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Scribere quod Cassi Parmensis opuscula products of Grecian Literature still vincat *,

before them. We talk concerning Suffice it to say, that this Cassius of the Margites of Homer, about what Parma, was one of the noblest cham- are called the Silli of Xenophanes pions of Roman Liberty, when at its

and Timon, which we no longer posJast gasp, and bad formerly been the sess, and therefore are not in a capacomrade of our Poet in the camp of city to compare them with the Satires Brutus, and that Horace hitself of the Romans, and nevertheless speaks with deference and respect of pretend to know more of the matter

ihan Horace and Quintilian ! his opusculu, in the Epislle to Tibullus, whence the line above is quoted.

In versu fuciendo.] Facere here For this reason alone then, it is not

means with Horace, not simply to possible that he could be meant,

make, but with art, and industry to especially as lie had wrote vuly make, elaborate, form, polish, fiuish , opusculu, whereas, here a poet is

theuce likewise the phrase above, spoke of, who had poured forih versiculos magis fuctos. whole chests full of verses. Tliat no

Arbuscula.) A pantomime actress, where else any vestige of this latter who flourished in the latter years of is to be seen, is entirely his own fault; the seventh century of the city of Horace, lest he might be confounded Rome, as she was still acting in the with him of Parma, expressly deuoini-games which were given to the pubnates him, the Hetrurian. For that

lick by the great Pompeius ; and

Cicero writes of her to his friend Parma, which, accordiug to all the Geographers, was a Romau colony Atticus : Quæris de Arbuscula ? valde in Gallia ('ispailunu, had ever been placuit. reckoned a part of llctruria, both

Conviva Tigelli.] lo these three Cruquius and Massou have indced lines, I think we have together the afbrmed, but not proved. It is

chiels of the cabal, against whom diverting, however, that because this Satire is particularly levelled a Masson + can see no derision in this although Horace thought it not adpassage, he little doubts that Cassius

visable to give thein a sort of conser of Paripa is the person meant.

quence by slich an ayowal, Fannius son ridet versus Erni gravitate having been brought upon the carpet minores, &c.] Probably the autient aiready in the Fourth Salire.

He poet Ennius is here intended. But

had probably taken amiss the bealus how, after llorace, who was well

Funnius ullro delulis capsis et ima. versed in Grecian Literature, so ex- gine ; and, by some petulant reply, pressly makes Satire a Roman inven- had brought upon bimself the fart tion, and terms it Græcis intuctum ineptus, with which he is here regaled. carmen, and is hereiu supported by

Demetrius, very likely the same sucli an able Critick in both language's whom he before called the ape of as Quintilian , a modern Gram- Calvus and Catullus, is by 'some mariau should take it into his head to unjustly confounded with the much assert the coutrary, would be scarcely later dramatical performer of that conceivable, if it were not Jul. Cæs.

Danie', whose talents are commended Scaliger. The former could pro- his Eleventh Book.

by Quintilian, in the conclusion of nounce from a thorough knowledge have been one of the balf-latin Græ

He seems to r of the subject, seeing they had all the

culi, such numbers of whom were

then living at Rome in the capacity * Epistle iv. See Gent. Mag. vul. LXXVII. p. 110.

of private tutors in the fine arts, and + Vila Horat. p. 157.

were great pretenders to taste and # See Flægel's History of Comic Lite

wit. Pantilius, the bug, must have rature, tom. ij. p. 12, et seqq.

M. Flægel

been iudecd a wretched wight, seeing has explained this inatter with as much

he is so scurvily treated by Horace ; science as is to be obtained of it, and has his profession, according to all ap; modestly urged some objections to the pearance, was that of a scurra and assertion of Horace and Quintiliau; parasite of Tigellius, who was the which, I think, cannot be repelled, on!ý soul of this club of arrogant musicians, because we have no Greek poems now crilicks, and versifiers. At the Fourth extant, to compare with the Satires of Satire, I delivered it as my opinion, kucilius, of liorace, or Juvenal.

that we
are forced to admit two


Tigelliuses: one elder, namely, the Virgilius, Valgius, and Fuscus Arissinger Tigellius, who was so much in tius. On the contrary, it merits obthe good graces of Julius Cæsar, and servation, that the Poet, in this on whom Horace, in the Second and enumeration of those whom he wishes Third Satires, delivers such a fine to please, names first his friends in funeral oration, as on one lately de- the stricter sense, Mecenas, Virgil, ceased ; and one younger, probably Varius, Fuscus, &c. ; and then, ameither a natural or an adopted heir of bitione relegata, brings up the rear with the former, who, with inferior abi. his patrons, all viros consulares, prælities and success, endeavoured, as torios and senutorios, such as Messala, far as possible, to prosecute the plan, Pollio, Servius, Bibulus, &c. No by acting the part of his predecessor less striking is it, as somewhat per(only on a sınaller scale) as a virtuoso, haps that equally depended on the an encourager of the fine arts and Roman etiquette, and on the temper sciences. That opinion appears to of Mæcenas: that this latter, although acquire from this passa, e, and the after Cæsar Octavianus, and next to compliment at the conclusion of the Vipsanius Agrippa, was, in fact, the present piece, Demetri teque Tigeili, third person in Rombe; yet, because &c. a pretty considerable degree of he (to speak in the Roman manner) certainty. For, that this 'Tenth Sa. had always remained in the private tire was wrote posterior to the latter, station, is not placed by Horace (as and a good while after the Second decency and respect, according to our and Third, there is no room to doubt. modern notions, would have required)

arridere velim.) Most of amortyst his high friends and patroos, those whom Horace, in this tine seis- but between Varius and Virgil; in tence, enumerates as his friends and company indeed with honourable and patrons, are already known to our excellent characters, though mostly Readers in that capacity, from va- of humble pedigree, without any rious other channels, or from divers necessity on the part of the Poet to passages in these Satires ; and the apprehend lest in so doing, he might rest would not, by the little that we disoblige the favourite of Cæsar, and know of them, become more inte. the oftspring of aboriginal Hetrurian resting to 15, since, whatever value Kings. we can set upon them, is entirely in Discipularum inter jubeo plorare consideration of their being the cathedras.] Here is a double anubifriends of our Bard. Respecting this, guity in the expression. Plorare vos Octavius, under which proper name jubeo may, with the utmost prosome bave thought the young Cæsar priety, be thus interpreted: As for to be meant, I have (after duly con- you, virtuosi, you Demetrius, and sidering the arguments urged by you Tigellius, you are at full liberty Bentley) given up the opinions i for- to go snivelling and yelping, as merly expressed in my introduction you like it, to your lady-disciples. to the Epistle to Augustus, and agree it is, however, likewise, agreeably with those who rattrer suppose a less to the Roman phraseology, about exalled Octavius (e. o. bim to whom equivalent to our Go, and be hanged ! the Epigram in the Catalecta, quis I puer, atque miro citus hæc sub. dcus, Octavi, te nobis abstulit ? is scribe libello.] This order to his addressed) to be designated by it. amanuensis seems, in fact, to imply The heir of Cæsar, who at this time nothing more than that this Tenth shared the Roman Empire with An- Satire was to complele, what he calls tonius, had long ceased to be called libellum suum, namely, the First Octavius, but was styled Cæs.r, till Book of his Satires ; and that he the majestic title of Augustus was intended now to publish it in this in the year 727, conferred upon him ; form; that is, as a collection of his and nothing could be more contrary Satires put out by himself, and acto the modcsiy and discretion so-con- knowledged for his, which had hispicuous in our Poet, than the im- therto been circulated only in privalo becile vanity of placing the man, copies. who represented the first personage END OF THE FIRST Book. in the world, under the name of


W. T. Octavius, between his good friends




Dec. 20. lies of the sons of the Kohathites, of TOUR Correspondent Agricola, p. Gershon, and of Merari, amounted

434, wishes to infer, that the only to seventeen thousand Clergy are better remunerated in hundred and sixty, while “ those these days, than they were ever in that were numbered of the Children tended to be by the nature of their of Israel by the house of their fathers, original appointment. Aiuong the were six hundred thousand and three Jews, he says, one-tenth of the pro- ihousand and five hundred and sixty:* duce was set apart for one-twelfth of So much then for his argument by the population; but now, one-third inference. It will be advisable for of the value of the land goes to him another time to ascertain the maintain one-fortieth part of the ground of his assertions, before he cominunity; and all this, he is ready ventures to bring them forward so to prove. Now, I confess, I am a boldly. little curious to see how he will set I am also your Constant Reader, about it; for I have very lately seen

LAICUS. a book published by the Rov. Mr. Bearblock, on the subject of Tithes, Mr. URBAN,

Nov.9. in which it was laid down, from ac


N answer to your Constant Reader, tual calculations, that the Tithe- p. 357, who enquires relative to owner, so far from receiving one- the qualifications and appointment of third, did not, in most instances, Sheriffs, I beg leave to inform him, receive one-twentiethi, and in none that the principal, and, perhaps, only the tenih; and, if the Tithe was indispensable, qualification for that taken in kind all through the king- office is, that the party shall have dom, which, perhapis, is the only fair sufficient property within the county, way of ascertaining its value, the “ to auswer to the King and his value would, for the most part, people.” Lists of persous competent be raised 50 per Cent. in order to to serve, are laid before the Judges make it a fair proportional tenth of ou their respective Circuits, by the the annual increase. But, supposing then Si.eriff's; which lists are altered it to be the case, that an equal tenth and adjusted by the Judges, as they was originaily intended to be levied see fit. Out of these lists, the names for the support of the Clergy, it is of three persons for each County by no means true, that that body was are chosen by the Court of Excheoriginally supposed to be in a greater quer, during Michaelmas Term; and proportion than that of one-fortieth, of these three, one is pricked (as it is to the rest of the community : for, called) by His Majesty in Council, taking for granted, what I believe. early in the year. Should all the also is not the fact, that the Clergy three persons be found unfit, or get do not comprize more than one- then selves excused, another is apfortieth part of the population of pointed from the Judges' list; and these kingdoms, yet their numbers who, in that case, is called "a Pocket must, in ihe nature of their institu. Sheriff.” tion, gbe stationary; and it is not With regard to the exemptions probable that any great diminution alluded to by your Correspondeut, has taken place in their body, since legally speaking, I know of none; the dissolution of religious houses ; though there is one which has been and to that date, when the Church kuown to operate in favour of mauy was new-modelled, may most pro- highly respectable persons; viz. their perly be referred the present order having served their Counties for many and distribution of Tithes. As lo years as active Magistrates. This, the "Levites, and their constituting it may be said, is rather a qualifica. one-twelfth of the people of Israel, tion thau an exemption. As the if your Correspondent had turned to office, however, is one, though of the Book of Numbers, instead of great dignity and honour, yet often taking it for granted, that, because of much difficulty, and always atthat people were distributed into 12 tended' with considerable expence tribes, the distribution must neces


immense responsibility, it is sarily have been into 12 equal parts, seldom -sought for. Persous best he would have found, that the tribe fitted for it, are generally glad to of Levi, when increased by the fami- escape it; which may be the reason,


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why such as your Correspondent

Aod the Southern inhabitants of mentions, have never arrived at it. our Isle, not to be, out-done in the I know several persons who have pathetic, have in Fareham Churchbeen at great pains to avoid it; but yard, Hants, the following: not one, who, duly qualified, was “ In Fareham-harbour I was drown'd, ever disappointed in attaining this And for three days could not be found : high office, when it became an object At last, with grapples and with care, of honourable ambition.

I was dragg'd up, and buried here." Instances have been known, of the Aud these, with the well-known dissuccession of Sheriffs being so con- tich to be found in every direction, of trived, as to keep the Under-Sheriff- " AMiction sore long time I bore, alty in one channel. This is scanda- Physicians were in vain," lous ; and, I hope, rare. Still more constitute the ground on which I rare, I believe, are instances of furnished my preceding reflection. Political reasons having any influence As some of your Readers may rein the nomination of Sheriffs.

collect their boyish days at HarrowYours, &c.

L. school, perhaps the following epitaph

in the Church-yarıl, on two brothers, Mr. URBAN,

may also come to their remembrance. Shadwell, Aug. 22. THE Love of our Country is a

How blest are these brothers, bereft

Of all that could burthen the mind; feeling that must ever be held jn esteem, and venerated ; and I per

How easy, the souls that have left

Their wearisome bodies behind. suade myself this amor patriæ is nowhere more deeply felt than in the

Of evil incapable those bosoms of those who have been

Whose relicks with envy I see, deprived of her protection, or at

No longer in misery now, distance from home. The story of

No longer are sinners like me. the Pewter Spoon with London upon

Thus each is afflicted no more it, and its effects on the feelings of

With sickness, or shaken with pain ;

The war with their flesh, it is o'er, Captains Gore and Clark, with their

And never shall vex them again.” officers at Kanıskatka, is well known

In Farminghain Church-yard, Kent: Another truth I will obtrude, that “Ye giddy youth, who tread life's flow'ry useful lessons are to be found for

path, reflection and improveinent to travel

With serious thought awhile his dust survey, ers at home, by visiting our Church. No pompous tities did adorn his birth,

But noble virtue, mixt with humble earth. yards; and, although I cannot be

This caution leurn, since such the life of slow praise on the cemeteries within

man, the Bills of Mortality (but much to

Short and precarious is its narrow span, the contrary) yet there are those that

That we, with him to taste celestial bliss, do credit to the parishes to which they Like Balaam pray, our life may end like belong; and this conduct secins to his." be justified by aotiquity: for, say some Yours, &c.

T. W. antient hcroes, “ We will meet thee at the tombs of our fathers."


Nor. 9.

N Dr. Clarke's Travels in Russia, as we find the “poetic fire" on gravestones, there is much to be learned; Officer called “the Starosla," who and we can sinile at some, as the fol- is stated by the author to be “an lowing two will prove (and quoted Officer resembling the antient Bailiff from memory); the other iwo lines of an English village." immediately after, do not fail to in- I should be obliged to any of your culcate this useful truth, “ that affic- Readers who will favour us with an tions are the lot of man, and that account of this latter Officer, his medical aid cannot secure wortals appointment, and duties, and when froin their doom.”

they ceased.

I have now before me In Fife-shire, North Britain, is to

a “Patent of Clarke of the Markett, be read as follows:

and Bailiff of the Liberties,” of a “ Here lieth I, killed by a Sky

very obscure village, granted to an Rocket in my eye, aged Forty.”

ancestor of mine, under an Ecclesiastical Corporation, in 1658. T.S.



your Readers.

Simple, and sometimes loodigrave. I frequent hention is made of an

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