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Thus mining age creeps on with silent pace, beside me, if I were not so straitened Clasps my chilled limbs, and kills with cold em
for room myself *.” “ Surprising The mouldering tombstone of a hero's fame, enough, that thou shouldst be straitOf all I was retaining but the name.
ened for room to sit,” returned La. We see, from this specimen, that the old knight Laberius, potwithstanding to sit upon two stools.” – A sarcasm
berius, “ since thou art always wont his just lamentations, bad not declined abundantly justified by the Letters of either in spirit or in genius: but, in Cicero, which but too plainly betraj the choice of the piece, he even shewed that he was not deficient in biguous conduct in the civil wars.
his doubtful character, and his amcourage; for, on its being left entirely to him, which of his mimes he berius, will not, I trust, be thought
This notice of the mime-poet Lawould act, he chose (certainly not
too wide of the occasion which Horace without design) one, wherein several has given for it: since it enables us verses appeared, which were applied better to comprehend the judgment by all the spectators as alluding to Julius Cæsar'; when, for instance, in Scaliger asserts, indeed, in his Poe
passes upon him. Julius Cæsar the character of a scourged slave, he tics, that
Horace has done great insuddenly turned to the audience, and justice to Laberius; and really, if his exclaimed: Porro Quirites ! libertatem perdimus !
mimes were all, or only the major Alas, Romans ! our liberty is gone!
part of them, composed in a taste And shortly afterwards :
answerable to the Prologue above Necesse est mulios timeat quem multi timent! quoted, Scaliger's displeasure might He has need to be afraid of many, who
be defended. But Horace, who had makes many afraid of him!
all the works of Laberius before him, At which words, the whole Theatre,
was best able to put a fair valuation as if by one consent, are said to have on them. He does not deny them all fixt their eyes on Cæsar. Cæsar felt merit; he grants that, like the Luthe sting, but was too high-minded to cilian Satires, they possess genius, shew that he was burt; and though and poignant wit : only he will not he adjudged the prize to the mimes allow them to pass for fine poetry, of Publius Syrus, he, nevertheless, because they want that terseness, that on the spot presented old Laberius rotundity, that polish ; in one word, with a gold ring, and 500,000 ses
that finishing, which he had a right terces (by way of reïnstating him in
to expect in a beautiful poem: and the equestrian honours, which, by methinks, even in the fragment prohis condescending to act publicly in duced, there are lines evidently dethe character of a mimus and histrio, ficient in these requisites, and where he had forfeited) with the command
the thought is, as it were, over-laid henceforth to resume his place in the by the redundancy of words ; as, for amphitheatre, among the knights. example: Mente clemente edita subThe whole equestrian order, however, missii placide blandiloquens oratio, whose dignity had been insulted in and litterarum laudibus floris (i the person of Laberius by Cæsar, should read florens ) cacumen nostræ shewed that they felt the affront, fanæ frangere. To conclude, Laand that they were not yet such slaves, berius had this fault in common with as to leave it to the caprice of the all the antient Roman poets ; that Dictator, at his pleasure to make a
terseness and polish which Horace Roman knight a mime, and the mime
missed in them, were reserved for the again a Roman knight: for, at that
Poets of the Augustan age t. instant, the knights so spread them
W.T. selves on the fourtcen rows of benches
(To be continued.) appropriated to their order in the * Tbisscomma properly concerns Cæsar, amphitheatre, that Laberius, upon who had recently filled the Senate with so going to take his seat, wherever he many novi homines, his creatures. tried, could find no room. Oo that f Gellius, in the 7th chapter of the occasion, a very cutting bon-mot is xvith book of bis Attic Evenings, quotes related of him. Cicero, who was too
numerous instances of words and pbrases apt to plume himself on his talent for
of his own coining, with which Laberius
has stuffed his mimes; and, probably, bighly-salted gibes, said to Laberius, Horace had in view this licence, which as he saw him wandering about in must have given his diction a grotesque great perplexity, to find a seat : “I
appearance. would gladly make place for thee
Nov. 18. Sir Joseph, in a preceding part of your
vol. LXXVIII. p. 901, your his Description, p. 247, points out ent J. C. in treating of the necessity formed this representation; and adds : of a reform in the Costume of the
“ As he [the' Painter) seems to have Stage, condemns the "
very silly use
been chaste in properly distinguishing the of the plaid manufacture,” in the re different corps of guards, henchmen, presentation of the tragedy of Mac- light horse, demi-lances, pikemen, gun. beth ; and observes, that it betrays, ners, &c. se he hath duly observed to in the Managers, a great want of re
mark the different liveries of the respecsearch into antient documents ; as he tive bands, by varying the clothing of (J. C.) cannot find, after the most dili- each straggler, and by representing some gent enquiry, that the plaid, or party lour, and others with one stocking of one
as wearing both stockings of the same cocoloured manufacture, was in wear previous to the troubles in Scotland, colour and the other of another colour ; in 1715 ; and he, at the same time, both red, and some both yellow; whilst
thus some have both stockings white, some states his reasons for its having been
others again have a yellow stocking on adopted by the Scotch military.
one leg, and a re i stocking on the other. I cannot help expressing my sur Some have a white stocking on the left leg, prise, that some one of that kingdom, and a red one on the right; and uthers which possesses two learned Societies again, a yellow stocking on the right leg, of Antiquaries, should not have steptand a black stocking on the left.” forward, and shewn, that the above That party-coloured hose were, at assertion of J. C. is not well grounded, this time, worn by the Military, apand have supported the antiquity of pears by a Ms. 'in the College of their Costume ; and particularly Arms, containing the orders of the when that Nation has always shewn Duke of Norfolk, to the conductor of itself so much attached to its antient the wayward of an army, raised in 36 habits and manners. No one having Hen. VIII. 1544. done this, I beg leave to submit to
“ Item. Every man to provide a pair of your Readers, what I have been able hose, for every of his men; the right to collect on the subject.
hose to be all red, and the lefte to be blewe, Macpherson, in his “ Introduction with cone stripe of red on the outside of to the History of Great Britain and his legg, from the stocke downwards." Ireland,” p. 217, says:
This will be found in Grose's “ Mi" The party-coloured garments, which litary Antiquities,” II. 325. the natives of the mountains of Scotland have brought down to the present times, Paintings alluded to, was a few years
The mansion of Cowdray, with the were the universal taste branches of the Celtic nation. The Sagum ago cousuined by fire; but, very forof the old Gauls and Spaniards, was no
tunately, the Society of Antiquaries other than the Scottish plaid of various co
of London bad caused Drawings to be lours."
taken of then, which were afterwards This author refers to Livy, Lib. 8. engraved, and the impressions are Sir Joseph Ayloffe, in his “ Account now sold by the Society, at their of some Antient English Historical Library in Somerset House. Paintings at Cowdray, in Sussex” I should have thought that the (Archæologia III. p. 256) in describing quotation in the letter of “ Archaiothe picture representing the siege of philus,” in vol. LXXIX. p. 104, being Boulogne in 1514, by King Heury the an extract from Fynes Morison's Eighth, says :
Itinerary, printed in 1617, would ** Between the Duke of Alberquerque's have-satisfied J. C. that his statement camp, and that of the Lord Adiniral, is, was erroneously made ; but this apa Bag-piper, playing on his drone, and fol- pears not to have been the case : for, lowed by a number of meu dressed in in a subsequent Number (to which I Plaids, their hair red, their heads un
cannot now refer) I think he calls covered, and their legs bare. They have for a Picture shewing that the Plaid pikes in their hands, and broad swords hanging by their sides, and are driving he contends it was first introduced.
was worn before the time at which sheep and oxen towards the artillery-park. These, probably, were intended to repre
I have, I submit, furnished him with sent certain Scotch irregulars, in their
a reference to such a Picture, and to return from foraging, for the supply of a very able description of it. the English army."
Mr. URBAN, Northian, Dec. 7. dress Him; not, indeed, confining
TOTWITHSTANDING the ex the whole of our devotional exerNOTAS
cessive partiality commonly cises to that form, as some have attributed to Authors, or those who erroneously conceived, but requiring are in the habit of committing their us to “keep his Sabbaths,” and also thoughts to the press, for the pro to “ reverence his Sanctuary." ductions of their own pens,
It is true, that the immense contruly affirm, that I am never better cave of the Heavens, the great lumipleased than when I meet my own naries of day and night, the countless sentiments, either corrected, or con number of the stars, the immeasurable firmed, and improved on by others; expanse of the ocean, the stupendous and the latter I have lately expe- rocks and mountains, the wild regions rienced, on the perusal of your of the desert and the forest, the Review of Mr. Elion's Poems, pp. beautiful arrangement of rivers, 352-3, on the subject of his “ Mu- woods, and plains, interspersed with sings on Sunday Morning,” wherein, verdant meadows, and fields of waving at the same time that you do justice corn, forming collectively those inito his poetical talents, which are, mitable scenes on the grand theatre unquestionably, of a very superior of Nature, which the most ingenious order, you censure, with the greatest Artist can but imperfectly pourtray propriety, the very important error in their several changes through the he seems to have given into, if not revolving seasons, are unquestionably absolutely adopted, from the School calculated, and most evidently de of modern Philosophy; an error signed to make strong impressions on that one could hardly conceive would the mind of man, and inspire it with ever have been admitted into so clear awe, veneration, and delight. But and cultivated a mind; which, it is we know, that such impressions are evident, has been in some degree almost exclusively contined, in the obscured (though falsely termed en present state of society, to the cultilightened) by the absurd and perni- valed minds of contemplative percious system of that School. I can sons ; even on them have no deep certainly add nothing to the accuracy or lasting effect; and are, therefore, or justness of your remarks: whe very unfit to be relied on, as constither I shall in any respect promote tuting adequate motives, or inducetheir force and efficacy by my own, I ments, to the proper worship of Alknow not.
mighty God, or the due performance There is not a more faHacious prin- of our religious duties, prescribed ciple, nor can be a more dangerous and required by Him in the Holy opinion, than that the worship of the Scriptures, from which it can never Supreme Being may be as fully and be considered, by those who believe acceptably performed in groves and their diviite authority, either allowgardens, or whilst we are walking in able or safe in this or any other inthe fields, as in the places set apart stance to depart, or to place their and consecrated for that purpose. dependence on any casual impulse, If this had been the case, would that however powerful cr effective they Being have directed the building of may occasionally find it. Temples to his honour, and enjoined No one can have a stronger or more the observance of religious rites and frequent experience than myself, of ceremonies, and “the assembling of such impressions, made by ihe subourselves together” in such places, lime, the romantic, and the beautiful where he has expressly promised his objects of Creation, more especially more immediate presence and atten those of rural scenery ; which never tion? He who • knoweth whereof fail to lead me to the same point, the we are made," and how much we contemplation of the power, the wisstand in need of external acts, so dom, the goodness, and all the prinlemnly repeated at stated periods, cipal attributes of the Great Creator, to renovate the spirit of devotion in and to excite sentiments of the most our hearts and minds, and maintain profound adoration : yet I could not its proper influence on our conduct, rest satisfied with these sentiments, hath himself appointed the “ House or the immediate acts of devotion of Prayer,” and even given us a form they induce, as with a regular perin which we are cominanded to ad- formance of the public duties of
prayer and praise, enjoined to be ob- assert, even the stained or painted served in places set apart for Divine glass contributes its effects : casting Worship, and the private devotions no such gloom as' to depress the of the family, or closet. The blissful spirits, but so far tempering the walks of Eden were, indeed, the light, as to dispose the mind to se scenes in which the first of the human rious and sublime considerations, and race performed their devotions, when banish all levity of thought. With every object of the new Creation respect, indeed, to Chanting the tended to inspire the purest and most Service, although it may be suitable exaited piej: and, in after-ages, to acts of praise and thanksgiving, the retirement of groves and gardens it utterly destroys the solemnity of unquestionably had, and to this day Prayer ; nor can any thing be conretaia, the same tendency to impressceived more adverse to devotion and the mind with similar sentiments; propriety, than to sing out the Conwhich, notwithstanding, must derive fession and Absolution of our Sins; ther stealy and proper influence and, in the same strain, to implore froin the observance of those positive the Almighty to save and deliver us invuitutions, and the support of those in the hour of death, and in the day establishments, that have been or
of judginent. In those parts of Didained by divine and human laws; vine Service, I therefore consider and if every Christian thought himself Chanters and Choristers as very inat liberty to disregard the means judiciously employed; and I greatly prescribed by our Saviour, and esta prefer the accustomed celebration of blished by human authority, to inain- it in common Parish Churches, where tain a visible Church by regular con the officiating Minister performs the gregations on the Sabbath, for a Holy office, with the attention and public profession of the Christian solemnity required to give it due Faith, for expounding the doctrines impression, which it will not fail in and enforcing the precep's of the general to make, when it appears to Gospel, Christianity itself would soon make that impression on himself, be lost to the world; but, although without supposing him possessed of we are happily assured that this can
any superior powers of elocution. never be, it may and will be lost to
To return to the subject of that persons of that description, in a wandering species of Devotion, which greater or less degree, together with is to be sought the benefit of all its sacred truths, and “ On rivers' banks, in the embow'ring important interests in time and eter shades, nity. The combined productions of Or on the pebbled shore.” Nature and Art in groves and shaded And where, as I have already adwalks, which are found so peculiarly mitted, a contemplative person may adapted to the purpose of religious often become “spiritually minded;"> meditations, have given the architect but if he wishes to retain and improve his best plan for the structure of that disposition to any permanent or sacred edifices ; and the long-drawn beneficial purposes, he must allow it ailes of our venerable Cathedrals to lead him to the House of Prayer,” are evidently designed, and seldom and to all those means of Grace, fail, to co-operate very forcibly with which are appointed to give us the the solemn rites, in creating, in al- hope of glory and happiness heremost every individual, some portion after. of that frame of mind, with which we These sentiments I have always should approach the more immediate entertained, and recently expressed presence of our Maker ; and to such in some lines ou ile Rural Sabbath, à frame of mind, I will venture to which I will subjoin *. They were
* Contemplations on the Rural Sabbath; wriiten under the great Oak, near the
Church, on a Summer morning, at Northiam, in Sussex, the former residence of the
Author's maternal ancestors.
Man, reposing in the shade
Of this antient Sire of Trees,
Where the men of ages past
Oft respir’d the Summer's breeze.
written in the Summer, on one of created by a gloomy atmosphere, and the most beautiful spots in this vil- from the sufferings occasioned by lage, where every scene is extremely inclement skies. The hearts of the interesting to me, and adapted to the benevolent will be induced, by their tenderest impressions of rural ob own feelings, to extend this preservajects ; which are confirmed and pe- tion and relief to others, and guard culiarly augmented by their having them from those sufferings. This been the subjects of a last letter (as it they will also do upon the higher and proves) to my dear departed son, of better principles of obedience and whose death I received the mournful gratitude to Him by whom they are intelligence a few days after that entrusted with the power to dispense Jetter was dispatched.
his bounties. So shall every returnThe balmy sweetness of the early ing season bring them its proper flowers, and fresh verdure of the pleasures, and its blessings. And Spring, the luxuriant foliage, the this in particular, which completes cooling shades, and reviving breezes the important space of time by which of Summer, the rich and variegated human life is measured, shall dispose tints of the fading leaves, and abun- them to the pursuit, and secure thedant produce of the Autumn, have attainment, of eternal happiness in a successively afforded us (exclusive of future state: for a few years will all other advantages) a series of the terminate all our enjoyments here, purest and most refined pleasures, to and close our eyes on the most encharm and elevate the mind : Winter' chanting scenes the earth can exhibit. now arrives, with its stormy winds, Yours, &c.
W. B. its beating rains, and impetuous floods, to desolate the beauties of the Mr. URBAN, Islington, Dec, 14. preceding seasons, and put a period HAVING lately observed that to the year. In this final stage of its Capt. Manley has exhibited an existence, and under its expected invention for the relief of ships in rigours, we shall find the shelter of a diştress, by means of a ball and rope warm and substantial dwelling, like thrown from a mortar on shore; the solid principles of Religion, in for which invention he has been rethe final stage of our existence here, warded by a Parliamentary grant of essential to our comfort and support. £2000.; I hope, that with your The appropriate pleasures of the well-known candour and impartiality, advancing season of festivity, like you will allow me to state, that, with the hope of those celestial joys which the exception of a small, and not
are set before us," are also mate necessary addition, the invention rially conducive to preserve or relieve originated with me : and was by me us from the depression of spirits gratuitously communicated to the pub
From yon venerable tower,
Heard the chiming bells proclaim, This the Sabbath of your God;
Here adore his Holy name. Here your grateful praises bring,
For the mercies he hath shewn;
All you hope to call your own.
Anxious cares and troubles cease ;
Lead you to the paths of peace *. Azure skies and fruitful showers
Shall revolving seasons give; Comfort and content are theirs,
Who his faithful servants live. Wealth and honours, pomp and power,
Wait alone on his decree;
His unerring will decides,
What is good or ill for thee.
All events of future date,
A prosperous or an adverse fate.
Pass away, and be no more;
Follow those who liv'd before.
All their joys and griefs repos’d,
Where their tranquil.days were clos'ů :
Shall dispel the shades of night,
To the blissful scenes of light. W. B.
* Proverbs iii, v, 17.