thy Brother's Blood crieth unto from the Ground.


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N this Chapter we have a XI.

short Account of Cain and I

Abel, and the first propaga

ting the World after Adam and Eve were driven out of Paradice: It is very concise indeed, tho' it is as long as the Nature of the Thing would admit of: For it cannot reasonably be expected, that the Scripture should give, a particular Account of every thing; that would have been neither necessary nor useful: Not necessary, because the Intent and Design of it was not to teach



Men Systems of History and Chrono- SERM:
logy, but just so much, as may help. XI.
to promote and recommend a good
Life :

Not useful, because it would
have swoln the Sacred Volume to too
great a Bulk for the Generality of Man-
kind to receive much Benefit from ;
especially, since for some of whom, it
is to be fear'd, it would be still too large,
were it less than it is.

appears the Folly of those,
who require a particular Account of
every minute Circumstance of things in
Scripture; as where Cain could take a
Wife, when as yet the Scripture had
made Mention of no other Woman in
the World but Eve : Since an Account
of these things is neither necessary nor
useful, especially, if we consider, that
a little common Sense will naturally lead
a Man to fill up the Charm; for as to
this particular Case, the World being,
according to Chronologers, a hundred
and twenty eight, or a hundred and
thirty Years Old, when Cain flew Abel,
it must be suppos'd, that there were
People enough in it by that Time for
fuch a Purpose. The Truth of it is,
such Questions as these are as useless as
they are foolish and insignificant, and
argue a little Mind, and a trifling Un-



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But this only by the Way.

Now as to the Perfons here concern'd in the Text, all that we need know is, that one was a Keeper of Sheep, and the other å Tiller of the Ground; and that they offer'd each an Offering to the Lord; Abel of the Firstlings of his Flock, and Cain of the Fruit of the Ground; but we find both were not equally accepted, for the Lord had Respect unto Abel, and his Offering; but unto Cain and his Offering, for want of a right Qualification, he had not Respect; upon which Account Cain was very wrath, and his Countenance fell, i.e. he did not only look dejected, and full of Sorrow, but full of Revenge too; though there was no manner of Reason or Ground for this Wrath or Sullenness; for it was not his God, nor his Brother, that was the Cause of his Offering's not being accepted, but himself; For, says the Lord to him, if thou dost well, malt thou not be accepted? And if thou dost not well, Sin lieth at the Door. And this is the Way of most wicked Men, who, like Cain, when they feel a necessary Remorfe attending their evil Actions, discharge their Wrath upon any one rather than themselves, who are the Delinquents, and the Persons to whom the Wrath



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