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I am glad to hear that you have frequent opportunities of preaching among the great. If you can gain them to a good and exemplary life, wonderful changes will follow in the manners of the lower ranks; for, ad Exemplum Regis, &c. On this principle Confucius, the famous eastern reforiner, proceeded, When he saw his country sunk in vice, and wickedness of all kinds triumphant, he applied himself first to the grandees; and having by his doctrine won them to the cause of virtue, the commons followed in multitudes. The mode has a wonderful influence on mankind; and there are numbers that perhaps fear less the being in Hell, than out of the fashion! Our more western reformations began with the ignorant mob; and when numbers of them were gained, interest and party-views drew in the wise and great. Where both methods can be used, reformations are like to be more speedy. O that some method could be found to make them lasting! He that shall discover that, will, in my opinion, deserve more, ten thousand times, than the inventor of the longitude.

My wife and family join in the most cordial salutations to you and good Mrs. Whitefield. I am, dear Sir, your very af fectionate friend, and most obliged humble servant,

B. FRANKLIN,

CRITICAL ENQUIRY.

Sir,

To the Editor. It has been often remarked, that the Hebrews had a pecu. liar way of using the participle with the verb, to denotė, according to some, the certainty; and, according to others, the importance of the event. It occurred to me, in reading, the other day, Whether the true import of the phrase, were not the commencement and continuance of an action till its completion ? Thus, when it was said to Adam *, " In dying thou shalt die;"? which our translators render, “ Thou shalt surely die," and the Seventy, “ Thou shalt die the death ;" I conceive the meaning to be, That he should then begin to experience that death which terminates only in eternal ruin. Waits says,

“ Soon as we draw our infant breath,

“ The seeds of sin grow up for death." So Adam, the moment that he fell, became mortal; and besides that, being condemned already, he became also dead in law.

When it was said to Abraham,“ Blessing, I will bless thee !" .fo the phrase implied, that God would continue and increase his blessings, fill, in the end, he should be a blessing to all nations.

There are many similar expressions, I believe, in the Old Testament; and I should be obliged to any of your critical and Biblical readers to point thein out, and to examine whether they will bear the interpretation here proposed.

Yours, Jop,

ANECDOTES,

A LAY.COMMENTATOR. At the time when the late Mr. Lacy was pastor of the Baptist church at Portsea, some of the brethren (chiefly those of the dock-yard) constantly ushered in the morning of the Lord's Day, at six o'clock, by meeting in the vestry for social prayer, exhortation, and conference on some portion of Scripture, alternately*. At one of these conference-inornings, the text led to charity: all spoke in their turn, if they chose, when it rested with Charles Benjamin, who was a waterman, and lived between Portsmouth and Gosport. Ilis comment on the text was as follows:“ I shall say nothing more than this. We have been talking of charity; it would be good to put it in exercise : here is our brother, Ephraim Forth, goes to Dock every morning this cold weather without a great coat; and here is my shilling towards buying him one.” The good men took the hint; and Ephraim was enabled to purchase the necessary next day, and went to Dockt, "warmed, if not quite filled."-Query, Can the laity expound Scripture?

* This laudable custom, I firid, is still continued there, and has been, without intermission, for more than half a century. James ii. 16.

- LAMENTABLE IGNORANCE. MR. A. B, after his conversion, owned, that when in his carnal state, he used to say his prayers seven times over every Monday morning, that he might not have the trouble of them all the rest of the week.

A few years ago, a lady, visiting her brother at Com, observed, he had not many cherries in his garden that season'; and said, That, as it was a very fruitful year, she could attribute it to nothing but the amazing increase of Sunday-schools lately. Formerly, the boys used to go a bird-nesting on Sundays; but since folks had undertaken to make them so wise, the birds were suffered to multiply in such quantities, that she supposed we should soon have no fruit at all !!!

QUERIES,

1. How may we ascertain, Whether our thoughts are the result of a gracious influence, the suggestions of Satan, or of our cor, rupt depraved nature?

2. When we reccive comfortable impressions under the hear. ing of God's word, how may we know whether they are true or false? or, in other words, Whether they come from God, or are only the joys of the stony ground hearer ?

M. O,

REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS,

The Life of Moses; designed for the devoted to a melancholy lassitude

Amusement and Instruction of Youth. and the public appearance of this
By a Lacty. 12m9, 80 Pages, 15.6d. little volume, is intended for the
THERE is a peculiar difficulty in

amusement of young persons of ei. works of imagination, founded upon

ther sex. For them it was written, Scripture - tristory. The style of

- to them it is dedicated, and the sacred writers possess such a

from them may it meet with a fadignified simplicity, and speaks sa

vourable reception ! directly to the heart, that it is

And ye, judicious critics! before hardly possible to render their nar

whose maturer judgment the jave. Tatives more interesting, either by

nile pen trembles to appear, sky, poetical diction or invention. Some

Will ye be more cruel than Pha.

raoh ? Oh! rather imitate the genwriters, however, have thought otherwise ; and, after the example

tle Thermuthis, and protect the in. of Klopstock and Gesner, llave at

fant Moses. It is a first attempt. teinpted to recommend these sub

Destroy not the bud, though tenjects to its by the splendor of lanz

der. It may, when improving time guage and tive charins of the drama.

shall have expanded the opening This fair writeris by no means with,

blossoms, prove a valuable Bower, out merit in her line ; and tho' we prefer the chaste and dignified style

The Life of Joseph. In Eight Books. of the venerable legislator, we are

By J. Macgowan. Third Edition, by no means confident that our young 18mo, 250 pages. 25. boards. readers may uniformly do the saine; THIS work stands on higher por would we discourage the first ground than the preceding : it is atteinpt of a young female pen, to the Third Edition, and has received recommend the Scriptures. She repeated sanctions from the publie, has availed herself very properly. It was also the production of a pen mot only of Scripture materials, but well exercised in writing:--for this of the traditions detailed by Jose. reason, however, it is entitled to plus and the Rabbins. Had we read less indulgence. It is certainly not tire work, however, with more se- free from the general fault of works berity than we have, we could not of this nature, and it seems to dishave refused the apology, modestly cover a want of acquaintance with offered in the following paragraphs the eastern writers, and their forins of the preface, which may also of expression, which are necessary give our readers a short specimen to give it the colouring of nature, ot her style; we cannot say, how. On the other hand, we confess it ever, it is preserved equally good abounds with just and useful obthoughout.

servation ; it discovers a deep aca " The writer of the following quaintance with the human heart, pages has two indisputable claims an extensive knowledge of the on the candour of the public, world, and, above all, a spirit of claims' which they will not disallow. piety and benevolence. Such are She is young, and in adversity. the genuine characteristics of this Scarcely ret entered her twenty-se- little work; on which account, we cod vear, she has drank deep of can safely recommend it to the pe. the fountain of human affliction; rusal of our young readers, for nor has hitherto been permitted to whose instruction it was particula refuse the bitter draught of keen larly designed ; and we are happy disappointment.

to find such works to recommend, "The history of Moses has be. when the public are daily pestered guiled many a tedious hour, which, with writings of imagination of the perhaps, would otherwise have been most dangerous tendency,

Elegy on the Death of the Rev, H. adapted as well for the ainusement

Hunter, D.D. &c. By T. Beck. as instruction of the rising generaSvo. (elegant) price 6d.

tion. The author is an humble

innitator of Dr. Watts; and we By the notes appended to this

think he has been particularly suclittle Elegy, we learn that the Doc

cessful in his moral songs. Many for was born at Culross, in Perthshire, and educated at the univer

of his hymns will be acceptable in sity of Edinburgh. In 1771 he ac.

schools; and the whole forms a cepted the pastoral charge at the

pleasing present to young people. Scots church, London Wall; and continued with the same congrega. The Unrivalled Felicity of the Bri. tion till his death. But a few weeks tish Empire. A Sermon preached at siace, the Doctor went to Bristol Salters' Hall, Nov. 7, 1802, by the Hot-wells, for his health, where le Rev. James Steven, Minister of the died on the 27th of last October, in Scots Church, Crown Couri, &4. the sixty-second year of his age. Published at request. Svo. is, He was buried at Bunhill-fields, No

From the closing words of the vember 6, when Mr. Steven deli

parting benediction which Moses vered an oration at his grave; and,

pronounced on the nation of Ison the following Sabbath morning,

rael (Deur, xxxiii. 29.) Mr. Steven a sernon was preached on the occa

in this well. written sermon, desiun by Mr. Nicol; and another in

mands of his audience the obla. the atternoon by Mr. Steyen. As

tion of their gratitude to God, for tire Doctor was a man of no con

his singular goodness to these isles man talcats, so he has met with an

of the sea. He dwells on our naeulogist ot no mean ability.

tural advantages of insular situaIn this Elegy, Mr. Beck very

tion, fertility of soil, and salubrity properly enumerates, and justly

of climate ; on our civil liberties, discriminates, the Doctor's several

and the interent provisions of the publications; and concludes bis li.

constitution to correct accidental ferary character with the following

disorders, and supply deficiencies; lines, which are no less honourable

on our religious privileges, which, to the poet man to the Doctor,

after many a struggle by our devout and to his country:

ancestors, were, at length, by the - Oh Scotia! from thy cold unge. glorious Revolution, as the preacher nial north,

nervously expresses it, “ asserted What nervous minds and brilliant by the subject, conceded to by the - spirits rise!

sovereign, and sanctioned by the And froin thy fostering colleges law ;'' and on providential interpo. , comne forth,

sitions, particularly the defeat of To shed new rays beneath some the Spanish armada, the preserva. milder skies!

tion of the king and parliament The titled meed, the proud scho- from the gun-powder ptot; and, lastic name,

above all, the recovery and estaMistaken Kinduess may confer blishment of our liberties by the amiss;

arrival of the Prince of Orange, But HUNTER, back on thee re. and by the protestant succession to fected fame ;

the crown, in the illustrious family Distinguish'd merit's just ap. of Hanover. While we muse on plause was his."

these most important benefits, may the fire burn, and the faine of our

gratitude ascend to Heaven! Let The Youth's Monitor, in Verse. In

us, as the preacher recommends in a series of little Tales, Emblenis, 'the close of the sermon, wisely disPoems, and Songs, Moral and Di.

cern and gratefully acknowledge vine. By John Burton, 18mo. 15. the agency of God in all these

MR. BURTON informs us, that blessings,-- guard against the abuse many of these little poems were of them, and study to feel their written for Sunday scholars :--and constraining power to acts of piety, we agree with him, that they are and to works of righteousness.

Dbituary.

MRS. SARAH MOORE. his will! I am afraid to dishonour

April Soz: died at Ash- the Lord. - None ever perished bourn, Derbyshire, Mrs. S. Moore,

at his feet; and there, I hope, I lie wife of the Rev. G. Muore. Her

as a poor sinner!" - When I alaffliction, though short, was ex

luded to the few happy years we ceeding painful; but, to the praise had spent together, she replied, ses of rich grace, not a murmur escaped

mur escaped veral times, " Thousands, thourher lips throuvhout all lier illness. sands of mercies we have to be Her love to the ministers of Jesus

rs of less thankful for, if he does no more for was such, that she was never more

re us!

!

The Lord appeared for me; happy than when she could mania

in the Mount of Difficulty he has fest it. When free from domestic

been seen. - The Lord grant me concerns, it was the joy of her an easy passage !” While the heart to retire from men, and con

Rev. Mr. S. a clergyman of her verse with God. Her affliction acquaintance, and another friend, was of that nature, that her friends stood by her bed-side, she said, secould not converse much with her,

veral times, with much fervour, without great inconvenience on her

" You see now nothing will do, part; and as none about her doubt.

but an interest in Christ.” . ed the safety of her statc, they were Wednesday.--I said, I hope you contented and thankful for the few are happy, my dear?' Her answer words from her. Now and then, was, “ Not without a cloud." as the case admitted, during the Thursday. I said to her, I hope few last days of her affliction, I the Lord supports you?' Her recopied some of the weighty words ply was, "There is my hope !" which survive her.

When I told her I had brought her Sunday morning, April 11, when a cup of coffee, she answered me; I went into her room, and asked with a smile of praise upon her how she did ? She answered, with fasé, “More mercies in the wilderthe sweetest emotion, in the words ness!" Afterwards she said, “I of that hy mn,“ When I tread the want to have nothing at all to do verge of Jordan,” &c. with soine with self; I want to have done other passages of our sacred poets. with self, and to be swallowed up

Monday, April :2, she said, -" He in God!" — When said to her, is on the first step of the ladder, I hope you have given me and the coming down to fetch me up to dear child up to the Lord ; and as. him." The enemy is chained; sured her I would endeavour to he can do me no harm." In the act by her as a father, her answer evening, when nature was a little was, “I have, and am not afraid relieved, her bursts of praise to to leave her in your care, as I have the Lord for his mercy, I hope given her up to the Lord.”. never to forget. In this happy in- Saturday. I was afraid the close terval, she repeated some lines of of lite would be attended with poetry which I was not acquainted great pain, and therefore withwith, and desired me to sing them. drew, to ask the Lord to grant her I told her I did not know the words. her heart's and my soul's desire, Her answer was, perhaps too true, an easy passage! I had scarce “ You mourn when you should risen from my knees, when a friend sing."

who attended her, brought me · Tuesday. “My life is held in word she was gone; so that my awful suspense." I urged submis- fears were sweetly disappointed. sion to the Lord's will; to which On Sunday evening, hier old and she replied, “Oh, my dear, I could respected friend, the Rev. Jonathan bear it for a hundred years, were it Scott, from Matlock, preached a

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