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at work in a mine with mine owner's consent, but not as employee, having knowledge of the dangerous condition of the mine, held to have assumed the risk. -Sloss Iron & Steel Co. v. Knowles, 30 South. Rep. 584.

148. MASTER AND SERVANT – Puty to Provide Sale Place.-Duty of manufacturer to provide safe place for employee to work in held to extend to passageway in mill used by other employees with employer's consent.--Edwards v. Tilton Mills, N. H., 50 Atl. Rep. 102.

149. MASTER AND SERVANT-Evidence as to Efficacy of Tools.-Opinion of witness in action for death of railroad employee, assisting to restore derailed car, as to efficacy of jackscrews for such purpose, held admissible.-Louisville & N. R. Co. v. Jones, Ala., 30 South. Rep. 586.

150. MASTER AND SERVANT-Knowledge of Servants.A railroad is.chargeable with the knowledge of its servante in charge of a passenger train as to injuries bappening to a passenger during the operation of the train.- Wheeler v. Grand Trunk Ry. Co., N. H., 50 Atl. Rep. 103.

151. MECHANICS' LIENS-Action on Bond.-Under · Hill's Apn. Laws, $$ 27, 29, plaintiff held entitled to bring in bis own name action on a bond to recover pay for materials furnished to party with whom he had contracted for certain work.-United States v. McCann, Oreg., 66 Pac. Rep. 274.

152. MECHANICS' LIENS-Indian Territory Law.-A material-man has a lien on the building and interest of its owner in the land in the Choctaw Nation on which the building is situated.-Arnold v. Campbell, Ind. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 532.

153, MECHANICS' LIENS-Personal Judgment Against Grantee of Owner.-In 'an action to foreclose a me. chanic's lien, a personal judgment may be rendered against the grantee of the owner of the property, who assumed the debt.-San Francisco Pav. Co. v. Fairfield, Cal., 66 Pac. Rep. 255.

154. MECHANICS' LIENS-Priority of Mortgage for Precedent Debt.-Mortgage given for a precedent debt held entitled to a priority over a subsequent mechan. ic's llen for alterations, within Mechanic's Lien Act 1898, p. 538.-Reed v. Rochford, N. J., 50 Atl. Rep. 70.

155. MECHANICS' LIENS-Work Performed for Ex. ecutor of Estate.-An agreement of the purchaser of the estate property to pay for work done thereon under a contract with the executor held not to give contractor an equitable mechanic's llen on the prop erty.-San Francisco Pav. Co. v. Fairfield, Cal., 66 Pac. Rep. 255.

156. MORTGAGES-Agreement to Accept a Surrender. -An agreement of a mortgagee to accept a surrender of the mortgaged premises and to deliver up the note secured by the mortgage held unenforceable, it made without a new consideration.-Borcherdt v. Favor, Colo., 66 Pac. Rep. 251.

167. MORTGAGES-Deed and Title Bond.-A deed and title bond held to constitute a mortgage, and not a conditional sale.--Borcherdt v. Favor, Colo., 66 Pac. Rep. 251.

158. MORTGAGES-For Loan Subsequently Delivered. -A mortgage to seoure a sum, a part of which is to be delivered after the mortgage's execution and delivery, held to be a potential lien for the full sum.-Reed y. Rochford, N. J.,50 Atl. Rep. 70.

159. MORTGAGES - Renewal Note Continues Mort. gagee's Priority.--The renewal of a noin mortgage anno

Residents.- Where a larmer removed his family to a neighboriog town to have his children educated, he did not abandon his domicile, and his personal prop. erty was not subject to municipal taxation.-Mont. gomery v. City of Lebanon, Ky., 64 8. W. Rep. 509.

102. MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS-Taxation of Farm Lands. The fact that land embraced within the boundary of a city is used for farming purposes does

t exempt it from taxation by the city.-Bell County Coke & Improvement Co. v. City of Pineville, Ky., 64 8. W. Rep. 525.

163. NAVIGABLE WATERS-Legislative Grant to Erect Dam.-Legislative grant of authority to erect dam at outlet of lake held a complete defense to a suit for injunction to restrain a corporation from changing tbe water level of a lake.-State v. Sunapee Dam Co., N. H., 50 Atl. Rep. 108.

164. NEGLIGENCE- Child Incapable of Contributory Negligence.-Child between 7 and 14 years old beld prima facie incapable of contributory negligence.Tatwiler Coal, Coke & Iron Co. V. Enslen, Ala., 30 South. Rep. 600.

165. NEGLIGENCE-Light on Breakwater.-A contract between the United States and contractors for erec. tion of a breakwater, providing for erection of a light on the work by the contractors, held not to relieve the latter from liability to third persons whose property is damaged by extinguishment of light during storm.-Harrison v. Hughes, U. 8. D. C., D. (Del.) 110 Fed. Rep. 545.

166. NEGLIGENCE-Rule of Contributory Negligence. -Ooe may recover for injuries, though his own negli gence exposed bim to the danger, if the injuries were caused by the other's lack of care after becoming aware of the danger.-Tully v. Philadelphia, W. & B. R. Co., Del., 50 Atl. Rep. 95.

167. NEW TRIAL-Newly.Discovered Evidence. - A new trial should not be granted for newly discovered evidence, where no diligence is shown.-Olardy v. Wil. son, Tex., 64 S. W. Rep. 489.

168. NEW TRIAL — Newly.Discovered Evidence. - A motion for a new trial held properly overruled, where newly discovered evidence was insufficient to create & probability of a different result.-Woolsey v. Jackson, Ind. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 548.

169. NUISANCE-Abatement of Saloon.-The fact that a place where intoxicating liquor is sold is declared a common nuisance by statute does not justify its abate. ment by any person without process of law.-State , Stark, Kan., 66 Pac Rep.. 243.

170. PARTIES – Order of Intervention.- An order granting intervention will not be vacated after hear. ing, because granted ex parle, where the court would be required to repder it.- Percy Summer Club v. Astle, U.S.C.O., D. (N. H.), 110 Fed. Rep. 486.

171. PILOTS-Degree of Skill.-Pilots on the Delaware river are required to exercise the care and skill of river pilots and harbor pilots, and are chargeable with knowledge of natural objects on shore and of the significance of fixed lights.-Harrison v. Hughes, U. S. D. C., D. (Del.), 110 Fed. Rep. 545.

172. PLEADING-Demurrer to the Evidence.-A demurrer to the evidence, interposed by defendant after he has opened his proof, is too late.-Sands v. Southern Ry. Co., Tenn., 64 S. W. Rep. 478. 173. PLEADING-Motion to Correct Complainant Not contesting claimants to public lands while the matter is pending before the land department.-Humbird v. Avery, U. 8. C.,C.ID, (Klon.), 110 Fed. Rep. 465.

176. PUBLIC LANDS – Legislative Resolution. – A legislative resolve granting 200 acres in a particular township to each Revolutionary soldier held a grant in præsenti.-Banton v. Crosby, Me., 60 Atl. Rep. 86.

177. PUBLIC LAND8-Number of Entries to One Per800.-Under Rev. st. ch. 102, $ 3, one person could make any number of entries and surveys, not ex. coeding 200 acres each.-Uhlv. Reynolds, Ky., 64 8.W. Rep. 498.

188. PUBLIC LANDS – Previously Entered Land.Every entry, survey, or patent is void in so far as it embraces land previously entered, surveyed, or patented.-Uhl v. Reynolds, Ky., 64 S. W. Rep. 498.

179. PUBLIC LANDS- Uncertainty in not Describing Prior Grants.-A patent Vests the patentee with title to all vacant and unappropriated land within the ex. terior boundary, the patent pot being vold for uncer. tainty by reason of the failure to describe prior grants included within the bonndary.-Uhl v. Reynolds, Ky., 64 8. W. Rep. 498.

180. QUO WARRANTO - Director's Title to Omee.Stockholders of a corporation held entitled to maintain a writ of quo warranto to determine title to office of directors.- Commonwealth v. Stevenson, Pa., 60 Atl. Rep. 91.

181. RAILBOAD8–Care;Towards Trespassers.-The care required of a rallroad towards trespassers or licensees is to retrain from grogs negligence or willful careles. ness.-Tully v. Philadelphia, W. & B. R. Co., Del., 50 Atl. Rep. 96.

182. RAILROAD8-Retroactive Effect of Fence Laws.Ky. St. $ 1797, requiring railroad companies to fence rights of way acquired free of charge, does not apply to sneh rights of way acquired prior to the enactment of the statute.-Ringo v. Chesapeake & O. Ry. Co., Ky., 64 8. W. Rep. 622.

183. RAILROAD8-Reverter of Right of Way.-Right of way granted by deed providing that it was exclusive for one year, held not to revert to grantor on railroad company's failure to enter within the year.-Virginia & S. W. Ry. Co. v. Crow, Teon., 64 8. W. Rep. 485.

184. RAILROADS – Rules as to Ripging Bells. A jury held entitled to consider a railroad's roles as to ripglog a bell on approaching a crossing on the subject of the necessity of such precaution and the negligence of the company.-Hecker v. Oregon R. Co., Oreg., 66 Pac. Rep. 270.

185. RAILROAD8-State Reduction of Rates.-Violation of Constitution.-Where the net earnings of a rall. road company on local business within a state are ipsuficient to pay one ball of the interest on its valid bonded debt justly chargeable upon such earnings, a state regulation reducing rates, which would mate. rially reduce such earnings, is unreasonable and a vio. lation of the company's constitutional rigbtg.-Ohi. cago, M. & St. P. Ry, Co. v. Smith, U. S. C. C., D. (Vt.), 110 Fed. Rep. 473.

186. RAILROAD8-Statutory Presumption as to Killing Stock.-While there is a statutory presumption that the killing of stock by a train was the result of neg. ligence, the burden is on the owner to show that the killing was by a train.-Southern Ry. Co. v. Forsythe, Ky., 64 8. W. Rep. 506.

187. RECEIVERS-Discharge on Motion of Trespassers of Land in His Possession.-Where a receiver 18 ap. pointed to collect a judgment, he should not be dig. charged on the motion of trespassers on the land of which he is in possession under such judgment.McAllaster v. Edgerton, Ind. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 583.

188. RECEIVERS - Sale. - A motion for the sale of

Val. Electric R. Co., U. 8. 0. C., D. (Vt.), 110 Fed. Rep. 473.

189. REPLEVIN- Fraud Under General Denial.-Un. der the general denial in replevin defendants may show that the chattel mortgage under which plaintiff claims the right to possession was obtained by fraud or deception.-Payne V. McCormick Harvesting Mach. Co., Okl., 66 Pac. Rep. 287.

190. REPLEVIN-General Verification.-Each several cause of action set out in a complaint in replevin 18 verified by a general verification to the complaint.Harris v. Castleberry, Ind. T., 64 8. W. Rep. 541.

191. SALVAGE-Degree of Skill Required.-While or. dinary skill is required from a salvor, yet in case of necessity one without nautical skill may undertake a rescue in good faith, using such ability as he pos. 8e88e8.-The Henry Steers, Jr., U. S. D. C., E. D. (N. Y.), 110 Fed. Rep. 578.

192. SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL DISTRICTS – Judgment Confessed by Director.-Judgment agalust school dig. trict, confessed by director, held yoid for want of au. thority.-Moore v. School Dist. No. 71, Okl., 66 Pac. Rep. 279.

193. SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL LANDS- School Lands a Trust.-Under Const. art. 7, § 6, and Rev. St. 1895, 88 8902, 3906, 4271, counties held to hold school lands and proceeds thereof in trust, and liable for any diversion thereof.-Board of School Trustees of Laredo v. Webb County, Tex., 64 S. W. Rep. 486.

194. SHIPPING-Liability for Injury where Charter is Violated.-The fact that a charterer puts the vessel to a different use from that specified in the charter does not render him liable to the owner for an irjury to the vessel, if it appears that the unauthorized use did not cause or contribute to the damage.-Sutcliff v. Selig. man, U. S. D. C., S. D. (N. Y.), 110 Fed. Rep. Rep. 560.

195. SHIPPING-Using Ship as War Dispatch Boat.The breaking out of a war during the term of a time charter does not affect the rights or liabilities of the charterer, who is not bound to employ the vessel in the safest business, but may employ it in any service which is lawful and not in violation of the charter.The Ely, U. S. D. C., S. D. (N. Y.), 110 Fed. Rep. 563.

196. SHIPPING-Walving Charter Provisions.- Where a charter expressly provides the lay days for loading and discharging, and fixes the amount of demurrage to be paid for overtime consumed by the charterer, the owner cannot be held to have waived such pro. vision, except upon clear evidence.-Henningsen v. Watkins, U. 8. D.O., E. D. (Va.), 110 Fed. Rep. 574.

197. SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE — Indefinite or Alter. nate Agreements.-Specific performance of agreement to pay & debt, or, in default, to execute a mortgage, cannot be denied on the ground that it is indefinite and in the alternative.-Allender v. Evans-Smith Drug Co., Ind. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 558.

198. SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE-Oral Promise to Furnish Money.-An oral agreement to furpish the money required to complete a railroad is not such a definite and precise contract as to warrant a decree for its specific performance.-Bibber.White Co. White River Val. Electric R. Co., U. S. C. C., D. (Vt.), 110 Fed.

Kep. 472. | 199. STATUTE-Construction of Arkansas Statute in | Indian Territory.- Where a statute of Arkansas is put

in force in the Indian Territory by act of congress, it is incumbent on the courts in the territory to adopt the construction of such statutes by the Supreme Court of Arkansas.-Boyt v. Mitchell, Ind. T., 64 8. W. Rep. 610.

200. STATUTES—"Person" Does Not Include State.The word "person," in a statute, does not necessarily include state.-Banton y. Griswold, Me., 50 Atl. Rep. 89.

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constitutes negligence as a matter of law is only ap. plicable to street railroads on a public street, where the attending conditions are such that reasonable care and prudence would require such precautions.Tacoma Ry. & Power Co. v. Hays, U. 8. C. C. of App., Ninth Circuit, 110 Fed. Rep. 496.

202. SUBROGATION-Purchaser at Execution Sale.Purchaser at execution sale on money judgment held not entitled, on paying purchase money, to subroga. tion to creditor's claim against judgment debtor.Gray v. Denson, Ala., 30 South. Rep. 595.

203. SUNDAY-Presumption of Delivery of Deed.-In ejectment, burden of overcoming presumption that deed made on Sunday and delivered on that day is on person presenting it.-Williams v. Armstrong, Ala., 30 South. Rep. 553.

204. TAXATION-Vacating Tax Certificate--Tender of Tax.-Equity will not require a tender of tax equitably due, as a condition precedent to vacating a tax cer tificate as cloud on the title.-Title Trust Co. v. Ayls. worth, Oreg., 66 Pac. Rep. 276.

205. TERRITORIES- Enforcing Cherokee Statutes of Marriage.-Under Act. Cong. June 28, 1898, $ 26, the Cherokee statutes relating to marriage with one not a citizen of the nation, and removal therefrom, cannot be entorced by the federal courts.-McAllaster v. Ed. gerton, Iod. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 583.

206. TOWAGE-Moderate Gale.-A tug held liable for the loss of her tow, which she cut adrift during a moderate gale off Cape Cod.- The O. L. Halenbeck, U. S. D. C., S. D. (N. Y.), 110 Fed. Rep. 656.

207. TRADE-MARKS AND TRADE-NAME8- H. Bitters Violating "Hostetter's."- Acts held to establish fraud. entitling plaintiff, the owner of a trademark known as "Hostetter's Bitters," to an injunction against de. fendant for furnishing a substitute for guch bitters marked "H. Bitters."-Hostetter Co. v. Martinoni, U. S. O.O., N. D. (Cal.), 110 Fed. Rep. 524.

208. TRADE MARKS AND TRADE-NAMES - "Rem-Sho" as Violating “Remington."- Wrongful use of name *Remington," in connection with word “Sholes," is not affected by subsequent shortening to “Rem.Sho." -Wyckoff v. Howe Scale Co. of 1886, U. S.C.C., D. (Vt.), 110 Fed. Rep. 520.

209. TRIAL-Form of Instructions.-When proper in. structions are given, it is no ground of exception that they are not given in the form requested.-Wheeler v. Grand Trunk Ry. Co., N. H., 50 Atl. Rep. 103.

210. TRIAL-Instruction Favoring One Phase of Evidence.-An instruction giving undue prominence to a phase of the evidence, favorable to the person asking it, is properly refused.-Louisville & N. R. Co. v. Jones, Ala., 30 South. Rep. 586.

211. TRIAL-Proper Wording of Instructions.-Anin. struction should clearly and intelligently set forth the law as applicable, without being conflicting, contra. dictory, confusing, or misleading.-Paype v. McCor. mick Harvesting Mach. Co., Okl., 66 Pac. Rep. 287.

212. TRUBT8-Endorsement of Beneficary not a Rati. fication.-An indorsement by a beneficiary relative to a conveyance by her trustee, baving an interest in the trust estate, of all his property in trust to pay certain mortgages, held not a ratification of the mortgages as a charge on her interest in the trust ostate.-Dudley V. Eastman, N. H., 50 Atl. Rep. 101.

213. USURY-Agreement to Pay Debtg.- Agreement between insolvent debtor and another, by which the latter was to pay the former's debts and become sub. rogated to the rights of his creditors, and subsequent settlement, including compensation for services, held not to constitute usury.-Pettyjohn v. Wilkin, Okl., 66 Pac. Rep. 281.

214. VENDOR AND PURCHASER-False Representation

the vendors falsely represented that they had title as heirs to certain lands, to which they in fact had no title.-Begley v. Eversole, Ky., 64 6. W. Rep. 513.

215. VENDOR AND PURCHASEB– Waiving Lien by Taking Note.-Where, as part of the consideration for real estate sold to a wite, plaintiff took the note of the husband and two other signers as his gureties, the vendor's lien is thereby waived.-Shrimsher v. New ton, Ind. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 534. - 216. VENUE-Condition of Sufficient Bond.-The court cannot grant a change of venue on condition that de. fendant furnish & gufficient bond.-Ellis v. Fitzpat. rick, Ind. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 567.

217. VENUE-Removal Without Notice to Defendant, -A non-resident, not having designated an attorney on whom notice or other process may be served, cap. not complain that defendant's motion for removal of cause was heard without notice to him.-Terry v. Skinner, U.S.C.C., E, D. (N. Car.), 110 Fed. Rep. 494.

218. WAREHOUSEMEN-Stipulation as to Leakage.-A notice printed across the face of a warehouse receipt for barrels of liquor that loss by leakage was at owner's risk will be deemed a part of the contract, where the receipt was accepted and goods stored with knowledge of such notice.-Tauseig v. Bode & Haslett, Cal., 66 Pac. Rep. 259.

219. WILLS-Omitting to Mention Child.-Under Ind. T. Ann. St. 1899, $ 3572 (Mansf. Dig. Ark. $ 6500), an intentional or accidental omission of a testator to men. tion a child entitled it to apply to the court for re. lief.-George v. Robb, Ind. T., 64 S. W. Rep. 616.

220. WILLS-Remainder After Lite Estate.-Under will limiting remainder after life estate to 8 and his heirs in equal shares, 8 held to take proportionate sbare as tenant in common with his children.-Smith V. Smith, Tenn., 64 8. W. Rep. 483.

221. WITNESSES-As to Absence of Witnesses.-ID an action for Injuries by a passenger against carrier, plaintikt, after testifying on cross-examination that the physicians treating her are absent, may explain such absence and testify to her effort to procure their attendance.- Southern Ry. Co. v. Orowder, Ala., 30 South. Rep. 592.

222. WITNESSE8-Attorney as to His Employment.Defendant's attorney was properly permitted to tes. tity as to his employment on a motion to set aside & default judgment in favor of plaintiff entered on stipulation of such attorney.-Security Loan & Trust Co. v. Estudillo, Cal., 66 Pac. Rep. 257.

223. WITNESSES – Oross-Examination, - Defendant may properly cross-examine plaintiff's witness as to apy matter in issue, though no inquiry was made in respect thereto on the direct examination.-Sands v. Southern Ry. Co., Tenn., 64 S. W. Rep. 478.

224. WITNESSES – Cross-Examination. - Plaintiff's cross.examination of witness, showing that defendant paid witness' way to the trial and was to pay his expenses, held permissible.-Southern Ry. Co. v. Crowder, Ala., 30 South. Rep. 592.

225. WITNESSES-Disqualification Because of Hearing Evidence.-A witness coming into court after trial had commenced held not disqualified because he heard some of the state's evidence and was not under rule with the other witnesses.- Pile v. State, Tenn., 64 S. W. Rep. 477.

226. WITNESSES-Impeachment for Misconduct.-It was improper to permit & witness to be impeached by showing specific acts of misconduct pot contradictory of her statements as a witness.-Roberts v. Johnson, Ky., 64 8. W. Rep. 526.

227. WITNESSES-Surprise.-A party who has been surprised by the testimony of his own witnesses apon material fagt may be permitted by the court, in its ADULTERATION,
prohibiting sale of cream containing less than a

INDEX-DIGEST

TO THE EDITORIALS, NOTES OF RECENT DECISIONS, LEAD-
ING ARTICLES. ANNOTATED CASES. LEGAL NEWS,
CORRESPONDENCE AND BOOK REVIEWS

IN VOLUME 53.

A separate subject-index for the “Digest of Current Opinions” will be found on page 502, follow.
ing this Index-Digest.

certain per centum of fat, 221.
ADULTERY,

evidence of intimacy prior and subsequent to the

offense charged, 245.
ADVERSE POSSESSION,
adverse possession of grantee under foreclosure

sale, 82.
what is necessary to constitute actual adverse

possession, 482.
AGRICULTURE,

failure of "cropper" to comply with contract, 302.
ALIENS,
application of "alien contract labor laws" of the

United States, 363.
ALIMONY,

not a provable debt in bankruptcy, 205.
ANARCHY,
suppression of anarchy by forbidding the right to

speak or print its doctrines, 241.
deportation of anarchists into exile, 313.

a remedy for anarchism, 471.
ANIMALS,

action against railroad for killing dog, 243.

Senator Vest's famous dog speech, 273.
APPEAL AND ERROR,
remarks of counsel as reversible error in civil

cases, 85.
ASSIGNMENT,

assignment of unearned salary, 382.
equitable assignment of judgment, 383.
equitable assignment of interests in judgments i

for personal injury, 393.
ATTORNEY AND CLIENT. See LAW AND LAWYERS.

common-law doctrine of maintenance still in

force independent of statutory enactments, 11.

BANKRUPTOY,!

payment of money in the ordinary course of busi-

ness as a preference under the bankrupt act, 1.
semi-annual bankruptcy report, 11.
discharge of individual partners in partnership

proceedings, 42.
attorney's fees as preferred claims within the class

of "laborers and employees," 82.
alimony not a provable debt, 206.
limitation of time prior to bankruptcy in which a

payment may be considered a preference, 263. a

payment of money as a preference, 283.
BANKRUPTS,

lunatic bankrupts, 351.
BANKS AND BANKING,

deposit,in name of another, 162.

penalty upon national banks for taking usury, 409.
BAR ASSOCIATIONS. See LAW AND LAWYERS.

universal congress of lawyers, 195.
BASTARDY,

recognition of illegitimate child by putative

father, 63.

legitimation of bastard child by its father, 71.
BENEFICIARY,

vested interest of beneficiary under a policy of

life insurance, 184.
BENEFIT SOCIETIES.

consent of member to change in by-laws, 390.
remedy of member of benefit society unjustly ex.

pelled or whose contract is violated, 391.
right to alter, repeal of amend by laws, 391.
legal effect of change or attempted change in con-
tract of insurance between a mutual insurance

society or association and a member, 425.
obligation of expelled member to exhaust reme-

dies within the order, 450.
BILLS AND NOTES

unitormity in the law of commercial paper, 93.

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CARRIERS OF GOODS,
termination of extraordinary liability of carrier ot

freight, 304.
modification of carrier's extraordinary liability

depending, on the nature of the consignment,

306.
modification of carrier's extraordinary liability by

usage or contract, 308.
CARRIERS OF PASSENGERS,
stipulation against liability in a free pass will not

bar action by passengers, 252.
Ilmitation of carrier's liability for infurieg/ to pag.

sengers, 253.
reasonableness of time limits in railroad tickets.

302.
CAVEAT EMPTOR,
application of rule where vendee has opportunity

to inform himselt, 281.
CEMETERIES,
right of municipality to prohibit or restrict estab.
Hshment of cemeteries or right of burial within

certain limits, 50.
CENTRAL LAW JOURNAL,

practical features of the Central Law Journal, 401.
CHARITIES,

torts of charitable institutions maintained by tax.

ation, 62.
exemption from taxationjof property used partly

for religious services and partly.as a source of

revenue, 183.
the non-liability of charitable institutions for neg.

ligence causing personal injuries or death, 224.
CHILDREN,

right of action for wrongful death of unborn child,

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-Continued.

state tax on peddlers and drummers as affecting

interstate commerce, 324.
cruel and unusual punishment, 461.
power of state to forbid foreign corporations from

doing business in its territory, 462.
CONTEMPT,
publication of judicial proceedings constituting

contempt of court, 161.
failure to obey invalid order of court, 189.
Jurisdiction of courts to punish for contempt, 193.
newspaper comment on pending cases, 216.
power to punish for contempt where other reme.

dies exist, 312.
tampering with witnesses and jurors as contempt

of court, 311.
what is misconduct "in presence ol" court, 312.
CONTRACTS,

forbearance as a consideration, 7.
the constitutional protection of the obligation of

contracts, 44.
contracts for future delivery, 61.
mutuality as the essence of contract, 134.
effort of construing together several contempora.

neous contracts, 166.
anticipatory notice of breach of contract, 202.
estoppel as a species of contract, 207.
enforcement of contracts based on executory con-

sideration, 211.
contracts based on mutual promises and executory

considerations, 212.
power of one party to executory contract to stop

its performance without the consent of the other,

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382.

contracts in restraint of trade, 343.
CONVERSION,

liability of agent, auctioneer or Intermeddler with.
out authority, 481.

CHINA,

the law of China, 432.
COMMERCE,
exclusion of cattle as a regulation of commerce,

288.
state tax on peddlers and drummers as affecting

interstate commerce, 324.
the Chicago smoke nuisance ordinance as a regu.

lation of interstate commerce, 443.
COMMON LAW,

federal common law, 44.
CONSPIRACY,

combinations for immoral purposes, as, to over-

throw society or government, 241.
CONSTITUTION,
does the United States constitution inhibit state

laws limiting hours of private daily employment

384.
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW. See COMMERCE.
revocation of physician's licenses by state

board, 3.
constitutionality of amendment to the Missouri

constitution taxing mortgages, 41.
the constitutional protection of the obligation of

contracts, 44.
subsequent laws impairing the obligation of con-

tracts, 47.
probibition of burial within city limits as an exer.

cise of the police power, 48.
constitutionality of statute authorizing the inspeo.

tion of malt liquors, 81.
criticism of insular tariff cases, 181.

- --I10 property for street 1

CORPORATIONS,'

issue of stock for property, 2.
majority stockholders as trustees, 42.
limitation of actions against stockholders, 43.
limitation on right of corporation to amend or re-
peal by-laws impairing obligations with its stock.

holders, 83.
corporation law of South Dakota, 92.
right of officers to compensation, 110.
right of directors of a corporation to compensation

for services, 113.
right of stockholders to combine to control the

corporation, 163.
statute imposing individual llability on stock

holders not a penalty, 165.
liability of stockholders on unpaid subscriptions

for stock, 181.
right of successive owners of stock to dividends,

203.
Arizona's new corporation law, 214.
right of corporation to sell its assets to another

company in fraud of its creditors, 223.
right of receiver to sue on subscription cancelled

by insolvent corporations, 244.
personal action of shareholders against directors

for fraud and negligence, 263.
value of mining property taken in payment of cap

ital stock, 348.
power of a state to restrict or forbid the doing
business within lts territory by a foreign corpo
ration, 462.
preign corporations not entitled to the privileges

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