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How true is Shakespeare's epithet, applied to Cardinal Wolsey in " King Henry VIII.": —
Out of his self-drawing web, he giver us note,
Act I., Scene 1.
The assiduity, the patient working and watching of spiders are most noteworthy traits. The story of Robert the Bruce and the spider — and there seems to be little doubt of its truth — is even classical. The perseverance of a spider to fix its line, notwithstanding manv failures, attracted the attention of the Scottish King, and stimulated his courage in very adverse circumstances.
Watch the sudden issue of the spider from her recess when a fly is entangled in her web, and how soon she can secure her prey beyond possibility of escape!
But let me just allude to a fact mentioned by Mr. Blackwall, with regard to the web of Epeira apoclisa. He says that upwards of 120,000 viscid globules are distributed upon the elastic spiral line in a net of large dimensions, and that yet under favorable circumstances the time required for its completion seldom exceeds forty minutes! There is a wonderful weaver! Why, it beats any spinningjenny in the world, and yet the constructor is only a simple spider. Truly has the poet written,—
"The spider's touch, how exquisitely fine!"
In the month of May or June you may see against palings, or on the posts of a garden door, a little agglomerated mass, — a ball or yellow points. Touch it, and down drop the little creatures from the loose web amidst which the little yellow ball was hung. These yellow balls are spiders just hatched. Their mother carefully enclosed them in a silken cocoon, and now warm spring has brought them out.
How they drop, carefully suspended by their thread 1 The black spot on their abdomen sets off the yellow very nicely. If you look nearer, you will find a few members of the nest with a go-ahead tendency, like a Scot or a Saxon Yankee,—commencing business for themselves,—spinning very passable geometric webs, rather too near for savage nature to tolerate when size has developed their growers. Pretty innocents! their strength is in combination. Midges are their prey, not blow-Hies or buzzing Vulucellce, — light filmy flies, juicy enough for their baby fangs, and with no struggle in their wings or legs. I have often noticed this species; it is one of the Epi'lrce. Space warns me, however, that this is a paper and not a book on spiders. How wonderful, again, is the bell of the water-spider! and how clever the constructor of that rare production! Read Professor Bell's observations on the habits of the Argj/roneta, or water-spider, and if you have an aquarium you may test them for yourself.
But I must conclude this too brief notice of the habits of spiders with a mere allusion to the ^— trap-door spider (Fig. There are many species of these; I have seen only one alive. It was brought from Algeria. The nest was Fig. 8. Trap-door Spider. constructed in a clay
bank, excavated by
the cunning Cteniza or Actinopus. The tube, excavated to some depth, was lined with a dense web.
Fig. 9. IU not. Figure* much reduced.
The top of this tube, where it was flush with the ground, had a door so constructed as to close, or rather to fall down, after the tenant had quitted it on some foraging excursion (Fig. 9). It was thinnest at the hinge, and gradually thickened, and became heavier towards the outer edge. It is described as a curious sight, to see the spider suddenly escaping down this silken tube. I know he can hold down the door with his feet, so that it requires some force to raise it. The spider had actually holes on the under side of the lid, into which he must have placed his legs to resist any attempt at opening it. In the British Museum, we had two or three different specimens, which showed that, like a cunning workman, the trap-door spider could make a second door, when he had worked his way through the angle of a bank and had come out unexpectedly at the other side. Another spider of this group had evidently added a piece to his nest, and constructed a second (low above the other. The fact was, some debris had fallen on the other door, and covered it up for an inch or so. Like a clever engineer, he had funnelled through this, and to save trouble had left the old gate outside his work.
Had I space, I would be tempted to describe the great Mygales of the tropics, one of which, named by a naturalist Aft/gale Emilia, is most beautifully colored. Another, almost as finely colored, is named M. Zebra. Some of the Mygaltx, as Mr. Bates has seen them, can certainly destroy birds. I have seen a live Mjij/ale tear a large cockroach to pieces in double-quick time.
A remarkable power that some, indeed many, spiders possess, is that of making themselves invisible. Any one may test this for himself. It has been described in so lively and admirable a way, by an author I had the privilege of knowing, that my readers will be sure to prefer his description to any that I could produce. Hugh Miller, when a boy, observed the habits of insects and spiders oo Cromarty hill and its woods. He writes: "The large Diadem Spider, which spins so strong a web that, in pressing my way through the furze thicket*. I could hear its white silken cords crack as they yielded before me, and which I found skilled, like an ancient magician, in the strange art of rendering itself invisible in the clearest light, was an especial favorite; though its great size, and the wild stories I had read about the bite of its congener, the Tarantula, made me cultivate its acquaintance somewhat at a distance.
"Often, however, have I stood beside its lam web, when the creature occupied its place in toe centre, and, touching it with a withered grass-stalk. I have seen it suddenly swing on the lines ' witi its bands,' and then shake them with a motion PO rapid, that, like Carathis, the mother of the Caliph Vatbek. who, when her hour of doom had come,' off in a rapid whirl, which rendered her i the eye failed to see either web or insect for minutes together. Nothing appeals more powerfully to the youthful fancy than those coats, rings, and amulets of Eastern lore, that conferred on their pc*»sore the gift of invisibility; and I deemed it a gnal
matter to have discovered for myself, in living nature, a creature actually pessessed of an amulet of this kind, that when danger threatened, could rush , into invisibility." *
To Gossamer Spiders, those most ancient of aeronauts, and to Tarantula, exaggerated accounts of the effects of whose bites are given in most popular natural histories, I can only allude in passing. The wonderful forms of spiders, especially of some of the exotic Epeirida;, whose bodies are covered or ornamented with spines and warts, may be seen in museums. The brilliant colors of some SaliJci and species of Eresus, are very striking and remarkable. But to these and other things belonging to the history of spiders, an allusion must suffice.
The use of the threads of their cocoons by the optician would form an interesting subject. The micrometers, constructed for the astronomer and microsoopist, have spiders' threads for their most essential parts. The finest lines yet obtained are those of a spider's thread.
Spiders' webs have also other uses, such as stanching the flow of blood, and even making pills. Mrs. Colin Mackenzie says, " After a very pleasant summer and rainy season at Chikaldah, I was attacked with Birar fever at the beginning of November, 1851, and continued for a year, having one or two attacks every month; after some time it became a regular intermittent fever, but set quinine at defiance. Cobweb pills, made of common cobwebs, and taken in doses of ten grains three times a day, not only stopped it, but greatly improved my general health, though they did not prevent my being ordered to Europe. They have been given with wonderful success in Labuan, and recently at Elichpar, in the hospitals."! Those skilful architects, the smaller British birds, often use spiders' webs and lines too in their beautifully constructed nests.
The web of the spider has at times afforded to the artist something to help him in illustrating his story. I need not refer to the wonderfully minute copies of groups of flowers and insects in which some of the Dutch painters excelled, although spiders and their webs are occasionally introduced. In this place I mr, however, allude to the introduction of Arachne. or her web, by two British artists, William Hogarth and Noel Paton, R. S. A. In the fifth picture and plate of the " Rake's Progress," that in which the hero goes through the marriage ceremony with an antiquated dame, in the old church of St. Maryle-faene, Hogarth has very cleverly introduced a dusty cobweb over the lid of the poor's box, a convincing proof that not even the widow's mite had for some time disturbed its repose. In the original drawings to illustrate the " Ancient Mariner," Mr. Noel Paton has very admirably given, in three of them, bits of spiders' webs on the ropes and woodwork of the becalmed ship. In the fine engraving by Mr. Ryan, of the touching picture called " Home," Too mav s e on the rafters webs of the House Spider hanging over that feeling group, as mother and wife welcome home the Crimean soldier. These »vbs and spiders' works are introduced in the most natural and unobtrusive way. When observed, they itrike roo as being a true, though a very feeble part 0f the'scene depicted. Mr. Noel Paton has a keen run for ob ects of nature, and a rare power of drawins and painting them as accessories. He has ably introduced the story of two spiders into his great
• jf« Schools and Schoohnaetere, p. 64.
• Ufr in the Minion, the Camp, and the Zenana ; or, Six Trmrtim tn4tia, quoted in Literary Gazette, Sept. 17,1853.
picture of " The Quarrel of Oberon and Titania," having every authority in Shakespeare's page for doing so.
See that little imp on the side of the terminus of the statue of Pan; how aghast he looks at the great female spider who has left her fine concentric web over the fox-glove. Notice how the male Epeira is left on the web, in vain seeking for his mate who has wandered away. In the same picture he has introduced the tube of another British Spider, the Agelena labyrinthica, on the under side of a mosscovered stone. See how its tenant and maker drags in the Ichneumon fly through the entrance, covered with the wings and other remains of older captures.
With a quotation from a letter of the poet Keats* to his friend Reynolds, I must close this paper. He writes, " The points of leaves and twigs on which the spider begins her work are few, and she fills the air with a beautiful circuiting. Man should be content with as few points to tip with the fine web of his soul, and weave a tapestry empyrean, full of symbols for his spiritual eye, of softness for his spiritual touch, of space for his wanderings, of distinctness for his luxury."
A CENTURY OF POTTING-t
As every art has its technicalities, so we suppose that "to pot" is to be accepted as the verb which expresses the act of making pottery, as well as the act of planting flowers in the pottery thus made. To any other criticism Mr. Binns would probably reply, that so the word is used in the Worcester manufactory of pottery, of which he is now a managing director, and whose rise and fortunes he has here laboriously chronicled. It cannot be said that his book is very exciting or extremely interesting, or even strikingly valuable as a contribution to local history or the history of arts and manufactures. To the world in general it is not important to study the trade-marks and signatures of a series of successful china-makers, the names, dates, and squabbles of rival establishments, the business advertisements of old Worcester newspapers, or the entries in the visiting books, which chronicle in all the glory of impressive capitals the visits of the royal and noble personages who have gone over Messrs. Chamberlain's works, and givenhighly satisfactory orders for breakfast and dinner services.
Nor do we much care to learn what extremely bad verses were printed in the Worcester Journal in the year 1757, "on seeing an armed bust of the King of Prussia curiously imprinted on a porcelain cup of the Worcester manufacture." The record of the Regent's order for a vast dinner, dessert, and breakfast service is slightly more interesting, as showing how that excellent Prince got rid of his .— or rather our — money; though we may not feel disposed to read the bill at full length, as here preserved for the instruction of posterity. It is enough to know that the sum total of the cost amounted to more than £ 4,000. Mr. Binns does not tell us whether the bill was ever paid, but, if not, the manufacturer made a good profit out of the transaction, for it became at once the fashion for the gay world to possess services of the same execrable pattern as that which pleased the Regent himself. Bad as the pattern is, however, it is not nearly so abominable (judging from the sin
* Given in Lord Hovghton't Life and Letters, Vol. I. p. 88.
t A Century of Potting in the City of Worcester, being the History-of the Royal Porcelain Works from 1751 to 1851. By &. W. Blum, F.8.A. London i Quaritch. 1865.
gle specimen hen1- engraved) as sundry other samples of the taste of our ancestors.
Contemplating such unmitigated deformities as the specimen plate of a service executed for Lord Nelson, and another, scarcely less ugly, executed in 1806 for the Duke of Cumberland, we cease to wonder that the Frenchmen and the Saxons, who knew what Sevres and Dresden could do, so long treated our English pretensions to art manufacture — a phrase, by the way, not then invented — with a quiet contempt. As a record of the manners of the day, the account of the visit of Nelson when he gave tlie order for the said service is one of the most interesting of the anecdotes in Mr. Binns's book. He came to Worcester on a Sunday evening, and was received by an enthusiastic concourse, who took the horses from his carriage, and drew it to the Hop-pole Inn. Sir William and Lady Hamilton were of his party, and so was the Reverend Dr. Nelson, and the Reverend Doctor's wife. Lady Hamilton hung upon the hero's arm, and her portrait was painted upon a vase in the china service, as a companion to another with Nelson's own portrait. This service ultimately passed from the family, and is now dispersed among collectors.
The most curious thing in the history of Worcester pottery is its origin. It was started chiefly as a political move. Dr. Wall, a clever physician and chemist, was stirred at once by an enthusiasm for old china and Liberal principles. The predominance of Toryism weighed heavily on his spirit, and justly arguing that the "working man" of 1747 would be of the same politics as the working man of 1HG6, he put his shoulder to the wheel, experimented carefully in clays and glazing, and finally assisted in starting the manufacture which, as Mr. Binns triumphantly proclaims, has caused during the last one hundred years the circulation of two millions sterling in the ancient and once Tory ridden city of Worcester. How the workers in pottery got their votes Mr. Binns does not say, but it appears that both politically and commercially the scheme was very soon successful.
On the whole, though Mr. Binns's volume is a/ fresh proof of the seductive influences of the "nothing-like-leather" principle, it is a book that was worth writing, so far as it is a record of the gradual rise of a most attractive art, and of the processes by which English porcelain has attained its present respectable position. At the same time, this account of the original part played by the Worcester manufacture, of its after declension until 1851, and of the revival to which Mr. Binns asserts that it has since attained, only serves to bring out into stronger light the claims and the influence of the one great English master of the ceramic art. Dr. Wall was an energetic, accomplished, and ingenious man; and the many workers in design and in execution who have made AVurcester so long a representative name have often been laborious and clever artists. But, after all, there has been but one Wedgwood.
Messrs. Trubner And Company, of London, have just announced a volume that will find numerous readers on this si<H» the water,—" Venetian Life. By W. D. Howells, United States Consul at Venice." The work is to be published simultaneously in London and New York.
A Balloon train, to ply between the Place de
la Concorde and the Champs de Mars, is spoken of as one of the schemes to be tried during the great gathering in Paris next year.
Gustave Dore very recently had an interview with the French Emperor. M. Manic, the publisher of Tours, who produced this artist's profusely illustrated Bible, begged permission to be allowed to present a copy to Napoleon. The Emperor is said to have granted the request on one condition, which was that the artist should accompany the publisher. After complimenting Dord upon his extraordinary success, the Emperor suggested subjects for two pictures, which he commissioned the artist to paint for him.
A Marble group, representing Leda and the Swan, recently brought from Florence by Mr. Jlillais, has been deposited in the North Court of the South Kensington Museum. By some, this work has been attributed to Michael Angelo.
Mr. Isaac Butt, the Irish barrister, is also a literary man. In fugitive articles supplied to ma: azincs, he has often sketched the salient points e Irish counsellors. He h:is just furnished a characteristic trait of his own which is worth literary an notation. On Fridav, last week, in the great wil case, Fitzgerald v. Fitzgerald, now being tried in the Dublin Court of Probate, Mr. Butt cross-exam ined Mr. David Courtnay, a most respects titioner, so hurriedly that Judge Keating intoriVm! as such rapidity deprived the witness of clcarnrv of recollection. Mr. Butt replied, that his metlm had that very end in view, — nnmclr, of dr|)ri> ing the witness of recollection. "Then1 is no otl» way," he said, " of testing a li.ii!" Judge Keatiit gravely remarked that such language did not become a gentleman in Mr. Butt's position at the har but that gentleman retorted, "I think it lanj.Tiaje ought to use," and added, "I say again, there i< Dj other way of testing a liar except by cross-exauiini tion," — not, he further said, that he meant "i apply that language to the gentleman" he wi cross-examining! They who think that the Irt-J barrister of the Irish novelists of a bygone time hi died out, will find by this little incident that he is i lively as of old.
At the "Burns' Club" dinner which took pl»« at Edinburgh on the anniversary of the poet's larthday, Professor Masson told an anecdote which, a reported, seemed rather discreditable to Wordsworth, though, as the professor has since explained. not intended in that sense. This drew a letter w the Scotsman from the Bishop of St. Andre*! After reminding Scotchmen how much his uodi did to show his respect not only for Burns, but Scott, the Bishop gives us the following new and inti-Wing contribution to literary history: "When !*"" was on the point of setting out as an invalid for tbf Continent in 1831, he was anxious that Wonfe*""' should pay him a farewell visit, which he did: a"" as I happened to be staying at Rydal Mount 3t uV time, I had the honor of accompanying my uncle t<. Abbotsford. After remaining there three days,—• son of Burns, by the by, had left the house only » day or two before we arrived, and had expressed i» regret that he could not wait to meet my uncle.— on the morning of our departure (which, if '"" member rightly, was the same on which our 1 himself also started for Italy), he was to pxx' tured as to compose and write in the album ol . cousin (afterwards Mrs. Quillinan) four origin"
stanzas, which were, I believe, — as he himself said at the time they probably would be, — the last verses he ever wrote. I do not think they have ever been published. The first stanza, I recollect, was a9 follows: —
'T is well the gifted eye which saw
Should mark its latest beam with awe,
A touching record not only of the satisfaction felt by Sir Walter at Wordsworth's coming to see him at such a time, but of the fact — which proves, if proof be needed, the confidence which great Scotchmen have learned to place in Englishmen — that the MSS. of Scott's earliest poetry were submitted to my uncle's criticism, a fact of which I am otherwise assured, and received, as I believe, his warm encouragement."
Mr. Puxcn administers the following neat rebuke to some of his slow correspondents: —
Though not disposed to go all lengths with Mr. Bright, and to declare that America is Paradise, inhabited only by angels, we have no objection to take it hint from our smart Transatlantic relations. It seems they sell the Dead Letters which lie at their Pust-Offices. A great sale of this kind has just taken place at New York, and all kinds of articles, found in the unclaimed despatches, have been got rid of by auction.
It has occurred to Mr. Punch, that in these days of dear meat and outrageous millinery, he may as well turn an honest penny by the sale of his Dead Letters; that is, the effusions of ninety-eight per cent of his correspondents.
He hereby gives notice, therefore, that the first Dead Letter Sale will take place at a date to be announced in future bills.
Among the letters will be found the following interesting lots: —
Five hundred and ninety-seven bad jokes upon the name of Governor Eyre, recommending Jamaica to try "change of Eyre," congratulating him on '■ cutting the Gordon knot," &c, &c.
Nearly a thousand intimations (warranted original) that the Pope's Bull has got the Rinderpest.
Fifty-three attempts at pathetic poetry on a subject which needs no bad verse to insure its being remembered, the loss of the London.
Eighty-six caricatures of Dr. Pusey, with epigrams, the point of which is usually Pussy.
Ninety-seven caricatures of Mr. Spurgeon, with epigrams, the point of which is usually Sturgeon.
Fortv-threc protests against Lord Russell's trying to increase the respectability of his ministry by taking a Duffer in.
Heaps of Nights in Something or other, bad imitations of the Casual Gent. A Night in the Charin"- Cross Hotel, a Night in the House of Lords, a Night in the Night-cellar, and similar rubbish, are among these.
Several thousand obvious attempts on the part of auctioneers, hotel keepers, local nobodies, quack doctors, and the like, to obtain the awful puff which a paragraph in Punch would give them. The usual dodge is to send a letter, purporting to come from somebody who is surprised, or offended, at the proceedings of the fellow who wants the puff, begging that Mr. Punch will " show up " such a character.
Many hundreds of old jokes (sworn to have been heard on the date of the letters), with requests for
the smallest remuneration, as the senders are "hard up."
A cart-full of letters with pamphlets, into not one of which, of course, Mr. Punch ever thinks of looking.
Jokes carefully transcribed from early volumes of Mr. Punch. He may as well mention that he keeps a Memory Boy, who knows every line in the volumes, and who has never been at fault except twice, on both of which occasions he was immediately put to death.
Two thousand letters enclosing things which the writers admit to be under the mark, but which they beg may be inserted as encouragement to young beginners, who may do better hereafter.
Several hundred letters from snobs who have not even yet discovered that Mr. Punch arose to smite down the scandalous press, not to imitate it. The names of persons libelled by such writers are carefully expunged by Mr. Punch, but those of the scoundrels who send the letters remain for exposure.
Hitherto Mr. Punch has been burning the rubbish above described, but in future he intends to sell it. Purchasers must remove the lots at their own risk of mental demoralization.
The Athens correspondent of the London Times furnishes the subjoined description of a new Greek island: "A new island began to rise above the level of the sea in the Bay of Thera (Santorin) on the 4th of February, and in five davs it attained the height of from 130 to 150 feet, with a length of upwards of 350 feet, and a breadth of 100 feet. It continues to increase, and consists of a rusty black metallic lava, very heavy and resembling half-smelted scoria which has boiled up from a furnace. It contains many small whitish semi-transparent particles disseminated through the mass like quartz or felspar. The shape of Santorin on the map gives an idea of its volcanic formation. It appears to be the eastern half of an immense crater, stretching in a semicircle round a bay in which the sea now covers the seat of volcanic action. The destruction of the southwestern rim of the crater let in the water. The northwestern portion is the island of Therasia. The bay is about six geographical miles long, and upwards of four broad. Near the centre there are three islands which have risen from the sea during eruptions recorded in history, — Palaia, Nea, and Mikre KaimdnO, or Old, New, and Little Burnt (Island), naming them in their order from west to east. The present eruption commenced on the 31st of January. A noise like volleys of artillery was heard, but without any earthquake. On the following day flames issued from the sea, in a part of the bay called Vulkanos, where the water is always discolored and impregnated with sulphur from abundant springs at the bottom. The flames rose at intervals to the height of fifteen feet, and were seen at times to issue from the southwestern
Eart of Nea Kaimenfi. That island was soon rent y a deep fissure, and the southern part sank considerably.
On the 4th of February the eruptions became more violent and the sea more disturbed. Gas forced itself up from the depths with terrific noise, resembling the bursting of a steam-boiler; flames arose at intervals, and white smoke, rising steadily, formed an immense column, crowned with a curled capital of dark heavy clouds. The new island was visible next morning, increasing sensibly to the eye as it rose out of the sea at no great distance to the south of Nea Kaimene. The new island has been visited by Dr. Dekigalla, a man of science and an able observer, who will record accurately all the phenomena of the present eruption as it proceeds. The heat of the sea rose from G2 Fahrenheit to 122 as near the vicinity of volcanic action as it was safe to approach. The bottom of the sea all round Nea Kaimene appears to have risen greatly. In one place, where the depth is marked on the Admiralty chart one hundred fathoms, it was found to be now only thirty, and at another where it was seventeen, it is now only three fathoms. The new island, as it increases, will probably form a junction with Nea Kaimene. It grows, as it were, out of the sea, the mass below pushing upwards that which is already above water. The lower part is hot, its fissures where they are deep being 170 Fahrenheit, and the upper part after four days' exposure was found to be still 80.
"At present the centre of the volcanic force lies evidently far below the bottom of the sea, and only gases and smoke work their way through the incumbent earth to the water, and escape in noise, flames, and smoke to the surface. But should a fissure at the bottom of the sea allow the water to penetrate to the fires that throw up the melted metal of the new island to the surface, an eruption may take place of a kind similar to that which destroyed Pompeii, but far more terrible. The eruption that formed the present island of Nea Kaimene began in the year 1707, and the volcanic action continued, without doing any serious injury to the inhabitants of Thera, until 1713. It is possible the present eruption may continue as long, and be as mild in its operation. But as late as 1650 a terrible eruption laid waste great part of the island, and raised an island on its northeastern coast, which soon sank again into the sea, leaving a shoal. The island of Old Kaimene made its first appearance in the year 198 before the Christian era. Its size was increased by several eruptions mentioned in history. The first addition it received was in 1457. The Small Kaiui^ne, which is nearest to Thera, was thrown up in 1573. All the eruptions in the bay have been attended with similar phenomena, and the best accounts of them will be found in the works of the Abbe Pdgues and Dr. Louis Ross: 1 Histoire et Phenomenes du Volcan et Hcs Volcaniques de Santorin.' Paris, Imprimerie Royale, 1842. Reisen auf den Griechischen Inseln des Aegaeischen Meeres. Von Dr. Ludwig Ross."
M. Glais-bizoin, the witty opposition deputy, has just dedicated his play, which has been condemned by the censorship, to M. Rouher. It will be remembered that last year M. Rouher answered M. Glais-Gizoin's speech in the Chamber asking for more freedom in France by saying that France already possessed every kind of freedom.
Mr. James Greenwood—the author of " A Night in a Workhouse"— is contributing a series of " Starlight Readings" to the London Evening Star, — descriptions of queer spots and strange phases of life in the dark places of London.
The Pall Mall Gazette says, that credit is taken for the Empress Eugenie for not having been present at General Fleury's party when Theresa sang. The heroine of the Alcazar now finds the best salons open to her, and in the fashionable prints her movements are chronicled as carefully and respectfully as those of Mdlle. Patti, or any of the great musical artists.
The Americans in London celebrated the one hundred and thirty-fourth anniversary of the birthday of Washington, by a dinner at Willis's Rooms, The Hon. Freeman H. Morse, United States Consul at London, took the chair, and among those present were his Excellency the United States Minister, Professor Goldwin Smith, Professor J. E. Cairnes, Hon. George Folsom, Mr. Benjamin Moran, Secretary of the United States Legation, London; Mr. Dennis R. Alward, Assistant Secretary of the United States Legation, London; Mr. Henry Lord, United States Consul, Manchester, &c. The chairman delivered a brief address upon the character of Washington and his place in American history, and concluded by proposing " His memory." The toast was drunk in solemn silence, the band playing " Washington's March." "The Memory of Abraham Lincoln " was then given from the chair, and similarly honored, the band playing "The Dead March in Saul." The next toast was "The Health of the President of the United States," spoken to by Colonel Griffith, of Chicago, and Mr. Mason Jones "The Health of the Queen" was next drunk upstanding, the band playing the National Anthem. Mr. Adams's health having been drunk, he made B speech in which) he adverted to the reserve which was imposed on him by passing events, spoke of Washington's patriotism and his concern for the preservation of the Union, commending that great man's last patriotic counsels to the consideration of his countrymen. "Our whole country" was next given, and responded to by the Rev. C. W. Denison and Mr. T. Walker. Professor Goldwin Smith responded to the toast of " The United States and Great Britain." He drew a sketch of Washington as the English gentleman, displaying an eminently English type of character even when English principles of liberty taught him to fight English soldiers, and distinguishing between his school of statesmanship fashioned on the best English model, and that of Jefferson, whose ideas had been formed under the influence of the French Revolution.
The Moniteur states that the attention of the French government was in the beginning of the last year directed to the new disease called trichinosis. No instances of this affection have yet occurred in France, but it has proved fatal in many cases in Germany. At the request of the Minister of Agriculture, the Academy of Medicine last year appointed Dr. Delpech to collect information on the subject. The Minister has now appointed Dr. Delpech and M. Raynal, professor of the Veterinary School at Alfort,'to study the disease from a veterinary point of view. They will immediately go to Germany.
Eassing through Hay (Belgium), where the malady as appeared.