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and the history of its owners, tracing structure, with a neat tower. A monuback to the far line of Leinster kings, ment to Colonel Gore is worth notice. conspire to render it deeply interesting; It is well executed, of marble, and and the traveller who was ignorant of erected by the officers of the corps the the details of the family scattered Duke of Wellington first earned disthrough the preceding pages, in paus- tinction with—the gallant 33rd. It ing before the walls, could not fail to marks the respect of his comrades for be struck with the air of quiet dignity, the brave colonel, who fell at Bergenand impress of respectability, its ample op-Zoon, while leading his men to dimensions display. This mansion the attack of that place, on the 8th has had its share of blows. In 1642, of March, 1814. Alas! many a brave when in the hands of the troops of man of that distinguished corps fell, in the Commonwealth, it was besieged the cause of right against might, beby the Irish, and had fallen, but the fore the blood-stained walls of Sebasgarrison was fortunately relieved by topol. The bridge which, with the Sir Charles Coote. It enjoyed re- name of Gore, gives the town its depose for many years, until the mis- signation, connects the counties of guided insurgents, in the last rebellion, Kilkenny and Carlow.

There are endeavoured to force an entrance. some well-wooded demesnes adjoining This occurred on the 24th of May, the river, The most considerable 1798, when they were bravely resisted place in this district is Graig, or by Captain Kavanagh's yeomanry Graignamanagh, six miles to the south corps, and obliged to retreat with of Goresbridge, the property of Lord fifty of their number in killed and Clifden. The town is well situated, with wounded. Shortly afterwards it was a handsome bridge over the Barrow, again encompassed by a party of re- which is navigable for boats of forty bels, detached from Vinegar Hill, tons burden. Traces of antiquity are when it was defended, with great extant. A ruined building is pointed success, by a party of the Donegal out as the remnant of the abbey militia, who compelled the assailants founded here for Cistercian monks, as to retire with considerable loss. The far back as the reign of King John, windows overlook a rich country, hill A.D., 1212. It originated in the piety and valley, with broad ranges of green and munificence of William Marshal sward, whereon stately trees stand in the elder, Earl of Pembroke. This abbey luxuriant foliage. The eye traverses a continued to outlast centuries, and its wide tract, mapped by fertile acres, mitred abbot was a lord of parliaanimated by the meanderings of the ment; but the fiat of Henry VIII. Dinior stream; and in the distance had issued, that such confraternities soars the elevated_heights of Black- were to be suppressed in the land, and stairs mountain. Relics of the Ka. the abbot was to lose his rank, and the vanagh have been discovered here. monks their homes. The king's officers At the house is preserved a curious or

“ Came in their might, with King Henry's right, nament of silver and tin, found in the

To turn church lands to lay ; demesne-it is called the Figeen; and

With sword in hand, and torch to light

Their walls if they said nay." an ancient Horn, and a casket, called Liath-Meisicith, have been placed History does not vouch that any of among the curiosities contained in the them, like the Black Friar, remained museum of Trinity College, Dublin. to haunt the scenes of his life-long de

In 1550, Cabir Mac Art Mac Mur- votion to attend the baptisms, or rough Kavanagh, of Polmonty, re- weddings, or death-beds of the spoiler's linquished the title of Mac Murrough, progeny; all we know is that, upon borne by his ancestors, and four years the suppression, the church-lands were afterwards was created Baron of Bal- granted to Sir E. Butler, and now belyan in the Irish peerage.

He mar

long to Viscount Clifden. This noried Alice, daughter of the Earl of bleman has done a great deal to imKildare, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.

prove the property he possesses bere, There is nothing very remarkable in of which building good houses, and the scenery around Goresbridge, but judicious planting, is proof. The we shall endeavour to convey a notion scenery is picturesque and bold. White of its leading features as we continue Mountain, the Blackstairs, with the our onward route with the river. The continuous chain of Mount Leinster, church at Goresbridge is a well-finished present three elevated peaks, which are termed the “Leaps of Ossian's the spring shower or barvest moon, Greyhounds.” Of these, Mount Lein- did nothing to alter the landscape be ster reaches an altitude of 2,610 feet had looked on when a boy, threeover sea level. It is of picturesque score years ago; and now he loved to outline, somewhat peaked in its lofty bask in the summer air, and let the summits, and affords a stately back- gently-passing evening breze play with ground to the landscapes of portions the grey locks which thinly wared of Carlow and Wexford, stretching on his head. He seemed approfrom its broad base. Blackstairs ranges priately placed, among the ruins of the about thirteen miles in length, exhi- ancient structure, in the moss-carpetbiting softly - rounded outlines, and ted church-yard; and gazed around as abounding in deep glens and roman- one destined soon to dwell among tic ravines. The height called Black- them, and well satisfied to find them in stairs Proper is 2,406 feet, and White such good order. No other sign of life Mountain measures to its summit was there, or indication of it. No track 1,679 feet.

of cart-wheels or horse-shoes broke St. Mullins, through which the

up

the green sward, or left ruts upon river bends from the county Carlow, the grass, which grew so luxuriantly

, and forms the boundary of Kilkenny The Barrow constitutes the boundary and Wexford, derives its name from a between Carlow and Wexford, as it monastery founded here, about 632, flows by the parish of Templendigan, by St. Moling, or Mullin. The place in the latter county. This appears a was formerly called Aghacainid, and rugged and hilly district, abounding in after the erection of the monastery, a fine white granite, of which CoolTeighmolin, “St. Mullin's House." bawn, the fine residence of Francis The saint was a native of this part Bruen, Esq., forming a picturesque of the kingdom, of the royal race of feature in the scenery, is built. On Leinster. He was made Bishop of one of the hills, dignified by the name Ferns, and is said to have possessed of the White Mountain, is an ancient the gift of prophecy." He died at a cairn, or cromlech. There is abusvery advanced age, and was honorably dant variety in this region, as the interred in his own monastery, on the tourist winds among the defiles d banks of the Barrow.

Blackstairs Mountain, This monastery existed a consider- through the valley watered by the able time; we learn that it was plun- Boro. A lovely view, embracing the dered by those piratical invaders, the Elizabethan gables and lofty chimneyDanes, in 951, and destroyed by fire peaks of Coolbawn, may be obtained in 1138. The ruins show the great from the heights skirting the road from judgment usually evinced by our fore- Tomanine to Meara's Bridge. The fathers in selecting the sites for eccle- beauty of the scene will long remain siastical buildings-the ancient, as well impressed upon the lover of picturesque as the present, church, being beauti- landscape. The people throughout fully located on the eastern bank of this country are intelligent and oblig. the river, where the banks are high. ing, ever ready to give whatever in

. The opposite side is clothed in waving formation they possess, and consider woodlands, and a deep glade, through no trouble worth mentioning if they which a mountain stream urges its can be of service. They brawling course to the calm tow of ly hospitable, and much more distinthe Barrow, presents a picturesque guished for cleanliness than our copia vista, terminating in the hamlet of try-people in general. Glynn. We loitered among the

In the neighbourhood of New Ross ruins with a fine old patriarch, who the river was thronged by small boats

, lived here since his boyhood. Con- almost canoes, which belong to swall tented with his lot, he knew little of farmers, whose spare time is employed what was taking place in the rest of in salmon-fishing the world. The neighbourhood, which propelled by paddles, shaped like the was his world, wąs unchanged: green common spade. The boatmen, two and bright lay the vale of the Barrow. in each, take the fish by means of: The summer sun or winter storm, small net, of a square shape, which is

or

passes

are extreme

These boats are

* Life, in Sir James Ware's History, 487.

rapidly drawn up when the fish strikes were neither few"nor "far between.” it.

Their attentions grew so embarrassing, About a mile north of New Ross, that, in 1269, the townsmen determined the Nore joins the Barrow, The unit, to erect a wall to secure the town ed streams form the river of Ross. from constant pillage. The banks on either side are thickly Their anxiety to accomplish this wooded, and fishermen's cottages peep desirable object was so great, that not from the leafy bowers which almost only did the men work by turns in conceal them. The river between the companies, but many of the young counties of Wexford and Kilkenny is girls joined them; and in gratitude of great width; and half a mile before for this aid a strong tower, called the wooden bridge of Mountgarret is Maiden Tower, was erected, to be reached, a glorious expanse of water used as a prison for evil doers guilty of bursts on the sight near Ringwood. offences against females. The walls, After the destruction of the old bridge, when completed, embraced a circuit in 1643, communication was kept up by of a mile; and some idea of the poa ferry, a precarious, and often hazard- pulous condition of Ross may be gain, ous, conveyance; but towards the close ed from its having ready for its deof the last century, a company, incor- fence 363 crossbow-men, 1,200 longporated by Act of Parliament, raised bow archers, 3,000 pikemen, and 104 the sum of £11,200, and a bridge of horsemen. The success of this town American oak was constructed by Mr. in trade excited the jealousy of the E. Cox. Its length, including a cause, inhabitants of Waterford, who made way of fifty yards, is 508 feet, by forty an effort to deprive it of its privileges wide. It is supported by twenty-four as a trading port. But these were sets of piers, and a drawbridge permits confirmed in the time of Edward III.* vessels to pass above the town. This It could hardly be expected that the bridge connects the town with the peaceful avocations of the settlers suburbs of Rossbercon, which was for- should not occasionally be broken by merly a borough, but now included their fighting neighbours. In 1649, within the electoral limits of New Ross. the town was partially burned by DoThe town is of great antiquity. Colgan nald, then head of the Kavanaghs; and relates that St. Abbar built a monas

in the time of Richard III., its prostery on the banks of the Barrow, perity appears to have greatly decalled Rossmactreoin, where, in pro- clined. cess of time, arose the city of Ross- The Confederate Catholics held posglass, of which extensive ruins re- session during the insurrection of 1641. mained in his time (A.D. 1620). Ac- In March, 1643, the Earl of Ormond, cording to Camden, it was founded with 500 horse and 2,500 foot, marchby Isabel, daughter of Strongbow, ed from Dublin to drive the Irish from wife of William le Marshal, Earl of New Ross. The modes of transport Pembroke, who possessed it jure uxoris, were wretched. The roads were rough, Tradition assigns the first settlement to and from want of horses and wagons others, but the charter granted to the to carry the baggage, the troops had Provost by Roger Bigod, in the reign to be sent by sea to Duncannon, and of Edward I. (1216), is conclusive evi. by the river to Ross. On the arrival dence of the town being then built. of Cromwell, in 1649, the Earl, then The name Rossponte was derived from Duke of Ormond, having garrisoned the bridge built here over the Barrow, Wexford, threw himself into this town, The favourable site for commercial which he supplied with the means of purposes, together with the fertility of defence; he was not destined to enjoy the country in the vicinity, soon raised much repose. Wexford having been it to opulence and magnitude. But settled, under the command of Colonel these attractions were not unattended Cooke, the Parliamentary forces adwith danger. They, in fact, invited vanced on Ross, then a walled town, the predatory visits of troublesome and, under date of 17th October, neighbours, who certainly bore no re. 1649, the following summons was disemblance to angels, for their visits rected it

Lewis, Top. Dict.
† "Cromwell's Letters." Carlyle. Vol. i. p. 474.

" FOR THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF IN ROSS : Cromwell delivered the following teTHESE

ply :“SIR, – Since my coming into Ireland, I have this witness for myself, that I have en

" As to that which you mention concern. deavoured to avoid effusion of blood; hav

ing liberty of conscience, I meddle not with ing been before no place to which such terms

any man's conscience. But if by liberty of have not been first sent as might have

conscience you mean a liberty to exercise turned to the good and preservation of

the mass, I judge it best to use plain dealthose to whom they were offered. This being

ing, and to let you know, where the Parliamy principle, that the people and places

ment of England have power, that will not where I come may not suffer, except through

be allowed of." their own wilfulness. “To the end I may observe this like

The Governor having accepted the course with this place, and people therein,

terms which Cromwell would consent I do hereby summon you to deliver the to give, the place was surrendered. town of Ross into my hands, to the use of . This town was attacked by the the Parliament of England. Expecting rebels, under Beauchamp Bagenal your speedy answer, I rest your servant, Harvey, during the disastrous year, " OLIVER CROMWELL." 1798, in which they were resisted by

General Jobnson, aided by two townsThis summons was dispatched by a

men of Ross - Devereux, a Roman

Catholic, and M.Cormack, a Quaker ; trumpeter, who, however, was not al.

these endeavoured to inspire cou. lowed to pass into the town. He was told at the gate that an answer would

rage into the troops, who were apbe sent from the garrison; but this

palled by the number of the rebel being delayed, the Lord-Lieutenant,

host, and obliged them to retreat, after as we find Oliver Cromwell was styled,

a furious conflict of ten hours, in ordered all preparation for storming.

which the royalists lost about 300, and Meanwhile, the garrison were active

the rebels about 1,500. Lord Mounton their side. Ormond, Ardee, and

joy, while endeavouring to prevent

loss of life, fell a victim. Castlehaven, sent in supplies of 1,500 foot, so that the garrison numbered

Evening was closing round ere we

entered New Ross. It is proudly 2,500 men. On Friday, the 19th of October, the batteries opened fire;

seated on the side of a steep hill, deand then there came from the town an

scending suddenly to the waters of the offer to treat for conditions, signed by bridge, like a dotted line, drawn across

Barrow; and we marked its long Lucas Taaf. He prayed for a cessation of hostilities, and received the

the rolling river. We thought of the following answer :

deeds of strife and blood which this place had been the theatre of. Time,

the great destroyer, has not been able " FOR THE GOVERNOR OF ROSS: THESE.

to uproot all vestiges of the past ; " 19th October, 1649. some relics of bygone days are yet lin“SIR,- If you like to march away with

gering.

Ancient sepulchral stones, those under your command, with their arms, with rudely carved crosses, and inbag and baggage, and with drums and co

criptions in Norman French, were lours, and shall deliver up the town to me,

found on the site of the Convent of I shall give caution to perform those conditions, expecting the like from you. As to

Friars Minor, founded by Sir John the inhabitants, they shall be permitted to

Devereux; a house of Crutched live peaceably, free from the injury and

Friars yet more anciently occupied the violence of the soldiers.

ground, of which a large red pillar yet “If you like hereof, you can tell me how remains. Of the old parish church, to let me know your mind, notwithstanding originally the conventual church of my refusal of a cessation. By these you St. Saviour, enough is sufficiently prewill see the reality of my intentions to save served to display the style of eccleblood, and preserve the place from ruin. I

siastical architecture which obtained rest your servant,

in the thirteenth century.

Of the “ OLIVER CROMWELL."

five town-gates, one yet remains. That

to the east, the Bishop's Gate, exSome further communications were hibits traces of its pristine greatness. made. To the Governor's request, It had a drawbridge and portcullis ; “that the townspeople who remained the roof of the archway is richly might have liberty of conscience, groined. A small fragment of the

19

wall, and part of a circular tower, The Ross river, as the united waters called Mulgrave Tower, near the site of the Nore and Barrow are called, of Three-Bullet Gate, are all that re- flows by the county Wexford to Whitemain of the defences.

church; and the lofty eminence in this New Ross is well situated for trade, county, called Slieve Kieltre, formed the river being navigable to the quay, the rallying-point for the rebels, after at high tide, for vessels of 500 tons the battle of New Ross. In general, burden, and at low water for those of land is not of good quality here; but 200 tons. Barges can ascend the Bar- the property of the Glascott family, at row to Athy, where there is a junction Piltown, has been rendered very valuwith a branch of the Grand Canal. able by the extensive drainage and exThe country around Ross is very fer- cellent system of cultivation which has tile, and the population subsist almost been practised. This portion of the river entirely by agriculture ; so the princi- abounds in salmon; and the reaches of pal trade is exporting grain, flour, cat- the water to Camlin and Piltown are tle, bacon, and butter. Salmon-fishing of great depth. Alderton, the Glasis carried on profitably here; but the cotts' seat, is beautifully situated, com. erection of weirs lower down the river manding a fine view of the river, and has sadly diminished this source of re- surrounded by luxuriant plantations. venue. In fact, from the weirs and Another pretty place is appropriately number of locks, the fishing of the Bar- called Landscape, from the

picturesque row is very unproductive of sport to scene before it- the broad and navithe angler, until he proceeds further gable river, with its white-sailed ves. towards the sea.

sels, and the ornamental grounds of The environs of the town are re- Castle Annaghs, rising from the oppomarkably picturesque. At Mac Mur- site bank. Lower down the river, on rogh stood some old walls, which it was the Kilkenny side, is Rathpatrick. A believed had formed part of one of the quarry of breccia, for millstones of fine royal

palaces of that profligate monarch. quality, occupies a considerable space Mr. Tottenham was desirous to pre- on the summit of a high hill, called serve this remnant of antiquity; buta Drumdowney. These stones are readily thrifty steward, who required stones procured lying on the surface of the for building, taking advantage of his quarry, and are shipped with ease into master's absence, removed the stones, the vessels moored at the base of the under pretence of seeking for a quarry. hill. From Drumdowney another hill The remains of Mountgarret Castle, runs south, forming an angle of the which give the title to a branch of the county, from whence a magnificent noble house of Ormond, recently the prospect is obtained of the junction of subject of costly litigation, stand about the Suir with the united Nore and Bara mile from the town. The decaying row. The eye follows the course of towers of

the Suir in its passage from Waterford ** Chiefless castles, breathing stern farewells

to the sea. This whole scene has been To grey and leafy walls, where ruin greenly dwells,"

so graphically described by the late often form a strong contrast to the Right Hon. R. L. Sheil, that we are abbey ruins found in the same dis- sure our readers will prefer his elotrict. Here, within a mile of this quent description to any feeble attempt massive keep of Mountgarret, we find of ours:extensive and picturesque ruins of a “How often (wrote the famed orator) monastery. The architecture of the

have I stood upon the banks of the Suir, former presents nothing remarkable; it

when the bells in the city of Waterford-the is a square keep, of no great size, but smoke of which was turned into a cloud of stout, as though built to endure blows, gold by a Claude Lorrain sunset_tolled the and contain men capable of returning death of the departing day! How often such equivocal compliments; the lat- bave I fixed my gaze upon the glittering ter consists of the lofty tower of the expanse of the full and overflowing water, belfry, springing from four pointed

crowded with ships, whose white sails were arches, and the south wall of the aisle

filled with just wind enough to carry them

on to the sea ; by the slowness of their equacontains five arches and ten windows,

ble and majestic movements, giving leave to Every portion of this ruinous church

the eye to contemplate, at its leisure, their displays the munificence of our ances

tall and stately beauty, and to watch them tors in the adornment and splendour long in their progress amidst the calm of their churches.

through which they made their gentle and VOL. XLVI.--NO. CCLXXVI.

3 A

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