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As this part contains a description of the establishment of
Liberty in Rome, it begins with a view of the Grecian colonies settled in the southern parts of Italy, which with Sicily constituted the Great Greece of the anci.
With these colonies the spirit of Liberty, and of republics, spreads over Italy; to ver. 32. Transition to Pythagoras and his philofophy, which he taught through those free states and cities; to ver. 71. Amidst the
many small republics in Italy, Rome the destined seat of Liberty. Her establishment there dated from the expulsion of the Tarquins. How differing from that in Greece; to ver. 88. Reference to a view of the Roman republic given in the first part of this poem : to mark its rise and fall, the peculiar purport of this. During its first ages, the greatest force of Liberty and Virtue exerted; to ver. 103. The fource whence derived the heroic virtues of the Ro
Enumeration of these virtues. Thence their security at home; their glory, success, and empire, abroad; to ver. 2'26. Bounds of the Roman empire, geographically described ; to ver. 257. The states of Greece restored to Liberty by Titus Quintus Flaminius, the highest instance of public generosity and benefcence; to ver. 328. The loss of Liberty in Rome. Its causes, progress, and completion in the death of Brutus; to ver. 485. Rome under the emperors; to ver. 513. From Rome the Goddess of Liberty goes among the Northern Nations; where, by infusing into them her spirit and general principles, She lays the ground-work of her future establishments; sends them in vengeance on the Roman empire, now totally enflaved; and then, with arts and sciences in her train, quits earth during the dark ages ; to ver. 550. The celestial regions, to which Liberty retired, not proper to be opened to the view of mortals..
That painted still whate'er the Goddess sung.
5 Resign'd to Boreas, the declining year, Resum'd : : Indignant, these last scenes I fled; And long ere then, Leucadia's cloudy cliff, And the Ceraunian hills behind me thrown, All Latium stood arouz’d. Ages before, Great mother of republics ! Greece had pour'd, Swarm after swarm, her ardent youth around, On Asia, Afric, Sicily, they stoop’d, But chief on fair Hesperia's winding shore ; Where, from Lacinium to Etrurian vales,
is They roll'd increasing colonies along, And lent materials for my Roman Reign. With them my spirit spread; and numerous states And cities rose, on Grecian models form’d; As its parental policy, and arts, Each had imbib’d. Besides, to each assign'd A guardian genius, o'er the public weal,
Kept an unclosing eye; try'd to sustain,
30 That truth beyond the flight of fable bore,
Not fo the Samian Sage; to him belongs The brightest witness of recording fame. For these free states his native ifle forfook, And a vain tyrant's transitory smile,
35 He fought Crotona's pure falubrious air, And through great Greece his gentle wisdom taught; Wisdom that calm’d for listening years the mind, Nor ever heard amid the storm of zeal, His mental eye first launch'd into the deeps
40 Of boundless æther ; where unnumber'd orbs, Myriads on myriads, through the pathlefs fky Unerring roll, and wind their steady way. There he the full confenting choir beheld; There first discern'd the secret band of love,
45 The kind attraction, that to central funs Binds circling earths, and world with world unites. Instructed thence, he great ideas form’d Of the whole-moving, all-informing God, The fun of beings ! beaming unconfin'd
50 Light, life, and love, and ever-active
power: Whom nought can image, and who best approves
The filent worship of the moral heart,
gave the four yet reigning virtues name;
65 Thence try'd against the blood-polluted meal, And limbs yet quivering with fome kindred soul, To turn the human heart. Delightful truth! Had he beheld the living chain ascend, And not a circling form, but rifing whole.
Amid these fmall republics one arose, On yellow Tyber's bank, almighty Rome, Fated for Me. A nobler spirit warm’d Her sons; and, rouz’d by tyrants, nobler ftill It burn'd in Brutus; the proud Tarquins chac'd, 75 With all their crimes ; bade radiant æras rise, And the long honours of the consul-line.
Here, from the fairer, not the greater, plan Of Greece I vary'd; whose unmixing states, By the keen soul of emulation pierc'd,
80 Long wag'd alone the bloodless war of arts, And their best empire gain'd. But to diffuse