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a matchless painter,* whose deep love with him who, for our sakes, became was rooted in bitterness, and whose poor, and had not where on earth to calm spirit found repose when turned lay his head. to heaven, which his own domestic hearth refused him. And he was there, the gifted potter of fair France, t whose Ha! what sound is it which, falling skilful hands laboured in the plastic on my ear, disorders and breaks up all clay, but whose fervent heart was oc- the shining machinery of light which cupied in the higher matters pertain- fancy had constructed, like the effacing ing to spirit and truth. And there wind before whose clouding influence was onef whose face and form I should the rainbow melts away? Have the bave recognised among a thousand- bells come back to vocal and sym. one of lowest calling but loftiest con- phonious life once more, or is there ceptions; a mechanic in basest metal, music in the air? No; it is simply as yet a builder of such a fabric of beauty, old chime which now awakes the night that men are never weary of gazing at —a solitary, single old chime, struck it, for its subject matter will endure out from an antique, huge clock, coeval with those “ delectable moun. held forth from a church wall by a tains" which lift their head through giant hand and arm of gold. Hart its frame-work, or that “golden city." to its slow and solemn song! It is an so vividly delineated in its inimitable old Gregorian tone, yet full of gentle imaginations.

and tender associations ; by turns And last of all, I saw that a shining ceasing, and pausing, and commencing path was covered all over with pilgrims again. Most simple is it, yet surpasof the shepherd class, and all who per- sing sweet, and full of a wild melan. tained to rural life. The tiller of the choly, as if lamenting that the pleasoil, the labourer, and the herd, were sant day is done, for, as its last sad there-acountless throng, but unknown cadence dies away, every clock in the by name, for the pious poor possess no old city sounds forth from its brazen bistoric chronicle, or allocated niche gong into the midnight air the hour in Fame's proud temple; their record is of Twelve. in heaven, and their witness is on high,

B.

And now, dear readers, we have summoned for your special delectation three songmen all, and very good ones," as the clown says in Winter's Tale. Other songs and tales have we, but we shall keep them for springtide, when frost and snow, and the cold wind, and the sleety shower, shall bave all passed away—when the birds are again beginning to sing, and the groves and the fields are growing green. When next we meet, this old, failing Year shall have breathed his lasta

“Atque in se sua per vestigia volvitur annus". The bells shall have rung him to his grave, and, like the world's courtiers, shall have tuned their voices to welcome in his successor. And so we bid you farewell for the last time in 1855

"And from our mouth take wish of happy years."

ANTHONY POPLAR.

Albert Durer.

† Palissy.

# Bunyan.

OUR MEN-O'-WAR’S MEN.

"D'ye mind me, a sailor should be every inch

All as one as a piece of the ship,
And with her brave the world, without off'ring to flinch,

From the moment the anchor's a-trip.
As for me, in all weathers, all times, tides, and ends,

Nought's a trouble from duty that springs ;
For my heart is my Poll's, and my rhino my friend's,

And as for my life, 'tis the King's."-DIBDEN'S " POOR JACK."

home,

We firmly believe that some boys are thersoever she is bound? As they gaze born-destined, that is, from their very at him, they mentally repeat their facradle-to become sailors, and nothing vourite sea-song-“Harry Bluff!”else! It matters not whether they are

"Harry Bluff, when a boy, left his friends and his reared in a sea-port town, or far inland, the result will inevitably be the same.

His dear native land, on the ocean to roam;

Like a sapling he sprung, he was fair to the view, In the former case, they spend all their And was true British oak as the older he grew," leisure time in hanging about the docks, &c., &c. climbing up ships' rigging, and gree- Inwardly do they vow that they, dily treasuring every bit of informa- too, will be sailor-boys-Harry Bluffs, tion they can pick up concerning nauti- ere long; and rely upon it, that in cal matters and a sailor's life. Their spite of all opposition on the part of hearts beat quick at the mere idea of their friends, the wish of their heart the ocean, and of ships sailing across will be realised ! its trackless deeps. Everything con- Again, many boys who never saw nected with the sea interests and de- the sea, or a ship, in their lives, feel lights them, and the older they grow instinctively that they are destined to the more potent becomes this fascina- become sailors, and they enthusiastition ; for we know not what other word cally and absorbingly read “ Robinson would so fittingly and truthfully ex- Crusoe,” tales of shipwrecks, seapress what they feel.

The click of a novels, and all books relating to the pawl-windlass, the ho-ye-bo! of seamen, ocean, ships, seamen, and sea-life; they and the creaking of yards and blocks, construct model vessels, and spend long are music to their ears; they sniff the summer days in navigating them on wholesome scent of raw tar with keen the village pond; they imitate, to the relish ; and even the odour of bilge- best of their ability, the dress, and water is far from being repulsive, for gait, and demeanour of that renowned to their vivid imagination it is poetic hero “Will Watch the bold smuggler," cally suggestive of stormy seas, and as they once beheld him represented (by long, tropical voyages. They regard a an eminent strolling actor) on the stage bronzed, whiskered foremastman with of a two-penny travelling theatre ; and profound admiration, for he is their they confidently announce to all and beau-ideal of manly daring and gallan- sundry whom it may concern, their intry, and they sometimes make them- domitable resolution to go to sea; but selves ill by chewing tobacco on the whether they will eventually emulate sły, in humble admiration of this hero. the heroic “Will Watch the bold smugPositively, they gaze with interest at gler,” or “ Richard Parker, the mutithe dirty ship's-cook, as he sits on in- neer," or “ Long Tom Coffin," or verted bucket in the doorway of his “Blackbeard, the pirate," they have caboose, polishing, with grimy paws, not yet quite decided. They have, the stew-pans and kits; and they envy however, vowed to “go to sea," and the naked-footed, over-worked cabin. vain will it be to endeavour to disboy, whom they see running about at suade them. Papas may threaten, everybody's call, and doing all sorts of mammas may weep,

brothers

may odd jobs about the decks, for doth he sneer, sisters may coax and implore, not wear tarry duck-trousers, a checked and relatives and friends may depreshirt, and a blue jacket? and is he not cate, warn, and conjure; but the emone of the crew, and in that capacity bryo sailors will thereby only be conlives in the ship, and sails in her whis firmed in their resolve, and in due time VOL. XLVI. -NO, CCLXXVI.

2 x

will take to the sea as naturally and stance, we shall draw characters from inevitably as a young duck takes to life, describing men who are personally the first pool of water!

known to us. We do not mean to say that every Here, to begin with, is Bob Cler. boy-be he born on the sea.coast, or line, the captain of the maintop, a man in the midland counties -- who yields whose somewhat short stature is amply him to the witchery of the sea, and compensated by an immensely broad stubbornly vows to be a sailor, is really chest, and brawny round shoulders

; of the stuff to make one ; because it is the upper part of his body is gigantic

, quite possible, and, in fact, by no but the lower seems somewhat dispromeans unfrequently happens, that sen- portionate at a first glance, being nartimental enthusiasm deludes boys into row in the hips and the lower spars (3 the fancy that they are specially fitted their owner himself

would probably cal to follow the sea, when the reverse is them) rather stunted and slightly bowed, the fact. And many boys who have yet endowed with astonishing potent felt not merely an unreasoning impulse, of activity aloft. Surrey that fellor but undoubtedly, also, have every na- closely, for he is the beau-ideal of a tural quality to render them in time prime seaman, and he is quite convined first-rate sailors, are bitterly disgusted, himself that he has not an equal, w at the outset of their career, by the stern astride the yard-arm passing a weatte: reality, especially if their officers bap- earing in a heavy squall, or standing a pen to be harsh, tyrannical men. Yet, the bunt when furling. Observe lis on the whole, we should say, that the long arms and massive limbs, all cogenerality of boys who are prompted pact of bone, sinew, and muscle; arts by an ungovernable impulse to go to which, when held out stiffly, are about sea, will thus have followed the right as unbending, and almost as hard, a bent of their nature and disposition. capstan-bars, and are terminated by a As to the exceptions to this rule, they pair of huge paws of a rich, yellow hus

, are often very melancholy, but of no The palms of those tarry hands, sir

, effect as examples, and it is quite use- are as horny as the sole of a negro's less to dilate upon them in that sense. foot; and the short, thick fingers the

We believe that a majority of the backs of which are covered with bristly “hearts of oak," wbo man "our wooden brown hair-could grip you like a steel walls," voluntarily went to sea when vice. Above his vast hairy chestou boys, actuated by the spirit we have which raffled anchors, mermaids, ship, described ; but many others have origi- and initial letters, have been indelibly nally gone to sea from very different pricked with needles, dipped in dis motives, voluntary or compulsory, as solved gunpowder-rises a rough bull the case might me. We do not hesi- neck, not brown, but richly ruddy in tate to say that, if all our first-class hue, and it, in turn, supports a bulletimaginative authors were to combine, shaped head, thickly matted with curly they could not produce a series of fic- bair of no particular colour, unless tions rivalling in variety and interest the iron-grey predominates. His features thousand-and-one romances of reality are strongly marked, rugged, and of i comprised in the life-histories of the dull bronze; but what an eye glean crew of a man-o'-war. Here we have beneath his shaggy brows! It is lightfive hundred, or a thousand men, who, gray, restless, bright, and piercing as a in their collective capacity as a crew, falcon's: it would instantly discern present a sort of epitome of the world, any object rising above the heavite well worthy of analysis. We refer not billows of the ocean, at a distance to any particular ship, for all crews are incredible to a landsman's apprebencomposed of the same miscellaneous

sion. And good need bath the honest human elements, although their pro- captain of the maintop of his hawk-like portions vary, as good, bad, or indif- vision, his bodily strength and activity

, ferent men predominate Our object and his powerful voice, for they are will be to give some idea of the extra- each and all in constant requisition for ordinary diversity of individual appear- the due fulfilment of his responsible ance, character, and history of the dif. duties. ferent classes composing a crew; and And what is the private history of prototypes of our outline sketches may this heart-of-oak? Twenty-nine years be found in any liner in commission. ago he was a curly-pated fisher-boy We may add, that, in more than one in- at Yarmouth. But he happened to be

stirred by ambitious aspirations, from accidentally left ashore on one of the which fisher-boys are no more exempt Maldive Islands, where he spent three than ordinary mortals; and so he for- particularly dismal months, à la Robinsook the red-sailed fishing-boat to swing son Crusoe ; how he was wrecked in in a hammock on the berth-deck of å the Chinese seas, and, in company with liner, and in that ship he speedily saw some hapless shipmates, was actually some lively service at Navarino. Since enclosed in a huge bamboo-cage, and then he has --- with the interval of a carried in it to Canton (being exbibitcruise he made in a sperm-whaler, just ed by the flowery celestials at every by way of a change-served in differ- resting place on the way, just as wild ent ships of the navy in every quarter beasts are shown in England); how he of the globe. He is somewhat taciturn, learnt to become as smart a fellow as probably having acquired a meditative ever trod on shoe-leather when in a turn in the maintop, where he has spent flag-ship on the Brazil station ; and many thousands of hours by night and how he grew rusty and stupid as an owl by day; for in a man-oʻ-war, the run- on board a guardo at Sheerness. One ning-gear of the upper-sails, &c., de- phase of his career alone does he disscends into the tops, and not to the like to expatiate upon, and that is, his deck, as is the case in a merchant- cruse in the South Seaman. He feels ship, and, consequently, the quarter. a bit ashained that a regular man-o'. watch is stationed in the tops, to attend war's-man like him should ever have to the upper sails. It results, that if shipped in a species of vessel which a topman has only a germ of philosophy men of his class affect to despise, in his mental composition, it will have though he chuckles at the recollection a fine scope for development! But of how he signalled (by hanging a red although our friend, the captain of the shirt in the rigging, a well-understood maintop, is a tarry philosopher, let it symbol at sea), the first of her Majesty's not be thought that he is sentimental, ships they fell in with in the Pacific, or speculative, or transcendental; on and was immediately taken on board, the contrary, all his meditations and and then, and not till then, he felt aspirations are thoroughly practical in himself a man and a seaman once their scope and tendency, and when he more. silently overhauls the log of his me- Of a different class is the young mory, not one reminiscence arises that foretop-man we will next introduce. is not of a singularly matter-of-fact de. He is a tall, muscular young fellow, scription. And yet, these very recol- good-looking, shrewd, intelligent, and lections of his would strike an imagina. lively -- a handy lad aloft, and one tive landsman as being romantic and who, for his age, has seen a good deal poetical in their nature and associations. of service. What is his history? À stiff nor'-wester (tumbler of grog*) What sent him to sea, and how did will, at any time, convert Clewline's he become a man-o'-war's-man? Was taciturnity into loquacity, and then he he a wild, scampish boy - a reckless will rapidly narrate the chief incidents ne'er-do-weel ? Nothing of the sort. of his checquered career, commencing He is a Lincolnshire youth, of respect with the Navarino affair of '27, and able connexions, born and bred inending with the Baltic expeditions of land. He happened, when thirteen or '54-P55. The long interval between fourteen years of age, to read a certhe first and last epochs, he fills up with tain book, a naval fiction; and he read stirring yarns of how he was frozen on and re-read it until, as he himself said, the North American station, and he almost knew it by heart. He had broiled on the West Indian station; never beheld the sea in his life, but how he wasted to to a skeleton on the that book was a species of fate to him, deadly African coast, and grew fat and for it decided his destiny.† The sea ! idle up the Mediterranean; how he was the sea for me! was henceforth the

* A “north-wester" of grog, is half rum and half water; a north-north-wester," is coma posed of two-thirds rum and one-third water; a “due-norther," is all rum!

† We are narrating what is literally true. The author of the book alluded to is also the writer of this article, and the youth in question is his first cousin. This is only a solitary example of the effect of nautical fiction on the mind of youth. Who can estimate the number of spirited boys annually sent to sea by Messrs. Marryat, Chamier, Fennimore Cooper, Tom Cringle, Herman Melville, and Co.

burden of his song; nothing could di- ish young brethren of the Afterguard, vert bim from this election, and he whom he has taught genteel etiquette

, was permitted to make a short first and how to spout soliloquies from voyage on liking. He did not much plays with impassioned energy. No relish this first taste of sea-life, as he great harm in that; but we think be himself confessed to us; but like many should not have also initiated them in other lads under similar circumstances, certain games of chance, of which he the fear of ridicule determined him to is an accomplished professor. He has abide by his original resolve, and he one little personal failing, and that is

, was thereupon apprenticed to a mer- a love of grog, indulgence in which chantman." Cruel treatment soon in- has more than once nearly brough: duced him to quit her, by entering a him to the gangway, where he would, man-o'-war; and in this way her Ma- indeed, have repeatedly figured, were jesty gained the services of one who it not that the master-at-arms is sonhas not been one of her “hard bar- how his friend, and screens him. Some gains,” we believe.

long-headed seamen shrewdly suspect Thirdly, let us sketch one of the that Mr. Fitz-Osborne owes this for worshipful company of the Afterguard, bearance to being a sort of " whe who designates himself Henry Augus- mouse," or secret spy, in the server tus Fitz-Osborne ; and this “ purser's of the important personage - bad name," as we presume it to be, of it- commissioner of police in a man-ow self indicates at least one element of who thus winks at his occasion its owner's character. How is it that delinquencies and peccadilloes. Varios we find an individual bearing such an rumours are current among Mr. Fitzaristocratical appellation ranking so Osborne's shipmates as to his private low in the naval service? We cannot history and former status in society

. precisely tell; but we believe that Mr. Their general opinion, we regret to Fitz-Osborne, as thousands of others say, is not particularly flattering. One have done before him, fled to a man. asserts that he is a runaway valet; 1 oʻ-war as to a veritable city of refuge. second charitably surmises that be bas In person he is tall, slim, and supple; been a fashionable bair-dresser, whose he is neat and dandified, and prides vain head was so affected by a love. himself on his curly black hair, and disappointment, that he went to sea in huge glossy whiskers. His features despair; a third thinks that he has de would be rather prepossessing, were it cidedly the air of a London swellnot for the wicked expression of his mobsman ; a fourth (and many endorse glittering dark eyes, and the peculiarly this opinion) opines that he bears an unpleasant lines about his mouth, undeniable resemblance to a brokenespecially when he smiles in what he down flash swindler or gambler, who intends to be an insinuating fashion. has very urgent private reasons for He mysteriously hints, from time to availing himself of the seclusion of a time, as occasion serves, that he is of man-o'-war; and all agree that bis very high aristocratic descent, and the former career has been anything bat innocent victim of an inscrutable yet reputable, and that he is at present malignant destiny. He affects-when- a sly, scheming, impenetrable, unprisever be safely can, for experience has cipled scoundrel, who richly merits : taught bim caution in this respecta weekly keel-hauling. Mr. Fitz-O! certain air of superior refinement and borne is perfectly aware of the ship's condescending dignity, as though he opinion" of him, but he regards that would say, " See how a gentleman of opinion with philosophic indifference high birth can accommodate himself and gentlemanly contempt. to undeserved reverses of fortune, and ever he may be, he is not a seaman, even live familiarly and happily with nor even a sailor -- that, at least, is the rude, ignorant men among whom certain; and yet, wbenever he can get his lot is temporarily cast !" He has ashore, he passes himself off as a tar a smooth, glib tongue, and some smat- of the first water, with great success, tering of book-learning, which he dex- among those who suppose that a fel

. terously makes the most of, setting low who belongs to a man-o'-war

, and bimself up for a bit of a “sea-lawyer ;" swears all manner of strange and terand he is invariably the pink of po- rible oaths, and discourses sea-slang liteness, and as such is looked up to with amazing volubility, must of neas a model by his own coterie of fool- cessity be the character he aspires to

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