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18th of March, 1826. Upon the re- these moments of forgetfulness, in which I commendation of the teacher of the lavish my money as if I was babituated to elementary school at which he was first abundance, my poor mother is, perhaps, at placed, the municipality of Rochefort her wits' end to provide for the necessities

of the family." granted him a demibourse, at the college of that city, and his parents, with There is here evidence enough, and a generosity which manifestly kindled it is corroborated in every subsequent in his mind the most lively and endur- page of his journal, that Bellot was a ing gratitude, taxed their slender re- good and true-hearted Frenchman; and sources to defray the other moiety of those who have the happiness to be acthe expenses of his education. 'The

quainted with living specimens of the sacrifices made to this end were richly character, will not deny that, with all compensated. The boy's heart lent its peculiarities, it is eminent among strength to his intellect, and year after the most amiable and the best our frail year

he obtained such distinctions as humanity can produce. Glowing with it was in the power of the college to family love, on fire for fame, the young bestow. At the age of fifteen years he man shrank not, as an English sailorwas admitted into the naval school, be- boy would have done, from exposing ing again assisted by a grant of a demi- the inmost motives of his heart, or the bourse from the municipality. For two sharpest struggles of his conscience and years longer his parents struggled to his pride ; but, if there was no delicate make up the cost of his maintenance, reserve in his manners, neither was until, in 1843, he was enrolled as a there hypocrisy, and the truth of his naval aspirant, and stationed in the emotions was as little obnoxious to sus. port of Brest, from whence, in the picion as if they had been kept strictly ensuing year, he was shipped in the concealed within his own breast. His corvette Berceau, as an élève de ma- sincerity was no more doubted or rine, and sailed upon his first cruise. doubtful when he recorded his intent A sentence or two from the early pages to keep a journal, in order that he of the journal which he then began to might teach his brother and nephews, keep, contain the key-note of his cha- by his example, to devote themselves racter, and indicate the qualities that for their families, science, and hufashioned the course of his short life, manity, or when, in innocent vanity, and struck out from the hearts of the he sent his portrait to Mr. Barrow of strangers among whom he died those

the Admiralty, than it was when he sympathies which have so remarkably allotted a portion of his pay to his distinguished his memory :

family, or “maintained the dignity of

his character," by refusing to allow "We sail (he writes) this morning from Lady Franklin to eke out his insuffi. Mayette. My negligence and apathy are cient allowances by paying the exextreme; I have not had the courage to penses of his outfit. write home; so here is an opportunity lost The Berceau was destined for an exto me, through my own fanlt.


pedition to Madagascar, and there, in ought, however, to show more firmness in the

an affair at Tamatave, Bellot, to use position in which I stand, and betbink me

his own words, received the baptism that I must absolutely arrive at something. The desire of showing gratitude for all that

of fire. The rite was administered in has been done for me, ought, of itself, to con

the form of a ball in the thigh, and he stitute a very sufficient motive for me. Ought

characteristically tells his family, “it I not also to reflect, that I am destined to sup

was an ordeal from which I think I port a numerous and beloved family, of have come off not amiss. I knew well whom I am the sole hope? I am considered that in case I felt fear, my pride and ambitious, I am sure, and it is true; but is sense of duty would never have forthere a nobler aim than that for the ambi- saken me; but I am delighted that I tion of a young man ? This laudable feel- have had the trial." For this service ing, I well know, is not the only one that

the élève was promoted to the first makes me thus contemplate all my projects of

class, and decorated with the Cross of glory and advancement ; perhaps even there is too much self-love in all my schemes ; but

the Legion of Honour, he being then these two motives together must make me

under twenty years old. Shortly afdesirous of prompt advancement. I must

terwards he returned to France, and work to win a good reputation, instead of having passed the necessary examinalapping myself to sleep in ease and supine

tion, was made enseigne de vaisseuu, I ought to consider, that in

in which rank be served on board the VOL. XLVI.NO. CCLXXVI,

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Triomphante, in South America, until including captain and officers, and the end of 1850, when he was removed sailing on teetotal principles, was from that ship and attached to the dé- not very agreeable ; * but would it pôt company at Rochefort, where he

have been possible for a French offic soon became weary of an inactive and cer to draw back on account of a fer inglorious life. • What (asks his dangers to be incurred ? Evidently biographer) can a young unmarried not; the honour of the uniform van naval officer do who is employed in a concerned, and the warmth of the port ? When he has finished his day's thanks and the sympathies of which duty, which generally occupies but few the volunteer was the object, redon. hours, and partaken of the family meals, bled his enthusiam and devotion to the he has still a great deal of time on hand, hallowed enterprise. The sojourn in which he may spend in study, or in London during those few days was, in the salons of some of the townspeople truth, a sort of ovation, in the course of who receive visitors, or in the cercle, or which the amiable vanity of the young in the café.” None of these modes of man was fully gratified, and the gal. whiling away life suited Bellot. He lantry and heartiness of his kindly,

, was evidently not a closet-student, happy nature were displayed in al and although “passionately fond of their attractive freshness. * Who is dancing, it must be confessed (says M. that young officer of the French pary, Lemer) this man, so intrepid in pre- with an air of such decision, and who sence of danger, so bold in thought, wears his precocious decoration so so ready of speech, always manifesting jauntily ?! said Jules Janin to somesuch promptitude and presence of body. That is,' replied the person mind before assembled men, was ex- addressed, .M. Bellot, the Enseigne cessively modest in all that concerned de vaisseau, who has volunteered to his renown, and bashful in the pre- take part in the new expedition which sence of women, for whom he pro- is about to sail in search of Frankhn.' fessed, too, a truly chivalric admira- Instantly Janin runs up to him, and tion and respect.

He was small of says, . Ma foi, monsieur, I had a stature, and shrank from exhibiting wish to know you; you are a irre himself in a quadrille ; nor was he man; allow me to clasp your bed more at home in cercle or café, where, I loved him at once, the charming lain “ in the beginning oné remains an whom I saw but for two or three hours hour, drinks a glass of beer, and said Janin, in relating the incident. chats. By-and-bye the sittings are The Prince Albert sailed from insensibly prolonged, play takes the Aberdeen on the 22nd of May, 1851, place of conversation, liqueurs of and she re-entered that port on the beer; and what was at first but à 7th of October, 1852, not having espastime, soon becomes a habit, then caped from the ice, in which she was a want, and often an irresistible set fast for three hundred and thirty passion.” At last, in the beginning days, until the 6th of August. During of 1851, Bellot made up his mind to the whole of this period, with the esoffer to take a part in the expedition ception of a few weeks, Bellot kept a which Lady Franklin was then pre- journal, from day to day; which his paring to send out in search of her biographer has now given to the pubhusband; and having entered into a lic, and which cannot be read without correspondence with that lady, he so- deep interest. It is true it contains licited and obtained the permission of nothing novel in science or in adrenthe French minister of marine, and ture for those versed in arctic-voyage repaired to London in May of that literature, but as the reflex of a simyear. The time was favourable ; the ple, loyal, religious, and brave heart, Great Exhibition was flourishing in and as a faithful record of the social all its freshness, universal peace and life of the little company of true. philanthropy were the fashion, and hearted seamen into which he was the young enseigne de vaisseau, imper- adopted, every page of it is a study of sonating, to some extent, the grand the pleasantest side of our common idea of international union, became a nature. In a letter to M. Marmier, sort of lion of the hour. The pros- Bellot thus describes his companions:pect of an arctic voyage in the Prince Albert, a little schooner of ninety i Hardy Scots of the Orcades, or Shéttons, with a crew of eighteen men, land Isles, who formed part of the expedi


tions of Rae, Richardson, and Franklin, of after dinner, and the whole crew drank tried by numerous voyages in search of

a glass of grog to the health of the fawhales, form a chosen crew. Mr. John

mily Bellot. But then, each day Hepburn, who followed Franklin in his ex

brought its festival of prayer and amination of the Coppermine and Macken

praise. Nô sooner had Captain Kena zie rivers, has arrived in all haste from Van Diemen's Land; to furnish a fresh proof of

nedy recovered a little from the seas his devotion to his old captain. Mr. Leask,

sickness, to which the rough seas of pilot of the North Star, who knows the Baf.

the Orkneys consigned almost every fin and Barrow Straits, as well as you do one on board, than he mustered all your library, is our ice-master. At our head is hands to prayers on deck, and this Captain Kennedy, a captain in the Hud- practice was continued morning and son's Company's service, a man of an ana evening during the entire voyage, cient stock; á scion of those Puritans, whose Few narratives we have ever read dauntless courage has its source in the most

have seemed to us more touching than lively faith; one of those models froin

the entries in the journal incidentally whom Cooper has taken his · Pathtinder.' Alone, in the midst of these men, tried by

alluding to these ministrations, and to incredible sufferings, I bring, instead of ex

the part taken in them by the young perience, a boundless ardour; but I have

French Roman Catholic. or a naconfidence. Have we not the justice of our ture deeply impressed with the relia cause to back us up?"

gious sentiment, he had manifestly

thought but little of these things before It was truly a strange companion- chance brought him within the inship, as he elsewhere observes in his fluence of English habits:diary, in which he found himself

"On Sunday (he writes to a friend, in * Commanding men of a foreign nation ;

reference to his first arrival in London) an officer of a military-marine service, among

I went to the Protestant Church. The meni bound solely by a civil engagement; a

officer who had goodnaturedly made himCatbolic, endeavouring to keep alive in their

self my cicerone, said to me, with so naminds a different religion, in which they

tural an air, What church shall we go have been educated, and the precepts of

to ?' that I durst not tell him how long it which I deliver to them in tongue which

was since I had left off going to mass; and is not my own. Nevertheless (he adds)

I went as much to avoid giving him a bad there is not one of these men who does not

opinion of me as from any real inclination." regard me as a countryman, and obey me

The first impression was strengthas if I were really so."

ened during his short stay at StromAmong the notables of the crew,

ness, when the following entries were with whom the journal brings us into

made in his diary: close acquaintance, there were, bè.

"Sunday, 25th May, 1851.-We moored sides these named above, the doctor, in the morning in Stromness roads. At : Cowie, who seems to have been a spe- two o'clock we go on shore with the crew,

cial worthy ; Mr. Anderson, the se- and repair to the Free Church. Prayers are cond officer; Mr. Smith, the steward; said for us, and the congregation are called and Mr. Grate, the boatswain. And upon to put up vows for our prosperous never, so far as can be learned from voyage. the journal, did a more harmonious

* 1st June. As usual, Sabbath day. This or cheerful party dwell together for

time I go not to the Free Church, but to the seventeen months. Their carousals

United Presbyterian. At Stromness, a town indeed were few and far between.

of twelve hundred inhabitants, there is also At starting, a few bottles of porter,

a third church. The apparent unity which

subsists among us proceeds after all only remaining from the last voyage, were from the indifference which Lamennais speaks consumed, to wet the first watch of

of. If our ministers are charged with being the foreign shipmate; à ration of declaimers and actors, the contrary reproach brandy was now and then conceded to may be addressed to the ministers here. the petitions of the forecastle, when The minister who officiated to-day is a teetotalism could no longer be en

radical, Miss C. tells me, for he says that dured ; and the birthday of the old

Jesus Christ owed his sanctity to his labour. Rochefort blacksmith was celebrated

After church I take a walk with the ladies. by a grand symposium, when the doc

Sup with Mr. B.; Bible reading and family tor, having casually become acquaint

prayer--the domestics are present at it." ed with the circumstance of the anni. From a hearer, Bellot soon became versary, had a little collation prepared á minister of the word; and as he does

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not seem to have ever formally aban- passed in disquisitions worthy of the doned the creed in which he was Byzantine schoolmen. Thus educated, the progress of his views, and the mutual tolerance with which " Mr. Grate [the boatswain) comes 3 he and his companions merged the me," writes Bellot,“ during my watch, zi peculiarities of their respective opi

confides to me his doubts as to the sen nions in a common practical Chris

with which Judas Iscariot is regarded; ses tianity, are real curiosities of polemi

Jesus Christ was to be betrayed by sim: cal literature :

body, it was God's will! "Ob,' says
' formerly people were not educated as the

are now. I should like to know two br “ Several American officers,” [of whalers]

guages, French and Hebrew.' When 1 he writes, “ came to Divine Service on board

him why the latter, 'In order to make us this morning, with some of their men.

new translation of the Bible,' be replies; Poor Captain Kennedy was quite affected

cable, and not a camel, to pass through when he prayed to God for the safety of those from whom we are about to part, per

eye of a needle.'” haps for ever. Is not this one of the good sides of their religion, that every man of

Neither had the religion of the emet character may officiate without having taken of the Prince Albert anything ase holy orders ?"

in its nature. Captain Kennedy be

'self sang sweet French-Canadian be Again :

sons; and reading, dancing,


Smith's violin, and the organ girat “As always, on Sunday we have Divine Service, and, as usual, I read the sermon.

Prince Albert, constituted the evening It seems I do not pronounce ill, and espe

amusements. Notwithstanding cially that my accent is not too bad. The total principles, also, high days El service consists in reading some psalms, a

holidays were, as we have seen, # chapter of the Bible, and prayers, morning

brated with a cheerful glass

, and evening. On Sunday there is, in addi- pleasant to see what a de tion, the reading of a sermon, and then of of merriment could be produe: fragments of numerous works which have

easily." The result of the whole been given to us. If the piety of our men

tem seems to have been

very: is not very enlightened, at least it appears

state of discipline, the most pe sincere; and even were it but a matter of

mutual confidence between officers habit with them, the influence of that habit upon them is excellent. I know no spec

men, the truest and loyalest tacle more suggestive of thought than the ship among all, and a general sight of those few men singing the praises

ness and affection for the foreign T of the Lord amidst the solitude of the vast

who had fallen into their comis? ocean ; I think of the convents of the East, instances of which it is scarcely pry lying like a point amidst the desert. What, to read with a dry eye. in fact, is our life on board, with its regu- of extreme peril, the crew were larity, but the convent minus inactivity, and tered and taken into council, "px minus the selfishness of the man who seeks

much to cover responsibility, in prayer only his own salvation? O yes! the exercise of prayer is salutary; it is,

if any one man could suggest any

better than what was proposed;"> above all, useful and indispensable to one

this confidence seems never to b who is animated by true piety. I used to think myself religious when I contented my

been abused. Under the most t** self with recognising the existence of a God; circumstances, the opinion of each I now understand how much this exercise of was pronounced honestly, and vid prayer facilitates for us the accomplishment single view to the common good; of duties, which without it we are disposed when a plan of action was deterie to pass over very lightly."

upon by the proper authority,

one put forth his best energies It is not to be supposed, however, it into execution. When a bostet that this tolerance in practice covered taining the captain and four men sy any latitudinarianism of doctrine or separated from the ship, it was bed indifference to the questions of dog- resolved to adopt a course which we matic theology. Many sharp reli- take them away forty miles farti gious discussions took place, when the from their friends, and the resolatie: disputants plied each other so hard, as promising the greatest benefit that they ended in very bad humour, the greatest number, for the moment; and the solemn hours acquiesced in by the whole crew, of the night-watch were occasionally cluding "poor Mr. Smith," the stk



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sed in diçast ard, whose brother was in the boat. to the rank of lieutenant during his lactine stie When the doctor wished to accompany absence; the time he had passed on

a party despatched in search of their board the British private ship was Mr. Gratz bis missing companions, although his assis- counted to bim as service at sea, and, write Believe tance would have been of great value, in order to give him time for repose, des to as he was refused, “considering that and the arrangement of his papers, he which enables his cares might be more precious on was placed on the footing of being Christ was 28 board in case they return by sea ;” called on duty to Paris, from the date is to kill and the doctor at once gave way.

In of his return to France. This digni. eris pergi menit this very expedition Bellot alone added fied ease did not, however, long con

a little biscuit to his meal of pem- tinue to content his adventurous spi

mican, the men having slipped a few rit. Shortly after his return, he beHotels mis pieces into the provision

bag, in spite gan to press upon the attention of the of his prohibition, because they thought ministry of marine a proposal for a that, not being accustomed to an ex. French expedition in search of Sir clusively meat diet, it might disagree John Franklin; and while this applicawith him :

tion was pending, he refused an offer “Many a time," he adds, “in this short

made to him by Captain Kane, of the ature list trip, I had reason to be inwardly grateful post of second in command of an Ame

rican expedition with the same object. lg Sweetfm. for such delicate attentions, which are always

He also declined the still more flattering and main the more touching wben they are offered by

tender of the command and ownership violin, cal persons apparently rough; and the first night, when I was half asleep, I saw them,

of the Isabella steamer, which Lady one after another, come and wrap me up,

Franklin was preparing specially for and make sure that my feet were not an expedition to Behring's Straits, and frozen."

in whích Captain Kennedy, his former And so it was throughout. Truly,

commander, was willing to serve under

his orders. You know," wrote leasant to seven if the voyage of the Prince Al

Lady Franklin, when making this gehebt dat bert has added no new fact to science,

nerous proposal, “ that the crew of The reszt ny and although it failed to accomplish

the Prince Albert are ready to go Ti to bare the objects of its promoters, it yet

with you wherever you choose to lead disciplie opened springs of human feeling, whose

them. However, you shall be free to antider: To merciful streams, blessing as they did

choose your own men ; and even, if trues ad' those among whom they rose, will

you like, to take with you in this expal, and's surely, in their further course, fertilise pedition two or three of your own Tintin om many a withered heart.

countrymen in whom you have confi. " On their return," says M. de la Roquette,

dence." The grounds of Bellot's rein a memoir read before the Geographical

fusal was no less noble and touching ith a la Society of Paris, “ Captain Kennedy, as

than the motive of the offer. " He peril, £ b well as all the crew of the Prince Albert, was afraid lest this extreme confidence aken iste spoke with so much admiration of the ser- should produce a bad effect in Enger mestres vices rendered by Bellot, and of his ex- land, and weaken the sympathy with

which Lady Franklin inspired her can dad se emplary conduct during the whole course

of the expedition, that he was everywhere
received in England with genuine enthusi-

The British Government made known

At length, finding that he could not officially to that of France how well satisfied

communicate his own enthusiasm to it was with the zealous and intelligent co

the minister of marine, and resolved cod de operation of the young officer, and Lady

not to let a season pass by without Franklin personally expressed her gratitude making another visit to the Arctic reX X to him in the most touching terms. The gions, Bellot asked and received per

Geographical Society of London, an illus- mission to embark in H.M.S. Phenix, his ones trious body, which has already rendered so Captain Inglefield, and upon the 10th fon. many services to science, conferred on him

of May, 1853, he was received on the title of Foreigu Corresponding Member

board that vessel as a volunteer for the a favour which acquired still more value in his eyes from the flattering words of the

expedition she was then about to proPresident, Sir Roderick Murchison, and from

ceed on. This was the


seaman's the presence and approbation of the most

last voyage, and the closing scene of it distinguished personages of England."

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we shall relate in the words of his

countryman, M. Lemer. On the 12th In his own country, too, he was not of August he left the Phænix and her unhonoured. He had been promoted companion, the North Star, in Erebus


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