The Spatial Economy: Cities, Regions, and International Trade

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MIT Press, 1999 - 367 страници

The authors show how a common approach that emphasizes the three-way interaction among increasing returns, transportation costs, and the movement of productive factors can be applied to a wide range of issues in urban, regional, and international economics.

Since 1990 there has been a renaissance of theoretical and empirical work on the spatial aspects of the economy--that is, where economic activity occurs and why. Using new tools--in particular, modeling techniques developed to analyze industrial organization, international trade, and economic growth--this "new economic geography" has emerged as one of the most exciting areas of contemporary economics.

The authors show how seemingly disparate models reflect a few basic themes, and in so doing they develop a common "grammar" for discussing a variety of issues. They show how a common approach that emphasizes the three-way interaction among increasing returns, transportation costs, and the movement of productive factors can be applied to a wide range of issues in urban, regional, and international economics. This book is the first to provide a sound and unified explanation of the existence of large economic agglomerations at various spatial scales.

 

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Съдържание

Urban Economics
15
Regional Science
25
The DixitStiglitz Model of Monopolistic Competition and
45
Core and Periphery
61
Many Regions and Continuous Space
79
Agricultural Transport Costs
97
A Heuristic
119
The Monocentric Economy
133
Ports Transportation Hubs and City Location
227
International Specialization
239
Economic Development and the Spread of Industry
263
Industrial Clustering
283
A Seamless World
309
External Trade and Internal Geography
329
The Way Forward
345
References
351

The Emergence of New Cities
151
Evolution of a Hierarchical Urban System
181
The Sizes of Cities
215

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Информация за автора (1999)

Masahisa Fujita is Professor of Economics at the Kyoto Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University.

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