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name, to carry this disgrace before existence, shunned by his equals, and one's equals, to be again discussed, only welcome where it is disgrace to sifted, and cavilled at ! No, Upton ; find companionship.” this poor, shattered brain would give “But you surely have never contemway under such a trial. To compass plated all the consequences of this rash it in mere fancy is already nigli to resolve. It is the extinction of an madness! It must be by other means ancient title, the alienation of a great than these that I attain my object!" estate, when once you have declared
The terrible energy with which he your boy illegitimate." spoke actually frightened Upton, who “ He is a beggar, I know it; the fancied that his reason had already penalty be must pay is a beavy one; begun to show signs of decline. but think of her, Upton, think of the
“* The world has decreed,” resumed haughty viscountess, revelling in splenGlencore, “that in these conflicts all dour, and even in all her shame, the the shame shall be the husband's, but flattered, welcomed guest of that rotten, it shall not be so here !- she shall have corrupt society she lives in. Imagine her share, ay, and by heaven! not her in all the pride of wealth and beauty, the smaller share either!"
sought after, adulated, worshipped as “Why, what would you do ?" asked she is, suddenly struck down by the Upton, eagerly.
brand of this disgrace, and left upon Deny my marriage! call her my the world without fortune, without mistress !” cried Glencore, in a voice rank, without even a name. To be shaken with passion and excitement. shunned like a leper by the very mean.
“But your boy your son, Glen- est of those it had once been an honour core ?"
when she recognised them. Picture “He shall be a bastard! You may to yourself this woman, degraded to hold up your hands in horror, and look the position of all that is most vile and with all your best got-up disgust at such contemptible. She that scarcely cona scheme; but if you wish to see me descended to acknowledge as her equals swear to accomplish it, I'll do so now be. the best born and the highest, sunk fore you, ay, on my knees before you! down to the hopeless infamy of a misWhen we eloped from her father's tress. They tell me she laughed on house at Castellamare we were married the day I fainted at seeing her enterby a priest at Capri—of the marriage ing the San Carlos at Naples- laughed no trace exists. The more legal cere- as they carried me down the steps into mony was performed before you, as the fresh air! Will she laugh now, Chargé d'Affaires at Naples of that think you ? Shall I be called “Le I have the registry here ; nor, except
Pauvre Sire,' when she hears this? my courier Sanson, is there a living Was there ever a vengeance more terwitness. If you determine to assert it, rible, more complete ?" you will do so without a fragment of " Again, I say, Glencore, you have proof, since every document that could no right to involve others in the substantiate it is in my keeping. You penalty of her fault. Laying aside every shall see them for yourself. She is, higher motive, you can have no more therefore, in my power; and will any right to deny your boy's claim to his man dare to tell me how I should tem. rank and fortune, than I, or any one per that power."
else. It cannot be alienated nor ex“But your boy, Glencore, your tinguished; by his birth he became the boy."
heir to your title and estates.” “ Is my boy's station in the “ He has no birth, sir, he is a bas. world a prouder one by being the tard- who shall deny it? You may," son of the notorious Lady Glencore,
added he, after a second's pause, or as the offspring of a nameless mis. where's your proof? Is not every protress? What avail to him that he bability as much against you as all doshould have a title stained by her cumentary evidence, since none will shame! Where is he to go? In what ever believe that I could rob myself of land is he to live, where her infamy has the succession, and make over my fornot reached ? Is it not a thousand tune to heaven knows what remote retimes better that he enter life, ignoble lation." and unknown-to start in the world's “ And do you expect me to become race with what he may of strength and a party to this crime?" asked Upton power-than drag on an unhonoured gravely.
• You baulked me in one attempt at
“ You take your part with vengeance, and I did think you owed
her." me a reparation !"
“I only ask that you would hear me." “ Glencore,” said Upton, solemnly, “ You owe me four thousand five “ we are both of us men of the world ; hundred pounds, Sir Horace Upton," men who have seen life in all its varied said Glencore, in a voice barely above aspects sufficiently, to know the hol- a whisper, but every accent of which was lowness of more than half the preten- audible. sion men trade upon as principle ; “I know it, Glencore,” said Upton, we have witnessed mean actions and calmnly. “You helped me by a loan the very lowest motives amongst the of that sum in a moment of great diffihighest in station; and it is not for culty. Your generosity went further, either of us to affect any overstrained for you took, what nobody else would, estimate of men's honour and good my personal security.” faith ; but I say to you, in all sincerity, Glencore made no reply, but throwthat not alone do I refuse you all con- ing back the bedclothes, slowly and currence in the act you meditate, but painfully arose, and with tottering and I hold myself open to denounce and uncertain steps, approached a table. frustrate it."
With a trembling band he unlocked a “ You do!” cried Glencore, wildly, drawer, and taking out a paper, opened while with a bound he sat up in his and scanned it over. bed, grasping the curtain convulsively “ There's your bond sir," said he, for support.
with a hollow, cavernous voice, as he “ Be calm, Glencore, and listen to threw it into the fire, and crushed it me patiently."
down into the flames with the poker. "You declare that you will use the “ There is now nothing between us. confidence of this morning against You are free to do your worst !" And me," cried Glencore, while the lines in as he spoke, a few drops of dark blood his face became indented more deeply, trickled from his nostril, and he fell and his bloodless lips quivered with senseless upon the floor.
THE CIVIL SERVICE.*
An opinion appears of late to have madvert on the constitution só prebecome prevalent, that the duties ap- pared. One gentleman, Mr. Arbuthpertaining to the civil service of this not, has contrived to obtain a hearing country are somewhat mismanaged ; on the subject without invitation at that they are got through in an awk- all; and we must premise, that he ward manner; that many hands are seems to be fully as much entitled to used for little work; and that that the honour as any one of his brethren. little might be less, if it were arranged Such is the collection of papers on with better system and less routine. the re-organisation of the civil service ; The rather formidable mass of papers and it must be allowed that they call on which it is now proposed to make attention to a most important subject, some remarks, is the upshot of the and fully prove that there is room for wisdom of, we presume, the best of amendment. our civil servants, as brought to bear To the Rev. Mr. Jowett has been upon the nature of the service to which accorded a place of his own—the place they belong. Two of the number bave of honour, we presume. His wisdom been desired to try their hands on a concludes the book; he is the one chief new constitution for this bitherto ill- witness in favour of the scheme of the governed republic, and some two score two reporters ; it is he who proves the others have been again invited to ani- practicability of the proposed reform,
* “Papers Relating to the Reorganisation of the Civil Service. Presented to Parliament by command of Her Majesty "
who calculates the minute necessities the ne'er-do-wells, the puny, and the of the future system, dissipates the dif. diseased, that the offices of Govern. ficulties of arrangement, and shows ment receive their recruits. It enlarges himself to be ready, at a moment's on the difficulty of obtaining really warning, to pick out from the largest working men for the civil service. crowd of candidates the exact number Men
young, and having secured of best men required for the service of their income, do not care to exert the nation. Mr. Jowett is tutor of themselves. In the open professions, Baliol: that he is an excellent college no song gets no supper, little work tutor we do not doubt, but we do much gets little pay; but in the civil service doubt whether the training that he has the mute guest is treated as well as the had in that capacity can have taught tuneful-the idle drone enjoys as much him what are the desirable require- honey as the busy bee. Men also ments in a clerk in the civil service. endowed with a certain income are
It has for some years been apparent freed from those energetie struggles to us, that if a real Utopia could be which open the mind and define the peopled with emigrants from Great character, and thus they live and die Britain, Sir Charles Trevelyan would like dormice. So at least say Sir be the only man to whom could be con- Charles and Sir Stafford. fided the chief magistracy of the colony. The evils of patronage are then urged. Sir Stafford Northcote, who rode wor- A young man is nominated from favour, thily into fame on the cupola of the and the office-ehief, who should put a London Exhibition, is a fitting asso- veto on this nomination of the youngster ciate for so great an administrator. if he be under edueated or otherwise Eminently practical as was the Exhi. unfit, does not like to offend the great bition, it had, nevertheless, a strong man who gave the appointment, and, savour of a successful Utopia ; the ordin neglecting his duty, admits the incom: nary desagremens of worldly things petent nominee ; or he is indifferent, were wanting ; there was about it a and, knowing that the young man's undangerous lack of any alloy ; it was fitness will not affeet himself, takes no terribly perfect! Money flew in, not trouble to inquire into the matter; or faster, but only not faster than it could he is good-natured, and will not ruin a be collected; pickpockets were tabooed; young man's prospects. So say the crowds behaved themselves with deco- reporters. We should think that very rum; policemen were not overbearing; little such indifference, very little such and there was no link to bind the build. good-nature, very little such fear of a ing to frail humanity. Since that time political great man, can fairly be laid nothing but perfection will suffice for to the charge of Sir Charles Trevelyan. such men as Sir Stafford Northcote And here we must observe, that the and Mr. Cole; and no scheme for the idea given of an official life is a most improvement of the civil service could depressing one:-“ In two or three hope for their aid, unless it were so years he (the Government clerk) is as contrived as to create a class of clerks good as he can be at such an employwho should be altogether angelic, if ment. The remainder of his odicial not absolutely divine. We do not life (after two or three years) can only deny, nay we fully acknowledge, that exercise a depressing influence on himi". there is much sound sense, much pro- He not only begins with mechanical mise of future improvement in this re- labour, but often ends with it. "No. port. We do not doubt that the pro- thing has been done after the clerk's mise will be ultimately matured; but appointment to turn his abilities to it does appear to us that at starting the best account.” These unfortunate these reformers soar too high.
clerks labour it seems under a “conThe report begins by an allusion to viction that their success does not dethe importance of the civil service as a pend on their own exertions, and that profession, and by a declaration that if they work hard it will not advance The ablest of the sons of Britain should them, if they waste their time in idlebe attracted into its ranks. It then, ness it will not keep them back." “ Iq in a somewhat unpecessarily ungracious several departments the clerks are remanner, enlarges on the defects of the garded as having no claim whatever to men who do enter it. It is from the the staff appointments." We are told idle, the weak in mind, the infirm in bow elerks suffer, when "some one body, the unambitious, the jolterheads, who has failed in other professions, and
a certain age.
who bas no recommendation but that the Crown. If he be good at calculaof family or political interest, is ap- tions, send him forth with to the Chanpointed to a librarianship” over the cellor of the Exchequer-if Providence heads of deserving, men. Alas! alas! have thrown languages in his way, let if such really be the true state of the him go to the Foreign Office -- if he case, how could Sir Charles and Sir possess a talent for legerdemain, let Stafford have looked to see the ambi- him sort letters at the Post Office. If tious and the talented entering the civil he bave a gift at all, Mr. Jowett will service ?
find it out, and turn him to account; In this respect, however, as in others, if he have no gift, Mr. Jowett will, at we think that our reformers are carricd any rate, find out so much, and send away into exaggeration; and we hope him back to his stall, with permission, we shall be able to make good our opi- however, to come and be re-examined nion, that things are not so bad as they as often as he will, till he have reached are made out to be.
The reporters then go on to their The reporters recommend that a cen. main object, that of recommending tral board should be constituted for how best to seek for good men for the conducting the examination of candi. public service. It is better, they say, dates for the public service. Such a to train young men than to look for ex- board, they say, should be composed perienced labour. They declare that of men holding independent position, the service should be recruited from a and commanding general confidence. properly selected body of candidates, It should be presided over by a privy and that the establishment of a fitting councillor, and should include persons system of examination before appoint- experienced in the education of the ment is the first necessary step towards upper and middle classes_Mr. Jowett the desired end. A short period of we will say-and persons who are faprobation in the seryice should follow miliar with public business — to wit, the examination.
Sir Charles Trevelyan. It should be Here we arrive at what is, in fact, made imperative upon candidates for the real reform proposed - the great employment in the civil service to pass change which Sir Charles Trevelyan an examination before this board, and and Sir Stafford Northcote wish to ef- obtain from it a certificate of fitness, fect-the momentous step, to the fea. This examination - we continue to sibility of which Mr. Jowett bears such give an outline of the measure prostrong and substantial testimony. This posed by the reporters- this examinais the blow under which the present tion should be a competing literary system of patronage is to lie stricken examination ; that is to say to the death. It is this which is to rob qualifications inquired into should be the borough members of their means those of literary attainments, and the of gratifying constituents, and to open
successful candidates are not to be the elysium (Oh! what an elysium, ac- simply the men who have passed with cording to Sir C. Trevelyan 1) - the credit, but those who, by comparison, elysium of Somerset House—to the am, are declared to be the best. bitious, but unfriended, youth of the We are then told that we shall secountry. It is this which is to give cure the “ services of the most pronew hopes to the universities, deprive mising young men of the day, by a the bar of its brightest aspirants, limit competing, examination on the hospitals to mediocrity, and carry with the highest description of educaoff even a portion of the austere virtue tion in the country.” The services of which now ornaments the Church. these most promising young men are Yes; and not only that. No Burns no doubt desirable, but we do not see need be a gauger; no Thom need be a how they are to be obtained by any weaver; no heaven-born genius need competing examination. A competing make shoes, or otherwise waste bis examination in itself is no bonus in jewelled gifts on arts mechanical, when these worldly days. Men do not now once Sir Charles shall have carried bis stride through all the dust of an reform. If the shoemaker can do better Olympic race course for a laurel. than make shoes, let himn come before wreath. The glory of having his name Mr. Jowett and the examiners; and written in the first place of honour on having proved his efficiency, let him Mr. Jowett's list, will not entice the cease from making shoes, and serve most promising youth of his age into
a level permanent service under the Crown; districts, and the privy councillor and there must be other inducements than the college tutor are to travel like these. There is much to wonder at, judges of assize. Grunds jours will much to admire, in this collection of be held in different provincial towns, papers which we now have under re- and as it is feared that candidates will view; but there is nothing in them so not come after the places, the places admirable, nothing so wonderful, as are to be taken to the candidates. the confidence with which Sir Charles “ The precise mode,” says Sir CharTrevelyan looks forward to alluring les, “in wbich the successful candithe ambitious, the gifted, and the edu- dates should be allotted to the several cated, into his service, by a mere departments, will require some conproclamation of the difficulty they are sideration, but there will be no diffito encounter on their entrance.
culty which may not easily be overIt is literally true, that not a word come.” We never saw a stumblingescapes Sir Charles as to the reward block more plainly pointed out, or by which the ambitious, the gifted, more summarily disposed of! Different and the educated, are to be brought solutions of the difficulty are suggested, up to these tremendous competing but none, it is clear, with the assured apexaminations; not a paragraph is de- probation of the suggestors. The heads voted to the quid pro quo — not a
of the offices may choose their men; yes, syllable is breathed as to the good but what if the men won't go when so things which are to induce the first chosen ? - wbat if the same man is men of the age to undergo these ter- chosen by various heads of offices? rible encounters before the face of what if the heads prudently declare Mr. Jowett. Now this does appear themselves incompetent to makeachoice to be singular, but is it not wonder- without a further examination of their fully beautiful ?
own? Or else the board may recom. This proposal is declared to be not mend particular men to particular deinconsistent with the appropriation of partments. But if these chosen men special talents to special departments; won't go when recommended it, as that is to say, the examining privy
will surely be the case, they all want to councillor, with his aids from Cam. frequent the West End if they eschew bridge and elsewhere, will be able not the Customs and Excise, and unduly only to select the best men, but also hanker after the glories of Downingto adjndicate to the various successful street ?-in such a case, is the first-rate candidates the peculiar office for promising young man to be told that which their attainments fit them. Per- he must have the Excise or nothing haps so; but if A. B. goes in for the he having submitted to Mr. Jowett Foreign Office, and finds himself ad- and the board with a special eye to the judicated to the Custom-House, what governance of a dozen colonies ? Or then ? If C: D., baving had an eye the choice may be left to the men to the Treasury, and a fixed resolve themselves, a restriction being placed to go no further from the centre of on them to prevent improper choice. official life than the Admiralty at far- But if they all choose the same? If thest, if he finds himself allocated to they all prefer the plums, and reject Rowland Hill in Saint Martin's le the suet, as may not improbably be Grand ?--The-privy councillor and the case, what then? We fear the the Cambridge tutor cannot force reporters have not sufficiently matured these men into the allotted places; this matter, and that much further every successful man will require a consideration must be given to it, special plum" to be picked from the before anything like a feasible arrangeTreasury pudding for his own eating, ment is proposed. And, if not gratified, will bardly be Every male inhabitant of these induced, by the consciousness of his realms, and, for aught we see, of all success, to succumb to the decision of other realms, is to be admissible at the examiners.
these examinations, provided they are The examinations are to take place of a given age, and can produce satisperiodically, and previous to each factory reference as to their moral trial announcement is to be made of character. We may therefore say the number of vacancies. For the that every born male that attains the lower class of appointments, the exa- age, we believe, 'of seventeen, may have minations are to be made in local his chance. As to the reference to