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PROCEEDINGS IN THE FOURTH Session of the FOURTI PARLIAMENT OF THE
UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 1810. House of Commons, May 16. it at 250,0001. As to the Exchequer The House having resolved itself into Bills, he had already stated them at a Committee of Supply, to whom were three millions for the year, and he trust. referred the accounts of the public debt, ed the House would not be indisposed &c.; tbe Chancellor of the E.rchequer, in to a grant to that amount. Regarding a prefatory speech, in which he congra- the Loan, he had the satisfaction of tulated the House on the Aourishing stating, that it amounted in all to 12 state of the Finances, brought forward millions (namely, eight millions for Great the annual Budget. The Hon. Gentle. Britain, and four for Ireland); and had man said, he should first state the Sup- been concluded on terins infinitely the plies already granted for the year :-For most favourable of any Loan which had the Navy, 19,258,0001.-- the Army, in- yet been known in this country. The cluding Army for Ireland and Extraordi
terins were, that the Contractors for naries, 20,307,0001. -- the Ordnance, every 1001. should receive 1301. three 4,411,0001. Miscellaneous Services, per cent. Reduced, and 101. 78. 6d. Cona 9,000,0001. There would besides, be a sols, being in the whole, 1401. is. 6d. ; vote of Credit for England, to the the amount of the interest thus to be amount of 3,000,0001.; for Ireland, to paid for the loan, being no more than the amount of 200,000l.; for Sicily, 41. 4s. 31d. per cent. ; so that a loan of to the amount of 400,0001. ; for Portugal, 12 millions had been negotiated at to the amount of 920,0001.; total about 155. 74d. below the legal rate of interest. 50,500,0001.; from which, deducting the The total charge on the publick, in this sum for Ireland, there would remain
manner, was, in the proportion of the to be provided for by Great Britain, loan of last year, as 4i. 4s. 3£d. to 46,079,0001. To meet this, there were 41. 128. 10d.; so that, be the country in Annual Duties, 3,000,0001. Surplus a worse state, or a better now, than it already voted of the Consolidated Fund was last year, 12 millions had been borof 1209, 2,661,602. - Surplus for the rowed for a suin intrinsically worth for the present year, 4,400,0001. - War 11,230,0001. The Right Hon. GentleTaxes, 19,500,0001 – Lottery, 350,0001. man then proceeded to state the amount
E chequer Bills funded, 8,311,6001. - of the Consolidated Fund, which exVote of Credit, 3,000,000/, - Loan, ceeded in the year 1810 the surplus of 8,000,0001. Making in the whole, the preceding year by 5,339,0001. He 46,293,2021. or an excess of 144,2021. did not wish, however, to take it as above the sum required. lle should this amount, but to prefer an average proceed to state the different items of of the two years, which produced which these sums were to be composed, 4,485,2941. Under the bead of Malt leaving the Consolidated Fund to the Duty, there was an increase during the last. First, tbe WarTaxes: these he estis last quarter of 40,0001. The Assessed mated at 19 millions, and he esteemed Taxes for the last year amounted to hinself justified in taking them at that 6,459,0001. In this sum, there were ainount, they having list year produced considerable arrears, amounting, on the into the Exchequer 24,707,0001. - The best calculation, not less than Property Tax had, during the last year, 600,0001. These had, however, been ree produced 1,3,751,2331, although the as. duced to about 300,0001. The Stamps he Sessment for that year was computed estimated at 5,193,0001. the Post-office at only at 11,400,0001. being a difference 1,194,0001.; the llawkers, &c. at 20,000%. of 2,351,2331. This, however, might be producing a total of 37,597,0001. The supposed to have arisen from arrears, charge on the Consolidated Fund, exnone of which now existed earlier than clusive of Ireland, amounted to 1807. The last quarter shewed the Pro. 31,960,0001. leaving a surplus of perty Tax to be greatly on the increase, 5,637,0001. The reason why he should but be did not take it at the increased not take more froin this branch for the rate. The War Taxes, under the heads service of the year, than 4,400,0007. he Customs and Excise for three years would explain. The Stamps had risen 1908, 9, and 10, ainounted to 27 mile very greatly during the last year, to the luns, being on an average 9,060,0001.:- amount of not less than 1,236,9071. in being together, 20,460,0001. By the draw- consequence of the consolidation of ing of ihe Lottery in one day, the evil those duties, arising from regulations resulting from insuring bad beeii reme- which he himself had introduced. These died. Trusting, therefore, that Gentle- be had estimated, under diferent heads men would not deprive the revenue of of management, would produce a saving this source of income, be stivuld estimate of 106,0991. but it so happened, that in GENT. Mac. July, 1810.
stead of this, it bad produced an in- lation of trade and wealth. This was creased revenue of no less than1,236,9071. intimately connected with the present He ought probably to take blame to subject, as it afforded the best hopes himself for having so greatly under-rated with respect to our future resources; the amount to be expected from these and proved, that, whatever might have regulations; but still he hoped the been thrown out by persons of great anHouse would be happy that they had thority, there was no reason to apprebeen so productive. The difference be- hend that we were a falling Nation; tween this expected sum of 106,7581. but that, whatever might bet he pressure and the actual amount of 1,236,9071. on particular branches of trade, greatly left a balance of 1,130,0001. What he as that was to be lamented, there was had to propose, therefore, to the House, no reason to apprehend any great calawas, not only that 970,0001. which mity, no cause for despondence. He would be wanted for the expenditure of concluded by proposing the Resolution, the present year, should be taken from that 12 millions be raised by way of anthis excess of a tax laid on by regulation nuity, &ic. in the year 1808; but he also thought, Mr. Huskisson thought the country that Parliament was justified in looking was in a state of progressive improveto this fund as affording a prospect of ment, which, in a country where prodefraying the interest of the Loan of the perty was so well protected, could only year. Indeed, he should feel himself be stopped by some convulsion. That not justified if he did not call on the it would be difficult to find new taxes House to look to this source. He should which would not be extremely objectionpropose to reserve 150,0001. for this able ; that there was a limit to taxation; purpose, and then there would still remain and that we had nearly reached that 115,0781. as the balance of this one liinit, was proved by the statement of Tax, after the interest of the Loan was bis Learned Friend, who must himself provided for. The Ilon, Gentleman have felt its force, before he could make then anticipated the objections which up his mind to propose the mode which night be made to this new mode of pro- he intended to adopt to supply the means ceeding, and, passing to the Consolidated of the year. He wished to know, wheFund, adverted to the state of the Trade ther he thought it possible, for any of the country. In 1802, a year of great nunber of years, to continue adPeace, and of the greatest import and ding from a million to 1,200,0001. every export, the export of British Manufac- year to the public burthens ? whether tures amounted to 26,993,0001. Last he thought this would be sufficient on year it amounted to 35,000,0001. making the present plan, even if it could be proa difference of about eight millions. The enred ? -- and, whether he hoped that export of foreign goods was less last the War could be continued in this way? year; but the House would think this le maintained, that, without a reducmuch more than compensated by the tion of the scale of our annual expendigreat increase in the export of British ture, it would be impossible to carry on produce. The total export last year the War for any long time. Even in the had been to the amount of, in round event of Peace, they would not be withnumbers, 50 millions ; in 1809, 46 mil- out their difficulties, as it would be exlions, making a difference in favour of pected that a considerable share of the last year of about four millions. lle public burthens should be reduced. He next stated the export of British pro- advised the House to consider well the ) duce, on the average of the Years 1802-9, nature and extent, and applicability of amounting to 32,912,0001. and then their resources, with a view to Peace and took the highest average of any two War. It was impossible aluays to go ou former years, amounting to 31,683,0001. in this way, from expedierit to expeAll this was sufficient to prove, that, in dient ; satisfied with getting over the spite of the peculiar circumstances of difficulty of one year, without advertthe tinics, our foreign trade continued ing to the next. "He begged the House to advance. Respecting the internal to consider to what, if they went on in state of the country, he had not the this way, they would come at last! He means of acquiring such acr'urate in- here related an anecdote which was curformation ; but he was informed, that rent in France before the Revolution : the Cloth Trade of Yorkshire bad in
some person asked the Minister of Fi. creased a million and a half of yards. It nance how they were to go on for a was indeed impossible to look round, number of years ? his answer was, that without secing on all sides the symp- the state of things, such as it was, toms of a general increase of trade and would last their time; and after them, wealth; great works, canals, ware- no matter what became of the Finances. houses, docks, inclosures, &c. which In a few years after, came that horrible could only be carried on by an accumu
catastrophe, the French Revolution included in the produce of the ConsoliThe course his Right Hon. Friend had dated Fund, to which it properly betaken would create the necessity of longed; and a new tax imposed to defray adding another million to next year's the interest of the loan. But the Right loan; so that it was only shifting the Hon. Gentleman broke a wisely estaground; he might as well have placed blished principle, merely to make a the charge upon the war taxes.
fetch at popularity, hy a shew of deMr. Rose, in reply to the last speaker, clining new taxes. This, however, all remarked, that we had made such ar- thinking men must feel to be mere derangements for the benefit of those who lusion. For the sum thus taken from were to come after us, that no less than the Consolidated Fund must be again 10 millions per anilum were set apart supplied by new taxes; and if the Right to relieve them from debt, which sum Hon. Gentlenian should go on from year was more than the whole revenue of the to year, appropriating a part of the surcountry when he first entered into plus of the Consolidated Fund to pay public life. How the resources of the the interest of his loans, it was obvious country had been so prosperous as the the publick could not ultimately be gain, statement of his Right Hon. Friend dis- The Resolutions were then agreed played, be declared himself unable to
tu. account. But somehow it appeared, that, from the industry and ingenuity of
House of Lords, May 17. our merchants, every prohibitory mea- After a short discussion, in which Earls sure of Buonaparte's had utterly failed Grosvenor and Grey supported the seof their object. In fact, instead of li- cond reading of the Reversion Bill, and miting our trade, it had rather extend- were opposed by the Lord Chancellor, ed, in spite of the hostile proceedings of Lords Sidmouth, Melville, and Redesthe Enemy.
dule, the Earls of Liverpool and Carys. Mr. T'ierney thought it necessary that fort, the motion was negatived; and come inquiry should be instituted as to the Bill itself, on a subsequent motion the cause of the present state of our re- by the Lord Chancellor, rejected. Dursources, in order to ascertain whether ing the discussion, it was remarked by that cause was likely to be permanent,
Lord Nieleille, that the Finance Comor merely of a temporary nature. This mittee of the flouse of Commons, after inquiry appeared the more necessary, as three years investigation, bad produced even an old Member of the Board of this single measure as the sole result of Trade professed himself unable to ac
their labours. rouut for that prosperity upon which the House bad been congratulated. As In the Cominons, the same day, Mr. to retrenchment, he heard no proposal Whitbread's Bill for amending the Act of it - he could see no sign of it
for the removal of the Poor, so far as withstanding all the professions that had relates to the regulation of Work houses, been made. He saw a Vote of Creilit was read the first time. equal to that of the last year, when we The House having, upon the motion had Austria and Sweden to subsidize ; of Mr. Martin, gone into a Committee and this vote too in addition to that al- upon the Third Report of the Finance
rearly granted to Portugal. What then Cominittee, the second Resolution was ) could be the object of this Vote? It read; when Mr. Bankes observed, that
certainly required explanation. As to many Gentlemen were of opinion, that the rise in the price of 3 per cent. Stock, Sinecure Offices ought not to be abohe thought it owing to artificial causes, lished, until some other fund should be by no means indicative of national pro- created, from which his Majesty might sperity, although enabling the Right be enabled to make that provision for Hon. Gentleman to conclude the Loan long services which those occasions af: upon such advantageous terms. But forded; he should, therefore, propose the Right Hon. Gentleman seemed to an amendment, coupling the abolition have
a great deal of good luck to help of sinecurts with the substitution of such him out. In the first year of his finan- a fund. cial duties, the Loan was provided by
Messrs. Martin, Bastard, Whitbread, his predecessors; in tỏe second year, and Cunning, supported the amendbetween 3 and 400,0001. of Annuities
and now a surplus produce of Lord Althorp thought the existence Taxes offered, which, however, he
of sinecures unsuitable, for two reasops thought the Right Hon. Gentleman was first, because, when the meritorious grossly misapplying, in setting apart to
service should recur which called for re pay the interest of the Loan. This sur- ward, it was improbable that a sinecure plus ought rather, in his judgment, to be office would be vacant; and secondly
fell in ;
because it was improbable that the , Ireland should be referred to a Commitoffice would be a fit reward for service. tee of the whole House."
Lord Miiton shortly spoke; as did Sir J. Hippisley seconded the motion, Messrs. Long, Perceval, and l'harton, and vindicated the Creed of the Cathein reply:
lics. The debate was then adjourned. Mr. P. Moore, opposed the motion, because it did not go far enough; he was
Nlay 21. for the abolition of every sinceure office. In the Committee of Supply, 13,77%.
The House then divided on, Mr. was granted, for purchasing, and annesBankes's amendment: Aves 93, Noes 99. ing to the British Museum, Mr. Gre
Mr. Martin then agreed that his Re- ville's collection of Minerals. (See rol. solutions on the same subject should be
LXXX. p. 581.) negatived, and those of Mr. Perceval Gen. Tarleton presented a Petition agreed to, on an understanding that from the inhabitants of Liverpool, in the latter should be discussed, on bring- favour of Parliamentary Reform. ing up the Report.
A similar Petition from Canterbury
was presented by Mr. Wardle. HOUSE OF LORDS, May 18.
Mr. Brand, in a lengthened and apThe Royal Assent was notified by propriate sprech, subnitted his motion Commission to 73 Public and Private on the subject of Parliamentary Reform. Bills.
The Hon. Gentleman observed, that the
first and greatest evil that existed was, In the Commons, the same day, a that so many Members of that House Bill for allowing the Trustees of Drury- were nominated by individuals, the prolane Theatre to, rebuild the same, was prietors of decayed boroughs. It was read the first time.
well known to bave been the practice of In the Coinmittee of Supply, the sum old to relieve, on their application, parof six millions was granted to pay off ticular boroughs from the onus of sendExchequer Bills.
ing Representatives to Parliament. The In the Committee of Ways and same principle would authorise the disMeans, six millions by Exchequer Bills franchisement of such boroughs, and was voted for the service of the vear. transfer the right of returning Members
The Committee of Privileges, appoint- to that House to more opulent and poed to consider the notices of action sent pulous places. He denied the right of by Sir F. Burdett, presented their re- the proprietors of such boroughs to port. It consists solely of a citation of
claim remuneration ; yet, he thoaght, jaw authorities and cases, where the that in feeling and equity it ought to privilege in question had been exercised, he granted. That property and populaand acquiesced in.
tion formed the basis of Representation, Mr. I hithread observed that the he collected from the spirit of the Cono report was overrun with erasures, made stitution. It was a principle recognized by the pen, the pencil, and the pen- by our ancestors, and be found it perknife. The extracts cited from Sir J. vading every one of their measures reE. Wilinot's posthumous papers were specting the constitution of Parliament, given as if they had been taken from The elective franchise for counties bad judgments artually delivered by him ; very wisely been given to the freeholiers whereas the fact was, that the opinions of such counties. He should not think quoted had never been delivered by him, altering that arrangement; but was but merely presumed to be delivered. Of opinion, that the copyholders should Eleven precedents were also cited as the also be allowed to vote. This was the immoveable rocks of their privileges: orly alteration le proposed in the riglit but of those cleven rocks it appeared of voting in counties, except in a few of that second thoughts had swept away the Northern counties and in Scotland. foar by erasures. After some further In the Metropolis, and other populous discussion, the report was ordered to be places, he should propose, that the re-comunited.
right of votiny should be given to all Lord d. Hamilton's motion for ex- householders paying parochial and other fringins certain resolutions relating to
In the Northern counties of the sale of seats, from the Journals of England, and in Scotland, be could not that House, was negatived without a see any reason why the right of voting a vision.
should not be assimilated to the pracMr. Grattan then subunitted his pro- tice in this country, and left in the nised untion on the sul ject of Catholic counties to the resident freeholders and Emancipation; and concluded an im- copyholders; and in the boroughs, to pressive and cloquerit speech by moving, houscholders paving parochial and 6. That the Petition of the Catholics of 'other taxes. North of Oxford-street,
there was a population of above 400,000 siness to be competent to his duties in inhabitants, who were at present not that House. He, for his part, would be represented at all. In the West of Eng. inclined to take a middle course between land, on the contrary, many places re- the extremes of annual and septennial turned Members to Parliawent without Parliainents, and to recommend trienhaving any population deserving of no- nial Parliaments; which, without the tice. What claim, he would ask, could evils of either, would possess all the adGatton, Old Sarum, or the sub-marine vantages of both. On the subject of inhabitants of St. Mawes, have to the voting, he thought that the Sheriffs right of sending Representatives to Par-, ought to collect the votes throughout liament? The right of election, in his the different districts, without subjecting opinion, should be transferred from the candidate to the expence of bringing these and such places to Manchester, up the freeholders from the extremities Birmingham, and other populous towns, of the county to the place of the election. and the most populous counties. With There was another point to which he respect to Scotland, he could not feel it wished to call the attention of the so easy to point out a reinedy, as he did House; and that was, to the number of with respect to bis own country. . He persons holding places and seats in that was not sufficiently informed upon the House. His remedy would be, that perstate of Scotland ; but he should sup- sons holding places without responsibipose, that there could be no objection lity should not be suffered to have seats to assimilate the election laws of that in that House. After expressing his country to the laws of England. He conviction, that the country must have was not aware that there was any tbing either Reform or a Military Governin the contract for the Union of the ment, the Hon. Gentleman concluded, two countries that would preclude such “That a Coinınittee be appointed, to inan arrangement. As to the state of the quire into the state of the RepresentaRepresentation in Ireland, he was not tion of the People in that House, to disposed to propose any change. He consider of the inost effectual means of should, however, bring that subject reforming it, and to report the same, under the consideration of the Commit. with their opinions thereon to the tee, if his motion should be agreed to. Ilouse." There were, he bad no doubt, boroughs Messrs. Giddy, S. Bourne, and can in that country, as well as in this, which ning, Lord Milton, and Sis š. Pulteney, were entirely in the noinination of some spoke against the motion; and Messrs. Members of the Aristocracy.--He had Whitbread, Ponsonby, Tierney, W. thus given a general outline of his plan, Smith, C. Wynne, and Noel, and Sir J. which would go to obviate the two prin- Neurport, in its favour. cipal objections to the present state of Mr. Wardle quoted the plan of Reforma the representation. There was, huw- suggested by Sir F. Burdett last Session ever, another objection of importance, as preferable. respecting the duration of Parliament : On a division, there appeared, for Annual Parliaments would leave the Re- the notion 115, against ie 234-Majepresentative too little accustomed to bu- rity 119.
ACCOUNT OF THE ENC.ENIA AT OXFORD. Monday, July 2. The University was ment, were opened at nine o'clock. In never known to be so full of company a few minutes, the Theatre was completeas it has been on this occasion. Great ly filled; the number of ladies who wishdifficulty was experienced in procuring ed to obtain admission was so very great, horses on the road. This evening the that nearly half of them were disapHigh-street was much crowded with poiuted. Vany went into the neighpeople waiting for the arrival of Lord bouring houses, and others remained in Grenville, the Chancellor. His Lord- the street to see the procession. The ship did not enter Oxford till between Noblemen, Heads of Ilouses, Doctors, nine and ten. He alighted at Balliol, and Proctors, dressed in their robes, as the college of the Vice-chancellor, where, sembled at Balliol college about ten according to custom, the Chancellor re- o'clock, where they were introduced to sides during this celebrity.
the Chancellor; and at eleven they ace T’uesday, July 3. Early this morn- companied his Lordship and the Viceing a great nuinber of carriages, with chancellor, in procession, preceded ladies full dressed, and a large concourse by the bedels, to the Theatre. As soon of ladies and gentlemen on foot, began as those who formed the procession bad to assenible at the doors of the Theatre, taken their seats, his Lordship opened which, aucording to a previous arrange- the Convocation, by briefly stating the