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nevolence, and claims from its charity kingdom. Great industry is used to Rot merely a benefaction, but a debt; work upon the minds of the lower where the honest, the sober, and the in- orders by Village Preaching, &c. ; the dustrious, may smile in the sunshine effect of which has been, not to im. that will cheer his worthy endeavours press them with better, or indeed with for the well-being of himself and fa- any sentiments of Religion, but with mily; where every one is free to serve sentiments of hatred and antipathy to bis Maker according to the dictates of the Church and her Clergy. Sorry! his conscience ; wbere the property am to say, that a certain portion of of the rich and of the poor is equally her own Clergy, who have presumpprotected by the Laws; where flourish tuously assumed to themselves the fair and beautiful the arts and graces exclusive title of Evangelical, and that polish and adorn society, and to who very erroneously aftirm that the range through whose enchanting Gospel is not preached in those scenes leaves no need of foreign ex- Churches where one of their body is pioration to be charined with all that not employed, have contributed, in ever-varying Nature can pourtray, nu smail degree, to raise and foment from the mild retirement of the se- the almost universally prevailing clacluded glade, to the vast magnifi, mour against us. These men scruple cence of snow-topped mountains; and not to attend the Meeting-houses of where exists, amidst the shock of the Sectaries, but refuse to enter the Einpires and the crush of States, a doors of many of our Churches, for Constitution, stupendous monument no other reason, as I conceive, but of the wisdom of ages, the boast of because the dutics, as well as the Britons, and the admiration of the doctrines of Christianity are recomworld :-why should we quarrel with mended and enforced, and which pracour happiness? why risk on the de tice they stigmatize with the epithet Tusive ocean of innovating theories, of mere Moral Preaching, The all that we now practically to be Farmers too, in the prescut age a great and good ? why set our hearts powerful and important, though in on objects unattainable why no age an enlightened bọdy of men, content with nothing, if not blest with are eager to join in the general outall”? or rather, why not, each calling éry; and thus it is, that many a his own ways to remembrance, begin worthy, learned, and respectáble with sincerity a Reform, the most Clergyman, is insulted and defamed, patriotic Reform for his couptoy, the for no other reason, than because he reform of what is in himself amiss, happens to be a Clergyman. Without and endeavour cach in his station to pointing out the causes of these existe do his duty, and to cultivate with ing evils, which must be obvious to care and fidelity the patrimony which every thinking person, I rather wish our forefathers have bequeathed to us, to direct the attention of your Read. and which our sons look to receive at ers to an antidote against thens ; for our hands uninjured and unimpaired?. it is my firm belief, that unless some

While the clamour of the tumult. speedy and effectual measures be vous is passed away with the breeze adopted to check the growing misthat bore it, I trust the sense of the chief, a serious State commotion will countıy is speaking in the still small be the consequence.. I submit, there. voice that is beard above the tempest, fore, the following outlines of a Plan and that it is aided by a hand-writing to restore the Clergy to that dignified jndelibly on our hearts,

and respectable rank in society to « Nolumus Leges Anglice mutari." which tüey are entitled, and to rescue Yonrs, &c,

A.P. them froni that state of degradation

and insult in which their opponents, Mr. URBAN,

June 4. on all occasions, are ready and eager Een ecelesiastical Establishment

VERY truc friend to our excel- to place them; and of your very su:

lent Ecclesiastical Establishment merous and respectable Correspond: miast observe with indignation and re- ents I will request, in the words of gret, the many unfair and insidious Horace ; arts used by its adversaries to lower it in the estimation of the publick;

“ Si quid novisti rectius istis,

Candidus imperti : si non, his utere and they have unhappily proved too

mecului, successful in many districts of the


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12 Plan for benefiting the Clergy.--Modern Jews defended. (July, PLAN:

of the Israelites (reviewed in Vol. 1. All livings to be raised to £150. LXXX. p. 556.) is an interesting per unnum (were I to say £200. it is pamphlet, because it is an incontrobut a bare competency for the times) vertible and important fact, that by a Grant from the Črown.

" A new era in the history of this re2. A Resident Clergyman in every

markable race of people has recently com. parish, with service twice on a Sun

menced, which will probably produce a day.

complete regeneration in their modes of 3. A further grant, or a fund es

thinking and acting." tablished by subscription, for the It is not altogether strange, that to building, repairing, or purchasing prove the validity of these assertions, houses in those parishes which bave the author should allude to the Denot already a habitable residence for cree of the French Governinent bear: a Clergyman.

ing date the 30th of May 1806, 4. Where a Curate is employed, a

which has there placed them on an stipend of £100. per annum to be al- equality, in respect to civic rights, lowed him.

with the people who profess the Ca5. The commutation of tithes for tholic, or any other religion. But it land (the only means of conciliating is not true that “these privileges were the minds of the Farmers, and averting really enjoyed by the Jews ever since their hatred from the Clergy.) the beginning of the French Revolu

6. Care to be taken that the tion.” Under the French Revolution Churches are kept in a decent and privileges were not really enjoyed by comfortable state of reparation. any class of persons, not even the

By the general adoption of this, or sanguinary Rulers themselves. Be- . some such plan, the public inind sides, mere sufferance entails no secu. would, no doubt, in time be more

rity. The author goes on to say, that favourably disposed towards the " the Sanhedrin (at Paris) have reChurch and the Clergy; and as the commended the Jews to conform in amelioration of both is, at this very all respects with the French civil code, time, in the contemplation of Govern- morally and physically, except that ment, will you permit me, Mr. Urban, of acknowledging Jesus Christ to be to request that a portion of your the Messiah, who they persuade themuseful publication be kept open to selves they have found in the person receive the communications of your of Napoleon Buonaparte.” But if the ingenious Correspondents on the sub- French Jews really ackuowledge the ject, whom I hereby earnestly invite to Head of the French Government as furnish hints, additions, or improve their Deliverer, and the great Prince ments, on my present plan. By this predicted in the sacred writings, remeans, while perhaps they aid the sembling Cyrus in the Old Testament, views of Government, they may, at

what have the English Jews to do the same time, be considered as con

with all this? They have never acveying the sentiments of the publick knowledged the validity of these proin a most weighty and intricate con- ceedings, nor carried on any correA COUNTRY RECTOR. spondence with those in France on the

subject. The author of The ComMr. URBAN,

July 7. pendious History proceeds thus : “but INI N a case where a number of respec- it is not only the illiterate and the

table English Subjects are proba- thusiastic Jews who entertain this ideą. bly inaddertently represented as bear- (that Napoleon is their Messiah), the ing a resemblance with those under Lilerati have also encouraged it in the French Government, or in case of their writings.” (llere an asterism other striking inaccuracies, your points to the following note:)—"They wonted candour, influenced by the have even gone so far as to apply the justice of the cause, will scarcely he- meaning of the second Psalm of Dasitate in admitting the remarks of one vid (Quare fremuerunt gentes) to this of your former Correspondents, who extraordinary man : a metrical transhas paid considerable attention to the lation of it, applicable to the present situation of the Jews in England and times, has been published in the French upon the continent.

language, and circulated throughout In the outline, it is beyond a doubt, Europe." that Mr. Atkins's Compendious History Now this latter assertion is so far





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from being the fact, that the Jews in the author be * Christianized Jewi France are entirely exculpated from or a Jewish Christian.” Now, with any such appiication of the second Mr. Urban's perinission, I will only Psalm; for had the author of “ The add, acknowledging myself the author Compendious History" read with ut- of this singular dook, that my sentitention, The New Sanhedrin, and The ments of the Restoration of the Jews Cuuses and Consequences of the French are confirmed by the judgment of Emperor's Conduct towards the Jews, some of the most learned and intelLondon, printed 1807, (I say with at- ligeut Divines of the Church of Engtention, because he seems to ba land. Dr. Lightfoot, I find, an huuborrowed most of his history, and dred and tifty years since, asserted even many of his phrases from that that the calling of the Jeu's shall be work, he would have learned from in their places of residence," and that page 121, tñat this metrical transla- calling shall not cause them to change tion of the second Psalm originated place, but condition. Bishop Warburwith M. Crouzet, Proviteur du Prye ton expressed similar sentiments when tanée, upon which the Redacteur of the Jewish Naturalization Bill w28 Le Publiciste observed, “ The inten- agitated. Vide Nicholson's Encyclotion of this translation is not difficult pædia, Article Jews. Were these to discover, and that if one could di- Divines Christianized Jews? If they vest oneself of the idea of a Psalm, were, linost cordially agree with them, one might easily suppose it to be a not merely for their opinion as men, panegyric upon the Emperor of but for its correspondence with the France, or an inilation of the He- doctrine of the Great Autbor of the brew.” Surely this is the language of Christian Verity. His predictions in a Frenchman, and not one of the Matthew xxiv. &c. dweli largely upon Israelitish Literati.

the destruction of Jerusalem, but he Under equal mistake and want of never uttered a syllable relative to its information, the author of the Con- restoration! On the contrary, in his pendious History observes, “ Theyconversation with the womau of Sathe Jews, “ bave laboured to prove, maria, he declined the most distant that their promised restoration is ac- hint or allusion to any future privilege complished, and that the idea of their with respect to the worship of God having the land of Palestine restored at Jerusalem; but, with a view exto them is fallacious. They assert panded beyond the narrowness of huthat the restoration of the Jews man ideas, he then referred to a time means the restoration of their rights when inen should worship the Father and privileges in Society, equally in spirit and in truth, not in Samaria, with all the rest of the human nor yet at Jerusalem. See Joho iv. 20, race."

and following verses. Perhaps the The real fact is, that none of the unscriptural notions of a future reJews in England, or upon the Conti- storation of the Jews to worldly power nent, that ever I heard of," have and splendour at Jerusalemn, notions laboured to prove any such thing." in which they have been flattered by That they have collectively assented Christians, have been a strong reason to the measures of the French Go- for their continuance in a state of invernment, which has no objection tellectual and moral interiority. to such ideas of their restoration, I cannot help observing here, that cannot be denied. “ The labour” it is rather strange that with these of the French Jews may perhaps be chimerical notions of the fulure proreduced to the figurative expres- sperity of the Jews, when, if the sions contained in the Hebrew Odcs Scriptures are to be understood liteand Orations. And here the writer rally, they will be more than men, again confounds the French Jews Christians should have been so long with the English author of the content with treating them as being New Sanhedrin, &c. before alluded less. I believe the late Archdeacon to! He has in reality employed three Paley has expressed his opinion “ that of his chapters to disprove the local Christianity is yet in its infancy.”. I restoration of the Jews in Jerusalem; believe also that true Charity, being on which account the Monthly Re- the most sublime virtuc, will be one views for May 1810, style this work of the last generally learned. Wlien 1. a singular book," and doubt whether Governments and Subjects mutually


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14 State of the Jews in England. Tables of Precedence. (July, agree to lay aside the lash of persecu. a lodging-house keeper, inerely betion, and extinguish the flames of dis- cause he bad attained a high commiscord, real “knowledge may cover the sion in the army or navy, rank before earth as the waters cover the sea. a man whose forefathers had been in. This kind of knowledge, I can aver dependently seated for many genera

I from intimate observation, has begun tions on an hereditary estate, and to make a sensible progress among

the which forefathers may perhaps have Jews. Their antipathies to Christians partaken of the blood of the noblest are rapidly wearing away. As they fainilies? And how would the Heralds, condemn none for their faith, nor wish who pay such great regard to antito make any converts: they only re- quity, lustre, and gentility of descent, quire of their fellow-subjects that tolerate such an act? Would they they will suffer them to enjoy in quiet- not thrust the upstart back to his ness that liberty of conscience which proper sphere, and place the descendthe Government and the Church of ant of an antient and honourable bouse England so liberally allows to all. before him? The Sermons of Dr.Hirschell, it is well Persons of good or even middling known, are frequently very pointed birth ought undoubtedly to take pre on the duties of universal Toleration. cedence of all others, let them be Many of the wealthy among them what they may, unless honvured with subscribe to our Charitable Founda- a title; because their good birth is not tions, and in return several Christian an acquirement of their own, but is names appear among the list of the a gift engrafted on their blood. No Berrefactors to the new Jewish Hospi- wealth, no learning, can make a man tal in Mile-end-road ; though they a gentleman who is not born so. neither have nor require the least in. Wealth and learning are the ornaterference in management or education inents, not the constituents, of a gellof the Jewish children there. These tleman. Fortuna non mutat genus. Christians have no connexion what. The words of Cicero might weil be ever with the London Society, or the parodied and here applied : he says, Missionaries who preach in the Jews' poeta nascitur, orator fit, and this I Chapel near Spitalfields.

would alter to generosus nascitur, If these Strictures meet your appro- dives vel doctus fit: and again, nothing bation, I may offer some farther con- can deprive a man born a gentleman siderations

upon the present condition of his gentility ; no pecuniary losses of the Jewish people in this Metropo- or sufferings, no apparent degradation Jis, and upon some peculiar circum- from his station, I readily grant that stances under which they have recently a man, however low his station, after been placed.

he has acquired a fortune, received a Yours, &c. W. HAMILTON Reid. liberal education, and associated with

the enlightened, may be the stock from Mr. URBAN,

July 6. which fulure gentlemen way in the RECEDENCE is a point indeed course of time spring, because his

on which “ Doctors disagree,' descendants, by dint of education, by and on which they will always disayree separation from the pursuits of their till express regulations are made to founder, and by living for some geneadjust this long dubious matter. The rations on an hereditary property, ideas of your Correspondents who say grow gradually into, and finally bethat Naval and Military Officers, come gentlemen : but this is a work Doctors of Law, Physic, and Divinity, of long time, for quo,semel est imbute should take precedence of Gentlemen, recens servabit odorem testa diu ; this are not to be regarded, because we opinion is supported by a writer who see that such ideas proceed from per- has combined literature with the please sons of no good extraction, who are ing and elegant study of heraldry, and always anxious that those who have whosceffusiouis often yrace your pages. sprung, like mushrooms, from the He says, “ The corrupted heart, the lowest stations iuty the appearance of interested sentiments, the debased, gentlemen, should take precedence however acute, understanding of a of those whose birth entitles them low man growo great, are too apt to strictly to that appellation. How throw a tincture over his family for should we like to see a man, perhaps at least a century, whereas that race the son of a tailor, a slonemason, or whom hereditary affluence has long


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likelihood of possessing elevated ideas, I plement, 1 stated that I had found

placed above what is low, sordid, and meanly ambitious, has a far greater


Park-street, Bri Pol,

July 5.

N your . . , and pure and independent souls."

After all then that has been stated, by reference to Tailleur's Chronicles let us no longer her that those per- of Normandy, and Dugdale's Baronsons denominated Gentlemen in the age, that the antient family of Mears, full and proper meaning of the word, (who produced the earliest Speaker are not to take precedence of every

the House of Commons ever had) deman whose profession alone has raised rived their descent from the house of him to the appellation. That many Mountmorency in France, but it aphundreds of men belonging to the pears that this statement has given learned, the naval, and the military offence to M. M. M. of Kilkenny, professions may be gentlemen born, I (sce Vol. LXXX. p. 530), who wishes cannot deny; but as a standing rule to make it appear that I have spoken Done surely can be better than to class erroneously, and is desirous ibat I the gentlemen who are designated as should admit his authority in the place entitled to bear arms,immediately after of the well-known and standard authe different descriptions of Esquires, thorities above mentioned; but this I and just before the Bar and Church. am by no means disposed to do; and The Heralds should undoubtedly make I wish to set your Correspondent right an arrangement of the following de- as to some misconceptions into which scription of persons, viz. Serjeants he has precipitately fallen. at Law, King's Counsel, Deans, Pre- I do not state that the family of bendaries, Rectors, Vicarsand Curates, Mears is descended from the Mount Heads of Colleges, and all persons Morreses now existing in Ireland; but who have received any academic de- ! carry their extraction much further gree, Physicians, Members of Parlia- back, viz. from the stock of the French ment, &c.

house of Mountmorency. As for Blackstone, highly as I look Your Correspondent asserts, that up to him as a legal authority, I ne- Lords Mountmorres and Frankfort, vertheless cannot suffer myself to be and two others, are the only descendled out of the path of reason and ants of Mountmorency ; but can he propriety by his statement, or that consider any one so egregiously creof any other person, however great dulous as to admit that this once their name.

spreading house, a bouse which flouThe word Citizen, Vol. LXXX. p. rished so many centuries in France, 535, when used in tables of precedence, and which formed such extensive allidoes not, I believe, mean those whó ances, had not a single remaining col. reside in the city, but representatives lateral; but that all the lines suddenly in parliament for cities, just as bur. failed, except a single one, the regess means one for a borough. presentative of which is stated to be Yours, &c. A CONSTANT READER. the ancestor of Lord Mountmorres ?

I scruple not to declare that I could

not credit such an extraordinary cirMr. URBAN,

July 12.

cumstance, even if the illustrious I N

iť stated that Doctors of Divinity, rise and declare it. He might as well Law, Physick, and Musick, have pre- assert, that the noble families of cedence of Esquires. That Doctors Grosvenor, Seymour, Cavendish, Clifin general take place of Esquires 19 ford, Moore, Egerton, Neville, and well known, but as to Doctors of an hundred others, are all now cenMusick in particular, as all Musters tered in a single representative. of Arts have precedence of those Doc

It is well known, and can be stated tors, will it not follow that if Doctors without fear of controversion, that of Musick precede Esquires, Masters there were many lines of the French of Arts ought also to take place of stock from which several families them? I allude to real Esquires, pot proceeded, and whose names bear a to those upstarts who have chosen close analogy of soup', and which fato distioguish themselves by that milies seated themselves, after being title.

long severed from the patriarchal stem, Yours, &c.

OXONIENSIS. in this and the sister kingdom, ante.


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