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adopted American appear applied appointment authority bank believe British called cause character Chief Justice Marshall citizens claim commerce commission committed communicated completely Congress Connecticut consequence consideration considered Constitution continue contract Convention copy course court DEAR SIR decided decision delivered determined direct doubt duty effect elected esteem executive exercised exist expressed extend fact favor feel foreign France friends give given grant honor hope House important individual interest Jefferson JOHN MARSHALL Judge judicial jurisdiction lands legislature letter limits March means ment mentioned murder necessary never object opinion original party passed performance person pleasure political possession present President principle probably question reason received remain resolutions respect RICHMOND river says Secretary secure seems Story supposed Supreme Court taken term tion treaty Union United vessel Virginia Washington whole wish
Страница 339 - Commerce, undoubtedly, is traffic, but it is something more, — it is intercourse. It describes the commercial intercourse between nations, and parts of nations, in all its branches, and is regulated by prescribing rules for carrying on that intercourse.
Страница 334 - If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each. So if a law be in opposition to the constitution; if both the law and the constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the constitution; or conformably to the constitution, disregarding the law; the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.
Страница 309 - We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution,, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in the manner most beneficial to the people.
Страница 293 - A bill of attainder is a legislative act which inflicts punishment without a judicial trial. If the punishment be less than death, the act is termed a bill of pains and penalties.
Страница 339 - As men whose intentions require no concealment generally employ the words which most directly and aptly express the ideas they intend to convey, the enlightened patriots who framed our Constitution, and the people who adopted it, must be understood to have employed words in their natural sense, and to have intended what they have said.
Страница 337 - If, as has always been understood, the sovereignty of congress, though limited to specified objects is plenary as to those objects the power over commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, is vested in congress as absolutely as it would be in a single government, having in its constitution the same restrictions on the exercise of the power as are found in the constitution of the United States.
Страница 340 - It is not intended to say that these words comprehend that commerce which is completely internal, which is carried on between man and man in a state, or between different parts of the same state, and which does not extend to or affect other states.
Страница 321 - The government of the United States has been emphatically termed a government of laws, and not of men. It will certainly cease to deserve this high appellation, if the laws furnish no remedy for the violation of a vested legal right.
Страница 284 - If the states may tax one instrument employed by the government in the execution of its powers, they may tax any and every other instrument. They may tax the mail; they may tax the mint; they may tax patent rights; they may tax the papers of the custom-house; they may tax judicial process; they may tax all the means employed by the government, to an excess which would defeat all the ends of government. This was not intended by the American people. They did not design to make their government dependent...
Страница 280 - The Judicial Department comes home in its effects to every man's fireside : it passes on his property, his reputation, his life, his all. Is it not, to the last degree important, that he should be rendered perfectly and completely independent, with nothing to influence or control him but God and his conscience?