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represent. He would not venture on eth by noon-day,” ay, and in the shipboard_except it were in the mess watches of the night, too, for that he belongs to, a mess composed of matter. He has seen strong men young gentlemen not much unlike him. · smitten down by dozens, and by scores, self in their general attributes and and in the space of a very few hours qualifications to densely garnish his

to densely garnish his hurriedly committed to the deep by conversation with nautical flourishes, messmates whose own turn would come for the “real salts ” would contemp- ere sunrise. He has beheld as many tuously silence him forthwith. The marvels, experienced as many dangers, fact is, he has picked up his sea-lingo endured as many hardships, and, we by assiduously committing to memory fear we must add, shared in as many every slang and technical sea-phrase follies, as usually fall to the lot of menthat he has heard, and he does not of-war's-men. Withal, he has ever even understand the meaning of much done his duty to the satisfaction of his that he parrots. Once for all, let the officers, and has rated many years as reader note the instructive fact, that carpenter's mate. Repeatedly has he blue-jacketed heroes who cannot utter had an opportunity of obtaining a wara single sentence ashore without “shi- rant as carpenter; but promotion he vering their timbers,” and that sort of has shunned, for reasons which we slang, are generally know-nothings smiled to hear him mention, although and horse-marines. We should not we questioned not his sincerity. Strange have devoted so much space to sketch as it may appear, that a man, whom Mr. Fitz-Osborne, were it not that we believe to be every way competent we believe him to be the type of a ra- for a higher rating, should refuse to ther numerous class of worthless

accept it, yet we know that such is the scamps in the navy.

positive fact. Being a first-rate swimGladly do we turn to another “re- mer, our friend Jack never hesitates presentative man," a worthy personal to risk his life to save that of others; friend of our own, Jack Treenail,* and he has ere now been specially nocarpenter's mate, a rating he has held ticed by the admiral, and by his orders longer than he need have done, had thanked and commended on the quarhe been desirous of rising in the ser- ter-deck, for his heroic conduct, in the vice, as we shall presently show. Jack presence of the assembled ship's crew; is a middle-sized, muscular fellow, yet, a warrant by way of reward he good-looking, and in the prime of life, even then sturdily refused to receive ! although, like most seamen-and he is Nearly all men gladly accept promoa good seaman as well as carpenter- tion when offered, and few, indeed, who have seen much hard service, he like Jack, decline it resolutely, yet appears older than he actually is. He not ungratefully. But he has an amis a Scotchman, of respectable family, ple reward in the consciousness of doand served his apprenticeship to a ing his duty, and being respected and ship-builder. He was naturally of a esteemed by bis officers and shipmates. roving disposition, and soon after his He likes the service, too, and should term expired, he chose to enter a man- his life be so far prolonged, never o'-war, and has served in the navy ever means to quit it until the time comes since. He is an extremely intelligent when he will be honestly entitled to a fellow, and relates his experiences of good retiring pension; nor will he even life in a very clear, modest, sensible, quit it then, if his country requires his and graphic manner; and much has services. A noble contrast is brave, he seen and undergone. He served manly Jack Treenail to the contempti. four or five years in the East Indies, ble rascal whom we previously sketchand several years on the African coast ed; and glad are we to be able to add, and in the West Indies, and terrible that although there may be only too reminiscences are his of those deadly many of the Fitz-Osborne genus in stations. His iron constitution has the navy, there are yet more of the borne him through all, though more

Jack Treenail class_hearts of oak to than once his life was not worth an the back-bone, the living bulwark of hour's purchase. Awful narratives can their country in time of danger! he give of the “pestilence which walk- Now for one who deserves

.

an

The name is, of course, fictitious, but all we have said of the man himself is matter-of-fact.

elaborate, full-length portrait, rather follies and the vices which had so long than the imperfect outline sketch held him in thraldom, and for several which we can here afford him. Mar- years past he has been a steady, sober, maduke Winter is the oldest man on thoughtful, “ ancient mariner." He board the ship ; no wonder that the is a sort of privileged character an seamen call him, half in joke, half in board, made much of by the men, kindly earnest, “ Old Daddy Nep- kindly spoken to by the officers, and tune.” An artist would, indeed, at idolised by the younger midshipmen, once acknowledge him to be a singu. whom he delights by quaint and marlarly fine model of the imaginary god of vellous legends, and patiently instructs the sea, only minus the conventional -with the aid of a couple of fatboms beard. He is sixty-five years of age, of " white line"-how to make double yet on an emergency he can exbibit as diamond - knots, Turk’s - beads, Carmuch activity and strength as many rick - bends, round - seizings, long. seamen in their prime. He has been splices, sheepsbanks, Matthew Walkvery tall, and proportionately stout, crs, and all other sorts of knots, bends, but now his back is considerably hitches, and splices, simple and intrbowed, and his frame is thin; yet it is cate, common and uncommon .fr indurated to such a degree as to defy none are unknown to him. He is abi all elemental warfare — no exposure best spinner of yarns in the ship, a nor hardship can materially affect it. formerly was noted for the richly ba His countenance must once have been morous nature of the majority of his singularly handsome, and even now “ twisters," but of late all the stories the regular features have a fine ge- he tells are of a very sad, doleful, lugu. nial expression ; but the brown skin is brious, or preternatural cast, and betails wrinkled and puckered; the blue eyes not to intersperse them with words of still clear and bright, are deeply sunk solemn admonition, for the benefit of in their sockets; and the bushy eye- the young seamen who on such occabrows above them, and the long tan. sions eagerly group around him; and, gled hair growing around the throat, assuredly, he speaks from long and are as white as the salt-sea foam. The

bitter experience, when he warns them fore and upper part of his head is to steer clear of the rocks and quickquite bald, but the back is thickly sands which have proved fatal to countclustered with hoary locks. We defy less thousands of their class. any one of sensibility or imagination What scenes bath this hoary seaman to behold without emotion this vene- beheld! What a long retrospective rable mariner, as he stands on the vista of vanished years can he look forecastle, motionless as the mast, bis through! His history is very similar withered bands calmly folded across so that of many other old sea-dogs. his breast, gazing over the heaving He ran away from his humble bome, waters of the main with an air of me. and went to sea at twelve years

oi lancholy abstraction, as though in age; and when he returned a young fancy he traces on the horizon the

man, his parents and relatives were shadowy semblances of ships in which all dead or scattered, and never did he sailed in years long bygone --ay, he behold one of them again. His and perchance peoples their decks earliest years of sea-life were with the forms of messmates, whose Liverpool slavers -- a school only: bones bleached in occan's depths a single degree less iniquitous than pi. generation ago. Old Marmaduke is a

racy. Then he became privateersman, sheet-anchor-man," a veteran "lead and, as he sometimes darkly hints, at ing seaman," whose station is the fore- one period was of a worse profession castle ; and if it be asked why and than either. Fifty-three years has he wherefore one like him is not a petty followed the sea in one kind of vessel oflicer of long standing, we are con- or other sometimes in merchantmen, strained to answer, that quiet and sometimes in whalers, sometimes in dignified as he now is, he has been, yachts, but more frequently in the both in youth, prime, and middle-age, navy; and the mere catalogue of the as reckless a seamen as ever broke bis- names of the countries and the ports cuit; and, moreover, he can neither he has visited, would mightily read nor write. But when he felt ble the index to an atlas -- so far as frosty old age insidiously approaching, the sea-coast is concerned. He has he suddenly bade adieu for ever to the long outlived nearly every one of the

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messmates and shipmates of his youth moned, and the officers group round and manhood for seamen, who regu- the grating. The chaplain then, whilst larly follow their arduous profession, all hands stand bareheaded, reads the are worn out at a premature age-and Burial - service. When the solemn he believes there does not exist a sin- words, “ We commit his body to the gle human being with whom he can sea,” are slowly uttered, the flag is claim kindred. Who will marvel, drawn off the corpse, and the grating therefore, that his heart clings tena. launched bodily overboard, the body ciously to the memory of the past sliding off, and plunging downward, all sin-spotted, and melancholy, and feet foremost. There is a hissing suggestive of at least a partially mis- splash, a momentary eddy, a few air spent life, though that memory be? bubbles—that is all! Farewell, poor He is, like nearly all old seamen, de- old Marmaduke, your messmates and cidedly bigoted, and will never admit shipmates have seen the last of you! that better ships, or better seamen, All is now over; the grating is hauled than he sailed with in Nelson's time, on board again ; Mr. Blowhard, the do now, or ever will, float in blue boatswain, pipes the hands down, and water. One other characteristic we the crew disperse. That evening, his must not omit to mention; he cannot own immediate messmates, the sheet. for a moment bear it to be thought anchor-men, will talk about the quathat he, Marmaduke Winter, is not lities of the defunct, as they sit over yet perfectly able to do duty as well their six o'clock supper, and miss him as any seaman in the ship. If the of- from his accustomed seat; and for a ficers kindly wish to spare him expo- few days anecdotes will occasionally be sure to the elements, or any very se- related concerning his sayings and vere labour or exertion requiring the doings; but in a brief period he will energies of a

a man in the prime of life, be almost forgotten, for sailors don't he indiguantly repudiates the infe- indulge in the “luxury of grief” and

sentimental recollections, nor do they “ Three kings of England have I much like for their thoughts to revert sarved,” growls he, “and I can yet to, and dwell on a deceased messmate, sarve the Queen as well as ever I since they too well know how slight, sarved them as reigned afore her !" humanly speaking, is the thread which

Truly he retains his physical powers hourly holds them from destruction, in a marvellous degree ; but the time and how soon his fate may be theirs, probably is not far distant when the and, therefore, they shun all gloomy tough old mariner will at last be fain and saddening thoughts. Next day to confess that aged seamen, as well the purser will probably enter on his as aged ships, must be laid up in or- books the initials “V. D.” (Disdinary—the former at Greenwich, the charged-Dead) opposite the name of latter wherever my Lords of the Ad. Marmaduke Winter, and that will be miralty in their wisdom shall appoint. the old tar's epitaph !

But perhaps it may be the lot of Well, we can conceive no more fitMarmaduke Winter to die at sea, and ting shroud for a seaman than his own he has oft expressed a wish that such hammock, and no more appropriate should be the fitting end of his career. grave than the free, boundless ocean, In that case his body will be conveyed on which his life has been spent, and from the "sick-bay” (or hospital of the where the wild, viewless winds and ship) to the berth-deck, where it will

green curling waves will sing his rebe placed on the death-board, between quiem! The ocean is a sublime tomb; two of the guns, near the hatchway. and what thorough-bred seamen would The sailmakers then will sew it in its not prefer for his mortal remains to canvas-shroud, with a couple of heavy quietly dissolve in its coral caves, rather cannon-balls securely attached to the than to fester in some sweltering city feet. This done, the corpse will be Golgotha ? Ay, give the gallant sol. carried to the upper-deck, and placed dier his six feet of the earth, whereon on a grating in the lee-waist, with the he has ever been accustomed to martially union-jack for a pall. The end of the tread, but give poor Jack the wide ocean grating projects in a slanting direction for his sepulchre, with nought above his through a porthole. Simple, yet omi. breast but the ever-rolling blue salt nous, preparations these! At the ap- waves! pointed time, the entire crew is sum- Next we will introduce George

verns

Blunt, quartermaster, a man who is a land collier-vessels have long and justtolerably fair representative of his own ly been deemed an excellent nuræery class of petty officers, one or more spe- for the British navy, and young Blunt cimens of which class, by-the-by, figure proved one of these nurselings. He prominently in most naval novels. Nor was thankful to exchange the prodo we wonder at this, for a quarter. verbially hard berth of a seaman in a master usually is a fine old sea-dog ; collier, for the comparatively easy life indeed, the mere fact at be holds of a topman in one of his namesake such a rating is a certain proof that he George's ships of war; and he has is an experienced, trustworthy, and never quitted the navy. He bas sailed particularly able and intelligent sea- in all sorts of vessels, from a cutter to man. You could hardly look at our a three decker; he has visited every quartermaster, whether on duty stand- quarter of the globe, and professes to ing at the wheel, or at the con, or on have acquired a thorough knowledge the lookout, glass in hand, or off duty, of all foreign countries and foreign peowith a very different kind of glass in ples, although the truth is, he never in hand, without being somehow remind- his life penetrated a couple of miles ined of the British oak, of which he land anywhere, and all his intercoure seems a sort of human similitude. with whites, blacks, browns, tawar His feet are the roots, his sturdy body copper-skins, and woolly-heads, is the trunk, his arms are the branches, been strictly confined to the precincts his head is the crown; his whole as- of dockyards, wharves, and sailors' tapect is hardy, powerful, defiant of

his liveliest reminiscences of tempest and of time. He is below the foreign customs and manners being instandard height, very square built, alienably associated with the latter inand furnished with limbs of prodigious tellectual places of resort - wbich are, strength. His age may be well on to to be sure, exceedingly interesting fifty, but his activity is unimpaired, and instructive in their way, as we and his frame was never more capable

can testify. of standing the severest tests of en- Decidedly the most unpopular chadurance than at the present time. racter in the ship is the distinguished His features are bluff, weather-beaten, individual whom we now deferentialy and dogmatic; yet have withal kindly introduce as Jonathan Ferret, masterlines, and are capable of assuming, on at-arios—a gentleman who is held in occasion, a droll and humorous ex- mingled fear and dislike by all hands. pression. He is the oracle of his own And, indeed, we do not greatly marvel mess, and the scamen listen with de. that a master-at-arms should thus be ference to his professional remarks, regarded by the crew, er-officio, altoand grin with a keen relish at his gether independent of his personal quasomewhat coarse, yet often capital lities; and these, alas ! in the case of jokes. He is a great favourite, too, our present friend, are not of the most with the mates and oldsters of the estimable kind. Of the past history of midshipmen's mess; and when a ju- Jonathan Ferret we are profoundly nior-lieutenant has the watch, that ignorant. The seamen can supply you gentleman is pretty sure to find occa- with at least a score of ready cut-andsion to avail himself in an off-hand dry biographies of their master-at-arms way seemingly half-indifferent, yet tracing his career from ship to ship, really serious and anxious-of the ex- back even to that early period when, perience of the grizzled quartermaster, as one of them asserts, Jonathan and whose respectful advice he condescend. some juvenile companions robbed oringly adopts, and rewards with an order chards and old women's gingerbreadfor the gun-room steward to give old stalls, until impunity emboldened them Blunt a stiff nor'-wester! And what to make a daring midnight foray in 8 is old Blunt's personal history? An farmer's homestead, where they bagged ordinary one for a man of his class, poultry galore, and narrowly escaped yet not uninstructive, had we space to being bagged themselves, which pricked go into into detail. He is a native of the tender conscience of young JongNorth Shields, and at a very early age than to such a degree, that he turned embarked in the same profession that King's evidence the next morning, and his father and grandfather had followed his comrades were sent to prison, and before him, namely, was apprenticed he was sent to sea. We regard this to a collier-brig. The Northumber- as an apocryphal mode of accounting for the professional origin of the mas. intoxicant. In spite of every precauter-at-arms, and we think the same of tion, and every check that experience the score or more of current histories suggests to the officials, it is well of that personage, as no two of them known that spirits are not unfrequently agree in detail, although it is notewor. smuggled on board in novel and inge. thy, that one and all of them depict nious ways; nay, some uncharitable their hero as a consummate scoundrel, growlers insinuate that the master-atand explain his official position on the arms himself winks at smuggling, when principle that an old poacher makes a he safely can — for a consideration. good gamekeeper, and an old thief a Even if this be the case, we are very good gaoler. In person, the master- sure that he, in his official capacity, at-arms is a tall, hard-featured, cada- will seize, and report, and bring to verous, middle-aged man, obsequious punishment, whoever he finds intoxi. to the officers, and domineering and cated, unless some strong private motive unrelenting to the men. They dread induces him to overlook the offence, if and detest him, because he is an offi. practicable. He figures prominently on cial ever on the watch to bring them those painful and impressive occasions, to punishment; but that is his especial when the boatswain's shrill pipe and duty, for he is head-constable and call of “ All ha-a-ands witness punishgaoler of the ship, and has two under- ment, ahoy !" summons the crew to the lings, who are called ship's corporals. waist and gangways. Then, when the Night and day, in all weathers, all officers, in full uniform, are grouped times, all places, these vigilant officials on the quarterdeck, and the marines are on the look-out to detect offenders, are drawn up on the poop with fixed and bring them before the magnate of bayonets, and the quartermasters have the quarter-deck for the time being, to rigged the gratings against the bul. answer for their misdeeds. The sea- wark, and the boatswain and his mates men well know that the watchful eye are ready with their canvas bags conof either the master-at-arms or that of taining the cruel catsthen the masone of his aids is ever upon them. But ter-at-arms, with rattan in hand, aided for this ubiquitous functionary, and his by a marine, brings forward the poor equally ubiquitous myrmidons, there prisoner, and assists him to strip, at would be comparatively a merry, law- the word of command, for punishment. less time on the berth and maindecks. When the cat descends, wielded by the As it is, the master-at-arms is indefati. brawny arm of a boatswain's mate, the gable in detecting secret gambling and master-at-arms, in a loud voice, counts misdemeanours of all kinds. The evil- "one,” “two," and so on up to a doer must be very shrewd and wide- dozen; and be holds a cup of water awake indeed to escape the cognizance ready to apply to the lips of the suf. of the police of the ship, or of their ferer, if the latter should appear likely sneaking spies (invariably the vilest to faint. The master-at-arms, too, in and most scoundrelly of the crew), and conjunction with the provost-marshal, the instant he is detected in any illegal conducts a condemned criminal to exeor forbidden act whatsoever, the mas- cution, on shipboard. Altogether, it ter-at-arms pounces upon bim-grimly will be seen that the office of a mastergleeful — and bauls "him before the at-arms is a responsible one; and, inpowers that be; and, according to the deed, so far as pay is concerned, he nature of the offence, he is either sum- rates on the ship's books next to the marily punished, or is placed in irons clerk. The duties of his office are of in the brig - i.e., the gaol or prison- an absolutely indispensable nature, and room of the ship -- to await a court. the internal discipline of the ship very martial. When a man-o'-war lies in much depends on their efficient fulfil. harbour, the master-at-arms has plentyment. Some masters-at-arms undoubtto do to guard against smuggling, in edly are very respectable, worthy men, the shape of illicit introduction of spi- who conscientiously endeavour to perrits into the ship. He personally form the unpleasant duties of their searches the crew of every boat that station in a faithful and unassuming returns to the ship from the shore, and manner; but many others, we fear, he carefully inspects the boat itself; are merciless, petty tyrants, of very and at all hours he and his corporals are dubious personal character – and our vigilant to prevent the surreptitious dearly-beloved Jonathan Ferret is a bringing on board of rum or any other type of the latter class. A certain de.

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