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his trooper's cloak, in the dead of and for many years was the popular night, and explored the kitchen, favourite throughout the north. searching the dresser and shelves, in Mr. Ryder, having, in 1787, been hopes of finding soine eatable remnant engaged for Covent Garden, Cherry, that might satisfy the cravings of hun. whose reputation had reached the ger, but in vain. On his return to capital, was called up from Belfast, to his hay-truss, he accidentally struck supply his place at the Theatre Royal, against the kitchen table, the noise of Smock-alley, Dublin. He made his which he feared might alarm the first appearance as Darby, in the Poor family; and that, uncertain of the real Soldier; his success exceeded his most cause of bis leaving his apartment at sanguine expectations; he soon estathat hour, they might naturally sup- blished himself in public favour, obpose that his purpose was to rob the tained possession of a range of charachouse, as a reward for the hospitality ters as various as they were extensive, he had received. The idea added to and for six years, Little Cherry, as he the misery he was then enduring: He was familiarly called, stood at the top trembled, and listened, but all was of his profession in the comic line. quiet. He then renewed his search, His first original character in Dublin for his hunger overcame his fears, and was a Spouting Barber, in a very to his intense delight he found a large pleasant entertainment, called The crust of stale bread, which he was Hypochondriac, which performance afterwards informed had been used for gave great satisfaction to the author, rubbing out some spots of white paint Mr. Andrew FRANKLIN, who wrote from the very cloak that composed constantly for the Dublin theatre, and his bedding. He devoured it with whose productions were held in high avidity, as he was entering on a fourth repute in his own city, even when they day without nourishment, and returned had not been breveted by the London beartfelt thanks to Providence, whose stamp. Franklin was the author of a omnipotent hand was stretched out farce, called the Mermaid, acted at in the very critical moment, to save Covent Garden, in 1792, better suited him from the most direful of all pos- to the gods of the gallery than the sible deaths- starvation !

critic in his closet. In 1797, he proAt length he “returned to reason duced, A Trip to the Nore, a musical and the shop," and was received by trifle in one act, intended to celehis relatives with all the warmth of brate Lord Duncan's victory at Camparental aflection. For three years he perdown. Franklin says in the preface, attached bimself solely to business, that he wrote it in one day, and that and resolved to abandon the stage and it cannot brave literary animadversion, its delusive dreams forever. But the ap- In the same year appeared from bis plause he had received continully rang pen a comic piece, with the startling in his ears. Anon the theatrical drum

title of The Wandering Jew, which sounded its loudest notes; he forgot the was speedily consigned to oblivion. misery of his former campaigns, the Ilis other dramas are, The Outlaw's empty glory alonc remaining in his re- Embarkation (produced on the expecollection. The temptation over- dition to Holland in 1799); Gander powered bim, and once more he be- Ilall (a failure), acted one night only came an actor. After several short at the Haymarket, for the benefit of excursions of little moment, he en- Mrs. Gibbs; The Egyptian Festival, listed under the banners of Mr. Ri. a comic piece; and The Counterfeit, chard William Knipe, whose daughter a farce. "The two last were produced he afterwards married in Belfast, and at Drury-lane, with tolerable attracbecame the father of a family of four tion. children. Knipe was a veteran com- From the increase of his family, and mander, highly esteemed in the coun. the payments of the Dublin theatrical try parts of Ireland --- a scholar and a

exchequer not being quite as certain gentleman, whose facetious and eccen- as those of the Bank of England, tric character was long remembered Cherry was induced to turn his and recorded with pleasure by those thoughts towards an engagement in who knew him. On Knipe's death, some of the provincial circuits in EngCherry joined the principal provincial land. His first essay was with Tate company of Ireland, under the ma- Wilkinson at York, where he con. nagement of Atkins, where be filled a tinued for three years in full possesmost extensive round of characters, sion of public favour. He then re


turned to his native country, induced family, forms a damaging episode, by a flattering offer from Daly to per, which would be better omitted. The form with Miss Farren. He received title of the comedy was happily suited a most cordial greeting on his appear. to the warlike spirit of the time. The ance as Şir Peter Teazle, and remained Widow Cheerly, the Soldier's Daugh, for two seasons in Ireland, during ter, was admirably supported by Mrs. which time he wrote and produced two Jordan, who also spoke an epilogue in operatic pieces - Harlequin in the character, which very whimsically deStocks, and The Outcasts, wh

scribed a female army of reserve, received at the Crow-street Theatre and contained several happy points, with general approbation, and added delivered by that inimitable actress much to his professional importance. with the most powerful effect. ExThe manager treated him ill, and he actly two months later, Cumberland quitted Ireland once more, for Man- produced a comedy on the same chester,* from whence he removed to boards, which he christened The Bath, at that time considered second Sailor's Daughter, but the similarity only to London, in theatrical taste of name was far from producing a corand fastidious criticism. He succeeded responding success. After five or six unBlisset, who had been a universal profitable repetitions, it was laid aside. favourite, but the Bath connoissieurs In 1817, The Soldier's Daughter pronounced Cherry's Captain Bertram was revived at Covent Garden Theatre, in the Birth-Day, to be as finished a for Miss O'Neill, who performed the picture of the scenic art as had ever Widow Cheerly six times; but she was been witnessed on their boards. His more exclusively a daughter of Melporeputation as an actor in the first class mene than Thalia, and in this part sugsoon became fixed and determined, gested painful reminiscences of Mrs. and for four seasons he enjoyed the Jordan. most honourable patronage and sup

On the 15th of May, 1805, Cherry port.

brought out a comic sketch at DruryOn the resignation of Mr. King, he lane, entitled, All for Fume, or a obtained the summit of his wishes, an Peep at the Times, which was perengagement at Drury-lane, where he formed, or rather recited, for Mrs. offered himself for public approbation Mountain's benefit. It was a mere on the 24th of September, 1802, in trifle, pleasantly levelled at the Betty the characters of Sir Benjamin Dove, in mania, and the prevailing rage for inCumberland's comedy of The Brothers, fantine actors. In the August of the and Lazarillo, in Jephson's farce of same year, he wrote a comedy called

Two Strings to your Bow. The suc. The Village, or the World's Epitome, cess he met with in both these parts at which was acted at the Haymarket, once established his position. On the and so badly received that it was 7th of February, 1804, Cherry made a withdrawn after the second representagreat step as a dramatic author by the tion. The object seemed to be to corproduction of The Soldier's Daughter, rect the error of those who imagine the a comedy, which, whatever may be the country to be the only seat of innotrue standard of its merit, enriched the cence, candour, and generosity. For treasury of the theatre, and ran for Incledon's benefit at Covent Garden, thirty-five nights to crowded houses, Cherry furnished a musical interlude, during the first season. It has kept under the title of Spanish Dollars, the stage ever since ; and, although or the Priest of the Parish, which too mawkish in sentiment, and too full was afterwards adopted by the maof clap-trap to suit the fastidiousness nagement. In the year following, the of modern taste, it is, nevertheless, an grand operatic drama of The Travel. effective play, and likely to continue lers, or Music's Fascination, in five long on the stock list, as affording the acts, was produced at Drury-lane. opportunity of good acting in many of Few pieces have been more successful the principal characters. The under- or attractive, and the spectacular por: plot, with the distresses of the Malfort tion was considered to have surpassed

One night, at Manchester, he played Drugget in Three Weeks after Marriage, with Lewis as Sir Charles Racket, When in the quarrelling scene he observed, “ Egad he looks as if he was going to eat me." " Eat you !" replied Lewis, “Yes, dn me, I would not make two bites of A cherry."


all that had hitherto been attempted. of dramas an operatic piece in three The music, composed by Corri, and acts, called Peter the Great, or the sung by Braham, Mrs. Mountain, Sig- Wooden Walls, which was acted at nora Storace, and Mrs. Bland, was great- Covent Garden, but only repeated five ly admired at the time. The piece is times. The subject has been often sereplete with clap-traps and allusions to lected, but never handled with

superior passing events, which received propor- effect. The familiar expression tionate applause. The plot and inci. " wooden walls”—as applied to ships, dents are extravagant, not to say im- may be traced back to the famous possible ; but the excellence of the oracle delivered to the Athenians at acting, and the constant variety, si- the time of the Persian invasion (see lenced all critical objections. Sixteen Herodotus, book vii.), in which it is years later, The Travellers was re. declared that they shall deliver their vived at the same theatre, with very city from the enemy by means of their little success, and scarcely one of the wooden walls. The subsequent naval original performers.

victory of Salamis vindicated the proThomas King, the celebrated come- phecy. On the 9th of April, 1807, dian, the original Lord Ogleby and Sir Cherry's last appearance as an author Peter Teazle, who had retired from the took place at Drury-lane, in the prostage in 1802, died at the commence- duction of a comedy in three acts, ment of February, 1806. On the called A Day in London, which was 12th of that month a performance took only acted three times. This piece, place at Drury-lane for the benefit of although not deficient in wit and point, his widow, who was in straitened cir- had too many scenes without action, cumstances, as King had imprudently and merely conversational, to give salost much of his savings by gambling. tisfaction to the audience. The writer, For this occasion Cherry wrote a poe- with a proper degree of deference, tical effusion (as it was called in the withdrew it at once.

After the burn. bill), denominated “ Thalia's Tears." ing, of Drury-lane, and the erection This was never repeated or printed, of the new theatre, Cherry ceased to On drawing up the curtain, the stage be engaged in London. He then beexhibited an interesting group. The came manager of a circuit in Wales, back-ground represented Parnassus. occasionally visiting the south of IreUpon a pedestal in the centre, Mrs. land. Edmund Kean was the leading Jordan, "as Thalia, was discovered actor in this company for more than weeping over an urn, containing the two years, between 1809 and 1811, ashes of poor Tom King, once the fa- struggling with poverty and obscurity, vourite of the comic muse. On each but filled with the genius which, not side the most admired characters of long afterwards, blazed forth in unthis excellent actor were personified by paralleled effulgence on the boards of the following individuals : Mr. Ban- Drury-lane. nister appeared as Touchstone, Mr. Cherry died on the 7th of February, Cherry as Lord Ogleby, Mr. Wrough- 1812, at Monmouth, in South Wales, ton as Moody (Country Girl), and Mi and is buried there.

He had just Dowton as Sir Peter Teazle. Tha completed his fiftieth year. His death lia recorded the talents of her deceased was caused by congestion of the brain, favourite; and the mellifluous tones of brought on by mental anxiety conseMrs. Jordan's voice, and the feeling quent on the wreck of all his property energy of her gestures were never more in the managerial speculations abovesuccessfully exerted in exciting the sym- named. The thought that his wife pathetic sorrow of her auditors. The and youthful family were left entirely before-mentioned performers recited in unprovided for embittered his last moturn several appropriate lines; and a ments, and quickened the progress of dirge,composed by P.King, was solemn- disease. Mrs. Cherry survived her ly sung by Braham, Kelly, Miller, Ma- husband for twenty-five years, endur. dame Storace, and Mrs. Bland. A ing many sorrows, and within eighteen song, written by Monk Lewis, was also years of the present date, was reduced given by Braham in his best style. to such distress that she received reThe produce of the evening, it was lief from the Drury-lane and Covent supposed, could not fall short of six Garden funds, although she had no hundred pounds. On the 8th of Fe- positive claim on either. bruary, 1807, Cherry added to his list

J. W. C.


OUR SEA-SONGS. We know that “ Britannia rules the

The Dutch, the Danes, and waves,” and that she has ruled them Norwegians, it is true, have a few toever since she first “arose from out lerable sea-songs, and one of them at the azure main;" at any rate we have least—the Norsk song (Mens Nordbeen trained implicitly in that belief havet bruser mod fieldbygt Strand") from childhood, and do not intend to ab- is quite a national song in every sense, abjureit. One thing is quite certain, Bri- as we had reason to learn when in tain is mainly indebted to her wooden Norway. And during our sojourn in walls for her rank, position, and power Denmark we picked up one “ Sang as the leading empire of the world. for Flaaden,which is really a capital Fifty years ago Britain was, under Danish sea-song-vigorous, terse, spiProvidence, absolutely indebted for rited, and buoyant as the motion of a her existence as a nation to her navy; bounding bark. We will bere quote it alone preserved her from invasion, a single stanza of the original as a speand to this day it is her right arm and

cimen :her safeguard. We - English, Irish, Scotch-are essentially maritime peo

“ Derfor rask ombord ! ple; and during the last two or three

See Fregatten, bbor hun stamper! centuries our gallant seamen, and sea

Seer ikke hbor

Hekla med af Længsel damper ? songs relative to them and their noble

Op med Seil og Damp! profession, have alike been popular in

Op med Ræer og op med Master ! the highest degree. These sea-songs Rask afsted til Hamp! are eminently national-the only really skal bide, at national songs that England, as one of Tydsken haaner Eder, Gaster! the three kingdoms, possesses. Ire- dd med hver fregat ! land and Scotland, for the last hundred Og send bam Laget glat ! years at least, each have contributed Hurra! burra! burra !" a fair proportion of their sons to the imperial navy and to the merchant We do not attempt to translate the service; and to a very considerable ex

above, because we know by experience tent natives of England, Ireland, and

that it is impossible to adequately preScotland acquire at sea (especially if

serve the peculiar spirit of the original. men-of-war's men) the same general Whoever, however, understands Daprofessional characteristics. They, in nish, will agree with us that there is a a manner, cease to be exclusively Éng- sailor-like energy, a genuine salt-water lish, Irish, or Scotch, and become em.

smack in the lines, and the other phatically BRITISH SEAMEN, renowned half-dozen stanzas of the song are throughout the wide world for their equally good. nautical skill, their dauntless bravery,

France has long been a great maritime their indomitable hardihood, their power as regards her navy, but we many noble and matchless qualities.

question whether what we should reWe make this observation, which we gard as a genuine sea-song was ever believe to be just and truthful, in order

written by a Frenchman. To illustrate that it may be understood that we re

and enforce our opinion, let us give gard our - English" sea-songs as being what we consider a very fair specimen also Irish and Scotch in the sense

of a French above indicated; for England's naval victories were won, and England's “ Chacun à sa Philosophic, wooden walls are at the present mo

Sur ma Frégate je défie ment manned, with officers and seamen Et les chagrins et les soucis. of each of the three kingdoms in very

Pour les dompter, fair proportions, according to their

Toujours avec moi j'embarque la Folie ! respective populations.

Dans mon hamac, I'his much premised, let us next

Sur le tillae,

Je me distrais en fumant mon tabac ; remark the instructive fact, that no Et quand ma pipe est allumée, foreign nation possesses sea-songs wor

Je me dis, Que sont les grandeurs,

Les biens, la gloire, la renommée ? thy of the name when compared with Ah, ma foi, de la fumée ! (ter.)


Un marin à la sienne aussi :

Les éviter,

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" Traversant la mer de la vie,

length and breadth of the land ; and Tachons d'arriver à bon port, Vivods sans haine et sans envie,

yet all, or nearly all of them have likeToujours content de notre sort,

wise perished. In Pepy's collection is De la bonté, De la gaité,

a vaval song, descriptive of a sea-fight D'étre immortels, n'ayant pas la manie.

in the reign of bluff King Hal, and seLe plus savant

veral similar pieces a generation or two A vu souvent, Tous ses é rits emportés par le vent;

later in date have been preserved. One N'usons donc par en vain notre encre;

of the oldest of these is - The Mariner's L'onde s'enva, ne revient plus, Et morbleu i dans cette mer là

Song," in the comedy of Common ConOn ne jette pas l'ancre!" (ter.)

ditions, bearing date 1576. As a spe

cimen of the style of our earliest sea. Now, is the above worthy to rank

songs, we shall present it entire, as alongside our own ocean lyrics ? De.

given, with modernised spelling, in the cidedly not. It is reclolent, to use a “ Book of English Songs.” hackneyed expression, not of the heaving billows of occan, not of the spirit “Lustily, lustily, lustily let us sail forth, of the real blue-water tar, but of the The wind lriin doth serve us, it blows from the

north. Parisian boulevards and the Palais Royal! One cannot but be amused

“ All things we have ready, and nothing we want at the idea of calling it a sea-song:

To furnish our ship that rideth herehy : The author may have sailed on salt

Victuals and weapons they be nothing seant,

Like worthy mariners ourselves we will try. water, he may have crossed the line,

Lustily, lustily, &c. and may even be a practical seaman

Her flags be new trimmed, set flaunting aloft, himself for aught we know to the con.

Our ship for swift swimming, Oh! she doth extrary; but assuredly his “philosophie,” cel;

We fear po enemies, we have 'scaped them oft, as expressed in the song, is not that of

Of all ships that swimmeth she beareth the bell. a sailor, but of a littérateur, a veritable

Lustily, lustily, &c. enfunt de Paris, who, when he would

“And here is a master excelleth in skill, discourse of the ocean, is rather think

And our master's mate he is not to seek ; ing of the Seine and its barges, and And here is a boatswain will do his good will, swimming-schools; and who sings of

And here is a ship, boy, we never had leak. the sea, and of ships, and of sailors "If fortune then fail not, and our next voyage just in the same spirit as one of his


We will return merrily, and make good cheer, brethren, who writes

And hold altogether as friends link'il in love,

The cans shall be filled with wine, ale, and beer, « La vie est une voyage,

Lustily, lustily," &c.
Tachons de l'embellir !
Jetons sur son peisage
Les roses du plaisir !"

The reader will observe that even at

this early period much of the characBut the genius of French and Eng- teristic, bold, confident, roistering spilish seamen is so different that, after rit which pervades modern sea-songs, all, it is possible that a song which the is expressed in the above antique latter would regard with unutterable “ stave.”+ It is rather curious, how. contempt and disgust, may exactly suit ever, that the mariners vaunt the exthe fancy and sentiment of the mer- treme swiftness of their ship rather curial, yet gallant sons of Gaul. than their own valour in fight. They

To resume. We possess sea-songs, “ fear no enemies," not because they written fully three centuries ago; but know they can conquer them in battle, there is little doubt that similar pro- but because they “ have ’scaped them ductions, popular at a yet earlier date

oft," owing to the "swift swimming” than the reign of Elizabeth, are now of their own ship! Another song, of irrecoverably lost. The defeat of the

the date 1609, commences thus :Spanish Armada, at somewhat later period, probably inspired many a brave

We be three poor mariners, ballad and song in glorification of our

Newly come from the seas :

We spend our lives in jeopardy, ships and sailors; and these songs

While others live at ease!" would be printed on black letter broad. sides, or handed about in MS., and in The two lines of this « Mariner's some instances would be sung over the Glee,” which we have italicised above,

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* London : Ingram and Co.
+ Seamen call a song a stave; ani their own peculiar cries they call songs.

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