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a constant effort to keep himself with- ceased author. He enlisted Sheil in out the walls of a prison. The pen the cause, and they worked together was seldom out of his hand. Within with infinite zeal to promote their obthe last seven years of his life, he wrote ject. On Tuesday, the 30th of March, “ Woman, or, Pour et Contre," in 1830, the play was announced for rethree volumes; “ Melmoth the Wan. presentation, being for the first time on derer,” in three volumes; “ The Uni

any stage, at the Theatre Royal, Dubverse," a poem in blank verse; “ The lin,* under the immediate patronage Albigenses,” in four volumes ; and in of the Duke of Northumberland, at the Lent of 1824, preached and pub- that time Lord Lieutenant. The cast lished six controversial sermons. In was as follows: Christians-Guiscard, enumerating his works, it must not be Prince of Salerno, Mr. H. Cooke ; forgotten that in 1815 he produced a Romoald, Mr. Cunningham; Flodoard, successful prize poem on the Battle of Mr. King ; Sismondi, Mr. Shuter ; Waterloo.' Maturin died of a linger- Arnulf, Mr. H. Williams; Matilda, ing illness, exhausted in body and Princess of Salerno, Mother of Guiswearied in mind, at his house in York. card, Miss Huddart; Volonia, Miss street, Dublin, on the 30th of October, Chalmers. Turks: Osmyn the Rene1824, in the forty-fourth year of his gade, Mr. Macrcady; Ben Taleb, Mr. age. He was eccentric in his habits, Calcraft; Syndarac, Mr. Barry; Mu. almost to insanity, and compounded rad, Mr. F. Cooke ; Abdallah, Mr.

; of opposites; an insatiable reader of O'Rourke ; Omar, Mr. Sutcliffe. novels; an elegant preacher; an in- Turn we now the hour-glass of time, cessant dancer, which propensity he and what shall we discover in the recarried to such an extent, that he volving mutations of twenty-five darkened his drawing-room windows, years? From the list of sixtecn names and indulged during the daytime; a here enumerated, nine must be deduct. coxcomb in dress and manner; an ex. ed, who sleep the sleep that wakes not tensive reader; vain of his person and in this world; and three who have rereputation; well versed in theology ; tired from the mimic scene, leaving and withal, a warm and kind-hearted only four who still toil on in the same

Amongst other peculiarities, he monotonous round of service, which was accustomed to paste a wafer on has become to them a second nature, his forehead, whenever he felt the estro and to the continuance of which their of composition coming on him, as a hopes are limited. warning to the members of his family, The trumpet of preparation had that if they entered his study they been well sounded in the papers; and were not to interrupt his ideas by on the production of Osmyn the theaquestions or conversation.

Amongst tre was filled to overflowing, and the his manuscripts was found a fourth applause incessant. The scene in which tragedy in a complete state, entitled, Osmyn relates the story of his life, Osmyn the Renegade, or the Siege of and how he became a renegade, with Salerno. It contains passages of great the manner in which his wife was torn poetic beauty, superior to the best that from him, and he himself plunged into could be selected from Bertram, Ma. a dungeon, produced the most powernuel, or Fredolfo. The subject bears ful effect. The following passage in some resemblance to Lord Byron's particular was greatly admired, and “ Siege of Corinth," and is founded on quoted in all the criticisms :historical incidents. The action passes in the fifteenth century, soon after the taking of Constantinople by the Turks, “ I cannot tell my dungeon agonies ;

Nor time, nor space was there, nor day, nor midin the reign of Mahomet II. An ela

night. borate review of this work, written by I knew not that I lived, but felt I suffered. Lockhart, appeared in the Quarterly, and another, at a later period, in the

· Didst thou not live for vengeance ? DUBLIN UNIVERSITY MAGAZINE. The manuscript was placed in the hands of Mr. Macready, with a view of benefit




" She was the moonbeam of my maniac cell, ing the widow and family of the de- That, lighting me to madness, still was light."


" I lived for her

* Then managed by Mr. Bunn.

But with the first performance the tract. Great pains had been taken by success ended. On the second night Mr. Macready' to fit it for the stage, the house was thin, and on the third and his performance of the leading it was literally empty. The tragedy character was marked by all the strong has never, we believe, been attempted conceptions and fiery energy which elsewhere; and there was little temp- ever proved the distinguishing charactation to print what had failed to at- teristics of his peculiar style.


SIR AUBREY DE VERE, a baronet of affectation as sincerity in his expressed an ancient family, seated at Curragh anger, which might have evaporated Chase, near Adare, in the county of into air if his play had been received Limerick, is the author of four dramas, with rapturous warmth, instead of cold and a number of miscellaneous poems. toleration. But he felt that it must Amongst the latter are two of greater break down under the hopeless condilength and importance than the rest; tions which attended its production, “ The Song of Faith,” and “The La- and was ready with a protest to salve mentations of Ireland.” They are his wounded pride. This same Mawritten with the inspiration of a poet, rino Faliero was subsequently resusci. and the taste of a scholar and a gentle- tated under better auspicies, with man. Amongst Sir Aubrey's minor marked applause, while Werner and effusions, the “Sonnets” were pro- Sardanapalus have proved eminently nounced by Wordsworth to rank with attractive. The success or failure of the best of modern times. The dramas, any play is a perfect lottery, the chances which are all historical, are, Julian the of which no experience can direct with Apostate, first published in Dublin, certainty; and in nine cases out of ten about the year 1820 ; The Duke of the result depends less on intrinsic Mercia, printed in London, 1823 ; and merit than on a clever calculation of Mary Tudor, in two parts, which ap- " time and tide." It was little to be peared in 1847, after the death of the expected that theatrical speculation, author. From the construction and in the nineteenth century, would, in length of these plays, it is evident the search after novelty, go back to that they were never intended for first principles, and attempt to bring the stage, and must be viewed as lucu- on the modern boards the severe but brations for the closet only. So much sublime simplicity of Sophocles and so, that Julian, in particular, is called Euripides. It was still less likely that merely a dramatic poem. The subject the experiment would be well received ; is the least suited of the three for dra- yet we have seen that such has been matic purposes, and involves matter the result, both in London and Dublin, which would be scarcely palatable to a with the Antigone and Iphigenia in mixed audience. It has too much of Aulis of the two great Greek dramathe metaphysical, and too little of the tists. real, to be felt and understood, except The story of the Duke of Mercia after much study and reflection. There carries us back to the early Saxon seems, at first sight, to be nothing times, when Edmund Ironside and gained by writing a play which cannot Canute the Dane struggled in proud be acted, or investing a poem with competitorship for the throne of Eng. the dramatic form while the dramatic land. There is an old novel on the essence is absent. Yet many authors subject which the author may have have done this, and in recent times seen. In the play, fiction is blended Lord Byron furnishes a remarkable in. with history, to bring about the catas. stance. He complained with unavail. trophe. The following passages will ing bitterness, when Marino Faliero convey an idea of the general style and was dragged on the stage without his poetical imagery. The king thus deconsent or knowledge, and declared scribes the elected lady of his love: haughtily, that he had no idea of ever

“ Nay, 'tis not subinitting to the ignorance of mana

The grace of her meek, bending, snowy neck; gers, the humours of overgrown actors, The delicate budding of her tender bogom, or the capricious taste of the public.

Above a waist a stripling's hand might compass ;

The flowing outline of proportion'd limbo, Perhaps there was, at least, as much Moving with health's elastic lightness, blent

They represent opinion; are its leaders
And must confront tbe peril they provoke :
The penalty that gnaws the heart of treason ;
Promethean pangs which the rous'd majesty
Of bearen inficts on those who grasp its frent"

With all that nameless suavity of air
That marks high birth ; 'tis not alone a face
Whose features are all symmetry: an eye
In whose ethereal blue love sits enshrined,
A spirit in a star : cheeks eloquent
In changeful blushes, as her sweetest lipa
In the harmonioue utterance of pure thoughts :
'Tis not all there, the palpable ornaments
of the material mould, love's pageantry
Floating o'er beauty's surface (as the galley
That, in its proud trim, bore th' Egyptian queen
Along the rosy-tinted waves, reflecting
The blazon of that mock divinity)!
No, no. It is not these that win my heart :
But 'tis thc pure intelligence of mind,
That, like some inborn light, beams from her soul :
The virtuous thoughts that clothe her as a garment;
The chastity, the candour, and the meekness,
That, through her parted hair, look from a brow
And features, where the real of heaven ig sel!
Oh! Edric, 'tis in truth a countenance
Whereon a saint might look, loving yet passionler :
A record of philosophy: a page
Where wisdon might peruse and learn, as on
A leaf of Holy Writ."


The second part commences with the debates respecting the marriage of Mary; then follows the rebellion of Lord Cobban, the union of the Queen with Philip of Spain; their nuptial unhappiness; the persecutions of the Protestants; the martyrdoms of Cranmer, Ridley, and Latimer; the announce ment of the loss of Calaix and the death of the Queen, in agony and despair ; succeeded on the following day by that of Cardinal Pole. Elizabeth is introduced in both parts, but is kept rather in the background. The whole winds up with a summary of Mary's charac. ter, by Edward Underhill, called the

Hot Gospeller." Thus he describes

And, again, after his nuptials, he thus addresses his bride :


* Speak --Let me hear that voice of melody

In its sweet music, like the summer air,
Chiding with almost inarticulate breath
The saucy flowers, that will not cease to load
Her wings with lucense, tiil, overcome and falnt,
She flutters o'er the perfumed flattery,
And dies amid • wilderness of sweets.
Speak on."

“Let me speak, sir, For I have known, and been protected by her, When flerce men thirsted for my blood. I may not That she was innocent of grave offence i Nor aught done in her name extenuate. But I insint upon her maiden mercies In proof that cruelty was not her nature, She abrogated the tyranuic law Made by her father. She restored her subjecte To personal liberty ; to judge and juryi Inculcating impartiality. Good laws, made or revis'd, attest her fitness Like Deborah to judge. She loved the poor, And fed the destitute, and they all loved her. A worthy Queen she had been, if as little Of eruelty had been done under her As by her. To equivocate she hated, And was just what she seemed. In fine, she was In all things excellent while she pursued Her own free inclination without fear."

The drama abounds in action, and might easily be condensed for the stage, but the construction is too abrupt, and the character of the Duke of Mercia utterly repulsive, and unredeemed by any qualities calculated to excite the necessary interest, The play, with more propriety, might have taken the title of Edmund Ironside.

Mary Tudor comes nearer to our own times, and deals with actors and events with which all are familiar. We fancy that the author bad been study, ing Schiller closely when he conceived and wrote this drama. It has something of the peculiar style of the great German master; an unusual number of characters, a perpetual shifting of the scene, multiplied variety of inci. dents, and language, forcible, appropriate and identical. The first part embraces the sickness and death of Edward VI., the conspiracy of the Dudleys to support Lady Jane Grey on the throne, the triumph of Mary, and the execution of her innocent com. petitor with her husband. The answer of Mary to her confessor Fakenham, who is pleading for the lives of the victims, contains the following political reasoning :

" Competitors for throner, For ever love the right of privacy. If tools of Taction, what avail their virtuen ?

Of herself she speaks to ber last, and almost her only sincere friend, Cardi. pal Pole, shortly before her death, as follows: "Sum up my personal life. You knew me fret, A daughter, witness of her mother's wrongoA daughter, conecious of her father's crimes A princess, shorn of her inheritance A lady, tainted with foul bastardy A sister, from her brother's heart estranged A sister, by a sister's hand betrayed A rightful Queen, hemmed by usurping bandsA reigning Queen, baited by blaves she sparedA maid betrothed, stung by the love she trustel A wedded wife, spurned from the hand that won

A Christian, reeking with the blood of martyn
And now, at length, a hated tyrant, dressing
Her people to unprofitable wars;
And from her feeble bold basely resigning
The trophy of long centuries of fame!
I have reigned I am lost-aow let me die!"

There is something very touching and exceeding melancholy in this terrible summary, in which it can scarcely be said that truth is wrested or per. verted to make out a case.

Miss Strickland has also laboured hard to

rescue the memory of the sanguinary would be difficult to discover the simi. queen from the load of obloquy which larity, except in the title-page. has been heaped upon it; but the If Sir Aubrey de Vere, instead of prevailing opinion will not be easily being born to a title, with an hereditary shaken, even although we admit that property, had ranked amongst the oba she was influenced, and perhaps com- scure struggling sons of genius, who are pelled, by the still more bloodthirsty doomed to labour for daily bread ; if, and relentless bigot to whom she had instead of a recreation, he had been linked herself. Greater efforts have compelled to adopt poetry as a means been made to whitewash Richard III., of existence, he would nevertheless yet he still retains his bump, and no have made a name for himself, and evidence can thoroughly absolve him that name would have placed him high from the murder of his nephews. Mary in the list of those who vindicate their Tudor is certainly not a very promising own claim to distinction. His life subject for the heroine of a drama. was so uneventful as to leave little Genius cannot render her either amia materials for a biographical sketch, ble or interesting. But Sir Aubrey de It was passed chiefly in discharging Vere is not alone in his selection, for the duties of a resident country genVictor Hugo bas also chosen her for tlemen, in the bosom of his family, in the same purpose. The episode of the cultivation of literature as a perLady Jane Grey has been dramatically sonal gratification, and in the imhandled by Rowe, who called his play provement of his estate and park. He An Imitation of Shakspeare. It died in 1846, aged fifty-eight years.

J. W.C.


Ir the reader will spread before him the Antonines, we find them located the map of Europe, and running his along the banks of the Vistula, in finger northwards, place it at the fifty- the district embraced between the eighth degree of latitude, by the thirty- modern towns of Dantzic and Thorn. first of east longitude, he will find that Here, as ever after, the three divisions point near Lake Ilmen, on which preserved the same relative position to stands the ancient city of Novgorod. each other, which bad been caused by

Looking westward from this, let him the accidental order of their first landcast his eyes across the Baltic to the ing. southern part of Sweden, the ancient The pioneers, or the division far. land of Gutæ, and the cradle of the thest in advance, were distinguished stalwart warriors whose rude grasp. as Ostrogoths, or those extending towas destined to overturn the empire of wards the east ; next followed the the west.

Visigoths, or Goths towards the west ; From this country the Goths issued, and in their tracks came the Gepidæ, somewhere about the zenith of the or the loiterers, being the navigators Roman sway, and crossed the hundred of the third vessel of the expedition, miles of sea that separated them from which, either from slow sailing or some the opposite continent. Three vessels unavoidable accident, touched the transported this bardy expedition ; and shore so long after the others as to their several companies, swelling after- gain for its crew an appellation rewards into as many nations, continued tained through succeeding ages. always distinct from, and even some- Farther still to the west, the Vantimes hostile to each other, though ac- dals were cotemporaneously spread knowledging and reverencing a com- along the Oder ; and we give them a mon origin.

momentary notice, because they nunPenetrating the vast region before bered among their tribes the Lombards, them, they dispersed or enslaved the or Longobards, whom we shall have to wild tribes of the Venedi and Tschudi, mention as being instrumental in the and progressed in their conquests and pressure which "forced the northern migrations, until, in the age of migration of a Sclavonian tribe to that


point near Lake Ilmen, whither we fore, to accomplish the will of an in. shall speedily return.

scrutable Providence, they passed the Either from necessity or inclination, barrier, and their martial trumpets the Goths did not remain stationary echoed from the Dniester to the Pruth. on the Vistula, which they followed to A heavy ransom saved the lives and its head, and once more striking boldly gained a temporary respite for the towards the east, under the renowned properties of the Dacian husbandmen, Amala, they traversed the intervening and the Goths sweeping by them, the district to the meridional source of the lax discipline or infidelity of the ImBorysthenes.

perial soldiers, suffered the violation The immense tracts through which of the sacred limits of the empire. the adventurers wandered were inha- The Goths securely crossed the bited, or rather roamed through, by Danube, and Mæsia was terribly numerous and savage tribes of the awakened from its dream of safety, Sclavi, the most extensive denomina- and the omnipotence of the Roman tion of the great stock of the abori.

But the irrevocable fiat bad gines of those gloony wilds.

gone forth, and Terminus was to reActing on their usual policy, the cede before a greater power. The Goths either destroyed their opponents third century of the Christian era had or incorporated them with themselves, arrived, and the light, no longer to be and thus preventing the annoyance of concealed, was to brighten until it an enemy in the rear, added to their pierced and illumed the dark groves of own formidable numbers. The Borys. Scandinavia and Sarmatia. The res thenes guided their course southwards, volutions of the South were to be efand as the multitude approached the fected by the sons of the North, and Euxine, the bravest warriors of the to lead to their civilisation. A bar. Jazyges and the Roxolani (the latter barian was to be worthy to succeed a of whom we would more particularly Cæsar, and Decius trembled on his note), marched under the Gothic throne at the astounding intelligence, standard. *

that the standard of Cniva, King of Seventy years after leaving the Vis- the Goths, was boldly unfurled before tula, the Goths were spread over both the walls of Marcianopolis. 1'.';! sides of the Borysthenes, composing Amid the general consternation, the the modern Ukraine ; and the reign of Emperor sullied not the purple by Alexander Severus was troubled by declining the contest, and he led forth their irruptions into Dacia, when the his legions to the relief of the provenerable fabric of the empire felt the vince. Almost surrounded by the first blast of the storin that was soon skill and tactics of the Romans, and to rock it to its centre,

awed by the shining armour and de The conquests of Trajan had con- termined appearance of disciplined verted Dacia into the semblance of a troops, the Goths would willingly have province, and had made the Tyras or surrendered their booty and their pri, Dniester the boundary of the Roman soners ; but death being preferable to power. The Ister or Danube, there- unconditional surrender and slavery, fore, which divided it from Mæsia, the struggle was desperate and pro. was less carefully guarded, and the old tracted, until the barbarians were fortifications, feebly garrisoned, were overpowered by the irresistible weight suffered partially to decay. Masia of their adversaries, and Cniva retired thus considered herself elevated from to a morass in his rear. The Romans a jealous frontier into a settled following in the heat of success, the state, and to be secure, by distance, heavy armed soldiers sunk in the oozy from barbarian inroads.

ground, becoming a sacrifice to the But the restless and warlike Goths long spears of their tall and unincumwere not content with the fertility and bered adversaries. abundance of the Ukraine, and ani. The day was soon decided; the Immiated by continued success, they cast perial army was engulphed in the greedy eyes over the Dniester, where

swamp, nor could the body of Decius plentiful barvests alınost tempted the be ever after discovered. hand of plunder. Destined, there- The first anxiety of Hostilianus,

Tillemont, tom. iii. p. 346.

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